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I give and direct the proceeds francs.

I desire that he may thereof to be paid and applied build his house near Ponte Novo to and for the use of the said de Rossino. William Austin in like manner,

6 To count Las Cases, 100,000 as a specific legacy; but in case francs. To count Lavalette, the government shall repay the 100,000 francs. purchase money of the said house, “ To the surgeon in chief, Larin that case, the proceeds which rey, 100,000 francs. He is the may be realized by the sale are most virtuous man I have known. to fall into the general residue of “ To gen. Lefevre Desnouettes, my estate. Dated seventh day 100,000 francs.-To gen. Drouet, of August, 1821.

100,000 francs.--To gen. Cam“ CAROLINE R."

brenne, 100,000 francs. To the « Witness,

children of general Muton DuHENRY U. THOMSON,

vernais, 100,000 francs-To the Kensington."

children of the brave Labedoyere, 100,000 francs. To the chil

dren of general Girard, killed at THE FOLLOWING IS SAID TO BE Ligny, 100,000 francs. To the THE TESTAMENT OF NAPO- children of general Chartrau,

100,000 francs. To the children

of the virtuous general Travost, “ This day, April 14, 1821, at 100,000 francs. To general LalLongwood, in the island of St.

lemand, the elder, 100,000 Helena.

francs.-To Costa Bastilica, also “ This is my testament, or act 100,000

francs. To general of my last will:

Clausel, 100,000 francs. To the “I leave to the comte de Mon- baron de Menevalle, 100,000 tholon 2,000,000 francs, as a francs.-To Arnault, author of proof of my satisfaction for the Marius, 100,000 francs. attentions he has paid to me for • To colonel Marbot, 100,000 these six years, and to indemnify francs : I request him to continue him for the losses which my re- to write for the defence and the sidence in St. Helena has occa- glory of the French armies, and sioned him.-I leave to the comte to confound the calumniators and Bertrand 500,000 francs.-I leave the apostates. to Marchand, my first valet-de- “To the baron Bignon, 100,000 chambre, 400,000 francs; the francs: I request him to write services he has performed for me the history of French Diplomacy are those of a friend. I desire from 1792 to 1815. that he may marry a widow, “ To Poggi de Talaro, 100,000 sister, or daughter of an officer francs. Tothe surgeon Emmery, or soldier of my old guard. 100,000 francs. To Saint Dennis, 100,000 francs. « These sums shall be taken from To Novarre, 100,000 francs. the six millions which I deposited To Pijeron, 100,000 francs.--To on leaving Paris in 1815, and Archambaud, 50,000 francs.To from the interest at the rate of Cuvier, 50,000 francs.-To Chan- 5 per cent. since July, 1815; the delle, idem.

account of which shall be ad“To the Abbe Visnale, 100,000 justed with the bankers by the counts Montholon and Bertrand, have been paid, are to be deand by Marchand.

ducted and charged in account “ These legacies, in the case of against the legacies which we death, shall be paid to the widows have made him by our testament. and children, and in their default, If they have not been paid, our shall revert to the capital. bills shall be cancelled.

“I institute the counts Montho- “In consequence of the legacy lon, Bertrand, and Marchand, my made by our testament to the testamentary executors.

comte Montholon, the pension of “This present testament, written 20,000 francs granted to his wife entirely by my own hand, is is annulled. Comte Montholon signed and sealed with my arms. is directed to pay it to her.

“ NAPOLEON." “ Theadministration of such suc“ April 24, 1821, Longwood." cession, until its entire liquidation,

requiring expenses in offices, for “ This is my codicil to the act journeys, commission, consultaof my last will :

tions, pleadings, we intend that “On the liquidation of my civil our testamentary executors shall list of Italy—such as money, retain 3 per cent. on all the lega. jewels, plate, linen, coffers, cies, both on the 6,800,000 francs, caskets, of which the viceroy is and on the sums bequeathed by the depositary, and which belong the codicils. to me-I dispose of two millions, “ The sums proceeding from which I leave to my most faithful these deductions shall be deposervants. I hope that, without sited in the hands of a treasurer, their showing any cause, my son and expended on the order of our Eugene Napoleon will discharge testamentary executors. them faithfully. He cannot forget “ We appointcomte Las Cases, the forty millions which I have or in his default, his son, and in given him in Italy, or by the right his default, general Drouet, trea(parage) of his mother's inhe- surer. ritance.

“This present codicil is entirely “ To the comte Montholon, written with our own hand, and 200,000 francs, 100,000 of which sealed with our arms. he will pay into the chest, for

“ NAPOLEON." the same use as the above, to be

« This 24th of April, 1821, employed according to my dispo. Longwood.” sitions in the discharge of legacies of conscience.

“ This is my codicil and act of « This codicil is written in my my last will :own hand, signed and sealed with “ From the funds remitted in my arms.

gold to the empress Maria Louisa, “ NAPOLEON."

my very dear and well-beloved "April 24, 1821, Longwood." spouse, at Orleans, in 1814, there

remain due to me two millions, • This is also another codicil, which I dispose of by the present or act of my last will :

codicil, in order to recompense “ The 9,0001. sterling, which my most faithful servants, whom we have given to the comte and I beside recommend to the prothe comtesse Montholon, if they tection of my dear Maria Louisa.

