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to the lowest, is not only the of King's-bench and Chancery; true but the only legitimate ob- these courts having, by virtue of ject of all power; and no act of an act of parliament, been prepower can be legitimate which is viously taken down. not founded on those principles The Galleries- The galleries of eternal justice without which on each side of the hall were law is but the mask of tyranny, next erected. Of these there and power the instrument of were two tiers. The first, or despotism.”
under tier of galleries, was raised Queen's House, July 17.
on an elevation of about nine PREPARATIONS FOR THE Coro
feet from the floor, extended
about fourteen feet from the wall, NATION.
and contained each seven rows Westminster-Hall.-In March, of seats. They reached from last year, orders were issued to the royal box, to the bottom of the board of works, to prepare the hall adjoining the triumphal estimates of the expense for arch, were entered by five sepa. making the requisite preparations rate staircases, and were on each
bis majesty's coronation-the side supported by 20 iron pillars, nature of which were particularly with gothic caps, painted of a specified. In complying with bronze colour. these instructions, the surveyor- The second tier of galleries general (colonel Stephenson), was erected on a level with the Mr. Brown, and Mr. Hiort, the bottoms of the principal windowprincipal architects of the office, places of the hall
, and gradually had occasion to consult a great rose to the bases of the oak number of ancient authorities; arches by which the roof is supbut that upon which they most ported. 'Each window formed as relied was, “ Sandford's Descrip- it were a separate box. There tion of the Coronation of James were three seats, extending from the Second ;" which gives a most one end of the galleries to the minute account of every thing other, without interruption, and connected with that event, illus- in each window-place there were trated by copper plates, showing two rows of seats, making togethe character of the erections, ther five rows. These galleries the form of the ceremonials, and were approached by doors made the costume of the persons en- in a section of the casements. gaged. These gentlemen, how- Measuring from the windows, the ever, did not feel themselves projection into the hall was 10 bound to adhere strictly to pre- feet, and the elevation from the cedents, but resolved to adopt floor about 26 feet. They were such improvements as might seem supported, like the galleries advisable.
below, with iron bronzed pillars. The Floor. In the first in- In the angles communicating stance a flooring of wood was with the music gallery, over the laid down, upon an elevation of triumphal arch, benches were fourteen inches above the flags. erected, looking directly up the This extended over the whole hall towards the king's throne. area of the hall to the foot of the The Royal Platform was sisteps formerly leading to the courts tuated at the south end of the hall, on the site of the old courts The Lord Great Chamberlain's of law, and immediately under Box was taken off the first tier of the south window. It extended gallery, next the royal family's from the wall twenty-six feet for. box, and was distinguished from ward, and there terminated with the remaining part of the same three steps ; then came a landing- gallery by having the seats stuffed place, of about five feet in with horse-hair, and covered with breadth, leading to five other crimson cloth. steps ; and then another landing. The flooring of the galleries place, terminating with six steps, were all lined with sheet lead, which led directly to the floor. and afterwards covered with matThese steps stretched from side ting: the seats were likewise to side. The width of the plat- covered with matting. The backs form was 42 feet.
of the galleries, to a height of The Royal Box.— The box for four feet, were lined with crimson the reception of the royal family, cloth, and each had an iron rail was situated on the right of the in front, covered with the same south window. It was eleven material. The rests were stuffed feet in height, and extended from with horse-hair, and covered with the wall to the first three steps, crimson cloth, a crimson silk descending from the platform. fringe hanging down in front, four It contained two rows of benches, inches in depth. with one row of splendid gilt The faces of the galleries were chairs; and was approached by a papered with Gothic pannels. door and passage leading from The Side-Boards, from which the hall on the first landing-place the dinner and wines were served, from the platform, as well as by extended in a line immediately a sort of half door on the platform under the first tier of galleries; itself. The lining was scarlet and consisted of small closets, cloth.
or cellarets, furnished with comThe Foreign Ministers' Box modious shelves. At the back was immediately opposite that of these cellarets were sliding of the royal family, and was of partitions, communicating with the same dimensions; it contained passages behind. Their fronts four rows of benches stuffed with were in the form of a Gothic horse-hair. The box imme- arch, and were painted of a deep diately over it was also devoted stone colour. There were 19 to the foreign ministers ; it con- on each side. There were origitained seven rows of seats, and nally twenty, but two of them, at was nearly upon a level with the the bottom of the royal plat. second tier of galleries, already form, were fitted up for the clerkdescribed, from which it was comptroller of the kitchen. separated by a rail.
