תמונות בעמוד

seem most expedient, to diminish not caused by taxation; and that the public expenditure in all the the government had made and great departments of the state, were making,

every retrenchboth civil and military, as the ment consistent with the honour, only effectual means of perma- the security, and the good faith nently relieving those difficulties of the country. He concluded and distresses which, if not prin- by moving an amendment nearly cipally occasioned, are, at least, the same with that, which had materially aggravated, by the been proposed by Mr. Bankes, in pressure of accumulated taxa- the other House. tion."

Lord Darnley did not press his Lord Liverpool maintained, that motion to a division; and the the distress was not so great as it amended address was agreed to. was represented to be ; that it was

[blocks in formation]

Foreign relations-Various Motions respecting the Affairs of Naples

Mr. S. Wortley's Motion respecting the Declaration of LaybachLord W. Bentinck's Motion concerning SicilyThe State of the Slave Trade, and the backwardness of the Governments of Europe in abolishing that Traffic-Administration of the Ionian Islands.

CHE situation and fate of in governments took place, no

Naples excited a very gene- matter with what unanimity on ral interest in England, and was the part of the people, no matter the subject of frequent and keen how useful to the community debate in parliament. The mem- which accomplished them, no bers at the beginning of the ses- matter how inoffensive to other sion had communicated to both powers, the holy alliance had, it Houses, a circular dispatch, seemed, an authority to resist dated the 19th of January, 1821, improvements of every kind; to which had been sent to his ma- them devolved the right of sitting jesty's ministers at foreign courts, in judgment on every state, even disavowing, on the part of Great of calling to their tribunal a Britain, any participation in the brother monarch, to enforce replans of the allied sovereigns. traction, or to coerce all resist. This, however, did not satisfy the ance by arms. The noble earl Opposition; and, on the 19th of asserted, that when the conduct February, earl Grey moved for of the allies was known, ministers the production of all communica- allied themselves closer with the Lions between this government conclave, and at the same time, and that of Naples, with regard suspended all amicable interto the late occurrences in that course with Naples. An Austrian kingdom. The noble earl, after army was stationed on the fronnoticing the conduct of the allied tier, while a British squadron was sovereigns in respect to the esta. cruizing in the bay of Naples; blishment of a free constitution in and one of our vessels had been Naples, stated, that though the employed in executing the scanBritish government had dis. dalous summons of the allies, by claimed all participation in their which the king was obliged to proceedings, and had laid on the repair to Laybach. With retable a letter in confirmation of spect to the circular, it amountour neutrality; yet, that letter did ed simply to a declaration, that it not furnish a satisfactory proof of would be in direct repugnance to our non-interference. if changes the fundamental principle sof this country to co-operate in the pro- mode in which and circumstances ject of the allies; and it professed under which the revolution was not to prejudge the question, or accomplished. Now, he had no to interfere with the course which difficulty in saying, that with that other states might adopt: it told sentiment he concurred; and, Austria and Prussia" that we though he saw no reason for inwould make no opposition to terference, yet he still condemned their projects, provided we had a the means by which that revolureasonable assurance, that their tion had been brought about. views were not directed to pur- He denied, that any interruption poses of aggrandisement subver- had taken place in our diplomatic sive of the territorial system of relations with Naples. Europe, as established by the Lord Holland spoke with great late treaties.”—Now, in his view vehemence on the same side with of the subject, the whole conduct lord Grey. The motion was of his majesty's government had negatived without a division. been most reprehensible; they Two nights afterwards, a simipassed an implied censure on the lar motion was made in the House allied courts, while they refused of Commons by sir James Macto remain in intercourse with intosh, and supported with even Naples. Did not the assembling more than his ordinary eloquence. of an army on the Italian fron. The line of argument which he tier, the summoning of the king pursued was—that the principles to Laybach, the suspension of contained in the circular of the the British minister at Naples, allied sovereigns were inconsistent coupled with the declaration con- with the independence of nations, tained in the paper on the table, and would justify the landing of amount to this : that, although Cossacks in England, to restrain we asserted the right of an inde- us from adopting institutions dispendent nation to regulate its own agreeable to the Russian Autogovernment, we admitted that crat, as easily as the invasion of Naples must be an excepted case ? Naples---that our ministers had,

The Earl of Liverpool contend- in their circular, dissented from ed, that the paper on the table these principles, and yet had done furnished the best proof, that his nothing to prevent or suspend the majesty's government was acting, aggressions which were proceedin respect of Naples, on a prin. ing from them. He defended the ciple of perfect neutrality. This Neapolitan government from the country was no party to any charges, which had been brought transactions of the holy alliance, against it; but, at the same time, nor had any engagement, but what denied that its demerits, however appeared on the face of the pa- great, could authorize the subpers laid before parliament. The version of the law of nations, by principal objection, which had the sovereigns of Russia, Austria, been raised to the conduct of his and Prussia. majesty's government, was, that, Lord Castlereagh's reply was in professing a determination to extremely moderate. With react upon a system of neutrality, gard to the difference of princithey yet accompanied that decla- ples which existed between the ration with a disapproval of the allied powers and the English go


