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Christians in the Dominions of the Queen of Pimenta. He took several Churches in his way thither, at some of whieh he met with a kind Reception, at others the Christians would not so much as see him. Being arrived at Carturte, after a dangerous Voyage, on the Friday before Palm-Sunday, he went to Church betimes next Morning, where having said Mass, and Preached, he Commanded the Congregation not to fail to be at Church next day, for that he had something of Importance to communicate to them; and having the same Night invited several of the most considerable Christians of the place aboard his Galley, by some means or other ; for you must understand he was not sparing of his Money in this occasion, no more than he was of his Promises, he gained two of the most substantial among them intirely to his Party, who did him afterwards very great Service: Their Names were Itimato Mapula, and Itimane Mapula.

The Arch-Bishop not knowing but that the Portuguezes Musick might charm the common People, and reconcile them to the Latin Service, to which they seemed to have a great aversion, sent for a full Quire from Cochim, and on PalmSunday had high Mass performed with the same Ceremony and Majesty that he could have had it done at Goa: but the Caçanares and People were so far from being satisfied with the Musick and pompous Ceremony of that Service, that if they liked it ill before, they liked it a great deal worse after that, as in truth none but they that

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place all Religion in external Performances can do otherwise, there being no Passion which that Service will not excite in its Spectators (which is all the People are) sooner than Devotion.

The Queen of Pimenta being importun'd to it by several Christians, and her own Jealousies, sent an Order to the Arch-Bishop to leave her Kingdom in three days upon pain of Death, and not to trouble her Subjects with his Novelties, under which, she had reason to apprehend some ill design against her State was couched. But the Arch-Bishop knew his own strength too well to be frighted away with Paper Threats, and so fent the Queen back word positively, that he would not stir out of her Territories before he had finished the work that had brought him thither, telling her withal, That he was serving her rather than otherwise in what he was doing; and that her Ancestors had granted Privileges to the Arch-Bishop of the Serra, but being Infidels had never offered to concern themselves in the matters of their Religion; That if she should Murther him, she must know, that She Muthered the second Man in the Indies; and that his would be the dearest Blood that ever she spilt in her Life ; since the Portuguezes, the Greatness of whose Power she and her Kingdom could not be but sensible of, having so often felt it, would infallibly Revenge bis Death to the utmost.

What made the Arch-Bishop the stouter in this occasion, was his knowing that he had fecured most of her Regedores, namely him of Carturte, and the Country about it to his Party, whom

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he had engaged by very rich Presents to favour and protect him in the execution of his designs. The Arch-Bishop having thus intimidated the Queen, and bribed her Officers, began to make bolder steps than he had offered to make before, and so seeing a Caçan ır at Church one day, whom he had excommunicated but a little before, for having presumed to excommunicate him, he sent to him to get him out of the Church, which was no place for an excommunicate Rebel as he was. The Caçanar laughed at the Order, and told him very briskly, That he would not go out of the Church, for that he was none of his Prelate, neither did he value Roman Excommunications no more than he did the dirt under his feet; the Roman Church having nothing to do with the Church of the Serra; the Arch-Bishop not being able to bear such a publick Affront, and knowing his Party in the Church to be the stronger, commanded the Service and Musick to cease; and turning towards the place where the Caçanar stood, commanded him to come up to him, which the Caçanar refusing to do with great scorn; he was dragg’d up to him by fome Caçanares, and others that he had gained to his Party, and being kept down upon his Knees before him, was commanded to beg his Lordship’s Pardon; he told them resolutely, He would die before he would do it, or any thing whereby he should acknowledge him his Prelate. The Arch-Bishop perceiving that he was not to be terrified into a compliance, ordered him to be turned out of the Church ; the Caçanar told

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bim, He would not be turned out of a Church where he had more to do than he had ; upon this the whole Church was all in an uproar, some striving to keep him in the Church, and others to thrust bim out, but the Arch-Bishop's Party being the Itronger, after a great disturbance, turned out he was.

The Night following several Caçanares and others, abjured the Patriarch of Babylon , and were reconciled to the Church of Rome at the Arch-Bishop's Lodgings, which were over the Church. After which the Arch-Bishop was reColved either to make the Arch-Deacon bend, or to break with him totally ; and so having all his Converts together, without whose advise he told them he would never do any thing; he declared to them that he could no longer bear with the Arch-Deacon's Rebellion, and was therefore determined to depose him, and put another in his place, naming one Thomas Curia á near Kinfman of the Arch-Deacon's, to be his Succellor. They all owned that His Grace had great reason to be angry with the Arch-Deacon; but yet feeing he was but a young Man, and had had the ill luck to be in the hands of bad Counsellors, they intreated His Grace, before he declared his place void, to allow them some time to admonish him in, and to try whether they could not perswade him to Conformity; for which they defired but twenty days, promising, that if he did not fubmit within the time, that they would never own him more, but would submit to any

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Arch-Deacon that His Grace should set over them. Next day they sent fix to treat with him, who, tho’ they took a great deal of pains to perswade him to submit himself to the Arch-Bishop, could not prevail with him to do it.

On Easter-Eve the Arch-Bishop had a second Ordination, whereat he Ordained a great many that had been hindred by the Regedores from coming to the first. The same day Francisco Roz, the Jesuite, who was afterwards made Bishop of the Serra by the Pope, came to wait upon the Arch-Bishop, who, after Mass, told him, That he could not believe he was in Carturte, where,

Months ago, having a mind to say Mass, he was forced to have the Church doors opened to him by the Queen's Regedor, and where, when he elevated the Sacrament, the People all shut their Eyes, that they might not see it; and beat one of his Scholars for having named the Pope in his Prayers ; and when he shewed them an Image of our Lady, cried out, away with that filthiness, we are Chriftians, and for that reason do not adove jools 02 Pa: gods.

On Easter-day the Arch-Bishop intended to have a most folemn Procession, which the Heathens having notice of, were resolved either to hinder or disturb it ; but finding they were not strong enough to do the former, by reason of the Regedore's guarding the Arch-Bishop as he did, they hired the most infamous Sorcerer of the whole Country to kill the Arch-Bishop in the Procession, which he undertook to do with a Charm that

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