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himself to his Patriarch a Dogmatist of the Chaldean Faith.
Mar Abraham being grown ancient and very much broke, by the long and unintermitting Perfecutions of the Portuguezes, was willing to have a Coadjutor from Babylon, who might, after his Death, also succeed him in his Bilhoprick, and accordingly had one Mar Simeon sent to bim by the Patriarch of Babylon.
Mar Simeon was no sooner fixed in the Serra, but, finding the People, by reason of his never having had anything to do with the Latins, to have a much greater Affection for him than they had for Mar Abraham, who, tho'to his Sorrow, had been so much among them, he was encouraged to set up for sole Bishop, and having fixed his See at Carturte, one of the principal Towns of the Christians of St. Thomas, was much favoured by the Queen of Pimenta, in whose Territories Car. turte is.
These two Bishops fell presently to fulminate their Excommunications one against another, to the great disturbance of the whole Diocess, and Mar Abraham finding his Adversary to gain ground of hin daily, complains of him to the Viceroy and Arch-Bishop of Goa, desiring them to drive Mar Simeon out of the Serra, who was not only an Intruder, but a bitter Enemy to the Latin Faith.
The Viceroy, tho' he had no great kindness for Mar Abraham, yet considering that he was Bishop of the Serra, by the Pope's appointment,
resolved, if it were possible, to ease him of his Adversary, and understanding that it would be a difficult thing for him to get Mar Simeon into his hands by open force, he employed some Franciscan Friars to inveigle him with fair promises to go to Rome, and get the Pope's Brief for the BiIhoprick, without which he could never expect to enjoy it peaceably.
Már Simeon having first constituted one Jacob, a Parish Priest his Vicar General during his Absence, was perswaded by the Friars to go along with them to Cochim, from whence he was sent to Goa, and from Goa upon the first Ships to Por. tugal, and from thence to Rome, where, after, having been examined by the Inquisition, he was declared by Pope Sixtus V, not to be in Holy Orders, and was with that Sentence upon him fent by the Cardinal St. Severiana to Philip the Second, who put him into the hands of Dom Aleixo de Menezes, whom he was then sending to Goa, to be Arch-Bishop of that place.,
Arch-Bishop Menezes, infitad of carrying him along with him to the In-lies, which was what Mar Simeon expected, confined him to a Franciscan Convent in Lisbon, from whence he is said to have wrote Letters by every Fleet, that went to the Indies to his Vicar-General Jacob, and in all his Letters to have still stiled himself Metropolitan of the Indies, and to have profess’d the Chaldæan Doctrines; these Letters were found by ArchBishop Menezes in the Serra, when he visited it, by whom they were sent to the chief Tribunal of
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the General Inquisition of Portugal, where if they found Mar Simeon alive, they doubtless made him change his Franciscan Prison for that of the Inquisition, where they would take care he should write no more such Letters.
Dom Matthias, Arch-Bishop of Goa, having in the Year 1590. called another Provincial Coun. cil, did, in conformity to Gregory XIII's Brief, Summon Mar Abraham to repair to it, who being fensible how ill he had complied with what he promised in the former Council, returned no other Answer to the Summons, but a Saying, which, he said, was a Proverb in his Country, That the Cat that bites a Snake is afraid of her Cord, intimating thereby, that he durst not trust the Portuguezes and Latin Bishops any more : After which he dissembled no longer, but in all things declared himself to be of the Chaldean Faith.
Clement VIII. being informed of all this, dispatched a Brief, bearing date the 27th. of January 1595. wherein he Commanded Dom Aleixo de Menezes, Arch-Bishop of Goa to make Inquisition into the Crimes and Errors of Mar Abraham, and in case he found him guilty of such things as he had been accused of, to have him apprehended and secured in Goa, as also to appoint a Governour or Vicar. Apostolical of the Roman Communion over his Bishoprick, and
Mar Abraham's Death to take care that no Bishop coming from Babylon should be suffered to enter into the Serra to succeed.
This Brief was delivered to the Arch-Bishop before he went to the Indies, by virtue whereof, and in obedience to the Pope's Commands, he made Inquisition into the Crimes and Errors of Mar Abraham, and finding him guilty of all that be had been accused of, he sent him his Process without Summoning him to appear at Goa, by reason of his having been Bed-rid for some time.
The Arch-Bishop furthermore understanding by the Informations he had taken, that Mar Abraham, in conjunction with all the Christians of his Diocess, had sent to the Patriarch of Babylon for another Coadjutor, Commanded those of Ormus and of all other places that lay in the way, under grievous Censures, to stop all Chaldæan, Persian, or Armenian Ecclesiasticks that should come to wards the Indies without his Pass. This Order was so pun&tually executed, that one who came to Ormus with the Title of the Arch-Bishop of the Serra, was discovered in a disguise, and sent home again. There were several others of those Priests and Bishops who attempted to get into the Serra in the Habit of Mariners, were stopt, to the great Grief of the Christians of St. Thomas, who, the more they saw their Clergy Persecured, respected them the more, and grew every day more zealous for their ancient Doctrines and Rites.
The Arch-Bishop being much encouraged by the Success of this diligence, laid the matter of the reduction of this Church to the obedience of the Roman, much more to Heart than any of his
Predecessors had ever done. The first be applied himself to was Jacob, whom Mar Simeon had left his Vicar General, to whom he writ a long Letter, passionately entreating him to throw away the Commission he had from Mar Simeon, who was Convicted at Rome of not being in Holy Orders, and to submit himself to the Papal Authority ; making him large Promises of what he would do for him, if he complied with his desires. But Jacob, who died presently after, was deaf to all the Arch-Bishop could say to him, making it his whole business to enflame bis Flock against the Latins, and their Doctrines.
The Arch-Bishop did not neglect at the fame time to write earnestly to Mar Abraham, as also to the Arch-Deacon, who is the only Dignitary in that Church under the Bishop, and who is employed by him as his Vicar General, calling upon them to purge their Diocess of the Errors wherewith it had been so long infected, and to reduce it to the Roman Obedience.
St. Francis, about this time, destroyed a whole Fleet of Jores to the Portugueze, who, tho' he was not seen by any of the Portuguezes in the Fight , which was very bloody on both sides, yet a Cook who belonged to a Capuchin Convent not far off, having hid himself in the Ruines of their Church, saw a Friar in his own Habit Board the Fleet of Jores, one after another, whom he so terrified with his very look, as to put them all to flight immediately, and pursued them out of fight: This formidable Friar was afterwards