" I leave 200,000 francs to 1st of July, 1815, deducting the comte Montholon, 100,000 francs payments with which you have of which he shall pay into the been charged in virtue of my chest of the treasurer, for the order. same purpose as the above, to “ I desire that the liquidation of be employed according to my your account be settled by mudispositions, in legacies of con- tual consent between you, comte science.

Montholon, comte Bertrand, and " This codicil is written with the sieur Marchand; and that my own hand, signed and sealed this liquidation being adjusted, I with my arms.

give you by these presents full “ NAPOLEON." and absolute discharge of the “Monsieur Lafitte,-) remitted I have also remitted to you a to you in 1815, at the moment of box containing my medallion. I my departure from Paris, a sum beg you will deliver it to comte of nearly six millions, for which Montholon. you gave me a double receipt. I “ This letter having no other have cancelled one of these re- object, I pray God, Monsieur Laceipts, and I have charged count fitte, that he may have you in his de Montholon to present to you holy and worthy keeping. the other receipt, in order that

* NAPOLEON." you may, after my death, deliver “ Longwood, in the island of to him the said sum with interest, St. Helena, April 25, 1821.” at the rate of 5 per cent. from the



rative durability, was an expecConsistory Court, MAY 4.

tation not to be indulged. The Gilbert v. Buzzard and Boyer. fact itself, of their duration, was - In this singular case, which re- influenced by so many various lated to the fees due to the circumstances, as to make any parish for burial in iron coffins, general result, even when founded the Consistory-court had directed on experiment, in some degree affidavits to be filed, as to the doubtful. The only illustration comparative durability of iron the case had received, was deand wood; and, these having ac- rived from persons skilled in cordingly been obtained from chemistry, but they could give professor Brande, Messrs. Aikin, their opinions on the subject Parkes, &c.; and counsel having only from analogy. In looking been heard at length thereon :- at this evidence, he saw, as was

Sir William Scott, in giving usually the case in matters of his judgment on the Table of opinion, the most conflicting tesFees, observed, that in this case timony; nor could the court prehe was now called upon to de- sume to give a decisive judge termine the amount of fee fairly ment, when those most converdue to the parish for the inter- sant with the subject had left it ment of iron coffins. In deliver- in a state of doubt; the judicial ing his former opinion, he had aphorism-perito in arte sua crecome to the conclusion, that if dendum, could in this question these iron coffins were more have no application; and the durable than those constructed only alternative was, to look at of the usual materials, adequate the opposing evidence, and encompensation ought to be made deavour to ascertain on which to the parish for their longer side the balance rested. Lookduration, and a larger fee paid ing at it in this point of view, he for their admission. Their pro- could not but express his convicportionate duration, however, tion, that the balance was on the still seemed a controverted point; side of the greater durability of and in a case like this, where iron; and although it might be there was no experience to guide thought that he was in some him, to reac! any thing like measure influenced by his own exactness in fixing their compa- prepossessions, he was bound to say, that on referring to the affi- these substances had been found davits, he thought the weight of in contact with the soil, was the argument rested with Messrs. where they were entirely or parBrande and Aikin, who fixed the tially covered with water, either proportionate durability of iron salt or fresh; frequent instances and wood, as three to one. A had occurred of old anchors, test had been suggested to him, bolts, and chains, having been by a person of much various and fished up, after having remained accurate information, founded on under water for an unknown the results of the casual dis- length of time; and the keys of covery of these substances : both Lochleven-castle were recovered wood and iron have frequently from the sea 250 years after they been found together deposited had been thrown in upon the in the soil, where they had been flight of Mary from that castle. laid either accidentally, or in It must, however, be allowed, pursuance of the ancient usage that the piers of Trajan's-bridge of the country, and discovered over the Danube, and the Cowey afterwards at very distant periods stakes in the Thames, supposed of time. Three different states to have supported 'the bridge of the soil in which these sub- over which the army of Cæsar stances had been found, might passed, are striking instances of be presumed; one where the the durability of wood under ground had remained dry through- certain circumstances. The third out the whole period ; in such a state of the soil is that in which soil both substances might be these substances are subjected to supposed entitled to a sound alternations of moisture and drylongevity; rust would not corrode ness; here both decay, but at the one, nor rottenness decay different periods : and it is a the other, where moisture and well-known fact, that of the the external air were excluded. various weapons that are freIn this state Egyptian mummies, quently discovered in the ancient ascertained to be of 2,000 years tumuli or barrows, the metallic standing, had been discovered, heads of spears, and the blades of Composed, as it was said, of the swords and daggers, are found sycamore of the country; which in a condition from which they might hence be aptly termed, as might easily be restored to their Pliny had characterized the ancient or any other metallic larch, the “ immortale lignum." use ; 'whilst the wood that formed In the very interesting account the handle, the haft, and the congiven by sir Henry Halford, of necting parts, was entirely dethe disinterment of Charles I. at composed and associated with Windsor, it is observed, that the the soil, so that no traces could wooden coffin was found to be be found of them. Numerous very much decayed, though it instances of this are mentioned had been protected from exter- in the English Archæologia. It nal injury by being inclosed in appears in an affidavit made by lead, carefully soldered, and in three persons on behalf of the ternally secured from those patentee, that on taking up, a gaseous vapours proceeding from child's coffin which had been dedead bodies, . by cerecloths and posited for only a short time in spices. Another state in which the soil, it was discovered to be

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