« הקודםהמשך »
number superior to any former
HENRY HALFORD, President.
(Censors of the Royal Col-
T. Forster, Master of the
Royal College of Surgeons.
nors of the Royal College of
EXTRACT OF TREASURY MINUTE, Dated Aug, 10, 1821. Reduc
TION and ALTERATION in the EstaBLISHMENT. MY LORDS ;-Io calling upon ances, should be called upon to the heads of the other departments contribute to a superannuation of his majesty's civil government fund, to be administered under to enter upon a revision of their the direction of their lordships, respective establishments, with a and according to the following view to such economical reduc. regulations, viz. :tions as may fulfil the intentions All persons holding offices, the of his majesty, expressed in his salaries or pecuniary emoluments answers to the addresses of both of which, after revision, amount houses of parliament, think it together to 1001. a year, or upright to state the principles upon wards, and who are entitled to which they have proceeded, and superannuation under the act 50 the course they have followed in Geo. 3rd, c. 117, to contribute 5 the revision of the establishment per cent of such salaries or emoluof the Treasury under their imme- ments to a fund to be called diate direction.
« The General Superannuation They have thought that they Fund." (My lords will have should best carry into execution under further consideration what the intentions expressed in the directions shall be given with readdresses of parliament, by keep- spect to offices not amounting to ing in view the following general 1001. a year.) rules :
My lords are of opinion, that 1st. That every office was to in addition to the above rate, be restored to the situation in re- which may be considered as a spect to the number of persons fair contribution to be required employed, and of their respective from the individuals who may be emoluments, in which it stood in entitled to superannuation under 1797, unless some adequate cause the act of the 50th Geo. 3rd, c. continued to exist which rendered 117, in aid of the charge incurred some alteration necessary in by the public in respect thereof, future; and that the mode of re- a further contribution may justly gulation which seems in all re- be required from those who are spects most eligible, is to require, in possession of emoluments that the individuals themselves which have been increased since who may hereafter enjoy the be- 1797, and which are greater than nefit of superannuation allow. it is intended hereafter perma
nently to attach to their respec- ducive to justice and the public tive situations. They therefore interest. think that persons holding offices, The interest accruing upon the salaries of which are here- the contributions to be applied in after to be reduced, should be the first instance to the expense called upon to pay an additional of management of the fund, and contribution of two and a half the remainder to accumulate for per cent upon all offices exceed- the benefit of it. ing 1001. a year, and not exceed. If the aggregate sum now paid ing 5001. "Five per cent from in superannuation allowances to 5001., and not exceeding 1,000l. public servants who hold offices And ten per cent exceeding coming within the description of 1,0001. Provided that the in- the first article, shall be found to crease of such respective salaries exceed one-tenth of the aggresir.ce 1797 shall have been not gate amount of the salaries and less than double the amount of pecuniary emoluments of all the the additional contribution hereby said offices, the new superanduarequired. Such ad litional con- tions to be granted in any one tributions respectively to cease year shall not exceed one-half of whenever the parties paying the the saving arising from such of same shall be promoted to a those allowances as may. have situation entitled, under the new lapsed in the preceding year, regulations, to a salary equal to until the whole sum so granted that which they now possess.
