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EDINBURGH

M

A G A ZI N E,

JAN U ARY - DECEMBER,

1853.

EDINBURGH:

SUTHERLAND AND KNOX ;
PARTRIDGE, OAKEY & Co., LONDON; AND JOHN ROBERTSON, DUBLIN.

MDCCCLIII.

INDEX.

PAGE

PAGE Alderman, The, and his Visitor . . . 686 Last Echoes of a Public Hall . . . . 350 Aristophanes

. . 449 Legislation, The, of the Long Session . . 555 Black Mads. A Romance of the Last Century

Literature, 53, 118, 180, 247, 308, 372, 438, 499, 564, 551, 587

629, 692, 753 Bob Bellamy's Promissory Note . . . 542 London Experiences . . . . . 100 Bribery and Corruption . . . . 354 Maine Law, The, its History and Results · 666 British Agriculture, its Faults and Prospects. 706 Moliére . . . . . . . 65, 129 Brittany, The Popular Poetry of . . . 86 Mountain Spirit, The · · · · · 103 Budget, The-Old and New Chancellors of the | News from Our Digger . . . . . 291

Exchequer . . . . . . . 367 Newspaper Afloat, A . . . . . 76 Cabman's, A, Complaint . . . . . 493 | Night Side of Civilization, The . : 165 Canada and the Clergy Reserves . . . 297 Norman Hamilton . . . . 10, 69, 134, 200 Cant . . . . . . . . 174 Numbering, The, of the People , . . 739 Character and Modifications of Slavery. . 193 Parish Beadle of France . . . . 48 Coalition Ministry— The Cabinet . . . 108 | Parlez-vous Francais ? . . . . 28 Communistic, The, Propaganda in China .

POETRY :Continental Europe, Governments of:

An Appeal. . . . . . . 178 X. Greece . . . . . . 1 Christmas . . . . . . . 749 XI. France . . . . . . 96 “Fruitage" . . . . . . . 615 XII. The Two Sicilies . . . . 154 Germany at the Advent of the Great King. 37 XIII. Tuscany . .

243 Leaves from the Arabian Nights. 147, 279, 356 Cousins, The, A Tale of Old Scottish History, 650, 709 Planctus Trevirorum . .

. . . 410 Darien Canal, The . . . . . . 683

Portrait, A . . . .

. . . .750 Divining Rod, The . . . . . . 463

Port of London, The . . . . . 144 Educational Reform in Germany .

Rail at the Rail, A 220

..

688

Sun and Shadow . . . . . . 244 French Cookmaid, The . . . . . 368

Tilly's Chef d'Euvre . . . . . 532 Frenchman, A, in London . . . . 390

Peel Monument in Manchester . . . 718 Glance at Alliances, A . . . . . 257

Pioneers, The, of London . . . . 402 Gossip on Newspapers, Criticism, and the Free

Poets and Profits, The . . List . . . . . . . . 93

Poor Man's Honey, The, and the Bees who make Grey's (Earl) Colonial Policy. . . . 230

it . . . . . .

. . 731 Gude Wife o' Wauchope; and Memorabilia . 141

Priest and People. A Story of American Life, 425, House of Commons, The, from the Strangers'

476, 536, 601, 670, 721 Gallery . . .

. . . . 488

Political Register, 50, 114, 178, 244, 306, 370, 435, How a Fortune was made . . . . 209

497, 561, 627, 689, 750 How to lose a Colony · · · · · 275 REVIEWS :India, its People and its Governments, 484, 547, 609

Church, The, and the Universities of Scotland 236 Ireland, A Taste of . . . . . 595 Earl Grey's Colonial Policy

. . 230 Joe Lockhart's Dreams; or, a Tale of the Neuk ! Family Romance . . . . . . 413 Stick . . . . . . 285, 336, 396 Frenchman, A, in London.

390 John Horne Tooke, and the State Trials of 1794, 525 Gervinus and his Introduction to the History Justice to Scotland . . . . 360, 470 of the Nineteenth Century . . . 385 Jutland, Christmas Vacation in , 225, 269, 328 History and Romance of Life Assurance · 456

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PAGE
REVIEWS—continued.

South African Republic—How to keep a Colony 342
Manifestations of the Spirit

157 St. Florian; or, the Adventures of a Night . 734
Night Side of Civilization, The ..

Swilbury, A Vote for . . . . . 321
Poets and Profits, The . . .