The Communications with the The box immediately opposite Kitchens, consisted of long pasthat of the foreign ministers, sages, extending the whole length erected over the royal box, was of the hall, and terminating with divided between the lord high the triumphal arch. They were constable, the lord steward, and four feet wide, and seven feet in the earl marshal, each having height. Their sides were patwenty-four places.
pered, and the floors matted. Above these passages, were the and two distinct seats ; they were passages leading to the first tier stuffed with horse-hair, and coof galleries.
vered with crimson cloth, and The Triumphal Arch was purely were 166 in number. In the Gothic, and was composed of the centre of the hall was a space 19 various orders of architecture feet wide, which was separated existing in the hall itself, and in from the dining tables by an iron Westminster-abbey. Its height railing, three feet high; a blue was nineteen feet, and the width cloth, twelve feet wide, extended fourteen. The height of the two along this, from the steps of the towers was 30 feet, and of the royal platform to the north door. gallery over the arch 26 feet: the The Avenues leading to the Hall whole width of the composition were numerous, and well arranged. was 36 feet. The ceiling of the There were several doors of inarch was painted in Gothic fret- gress. The royal family, foreign work, and on each side were ministers, and peeresses, came three doors, also of Gothic form: through the passages of the the first on the right and left, as House of Lords, and so in by the you entered, led to the music south door of the hall; the other gallery; the second on the right spectators were admitted by the to the court of Exchequer, in north door of the hall, and by which a part of the procession side doors, communicating with dined; and the second on the the Speaker's court-yard, and with left, to a place of retirement; Parliament-square. Behind every the third, on both sides, led to gallery were retiring rooms, of the the kitchen passages ; and it was most commodious description. through these the king's dinner The Vestibule.- Outside the was served. Two figures, in front north gate, and communicating of the arch, represented Richard with the external platform, was a the Second (by whom the hall Gothic vestibule, or hall, somewas repaired), and Edward the what of a circular form; the Confessor. The entrance to the ceiling and sides were painted so arch from the platform was by a
as to represent stone fret-work, pair of massive folding-doors, and to look completely in unison painted in imitation of Gothic with the antiquity of the building. pannels of oak, and constructed The porch was painted in the in the manner of flood-gates, so same manner; and by this conas to resist any ordinary pressure. trivance the unpleasant effect of
The Dining Tables. - There an abrupt egress from the hall to were six dining tables in the body the platform was avoided. of the hall, each 56 feet long, The Decorations of the Royal and 7 feet wide, placed length- Platform were most magnifiways, within three feet of the cent. We have already stated, pillars supporting the galleries, that on the right and left of so as to leave a large space in the this platform were situated the centre of the hall, the whole of boxes of the royal family and which was covered with matting. foreign ministers. These, as well The chairs on each side of these as those above them, were lined tables consisted of a sort of an- completely with superfine scarlet tique settee, with a Gothic back, cloth. The galleries above were supported each by four Gothic and was surrounded by a beaupillars, richly gilt with burnished tiful carved and gilt cornice. Begold. The front of these gal- neath the cornice, hung a sucleries presented a splendid suc- cession of crimson velvet pelmet cession of luxuriant drapery, drapery, each pelmet having emlooped up with scarlet ropes. broidered upon it a rose, a thistle, The corners of the festoons were a crown or a harp. Surmounting surmounted with large gilt ro. the cornice in front, was a gilt settes and wreaths of laurel; and crown, upon a velvet cushion, to the whole of this drapery was over the letters “ Geo. IV.” supaffixed, a deep, gold-coloured ported on each side by an antique silken fringe. The fronts of the gilt ornament. The entire back boxes beneath, were also deco. of the throne, as well as the interated with festoons of scarlet rior of the canopy, were covered cloth, reaching to the floor, and with crimson Genoa velvet, which looped up to the base of the gilt was relieved by a treble row of pillars, by lions' heads, also gilt. broad and narrow gold lace, surThe same luxuriance of drapery rounding the whole. In the cenextended round the corners of tre of the back were the royal the boxes, to the commencement arms, embroidered in the most of the adjoining galleries. costly style. Under the canopy
