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lands was a system of revolting be expelled from their number. espionnage. No one durst speak The consequence of this measure his mind, because every expres- was, that Fiamboriale lost his sion, however idle, might be re- situation under the government, ported and punished. The last and he was afterwards prosecuted grievance he should mention was

for perjury. With respect to excessive taxation to support use- Santa Maura, a public work was less officers. Within these few to be undertaken in that island, years 16,2921. had been levied

part of the expense of which was for additional salaries. Colonel to be defrayed from the public Robertson received a half per treasury, and the remainder from cent. on the whole revenue of the the local treasury; and for this islands, amounting to 432,408l.purpose certain duties were lewhich was equivalent to 21,671 vied, after the best evidence had dollars. Sir T. Maitland himself been obtained as to the most held appointments to the amount proper mode of carrying the obof 10,0001. a year, and resided in ject contemplated into effect. tle Ionian islands, while his pre- These duties bad no concern with sence was required at Malta, of the subsequent disturbances. The which he likewise held the gover- insurrection broke out in consenorship. The members of the se- quence of the militia fearing that nate, who were the creatures of they would be draughted to the sir T. Maitland, were paid, in all, West Indies, of the unwhole36,000 dollars. Mr. Hume con- someness of which they had heard eluded with moving an address a great deal. The utmost forfor the appointment of a commis- bearance was shown to these peosion to proceed to the Ionian ple. On the 29th of September islands and inquire into their con- a large body of them appeared in dition.

In such a case, the first Mr. Goulburn justified the con- feeling usually was to resist force duct of sir Thomas Maitland. by force. But what was the The proceedings against Fiambo- duct of the commanding-officer? riale were not at the instance of He desired the people to state the lord higli-commissioner. The their real or imaginary grievances. period, at which the transaction On the following day, the 30th of occurred, was the time of the September, the resident induced meeting of the legislative assem- certain persons to

go among bly. Upon Fiamboriale's landing them for the purpose of tranquilat Corfu, that assembly, who were lizing their minds. These indiviin possession of a paper which was duals were ill-treated, and driven afterwards made the ground of back to the town; and a person, their proceeding against him, de. who assumed something of an manded, whether it was of his official capacity, was assassinated hand-writing or not. He replied by the peasants. It was not until in the affirmative; and the assem- the day following, that the combly thereupon took upon thent- manding officer sent a body of selves to decree, that in conse- troops from Corfu. They arrived quence of his having in that paper just as the insurgents had burst libelled them, as a venal, corrupt, into the town and were about to and oppressive body, he should set it on fire. The commanding

arms.

con

officer saw that it was necessary to had been the case, he must deny put an end to the insurrection. that the disturbances were justiHe immediately took measures for fied. The fact however was, that that purpose, and when it was the disturbances originated, not in effected, those only were brought any alarm for the interests of the to justice who appeared to have church, but in the alarm of those been particularly active in the who feared, that the property, disturbance. The executions which they had iniquitously obwere confined to four individuals, tained, would be taken from them. and no property was confiscated, Martinengo was undoubtedly arexcept that which belonged to rested, but with other persons. persons who had fled from the The hon. member objected to the island. The instances of vio- tribunal by which Martinengo lation of the rights of property was tried, as unauthorized by the which Mr. Hume had adduced, law of the Iopian states; and to were, in fact, cases in which pro- the prosecution itself, as exhibitperty was taken from those who ing a disregard of justice. Botla had obtained wrongful possession, those positions he denied. He and was restored to the true maintained, that the tribunal was owners. The affair of Alessandro competent, and referred to the Pataglio was decided before a articles of the constitution in proof legal tribunal. It involved the of his assertion. The lord hightitle to a certain estate; it came commissioner had referred the before a regular court; and the subject to the highest legal auquestion was, whether a particular thorities in the Ionian states, and Venetian law gave to the posses- their opinion was, that the ordisor of the estate the right which nary civil tribunals could not take he claimed; or whether, under cognizance of the particular another Venetian law, the pro- crime; and that there was no perty did not belong to the alternative but that the lord high church? On this the judges were commissioner, or some one deledivided in opinion-two declared gated by him,

should act as judge themselves on one side, and two on the occasion. It had been on the other : it then became the argued, that the tribunal, before duty of sir Thomas Maitland to which this individual was tried; was decide: and he had given his de- not competent to the inquiry ; cision according to the best of his but even Martinengo himself had judgment. The decree for the made no objection to the compereclamation of church property tency of the tribunal. He had had been issued during the ab- appealed on different grounds, sence of sir T. Maitland, who on namely, that he had petitioned his return caused it to be re- the king and government of Great called. With respect to the dis- Britain, and therefore he claimed, turbances at Zante, and the

pro- as a matter of right, that he should secutions which followed, the hon. not be put upon his trial, until an member had contended that those answer to that petition had been prosecutions ought not to have received.