237 Triad of Great Poets:
Poems by Alexander Smith . . . . 302

Greece, Italy, and England . 513
Reminiscences of a French Lady . . 145

Heathenism, Catholicism, and
Something to Eat and Drink (The Pantropheon) 659

Protestantism , . . 577
Story of Ruth . . . . . . 217

- Temperament, Genius, and Art 641
University of Oxford . . . · 172 | Turkey, Austria, and Russia; or, Islamism, the
Word or Two on Bonnie Scotland . . 234 Romish, and Russo-Greek Churches . 421
Rags and Wretchedness and a Human Heart 404 Unborn Epic Poem .
Recollections of my Youth . . . . 559 University of Oxford . . . . . 172
Recollections of Jamaica . . . . 727 | Vote for Swilbury, A . . . . . 321
Russia and Turkey . . . . 616, 677,741

Webster, Daniel, and Anglo-American States-
Salmon and its Foes, The .

81 men . . . . . .
Shepherd of Saint Barbara, The . . . 405 Wellington Memoirs, The . . . . 45
Shining Ladder, The . . . . . 620 Wine Trade, The Mysteries of . .

3
Something to Eat and Drink . .

659 | Woman's Rights Convention, A . . .

23

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TAIT'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1853.

THE GOVERNMENTS OF CONTINENTAL EUROPE.

X, GREECE. It is impossible, in our historical and classical | Greece by the Turks, the latter, after conquering associations, to separate from modern Greece our Constantinople, partitioned Greece into feudal lordideas of its ancient classic splendour. We cannot ships, which they distributed among the Normans, divest ourselves of the epics, lyrics, and dramas of Venetians, and French military leaders. Those her poets, the eloquence of her orators, the wisdom feudal lords oppressed the Greeks no less severely of her philosophers, and the bravery of her war- than did the Ottomans at a subsequent period. riors. We are, as it were, inspired by Homer. For 237 years—that is, from 1481 to 1718—the We can imagine Demosthenes rousing into enthu- Greeks and Turks were almost incessantly at war, siasm, courage, and patriotism all the energies of contesting every position of Greece. The treaty the popular assemblies whom he addressed in the of Passarovitz ceded to the Porte the absolute most forcible, logical, and eloquent harangues that sovereignty of all the Grecian States. were ever uttered by man. We can also in imagi- The spirit and practice of the Turkish Governnation enter into the spirit of the Olympic Games, ment—the insecurity of property during a long in which the most athletic and dexterous of the period, first of the rule of the Latins and afterGreeks contended more vigorously for honours than wards of the Turks, disheartened the majority, they would for their lives—and we, in idea at least, rendered desperate, and generally demoralised enter upon the triumphal battle-fields and sea-fights the Hellenic race. This was not only the case in which impart splendour to Grecian history. And we the Morea and Continental Greece, but especially should indeed be ungrateful did we not acknow- in the Greek islands. ledge the instruction which we have derived When the Greeks first atteinpted their indein learning, in science, and in art from the pendence, they met with the sympathies of all ancient Greeks. It was the civilisation of the Christian Europe, and the sincere approbation of Greeks which first enlightened and gave poetry, all who cherished the spirit of civil, political, and erudition, sculpture, architecture and painting to religious liberty. Had the Greeks been trained the Romans. It was to the Greeks that the by education and practice to exercise and to appreByzantine historians and writers owed their edu- ciate the blessings of freedom, the hopes at that cation and their knowledge. And it was imme- time of the benefactors of mankind would long ere diately after the Eastern Empire was utterly subdued this have been realised. But, unfortunately, the by the Turks that Central and Western Europe de- education and traditions for several centuries, the rived from the Greeks, who fled from Thrace, the jealousies and animosities of chiefs, and the diverbenefits which revived learning among the Latins, sity of the races of inhabitants, liave all been unand which afterwards extended erudition and civili-favourable to civilisation, and to religious and civil sation to the Teutonic and Celtic nations of the freedom. west and north.

The Greeks revolted against Turkish dominaBut, with the exception of such of those magnificent tion in 1821-asserted independence, and proruins as have survived the depredations and feroci. claimed a Republican Government. A destructive ties, not only of the barbarians of the middle ages, war ensued; the Governments of Russia, France, but of some modern Vandals, and the local asso- and Great Britain interfered, and the Sultan was ciations of scenery, with the configuration, un-induced to consent to the independence of Greece. changed since the days of Herodotus, of the con- In 1827, Count Capo d'Istrias was elected Pretinent and islands of Greece, the traveller amid sident of Greece for the term of seven years ; in those classic lands will find little that is agreeable January, 1828, he entered upon the duties of his or hopeful, but he will daily encounter that dis- office, and he succeeded in establishing nearly an order and degradation which generate sorrow and efficient adıninistration. which subdue hope.

| Greece was then divided provisionally into About 270 years before the utter subjugation of thirteen administrative sections; viz., Eastern and

VOL. XX.-NO, CCXXIX,

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