תמונות בעמוד
PDF
ePub

for spectators, and a covered way of rooms, in the House of Comreached from the door to the mons, comprised the Long-galplatform. The champion issued lery, which leads off from the tickets for fifty to the seats over lobby Committee-rooms, Nos. the stable, and the rest were given 10, 11, and 12, and the members to the artificers of the Board of waiting-room, commonly known Works.

as the Coffee-room of the House The Kitchens consisted of 23 of Commons. Mr. Bellamy's rooms, provided with every pos- kitchen was converted into a sible convenience which the art waiting room. The House of of cookery might require. Commons itself became a ren

In the roasting kitchen were dezvous for the Lords' attendants, four immense ranges in a line with who were not admitted into the each other-each capable of re- hall till the dinner was served. ceiving four rows of spits, all of The house of Mr. Ley (the which were turned by one man in an clerk of the works) was given up adjoining scullery. The dripping- to the lord steward; it consisted pans and furniture connected with of four rooms, all of which were these fires, were upon the same converted into dining-rooms. scale of magnitude. Beside this All these rooms were covered kitchen, there were others with with matting, and preparations every requisite of hot hearths, were made for lighting them with stoves, and boilers, for cooking Argand and other lamps. The soups, made dishes, fowls, hams, court of Exchequer was lighted tongues, fish, puddings, &c. with lustres. There were, likewise, pastry and The Passage from the House of confectionary rooms, vegetable Lords to the Abbey, was formed dépôts, larders, fruit-rooms, dish- of close boarding, and was lined ing-rooms, and a bake-house. with crimson cloth and matting.

Private Dinner Rooms. In ad- This was the course by which the dition to the preparations for the members of the royal family, the banquet in the hall, other arrange foreign ministers, and the peerments took place for dining nearly esses, proceeded from the hall to two thousand members of the their seats in the Abbey, after procession. Tables for this pur- the procession had moved. pose were laid in the court of Ex. The Coffee-house of the House chequer, the Exchequer Cham- of Lords was reserved for the ber, the Baron's-room, the court especial use of his majesty, if he of Common Pleas, the Judges'- should wish to retire there for room, the Serjeant's-room, the refreshment, and coffee was orKing's-bench Treasury-chamber, dered to be kept constantly and the retiring room of the ready. judges of the court of King's

Another suit of apartbench.

PREPARATIONS IN WESTMIN

STER-ABBEY. ments were fitted up for the same purpose in the House of Lords, The preparations here, as in which included the old House of Westminster-hall, were made unLords, the Painted-chamber, the der a warrant from the Treasury; old Robing-room, and No. 4, and the first step taken was, comCommittee-room. A third suite pletely to encase, in boards, all

the valuable monuments with the old organ was removed, and which it is stored, so as to pre- the whole was lined and covered vent mutilation or injury. In the with crimson cloth. The space construction of the galleries and thus gained was reserved for the other erections, not a single hook trumpeters and other musicians or nail was driven into the ancient who were to form part of the profabrick.

cession. The Western Aisle.The space The Choir.-From the choir, from the great western door to all the stalls, reading-desks, and the entrance of the choir, em- pews, were removed; and in the bracing the two side aisles, was, space thus cleared, a more elefrom ancient usage, considered vated platform was raised, which to be at the disposition of the was approached from under the dean and chapter, and was by organ-loft by six steps. On each them let for a large sum to a side, on the site of the stalls, five person of the name of Glanville, benches were placed, separated by whom it was fitted up with by a low partition from the pascommodious boxes and benches sage in the centre, which was 12 for the accommodation of spec- feet wide, and approached by tators to view the procession as openings to the right and left, as it entered the abbey. The gal. the steps were ascended. They leries, or clerestories over those were set apart for the reception aisles, were also fitted up as places of the knights of the bath, knights for spectators. These boxes and commanders, privy councillors, benches were all covered with judges, and others, who formed matting, and their fronts and part of the procession. Above backs decorated with crimson these seats were two galleries, and cloth. From the entrance to the above them the nunneries, all of choir all the rest of the space, which were devoted to spectators. occupied by galleries and erec- The Theatre, or Pulpitum.-tions, was under the dominion of At the farther end of the choir, the earl marshal, by whom tickets six other steps led to the theatre, were issued according to certain or pulpitum, which was situated privileges, which were recognized exactly in the middle of the aband founded upon precedents of bey, between the two transepts. ancient date. The distance from In the centre of this theatre, the the west gate to the choir is ex- diameter of which was forty feet, actly one hundred and ten feet; was raised a small stage, of about and along this was raised a plat- four feet square,

