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might ensnare him in his talk so as to deliver him up to the rule and to the authority of the governor. And they send to him their disciples, with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, and carest not for any one: for thou regardest not the person of
Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Cæsar, or not?”
But Jesus perceived their craftiness, and said, “Why make ye trial of me, ye hypocrites? Show me the tribute money.”
And they brought unto him a denarius. And he saith unto them, “Whose is this image and superscription?”
They say unto him, “Cæsar's.”
Then he saith unto them, “Render therefore unto Cæsar the things that are Cæsar's; and unto God the things that are God's."
And when they heard it, they marvelled, and left him, and went away.
THE QUESTION OF THE RESURRECTION.
And there came to him certain of the Sadducees, they that say that there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote unto us, that if a man's brother die, 'having a wife, and he be childless, his brother should take the wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died childless; and the second; and the third took her; and likewise the seven also left no children, and died. Afterward the woman also died. In the resurrection therefore whose wife of them shall she be? for the seven had her to wife."
And Jesus said unto them, “Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. The sons of this world
THE GREATEST COMMANDMENT
marry, and are given in marriage: but they that are accounted worthy to attain to that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: for neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection. But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in the place concerning the Bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Now he is not the God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.”.
And when the multitudes heard it, they were asconished at his teaching.
THE GREATEST COMMANDMENT.
And one of the scribes came, and heard them questioning together, and knowing that he had answered them well, asked him, “What commandment is the first of all?"
Jesus answered, “The first is, 'Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one: and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all tlıy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength' The second is this, 'Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.' There is none other commandment greater than these.”
And the scribe said unto him, “Of a truth, Teacher, thou hast well said that he is one: and there is none other but he: and to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding and with all the strength. and to love his neighbor as himself, is much more than all whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices."
And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, “Thou art not far from the kingdom of God."
THE UNANSWERABLE QUESTION OF JESUS. Now while the Pharisees were gathered together Jesus asked them a question, saying, “What think ye of the Christ? whose son is he?"
They say unto him, “The son of David.”
He saith unto them, “How then doth David in the Spirit call him Lord, saying,
'The Lord said unto my Lord,
Till I put thine enemies underneath thy feet?'
And no one was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.
And the common people heard him gladly.
DISCOURSE OF JESUS AGAINST THE SCRIBES AND
PHARISEES. Then spake Jesus to the multitudes and to his disciples, saying, “The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses' seat: all things therefore whatsoever they bid you, these do and observe: but do not ye after their works; for they say, and do not. Yea, they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with their finger. But all their works they do to be seen of men: for they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, and love the chief place at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, and the salutations in the marketplaces, and to be called of men, 'Rabbi.' But be not ye called “Rabbi,' for one is your teacher, and all ye are brethren. And call no man your father on the earth: for one is your Father, even he who is in DISCOURSE AGAINST THE SCRIBES AND PHARISEES 171
heaven. Neither be ye called masters: for one is your master, even the Christ. But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant. And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled: and whosoever shall humble himself shall be exalted.
"But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye shut the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye enter not in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering in to enter.
“Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte; and when he is become so, ye make him twofold more a son of hell than yourselves.
"Woe unto you, ye blind guides, that say, 'Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor.' Ye fools and blind: for which is greater, the gold, or the temple that hath sanctified the gold? And, 'Whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gift that is upon it, he is a debtor.' Ye blind: for which is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift? He therefore that sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon. And he that sweareth by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him that dwelleth therein. And he that sweareth by the heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.
"Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye tithe mint and anise and cummin, and have left undone the weightier matters of the law, justice, and mercy, and faith: but these ye ought to have done, and not to have left the other undone. Ye blind guides that strain out the gnat, and swallow the camel
"Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full from extortion and ex
Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first the inside of the cup and of the platter, that the outside thereof may become clean also.
“Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which outwardly appear beautiful, but inwardly are full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness.
Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but inwardly ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.
“Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and garnish the tombs of the righteous, and say, 'If we had been in the days of our fathers, we should not liave been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.' Wherefore ye witness to yourselves, that ye are sons of them that slew the propliets. Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. Ye serpents, ye offspring of vipers, how shall ye escape the judgment of hell? Therefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: some of them shall ye kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute from city to city: that upon you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of Abel the righteous unto the blood of Zachariah son of Barachiah, whom ye. slew between the sanctuary and the altar. Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation.
“O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, that killeth the prophets, and stoneth them that are sent unto her! how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye