תמונות בעמוד

The great high-land of this their knees in adoration of the country is apparently the ex- Almighty, who gave their coun. treme point of the continent, try this great man. from which Statenhock is divided The preacher then put up a by a narrow sound which runs solemn prayer, concluding with towards the east. The country the Lord's Prayer, after which is adapted for European settle. the whole assembly sung the ments. The sea is never frozen, hymn, “ The Lord appeared, and and the Greenlanders, have never, restored to us his work through in this part of their country, his servant." suffered from famine. The di- In the evening a bright fire rection of the Moravian congre- was kindled in iron baskets placed gation proposed, at the same around the monument, and was time that they transmitted their kept up the whole night. All the report, that his majesty should, houses, not excepting the smallest for the purpose of instructing the cottage, were illuminated; the above-mentioned heathens in the town-house, the lyceum, the Christian religion, permit a mis- castle, and the barracks, were sionary establishment to be distinguished by suitable inscripformed at Statenhock, similar to tions, and a lofty illumination bethose already founded in three tween the towers of the town places in the other Danish pos. announced the sense in which sessions on the coast of Green- the inhabitants of Luther's native land, The royal permission to place honoured his memory. The this effect was granted.

students from Halle, Berlin, and 31. The erection of a monument Leipsic, conducted themselves in at Wittenberg, in honour of Martin the most exemplary manner, and Luther, was commemorated with went at 11 at night to the marketgreat solemnity. The day being place, where they sung several extremely fine, the concourse of academic songs. people was very great, and the French CENSORSHIP.-From whole was conducted with a de- the 1st July, 1821, to the 31st of gree of order and solemnity October, there have been supsuitable to the occasion, and pressed by the censors in the which made a profound impression Constitutionnel, 24,495 lines, on the spectators. The statue which, added to the 88,425 lines of the great reformer, by M. Scha- previously suppressed, since the dow, is a master-piece of art. establishment of the censorship Before the statue was uncovered, (3rd April, 1820), form a total the ancient and celebrated hymn of 112,920, which at the rate of “Ein fester Burg ist unser Gott" 700 per number, are equal to the was sung in chorus, and had a matter of 161 numbers of the surprisingly sublime effect. Dr. paper, and 220 lines over- - (five Nitsch then delivered a suitable months and eight days. Constidiscourse, at the conclusion of tutionnel. which, a signal being given, the AMERICAN Law Case-Sucovering of the monument fell, preme Court of the State of Ohio and disclosed this noble work. for Jefferson County, October Many of the spectators, over- Term, 1821 ; present, Peace, powered by their feelings, fell on Chief Justice, and Hitchcock, Judge.- The State of Ohio v. white. It was also insisted, that Elizabeth George. This was a the intermediate grades between prosecution by indictment against black and mulatto were to be the defendant, a woman of colour, considered as black. It was adfor the murder of her infant. mitted on the part of the state,

The traverse jury being em- that it had been decided that the panelled and sworn, the counsel term mulatto extended only to for the state offered Mary Cooper, half bloods. But it was said, a black woman, as a witness, to that in putting a construction prove the fact of killing. The upon the statute law in question, counsel for the prisoner objected two questions aroseto her being sworn as a witness, 1st. Who were included in the on the ground that she was in- terms black and mulatto, and competent to give evidence in the thereby disabled from testifying? cause by the statute of this state, 2nd. Who were included in the amendatory to the act intituled, term white person, and therefore an act to ulate black and entitled to the privilege of exmulatto persons. The section of cluding blacks and mulattoes the law, upon which the objection from testifying against them ? was founded, is in these words :

It was admitted by the counsel “ Be it further enacted, That no for the state, that when the legisblack or mulatto person or per- lature excluded blacks and musons shall hereafter be permitted lattoes from testifying, it might to be sworn or give evidence in be a fair construction of the any court of record, or elsewhere, statute, to suppose that they inin this state, in any cause depend- tended also to exclude the intering, or matter of controversy, mediate grades between blacks where either party to the same is and mulattoes; because there a white person, or in any prose- would be the same reason for excution which shall be instituted, cluding those who were in behalf of this state against any than half black, as there would white person.” The witness be for excluding mulattoes. offered in this case was pure

But it was urged, that the legisblack ; and the prisoner was ad- lature, in describing the cases mitted to be a quadroon or one where the disability was to opefourth black. It was contended rate, had made use of the term by the counsel for the prisoner, white person alone; that the that the term mulatto, made use term white person, in common of in the statute, did not include parlance, meant one who had no all the different grades of people mixture of black blood, and was of colour between white and used in contradistinction to perblack, but was confined to half sons of colour, or those who bloods, or the offspring of a white were wholly or in any part black. and black, and that such had There was no instance in any been the decisions of the courts dictionary of the English lanof this state ; and that, as a con- guage, or in any other book, sequence, this defendant, not where the term “ white person" being a black or mulatto, was to was not limited to those who be considered as white, and en

were pure white: that the distitled to all the privileges of a tinctions which exist in society,


and which were the occasion of tains an ordinance relative to the passing this law, did not authorize importation into France of foreign the placing of quadroons in the iron stretched by flattening masame class with the whites : that, chines (fers etrangers etirés au if the legislature had said, that laminoir.) The preamble of the blacks should not testify where ordinance refers to the law, which mulattoes and whites were par- authorises the government to ties, it would have been a just change the regulations of the construction of the law to have tariff of the customs, and to preincluded the intermediate grades, sent the alteration to the chambut not otherwise.

bers in the form of a law-project. The Court supported the ob- Then, after stating that it is ne. jection to the witness, and the cessary to protect the manufac. prisoner was acquitted, there tured iron of France against the being no other testimony against competition of foreign iron etirés her.

au laminoir, the price of which is This decision is important; greatly inferior to hammered because it settles the principle, iron, it is ordered, that from that quadroons, and others of an 15 days after the publication of intermediate grade between whites the ordinance, all such iron, when and mulattoes, are entitled to all imported, shall be placed in enthe rights and privileges, and trepôt, and shall afterwards pay subject to all the liabilities of the duty which may be fixed by white persons; or, in other words, law when taken out of the wareare, in law, to be considered as house for consumption. The white. They are liable to be committee of arts and manufaccalled upon to do militia duty, tures connected with the departand work upon the highways; ment of the interior is to decide and have a right to vote at all on the doubts which may arise elections, equally with whites; relative to the distinction of and may be appointed to, and flattened and hammered iron, hold any office in the state. after having considered the opi

nion of the director-general of

the customs. NOVEMBER.

FIRE.- A fire broke out on the

premises of Mr. George Hoppe 2. Lord Byron's tragedy of corn-merchant, in Old GravelMarino Faliero having been lane, Wapping. The flames translated into French verse by communicated to the granary, Mons. Gosse, was played at the consumed the whole, and mateTheatre Français.' The hissing rially damaged the adjoining began at an early period of the houses. play, and in a short time was

6. The pretended princess Olive mingled with bursts of laughter. has addressed the following letter The curtain fell at the reiterated to lord Sidmouth. command of the audience, before two-thirds of the performance

To the Right honourable Lord

Sidmouth. had been completed.