shall be reduced to ten per No superannuation be cent, or under that amount, granted to any such contributor, in conformity to the fourth except by the Treasury, and by article. that board only, at four periods My lords are further of opi. to be fixed in each year (except nion, that it will be proper to in cases of immediate urgency), propose to parliament to repeal when a special board or boards the several rates of allowance shall be held for the purpose of enacted by the 5th Geo. 3rd, considering all applications re- cap. 117, and to substitute the ceived in the preceding quarter ; following in lieu thereof, viz : notice of which board shall be Above ten years' service, and given to the heads of the depart- not exceeding 15, 4-12ths of the ments recommending such appli- salary; above 15, and not excations, from each of which some ceeding 20, 5-12ths ; above 20, proper officer shall, if required, and not exceeding 25, 6-12ths; attend to answer all such ques- above 25, and not exceeding 30, tions as the board of Treasury 7-12ths ; above 30, and not exmay put, in order to enable them ceeding 35, 8.12ths ; above 35, to decide upon the fitness or re- and not exceeding 40, 9.12ths ; lative urgency of each applica- above 40, and not exceeding 45, tion; and to distribute the dis- 10-12ths; above 45, and not exposable amount of the fund, or ceeding 50, 11-12ths; and exso much of it as may be requisite, ceeding. 50, the whole. Such in such manner as, upon an ex. respective allowances to be calamination of all the cases before culated upon the salary and pethem, may appear most con- cuniary emoluments of the office, as charged to the payment made a very large increase had taken to the Contribution fund; and in place both in respect of the no case to exceed the nett sum number of persons employed, received by the officer after the and the amount of their emolu. deduction of such payment. ments in some parts of the office,
My lords are aware, that not- they directed a plan to be prewithstanding the extreme im- pared of a new establishment, in portance of adhering to this scale which no greater number of offi. as much as possible, there may cers should be retained than was arise special cases which it would necessary for the execution of be difficult to foresee or enume- the business of the Treasury in its rate, with respect to which some present state, enlarged as it has departure from this scale may been by the incorporation of the become indispensable, and that whole business of the Irish Treaauthority to provide accordingly sury, as well as greatly increased should be reserved to their lord- in other respects, and in which ships; they are of opinion, how the emoluments of each class of ever, that it should be enacted, officers should be as nearly assithat in all such instances the milated to those of corresponding cases should be laid before Par- situations in 1797, as the alteraliament, together with a report tion of the circumstances of the of the circumstances which have office would fairly admit. led their lordships to make the Such a plan having been preexception.
pared accordingly, and approved 2nd. That where increase of by their lordships, they have business, or the more correct and directed, that the new establishefficient execution of the public ment shall be considered service, rendered it necessary to taking effect from the 5th of preserve establishments either January next, and that every created or enlarged since 1797, new appointment or promotion the emoluments of the officers which may take place from that composing those establishments day shall be considered as subject should be assimilated, as nearly to the new regulations. as the change of circumstances In order to introduce this new would admit, to those received system as early as may be pracby persons in similar situations in ticable, yet with as little incon1797.
venience as possible to the indi3rd. That if any office existing viduals whose interests may be in 1797 was found to be no affected, they have directed that longer' necessary to the public every person whose situation is service, or that its emoluments not to be abolished shall retain might be properly reduced, such his present emoluments (subject office should be abolished or re- to such payment to the superduced in value, as the case might annuated fund as may be due admit.
therefrom), until, hy promotion, Proceeding upon the foregoing or allowance for length of service, rules, my lords began by a care. he shall be entitled, under the ful comparison of the establish- new regulations, to a salary at ment of the Treasury in 1797, and least equal to that which he now as it now exists; and finding that possesses.
AFRICAN INSTITUTION.-- Substance of the XVth Report of the
Fourteen years, say the direc, slave-trade within certain specitors, have now elapsed since the fied limits. Portugal still refused Bill for the Abolition of the to fix any precise period for the Slave Trade became an act of final abandonment of it; but the imperial parliament of Great Spain consented totally to abolish Britain; but, it having been it from the 30th of May, 1820, found, that the penalties of that five months being allowed for act were not sufficient to deter completing the voyages that British subjects from continuing might have been commenced the slave-trade, parliament, in prior to that period. the year 1811, enacted that
every Notwithstanding the stipulaBritish subject, and every person tions entered into by France for residing within the British domi- the abolition of the slave-trade, nions, who should in anywise be the directors have had the pain. concerned in the slave-trade, ful duty, year after year, of exshould be deemed a felon, and hibiting to the Institution numight be punished by transporta. merous and irrefragable proofs of tion, for a term not exceeding the continuance of this traffic by fourteen years; and thus the the subjects of that kingdom. British law at present remains. They are much concerned to say, This act tended greatly to that the account which they have restrain, if not to extinguish, ex- now to render of the state of the cept in the Isle of France, the French slave trade is even more British slave-trade; and, whilst afflicting than any which has prethe nation continued at war, the ceded it. Indeed, so multiplied slave-trade of other states was and so flagrant have been of late also much diminished; so that the violations of the French law Africa was, for a time, relieved on this subject; to such an exin a considerable degree from tent, and with such impunity, has thedesolating effects of this traffic. this trade been carried on, almost
Bụt the return of peace to without the affectation of disEurope, having put an end to guise ; that the evil, practically the belligerent right of search, speaking, could scarcely have was the signal for an extensive been greater had it been actually revival of the slave-trade in tolerated by the governmeņt of Africa, accompanied with more France. than its usual miseries.