It was


vernment, he observed, that the had caused that declaration was document, to which our circular' the final manifesto of their intenwas a reply, was by no means' tions. The allied powers had sent the final paper of the allied so. to the British government in order vereigns on that important and to obtain their acquiescence in it. difficult question-how far the in- The British government replied, terference of one government in that they could not acquiesce in the regulation of the internal ad- the doctrines which it contained. ministration of another is or is not If under such circumstances the a justifiable measure? That paper' allied powers had made answer, was a confidential document ad-' “ You have pledged yourselves dressed to the different courts of to the same principles that we Europe, informing them of the have, and we call upon you to discussions that were then carried redeem that pledge," then the on at Troppau, but was not a' House might have some reason document stating the manner' to doubt the sincerity of minisin which those discussions had ters, and might be justified in enterminated.

noto.' tering into a full examination of rious fact, that the minister of their conduct. But, when no such England and the minister of call had been made by the allied France took no share whatsoever powers-when a direct negative in them. The minister of Eng- had been given to the principles land was indeed there, to notice contained in their state-paper, any territorial aggrandizement, if recognised though they were, acany thing of that kind had been cording to their statement, by contemplated; but he was not the treaty of Paris in the first inthere to commit his government stance, and the treaties of Aix-la.' by any acts or opinions of his' Chapelle in the second, he did own. The House would there.' conceive that the House would fore see, that it would be doing feel it to be its duty not to accean act of injustice to the allied lerate the inquiry proposed. powers, if it assumed as fact, that The noble lord farther stated, the principles contained in that that the language which he had paper were published by them held to Naples was precisely the after a calm and deliberate consi. same as that which he had held deration of their tendency. The to Austria. He had explained, English government, however, the same principles to count Luwould have abandoned a duty dolph, as he had to the court of which it owed to itself, to the Austria. He had not, indeed, country, and to the world, if it gone out of his way to write a had not, when those principles declaration of them to the govern. were submitted to its notice, ex. ment of Naples, but he had not plicitly declared its dissent from concealed them from its agents them. The House would also be here. For though the British doing as gross an act of injustice government had refused to 'retowards ministers, if it did not ceive the prince Cimitelli- in his give them credit for being sincere public capacity as minister of in that declaration, as it would Naples, he (lord C.) had not rebe doing to the allied sovereigns, fused to show those attentions, in assuming, that the paper which and to make those communicaa

tions to that individual, in his party to the measure in question, private capacity, which his high considering them to be no less rank, no less than the respectabi- repugnant to the fundamental lity of his personal character, so principles of the British constijustly demanded. He had never tution, than destructive of the concealed from prince Cimitelli established law of nations: and the wish of the British govern- to express an earnest hope, that ment to know more of the cir- , his majesty will exert all his in cumstances of the revolution at fluence with the allied powers, Naples, before it fixed upon it the if not too late, to prevent or to formal seal of its sanction. If the repair the consequences of mean hon. and learned gentleman supa sures which may eventually disposed that this declaration had, turb the general tranquillity of been productive of umbrage be- Europe; and which, especially tween the English and Neapolitan when considered in combination governments, he laboured under with the doctrines that have been considerable mistake. The Nea advanced in their justification, politan goveroment would have are of most dangerous example been very glad to have had its to the independence of sovenew minister received; but the reigns and the security of narefusal to receive him had not tions.”—Lords Ellenborough, caused any interruption of friend. Calthorpe, Holland, and Darnship between the two states; on ley, supported the motion. Lord the contrary, count Ludolph, who Liverpool, expressing his regret had resigned his papers, was re- at the declaration of the three quested to re-assume them, and allied sovereigns, and his condem, the diplomatic relations of the nation of the principles

, there laid countries remained on the down, maintained that we had same footing as before the revo, observed a strict neutrality. We lution. Sir Robert Wilson, Mr. took no part against the revoluBrougham, and Mr. Wilberforce tion, because it endangered none participated in the sequel of the of our interests : but had we any debate. On a division, the num- right to prescribe a nule of conbers were, for the motion, 125; duct to Austria? Would it be against it, 194.

wise to deal in remonstrances, On the 2nd of March, lord unless we were prepared, in case Lansdown moved the following they were neglected, to enforce address : - To thank his ma- them by arms? The result of the jesty, for having been graciously debate was--Contents, 37; Nota pleased to lay before this House contents, 84. a copy of the despatch to his ma- On the 20th of March, this jesty's missions at foreign courts, subject was again brought into on the circular communication ad. full discussion, on a motion by dressed by the courts of Austria, sin Robert Wilson, for the proPrussia, and Russia, to their se- duction of a letter from sir Win, veral missions, relating to the re- A'Court to the Neapolitan micent transactions in the kingdom nister for foreign affairs, in which of Naples : to express the satis- our ambassador, after declaring faction which we feel that his ma- the purpose of England to remain jesty has declined becoming a neutral, proceeded thus; It

[ocr errors]
« הקודםהמשך »