3. French IRON TRADE.- « MY LORD.-When I reflect The Moniteur of this day con- on the injuries I have received by

the refusal of your lordship to me by the late earl of Warwick forward my claims in a proper of my legitimacy, and there are way to his majesty, I consider it at least a hundred papers conas a duty that I owe to my high nected with my parents' affairs descent to inquire of your lord- and my own; and general Weship why I have been suffered to therall, comptroller to his late remain so long neglected, and royal highness, looked over many deprived of the rights which, such papers at my residence in in common with other younger his royal master's lifetime. The branches of the royal family, I excellent heart of the late duke am entitled to ? As soon as the of Kent was of a nature to decide, demise of my late royal uncle, in all events of life meeting his his late majesty, occurred, I ad. eye, with religion and moral jusdressed your lordship, for his tíce. Thus he loved and cherished present majesty's gracious know me, his cousin ; 'and solemnly ledge. In my letters repeatedly bound himself to see me righted sent to your lordship, I assured the moment that the death of his you, for the king's knowledge, late majesty authorized my papers that I had but one anxious de- meeting the eye of the nation. sire, which was to act in confor. My lord, you well know why mity to his majesty's royal will my claims are neglected: a and pleasure, after an audience mighty cause exists ! But it is had been allowed, to show my a duty that I owe to myself and papers. If, my lord, I had been the English nation, to give a an impostor, it was the duty of narrative of facts as they are, ministers to have inquired into my unless immediate justice is done claims, and to have exposed me. I am Olive, the only child them, if unjust or illegal. " But, of the late duke of Cumberland, no! my lord, every application by Olivia, his virtuous, injured was treated with cold and apa- wife; and very shortly the public thetic contempt; and although shall know the great and forall the writings of my parents' bearing conduct of Dr. Wilmot. marriage and my birth have been To him, at one period, the Eng. verified according to law at judge lish were indebted for tranquilAbbott's chambers, Sergeants'. lity :-it can be proved, my lord. inn; at Master Simeon's office, And although my health is simicourt of Chancery; before sir Jar to the late injured queen's Robert Baker, and Barber Beau. (my first cousin), from having mont, esq., and twelve affidavits experienced every deprivation sworn and sent into your lord- and persecution from interested ship; yet at this moment I enemies, yet I religiously trust find myself neglected and op- the time is not remote when pressed, and without one guinea truth will triumph over calumny of support from the government and oppression. I have the hoor royal family. My dear late nour to be, my lord, your obedient cousin, prince Edward, duke of servant.

OLIVE." Kent, supported and protected “ Ludgate-hill, me several years before his la. Nov. 6, 1821.” mented death. His royal high- 7. On Friday last George ness saw the papers delivered to Thom, convicted at the last circuit court of justiciary of mur- crime, which had been sufficiently dering Wm. Mitchell, his brother- proved against him, must forbid in-law, residing at Burnside, in any interference in his case, he the parish of Keig, suffered the appeared to open his eyes to a punishment due to his crime, in sense of his situation, with deep front of the gaol in Aberdeen. contrition confessing his guilt. The circumstances of this atro- He wrote a certificate in vindicious case attracted the attention cation of his wife from any parof the public in no ordinary de- ticipation of his crime, and aftergree. Thom attempted the de- wards addressed a letter to the struction of a whole family with Mitchells, expressive of deep rewhich he had lately connected gret for his offence, imploring himself by marriage, in order to their forgiveness, and begging get the money and other pro- they would receive his wife with perty of which he knew them affectionate regard, as their sister, to be possessed, or to which altogether free of blame. On some of them had recently suc- Sunday, the 4th inst., his sons, ceeded. To effect this horrible his daughter, and nephew, came purpose, he found means of in- to take a solemn farewell of their troducing poison into their vic- unhappy parent and relation. At tuals, in consequence of which, the moment of embracing one of William, the younger brother, his sons, he slipped a written note after great suffering, died; while into his hand, wherein he exthe other brother-in-law, and two pressed his earnest wish that he sisters, who gave evidence on the might speedily convey to him trial, after being reduced to a such poison as might be most state of pain and debility, under effectual in depriving Irim of life. which they still labour, were The answer in a letter from the saved from falling victims to the son to the unhappy father, was ruthless design of their unworthy an exhortation to him, that he relative, by the accidental cir- should submit to the punishment cumstance of having ate sparingly awarded him by the injured laws of the poisoned food, so that the of his country, and apply to the medical aid, though late resorted throne of grace for the only true to, was partially effectual in bring- consolation, which could support ing about their recovery. The him in the greatest distress, and unfortunate man, as well on his at the hour of death. Informatrial as afterwards, and in the face tion of this last effort of despair of the strongest circumstantial being communicated to the proevidence, solemnly denied the per authorities, iwo men were crime for which justice had con- placed in his room, and, being demned him to suffer. To this relieved alternately by two others, he appears, after receiving sen- remained with him, until the day tence, to have been more strongly of his execution arrived. prompted by a vain hope he had 8. DISTURBANCE ATThe'Theentertained of the interest of a ATRE FRANCAIS.-For several family of distinction, which he months past, the Marriage de had strongly solicited, being used Figaro has not been performed in his favour. But being soon at the Theatre Français, because informed that the atrocity

of the the last time it was 'represented,

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