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The principle of the divine right of had been almost forgotten, is rousing itKings has given way of late years to self from the sleep of centuries to assert that of the divine right of Nationalities; its returning vitality. The facts in reand the attention of the world has been gard to this national awakening have drawn to facts of history which had long been obscured by the political interests escaped the notice of philosophers. It involved in the events of the past few is no longer an accepted truth that na- years, and have been strangely misrepretions, like individuals, are born, attain sented by interested parties. The telematurity, grow old, and die. This may graph, the correspondent, and the conbe true of empires, but distinctions of sul have combined to fix the attention race and nationality survive the over- of the world upon atrocities-suffered throw of kingdoms. The Jews are not or committed—rather than upon the esthe only people who have maintained a sential facts of history. But the time separate national existence, under the has come when the politician as well as most unfavorable circumstances. The the philosopher should understand the case of the Armenians is almost as re- origin and development of this national markable ; and the Greeks have sur- movement. The latter may find new vived the Persian, Macedonian, Roman, facts upon which to base a theory in reand Ottoman Empires to reappear in the gard to the survival of nations; and nineteenth century, very little changed possibly the former may see that diplofrom what they were when Homer sang matic intrigue is not the only cause of the legend of the Trojan war. And political changes. now another nation, whose very name Some fifteen hundred years ago there

New SERIES.—VOL. XXX., No. 2

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