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mongst them ; whereupon, being apprehensive lest bis Guards and Servants, if they continued ashoar, might come to Blows with the Malavars, whom he saw so much disposed to Quarrel, he Commanded them all aboard except two Priests, who were to aslift at the Offices.
The Arch-Bifhop having put on his Pontificals, and given his Blessing to the Congregation, made a long discourse to them, shewing them, That there was but one true Religion, which was the Roman, and that all Christians were under an in. dispensable obligation to submit themselves to the Pope. After he had done his Sermon, which lasted an hour and an half, and explained to them the Doctrine of the Sacrament of Confirma. tion, and then called upon them to come to it; the Congregation, tho they had heard him tili then very quietly, began to cry out with great fury, That they would never be. Confirmed by him, that being a thing that none of their Prelates had ever used, and that it was no Sacrament of Christ's Institution, but an Invention of the Portuguezes to make them their Slaves, by setting a Mark on their Foreheads, and giving them a Box on the Ear, which is what all the Roman Bishops do in Confirmation, and thoʻthe Dastards in Vaipicotta had been so tame as to suffer themselves to be buffeted and ensaved by him, they would never endure it, nor suffer him to touch their Beards, or their Wives Faces; that he might go home in a good hour to his Portuguezes, and let them alone with their Religion, and if he did continue to disturb tiem thus, it should
cojz cost him dear. The Arch-Bishop heard all this with great patience, and fitting down, endeavoured to convince them of the Truth of the Sacrament of Confirmation; but when he perceived that they were the worse, rather than the better for what he said to them, having mustered all his Courage together, he rose up, and having advanced two steps with his Crosier in his hand, he told them with great heat, That the Faith, he Preached to them was the Faith of Christ and St. Thomas, and was believed by all Christians, and that he was ready to die to confirm the truth of it; but they being as ready to die for their Religion as he was, or pretended to be, for his, that Argument had no effect at all upon them. He furthermore challenged all those that Talked against the Roman Faith by Night in Corrers, to come forth, if they durst, to dispute with him publickly; which the Arch-Deacon, who the Night before had assembled most of the considerable Christians of Paru together, and had made them promise never to throw off the Patriarch of Babylon, taking to himself, he rose up in a passion, and having asked aloud who they were that taught Heresies in the dark, and that Preached no where but in Corners, Aung out of the Church, and going into the Town picked up eight or ten Boys, whom he presented to the Arch-Bishop to be confirmed by him, pretending, that with all that he was able to do, he could perswade no more to come : The Arch-Bishop having confirmed these Boys, returned to his Gallies very angry,
and finding there was nothing more to be done at Parn, he determined to Sail next Morning to Mangate, to see how those Christians stood affedted.
When he came to the Church of Mangate, a Town chiefly inhabited by Christians, he found the Church filled with Houshold Goods and Woo men, by reason of the War that was then on foot between the Kings of Mangate and Paru. After having comforted the Christians for the Losses they had sustained, and given them bis Blessing, he began to Preach against the Errors they had been Educated in. But having advice that there were some Amouços coming after him from Paru, he went straightways aboard his Gallies, and row. ing away before Night, he arrived next Morning at Cheguree, a place belonging to his friend the King of Cochim; where having fent alhore an Order to the Caçanares and Christians to meet him at the Church, he had word sent him, that the Church doors were all shut, and there was neither Man, Woman, nor Child, to be seen in the whole Village ; he was informed at Night, that the Arch-Deacon was in the Town, but that he had shut himself up in a House, and was resolved never to see his Lordship again.
The Portuguezes that were in his Train, as well Ecclesiasticks as Seculars, were at him perpetually to give over this enterprise, and not to expose his Person and Dignity (as he did) to no purpose; but instead of returning any answer to their
Importunities, he retired all alone to his Cabin, where he wrote a long Letter to the Arch- Deacon, in which he swore that he remembred nothing that was past, and that he had no design of doing him any harm, and if he would but do him the favour to come and speak with him once more, he did not doubt but that he should be able to convince him of his Errors, promising with all to do great things for him, if he would but entirely submit himself to the Roman Church.
This Letter was delivered the same Night to the Arch. Deacon, who having read it, called the Caçanares together, and told them, that it being a scandalous thing in them to decline treating with the Arch-Bishop above board, about the Affairs of Religion, he was for their going to wait upon him to hear what he could say, but with such a Guard, that it should not be in his Power to make them Prisoners. Having all agreed to this Proposition, they sent to the Arch Bishop to let him know, That if he would be pleased to come ashoar, they would wait upon him : The Arch-Bishop seat them back word, That the Sun was too hot to stand in, and desired them therefore to come aboard his Galley, which lay with her Stern on ground. The Arch-Deacon and Caçanares seeing the Galley quite surrounded by their People ventured to go aboard ; where being ccme, they were conducted to the ArchBishop's Cabin, where they found him with all his Priests, Jesuites, and several Gentlemen expecting them. After some discourse, the Arch
Deacon told the Arch-Bishop, That it was true they had not received his Grace so courteously as might have been expected, nor indeed as they intended to have done, had he not fallen so foul upon their Patriarch, whom, tho he had been pleased to call an Excommunicate. Heretick, they knew to be both a Catholick and a most holy Man, and endeavoured to introduce several Novelties into the Serra, which they and their Forefathers had never so much as heard of before. To all which the Arch-Bishop answered, That he was sure they were not ignorant of the Patriarch of Babylon's being a Professed Nestorian, and not to trouble them with any Arguments to prove that all Nestorians must be Hereticks, he would only ask them one single Question, which was,
Whether they believed the Gospel of St. John ? They told him they did, and would die rather than deny any thing that was revealed in it. Well then, faid the Arch-Bishop, pray
you can rcconcile what St. John saith, The word was made Flesh, and dwelt among us, with what Pa triarchs and Bishops have taught you, to wit, that the Word did not make it self Flesh, and that Christ was not God, and that God did not make himself Man, for do you not sing in your Churches upon the Feast of the Nativity, that the Word did not make it self Flesh, as the unbelieving Romans teach, bat did only dwell in Christ as in a Temple,
The Arch-Deacon returned no answer to this, but passing to another point, said to the ArchBishop, Your Grace would fain perswade us likewise, that none can be saved out of the Obedience of the