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ENTERED according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1842, by

WILLIAM STAVELY AND CO. In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of

Pennsylvania.

PREFACE.

The following Biography of the late Bishop Moore, undertaken at the request of his family, has been written in the hours which could be spared amidst the multiplied duties of a large parochial cure. The labours of the biographer have been lightened by the kindness of the Bishop's children, in copying from his letter-book the most interesting parts of his correspondence; and also in selecting and preparing for the press such of his sermons as they desired to have published. Whatever may be the faults and deficiencies of the Memoir, it claims to furnish a faithful portraiture of the life and character of a venerable Father in the Church, which her children may contemplate with satisfaction and profit.

The writer has found it necessary to touch upon some delicate points, affecting the policy and usages of the Church, about which there is an acknowledged diversity of sentiment. Without this, it would have been impracticable to present a faithful account of Bishop Moore's life and opinions. He has aimed, however, to perform this delicate part of his duty, less in the spirit of a partisan, than in that of a sincere inquirer after truth. He would not dogmatically enforce upon the reader an assent to all the views entertained either by himself or the subject of his memoir. For, however earnestly he may desire the extinction of party names and of party spirit, he is persuaded that the readiest means of attaining it is to infuse the Catholic spirit of the Church into all her ministers and members :-to recognize the wide difference which really exists between doctrines of faith, and mere matters of opinion :-and to require nothing as essential to sound churchmanship, but a cordial agreement in the former, whatever diversity may exist respecting the latter. The only proper test of orthodoxy is belief of the truth, as taught in the Articles and creeds; and conformity to the laws of the Church, embodied in her rubrics and canons: and not an assent to the interpretation put upon them by any particular class of Church men. Whenever the great body of the ministry and laity shall be led, like the venerable subject of the following Memoir, to act upon this principle, which is the principle of the Church-we shall behold, throughout the length and breadth of our communion, an answer to our daily prayer that “all who profess and call themselves Christians, may hold the faith, in unity of spirit, and in the bond of peace." The Lord hasten it in his time!

J. P. K. H. BALTIMORE, AUGUST, 1842.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER II.

FROM 1787 to 1809.

Immediate change of purpose as to his profession after conversion.

Reviews his classical studies. Enters upon preparation for Holy

Orders. Ordained Deacon. His Sermon on the Fiftieth Anni.

versary of his Ordination. His ministry at Rye. Intimacy with

John Jay. His removal to St. Andrew's Church, Staten Island.

Practises medicine and teaches a school to aid in the support of

his family. Letters to his children. Death of his wife, and

letters occasioned thereby. His second arriage. His first at-

tempt at extempore preaching, and subsequent success in it.

Anecdote illustrative of his fidelity in pastoral duty;--another,

showing his bumanity. Remarkable revival of religion. The

character and success of his ministry on Staten Island................ 30

CHAPTER III.

FROM 1809 to 1814.

The advantages and disadvantages of city and country charges

respectively. Dr. Moore's call to St. Stephen's Church, New

York. The state of the Church in that city. Ministry of Dr.

Hobart. The depressed condition of St. Stephen's when Dr.

Moore took charge of it. Its rapid increase. The active efforts

PAGE.

CHAPTER I V.

1814.

The early history of the Church in Virginia. Election of Dr.

Griffith as Bishop, in 1786. Bishop Madison, the first Bishop

of Virginia, consecrated in 1790. Deep depression of the Church,

and its causes. A postolic character and labours of the Rev. De-

vereux Jarratt. Dr. Bracken's election in 1812. New era in the

Church under the auspices of a few young Clergymen. Erec-

tion of the Monumental Church in Richmond-and efforts made

to obtain Dr. Moore for its first Rector with a view to his elec-

tion as Bishop. Correspondence on the subject—including letters

from Judge Washington, Bishop Hobart, and others. Propriety

and delicacy of Dr. Moore's course in respect to it. His election

by the Convention, and circumstances connected with his con-

secration in 1814. His removal to Richmond. Previous condi-

tion of the Episcopal community there. His great popularity

and success. Fidelity in the pulpit and in pastoral visitation.

Presentation to him of a splendid copy of the New Testament by

his fellow citizens of all denominations. Summary view of his

character and labours as Rector of the Monumental Church......... 107

CHAPTER V.

FROM 1814 to 1829.

The views and spirit with which Bishop Moore entered upon the

duties of his Episcopate. Notices of the early success of his la-

bours. An Episcopate fund proposed. Formation of Prayer

Book and Tract Society. Rev. Benjamin Allen's labours. Mea.

sures taken to promote theological education in connexion with

William and Mary College. Founding of Theological School, and

the Education Society. Brief sketch of the history of both.

Fashionable amusements and lay discipline. View of Bible So-

cieties, and letters relating to them. His ardent love for the

Liturgy, and desire to have it strictly adhered to in bis Diocese.

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