The hon. gentleman been instituted, because the dis- might contend, that this was a turbances emanated from the act legal ground of postponement; of government. But even if that but how could it be so considered,

of

unless it was allowed to operate to show, that the fees and emoluin criminal cases generally? If ments under the former state of such a delay were allowed, it things were much greater, than would overthrow the whole cri- ' the regularly established salaries minal jurisdiction of the Ionian of officers now were. This had states. He would say, therefore, been the work of sir T. Maitland. that whatever inconvenience arose He had also put down the monoin the trial of this gentleman, it poly of grain, and had left that was not at all attributable to the trade open in the islands. This lord high commissioner. If the however, was not easily done ; it delay claimed by the accused was not until all attempts to incould not be allowed by law, what duce the merchants to open the course could be followed, but that trade had been found fruitless, of giving the party time to enter that the funds of government had upon his defence, and in default been placed in the hands of an fany defence to pronounce sen

individual for that purpose; and tence ? He denied that Marii- by wbat means, he would ask, nengo had been punished with could those islands expect to be more than necessary severity-he supplied, unless the granaries of had been allowed to take neces- Europe from the Black Sea were sary exercise under the inspec. opened to them? This it was that tion of a police officer. As to the had preserved the Ionian islands alleged unhealthiness of the prison from that famine, which otherwise in which he was confined, he did would inevitably have come upon not deny that sickness had pre- them. vailed in Santa Maura, but it ap- The vindication of sir Thomas peared from the report of an offi- Maitland was satisfactory to both cer, who had long served in the sides of the House ; and even Mediterranean, that that island those who voted for inquiry seemwas more healthy than any other ed willing to admit, that the fault of the Ionian islands, except lay not in the man, but in the Cerigo, the situation of which system which it was his duty to made it inconvenient to send per- administer. The motion was nepersons to it.

gatived: the Ayes being 27, the Mr. Goulburn then proceeded Noes 97.

CHAP. VII.

Prorogation of Parliament- The Queen's Claim to Participate in the

CoronationHer Illness and Death-Her Funeral; the Tumults attending itThe King's Visit to Ireland-Disturbances in Ireland.

A

T different periods of the his majesty's commissioners for

session (and particularly giving the royal assent to several on the 21st of May) the ministers bills, and also for the prorogation had intimated, that the Queen of this parliament, attended in the would not be allowed to partici- House of Peers, whither the atpate in the honours of the coro- tendance of the Speaker was renation. As the period of the quired. The Speaker, accompaprorogation of parliament drew nied by most of the members prenear, an occasion was taken two sent, immediately repaired to the or three times by her majesty's House of Peers. partisans, to assert ber right to After the royal assent had share in that honour; but no been given, by commission, to regular motion was made on the several bills, a speech of the lords subject, till the very day and commissioners was delivered to hour when the session was to both Houses by the lord chanterminate. On that day (the 11th cellor, as follows: of July) Mr. Hume moved « That “ My Lords and Gentlemen; an humble Address be presented " We have it in command from to his majesty, praying that he his majesty to inform you, that will be graciously pleased to issue the state of public business having his royal proclamation for the enabled him to dispense with your coronation of her majesty ; there- attendance in parliament, he has by consulting the true dignity of determined to put an end to this the Crown, the tranquillity of the session. metropolis, and the general ex- “ His majesty, however, canpectations of the people." not close it without expressing

The hon. member had just com- his satisfaction at the zeal and menced the reading of his re- assiduity with which you have solution, when the deputy usher prosecuted the laborious and imof the black rod was heard knock- portant inquiries in which you ing at the door, and as he was have been engaged. concluding it, he was called to " He has observed, with partiorder by the Speaker, who re- cular pleasure, the facility with minded him of the presence of which the restoration of a metalthat officer. Mr. Hume immedi- lic currency has been effected, by ately took his seat, and the deputy the authority given to the Bank usher informed the House, that of England to commence its pay. purpose will

ments in cash at an earlier period of all efforts for this than had been determined by the mainly depend upon the continulast parliament.

ance of domestic tranquillity; and “ His majesty has commanded his majesty confidently relies on us to acquaint you, that he con- your utmost exertions, in your tinues to receive from foreign several counties, in enforcing obepowers the strongest assurances of dience to the laws, and in protheir friendly disposition towards moting harmony and concord this country

amongst all descriptions of his « Gentlemen of the House of majesty's subjects." Commons;

A commission was then read “We are commanded by his for proroguing the parliament majesty to return you bis thanks until the 20th of September; it for the provision which you have was afterwards prorogued from made for the public service. time to time by successive pro

Although the public expen- clamations, and did not meet diture has already undergone con- again in the course of the present siderable reduetion within the year, present year, his majesty trusts A proclamation, dated the 9th he shall be enabled by the conti- of June, and inserted in the Ganuance of peace, and of internal zette on the 12th of that month, tranquillity, to make such further appointed the 19th of July for reductions as may, satisfy the just the coronation. Upon this, the expectations expressed by parlia- Queen addressed a letter to the ment.

earl of Liverpool, desiring to be “ His majesty has commanded informed what arrangements had us to assure you of the gratifica- been made for her convenience, tion which he has derived from and who were appointed her the provision which you have attendants on the approaching made for his royal highness the solemnity. An official answer duke of Clarence.

was returned, stating that it was My Lords and Gentlemen: a right of the Crown to give or “ It is with the greatest satis. withhold the order for her mafaction that his majesty has ob- jesty's coronation, and that his served the quiet and good order majesty would be advised not to which continue to prevail in give any directions for her partithose parts of the country which cipation in the arrangements. were not long since in a state of The Queen in reply insisted on agitation.

her right, and declared her firm « His majesty deeply laments resolution of attending the cerethe distress to which the agricul- mony. A respectful, but petural interests, in many parts of remptory answer was returned, the kingdom, are still subject. re-asserting the legal prerogative

“ It will be his majesty's most of the Crown, and announcing anxious desire, by a strict atten- that the former intimation must tion to public economy, to do be understood, as amounting to a all that depends upon him for the probibition of her attendance. relief of the country from its pre. On the 2nd of July, a memorial, sent difficulties; but you cannot bearing date on the 30th of June, fail to be sensible that the success was received by the ministers

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