The statements thus made are France and the Netherlands confirmed by the circumstances were, however, prevailed upon to developed in the case of a French sign treaties stipulating for the slave-ship called the Sylph, detotal and immediate abolition of tained by his majesty's sloop this trade. The result of the Redwing, captain Hunn, and efforts used with Spain and Por- brought into Sierra Leone, on tugal was not so favourable. the oth February, 1819, with Both these powers, however, 364 slaves on board. From the agreed forthwith to confine their examinations which took place on that occasion, it appeared that first paid to thesé symptoms, when captain Hunn fell in with which were thought to be caused the Sylph, in latitude 7 deg. 50 only by the want of air in the min. north, and longitude 16 deg. hold, and by the scarcity of 30 min. west, she had been fifty- water which had already begun one days at sea from Bonny, to be felt. At this time they where she had taken in 388 were limited to eight ounces of slaves : twenty died before her water a day for each person, detention, and four afterwards. which quantity was afterwards It also appeared, that she was reduced to the half of a wine bound to Guadaloupe, where the glass. By the advice of M. traffic in slaves was stated to be Maignan, the surgeon of the ship, carried on with scarcely any the negroes, who had hitherto reserve.
remained shut up in the hold, Another case, that of a ship were brought upon deck in succalled Le Rodeur, whilst it proves cession, in order that they might the little risk that is run by breathe a purer air. But it beFrench subjects in carrying on came necessary to abandon this the slave-trade, furnishes also a expedient, salutary as it was, bemost striking exemplification of cause many of those negroes, some of the worst horrors which affected with nostalgia (i. e. a attend the Middle Passage. passionate desire to revisit their “ The ship Le Rodeur, captain native land) threw themselves B
of two hundred tops into the sea, locked in each burthen, left Havre the 24th of other's arms. January, 1819, for the coast of
The disease which had spread Africa, and reached her destina. itself so rapidly and frightfully tion the 14th of March following, among the Africans, soon began anchoring at Bonny in the river to infect all on board, and to Calabar. The crew, consisting create alarms for the crew. The of twenty-two men, enjoyed good sufferings of the people, and the health during the outward voyage, number of the blind augmented and during their stay at Bonny, every day; so that the crew-where they continued till the 6th previously alarmed by the appreof April. They had observed no hension of a revolt among the trace of ophthalmia among the negroes, were seized with the 'natives ; and it was not until farther dread of not being able to fifteen days after they had set make the West Indies, if the only sail on the return voyage, and the sailor who had hitherto escaped vessel was near the equator, that the contagion, and on whom their they perceived the first symptoms whole hope rested, should be. of this frightful malady. It was
come blind like the rest.* The then remarked, that the negroes, who, to the number of one
* This calamity had actually behundred and sixty, were crowded fallen the Leon, a Spanish vessel together in the hold, and between which the Rodeur met with on her the decks, had contracted a con- passage, and the whole of whose crew, siderable redness of the eyes, having become blind, were under the which spread with singular rapi- the direction of their ship. They en dity. No great attention was at treated the charitable interference of