which

was form four-and-twenty feet wide, ascended by five steps. Here, upon which the procession was to facing the altar, stood his mamove, on each side of which there jesty's throne or chair of state, was a smaller platform, for those on which after his coronation, he persons by whom the grand pa- was to receive the homage of his geant was to be flanked. The whole subjects. of this was matted over, and the The Throne. The back of it centre of it was covered with blue was of a square form, richly cloth, to the width of about 12 carved and gilt, bearing on its feet.

top the royal arms, also carved The Organ Loft.-From this and gilt; immediately under which

were the letters “ Geo. IV.” The hind. The whole was covered device was precisely the same on with blue and gold brocade. The both sides, so that, which ever top of this covering was pannelled way the object was examined, it with broad gold lace, and was looked equally rich. The elbows edged with gold-looped fringe. and legs were likewise carved and The bottom and sides were borgilt. The inside of the back, dered with gold lace, and the against which his majesty was to whole was finished with a deep lean, was in the form of a square gold fringe seven inches deep: pannel, stuffed and covered with On this were subsequently placed gold and silver.coloured brocade. the chalice, the patera, the amThe seat and resting-place for the pulla, which contained the holy elbows were also stuffed and co- oil, the anointing spoon, and the vered with the same material. other articles necessary in the From the bottom of the seat, on ceremony of the coronation. the four sides, hung a deep fringe

The back of the altar was coof gold lace. There was a foot. vered with blue and gold brocade, stool to correspond.

clipped on each side with golden The stage, with the first step palm branches, which rose from descending from it, was covered the floor to a height of twelve with gold plated tabby, bordered feet, and then gradually spread with a gold_fringe seven inches till they became intermingled with in depth. The remaining four the drapery above. This drasteps were covered with a beau- pery, which extended along the tiful Turkey carpet; and the rest front of the gallery, consisted of of the theatre was lined with blue and gold-coloured silk dacrimson baize, placed over the mask, and was coiled up with matting

ropes of gold. It was surmounted At each corner of the theatre by a cornice, composed of two were semi-circular rails, designed inch and a half gold and silk rope, as places in which the heralds with large gilt rosettes to each were to stand.

pipe. The fringe was of gold and The North Transept was fitted silk, four inches deep. From unup with 37 benches, which ascend- der the upper drapery, on each ed amphitheatrically towards the side of the altar, was suspended window ;--the front seats were some bold antique banner drareserved for peers, and all those pery, which swept the floor, but at the back for peeresses and which was capable of being drawn peers' tickets.

up on both sides so as to give enThe South Transept was fitted trance, through two doors, to the up in the same manner.

king's traverse behind. The Sacrarium, in magnificence On the left hand, or north side of decoration, exceeded every of the altar, stood the chair of other part of the preparations. the archbishop of Canterbury; it The first object which attract

The back, seat, ed the eye, was the altar. The and elbows, were stuffed and table, six feet nine inches in covered with velvet of the length, stood upon a platform a colour called bishop's purple, little above the elevation of the and were pannelled with gold lace. floor, and had a small shelf be. There was a footstool to match,

was of oak.

which was covered with purple The Royal Box.-On the south velvet,and ornamented with gymp. side of the sacrarium was situated Besides this, there was a kneeling the royal box, on the top of cushion for the archbishop, co- which was a carved and gilt vered with purple velvet, with four pelmet cornice, composed of the gold tassels; and a similar cushion rose, the thistle, and the shamfor the dean on the other side. rock, alternately, with the cross

The step leading to the altar, pattie between. The drapery and the floor of the sacrarium, which hung from the cornice was was covered with a rich garter- of crimson velvet, decorated with blue and gold Wilton carpet. The loops of gold rope, and bordered pattern was the Norman rose, and fringed with gold lace. It with the ermine.