The whole back of the plat- stood his majesty's chair, which form, from the termination of the was richly gilt, with elbows tersouth window to the floor, was minated by lions' heads. The covered with a rich and profuse frame of the back was surmounted antique scarlet drapery, falling by the royal arms, carved in the from a cornice, formed of a double most exquisite style, also richly row of gold twisted ropes, and or- gilt; and the back and seats were namented with a succession of covered with crimson velvet, panmagnificent gold pelmets and ro- nelled with gold lace, as were the settes. The front of the door elbow rests. On the floor stood which entered from the passage an elegant footstool, the framewithout, was covered with a cur- work and legs of which were gilt, tain of scarlet cloth, trimmed with and the top covered with the deep gold fringe, and looped up same material as the chair. on each side with silken ropes. Six gilt Gothic elbow-chairs,
The floor, and to the extremity with cane bottoms and scarlet of the first three steps, was co- cushions, were prepared for the vered with a splendid Wilton members of the royal family, who carpet, of a Persian pattern, and dined at his majesty's table. the remainder of the steps with The side-boards to receive the scarlet baize.
plate, consisted of a series of The Throne. Immediately un- shelves, which were so constructder the south window, and about ed as to be fixed at pleasure five feet in advance of the against the drapery, on the wall door, which was completely hid behind the throne. They were from view, stood his majesty's placed on the right and left of the throne, about nineteen feet in throne, and on being covered, as height, and seven in width. they were before the banquet, The canopy was of a square form, with massive gold plate, brought
both from Carlton House and the procession moved, and which Windsor, the effect produced was was enclosed by a railing of about extremely brilliant.
three feet in height, was twentyIllumination of the Hall.— The five feet in width. Outside the railpreparations for lighting the hall ing, upon a descent of about 12 consisted of eight-and-twenty inches, there was a smaller platmagnificent lustres, in the form form, three feet wide, upon which of a Worcester vase, each con- the soldiers stood. The whole of taining sixty wax lights, in brass the platform was covered with a sockets and glass saucers. They canvas awning, upon an elevation were suspended from the angels of fourteen feet, so contrived as in the roof by gold chains, ten to be removable at pleasure, by feet in length, and were means of cords and pullies affixed mounted by coronet caps, com- to the pillars by which the canopy posed of or molu and brilliants. was supported. Twelve feet of The hook to which they were the centre were carpeted with attached was hidden by two gilt blue cloth. The side rails were rosettes.
also covered with blue cloth, and Immediately over the side- the pillars and frame work were boards for the plate were hung painted of a stone colour. The two buhl chandeliers. The six elevation was, upon an average, tables in the body of the hall three feet from the ground of the were lighted with twelve or molu Aoor. candelabras, each containing 16 The Champion's Stable was wax candles, in glass saucers. situated about fifty yards from The royal table was lighted with the north gate of Westminstersilver candlesticks only. The hall-east of the platform. It cellarets received sufficient lights contained four stalls, which were from the hall, but the passages provided with mangers, racks, behind were lighted with the and other conveniences. There small oil lamps. All the other was also a dressing-room for the dining-rooms were lighted with champion, together with a closet, Argand lamps suspended against in which to deposit his armour the walls.
and the trappings and housings His Majesty's Retiring Room of his horse. Two of the horses was situated immediately behind had been obtained from Astley's the throne, in the passage leading Amphitheatre: the one a piebald to the House of Lords.
black and white horse, on which The Regalia Room was a small the champion rode ; and the other room, situate immediately oppo- a small white horse, which was site to his majesty's retiring room. rode by lord Howard of EffingIt was here that the regalia were ham. The two other horses were, deposited both before and after the one a small white charger, the ceremonies.
which was rode by the duke of The Platform, over which the Wellington, as lord high constaprocession moved to Westmin. ble of England; the second a ster-abbey, extended from the bright dun-coloured horse, which north door of Westminster-hall was rode by the marquis of Anto the west door of the Abbey, glesea, as lord high steward. 1,500 feet. The centre, on which Over the stable were 150 seats