was lined with crimson sarcenet. On the right of the altar stood The interior of the box was lined the offering-table, which was co

with Auted crimson sarcenet, vered with garter.blue Genoa finished at the top with crimson velvet, bordered with lace, and silk rope. The front was hung fringed with gold. Upon this, with crimson velvet in draperies, preparatory to the ceremonies, bordered with gold lace; and gilt were placed a cushion upon which chairs were provided for those his majesty's offering was to be who were present. made, covered with garter-blue On the side opposite the royal velvet, pannelled with gold lace, box the drapery was similar to and with four gold tassels at the that in front of the altar, and along corners; together with the offer. this was placed a bench for the ing itself, which was a pall or bishops who were to assist in the altar covering of gold brocade, ceremonies, the lord mayor of five feet square, bound and fringed London, and other persons who with gold lace and fringe, and were to walk in the procession. an ingot of the pure metal of one The Litany Chair.-On the pound in troy weight.

south side of the sacrarium, near Among other things also pro- to the royal box, was placed his vided for the occasion, was a majesty's litany chair and faldkneeling cushion for his majesty, stool. The frame work of the which was to be placed in front chair was fluted and gilt. The of the altar when he made his back and seat were stuffed, and offering. This was covered with covered with garter blue velvet, crimson and gold brocade, fringed pannelled with gold lace. The with gold lace, and each corner faldstool, which was about three decorated with a gold tassel. feet in height, and was to be used

The anointing pall was made of after the manner of a reading gold and silver brocade, lined desk, was placed in front. It was with silver tabby, with a deep gold covered with garter-blue velvet, fringe, loops and tassels at the pannelled with gold lace, and four corners, and four silver staves trimmed with gold fringe. by which it was to be supported. St. Edward's Chair stood about There was also a carpet of gold the centre of the sacrarium, in and silver brocade, which was to front of the altar. The dilapibe spread for his majesty, before dated state, to which the ancient he received the sacrament.

ornaments were reduced, had in.

duced Mr. Mash of the lord cham- The Music Gallery.--Above berlain's office, to have them re- the altar, and over the traverse, moved, and to substitute others was situated the music gallery, precisely of the same character. the two front rows of which were These ornaments consisted of devoted to spectators; behind crockets and fret-work richly gilt; these were the seats for the choand the remainder of the chair risters, and behind them again the was covered with gold frosted seats for the instrumental pertissue. A cushion was added, formers. The organ was in the covered with the same material. centre: a new gothic front had The “prophetic stone," of which been put to it. Over the organ our northern neighbours were so was the royal crown, with a figure jealous, maintained its usual place of Fame on each side, and beunder the seat of the chair, but neath the crown a medallion of was hid from observation by a

his majesty deep fringe, which was looped up The Foreign Ministers' Box to show the lions and the gilt was opposite to that of the royal moulding upon which the chair family, and the lord great chamstood.

berlain's, was over that of the The Recognition Chair, on royal family. The remaining which his majesty was to sit when boxes and galleries were divided the recognition was made, and among different officers of state, when he first entered the abbey, to whom a certain number of was placed at the foot of the tickets were issued. The places royal stage, on the south side. prepared were considered equal In form it was similar to the litany to the accommodation of four chair, but the decorations wer

thousand persons: different.

The avenues of ingress to the Beyond the recognition chair, abbey were various, but every up in the same line, was placed a thing was so arranged as to profaldstool for the two bishops, by duce as little confusion as pose whom the Litany was to be read. sible. This was covered with crimson Proper places of retirement lutestring bordered with crimson were provided, and female atten. silk twine. At the bottom of the dants were appointed to attend fald stool were two pillars, covered upon the ladies. with crimson velvet, for the The Barriers. In order to prebishops to kneel on.

serve as much as possible a system The Pulpit was of a hexagon of regularity, it became necessary form, and was situated close to to erect barriers in the different the pillar on the north-west corner avenues leading towards the hall of the sacrarium, opposite to the and Westminster-abbey, and to royal box.

issue clear and positive orders as The Traverse into which his to the course which each class of majesty was to retire to robe and visitors was to pursue. The forepose himself during the ceremo- reign ministers, all those who nies, was immediately behind the were to take part in the proaltar. It was close to St. Edward cession, and those who had tickets the Confessor's Shrine, and, in from peers, judges, privy council. fact, in his chapel.

lors, and knights of the bath, were Vol. LXIII

z

« הקודםהמשך »