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gave the gift of imputed righteousness to those new-created souls of whom the Holy Ghost became the Teacher. The gift of imputed righteousness to sinners the proud Pharisee may despise. He will never get to heaven without it, and if he could he would not be happy there. The man of creature righteousness, if admitted into heaven, would look worse than a scavenger or a chimney-sweeper in the most brilliant ball-room on earth; a disgrace to the whole company. To behold a man without Divine righteousness in heaven, would be as unaccountable as to see Paul in hell, and amongst the horrors of lost souls—out of place, out of character, and therefore our blessed Lord, when He ascended up on high, bequeathed the gift of His own righteousness, His own perfect righteousness, which He had wrought out, an eternal righteousness to be unto all and upon all them that believe. Are not His ascension gifts invaluable? Is it not invaluable to have a Teacher who makes wise unto salvation, and who obviates all deficiency in human capacity by creating it anew; thereby fitting us to wear this robe in 'heaven. Jesus wrought it out, and purified and perfected it, and dyed it in His own precious blood, and now He presents in heaven that justifying robe which all His courtiers wear, which every child of God gladly receives, and by faith appropriates, and puts on, as often as he goes to court. But I would next invite your attention to the express design of the apostle in speaking of these gifts. “When He ascended up on high, He led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men. Now, here He enumerates some things, and I should do great violence to my text if I omitted them. " He gave to some apostles, and some prophets, and some evangelists, and some pastors and teachers." Jesus gave these offices and officers to His Church for spiritual purposes, and I believe, as stated in the next verse, expressly for the perfecting of the saints. Now as for apostles, I believe that their office ceased and died with them as with the twelve, and therefore when one was to be chosen for the apostleship, instead of Judas who fell, there was an express appointment of the Holy Ghost, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the twelve. Now, I never remember to have read of any influence of the Holy Ghost being sent down, or of any lot being cast, or any record given, of any other choice of an apostle after that, except Paul. I am not going to limit the Holy One of Israel, if He thought proper to raise up an apostle in our own day ; but it is not His present mode of working. This was one of His gifts for the purpose of planting His Church, for the purpose of working miracles and establishing in the view of the public at large what Christ's mission and His work was. They were to take, as the apostle Paul says, the care of all the churches. They were never pastors. They travelled, as Paul did, all over Asia, went as far as Illiricum, preaching the Gospel of Christ, planting the standard of the faith, establishing the churches, confirming the souls of saints, solving and settling difficulties, and pointing out the way of salvation. Next to these, among the gifts, we read of "prophets.” I do not believe in prophets existing now, excepting they be false prophets.

Still, if it should seem fitting to God to raise up a number of men to reveal His own mind, and point out the signs of the times, and to tell what is coming to the Church of God, I should not question, though I do not believe it to be God's way, or His manner of dealing with His Church now. I have now referred to the gifts pertaining to that age only; there are other gifts that shall continue to the end of time. “And He gave some 'evangelists,'”a very valuable race of men. By evangelists I mean men called and qualified of God to preach the gospel wherever He may send them, and wherever He condescends to go with them, but to whom He gives no specific charge, whom He never appoints to the oversight of a flock, whom He never sets to the management, and ruling, and guidance of His people, that is the pastor's care; but I would that God would give us more really good ones-such evangelists as would just take their staff in hand, and go from place to place, travelling by what convenience God thinks proper to give them, and wherever there is an open door, publish the name of Jesus. Yes, he visits this city and that, this town and yonder, this village and that, for the express purpose of preaching Jesus and Him crucified. Sometimes it pleases God to call men out from among the evangelists and constitute them pastors. Well, the next gift is some pastors.”. You see an addition to it here, but the word "some" is omitted between pastors and teachers. But here it implies that the pastor is a teacher. He is not fitted for the one office without the other. There are two departments in one and the same office. When Jehovah says, “I will give them pastors after mine heart to feed them with knowledge and understanding," He means, I will give Christian pastors, who shall not only watch over souls as those who are to give an account, but who shall bring forth information and instruction, who shall set forth the grand doctrines of eternal grace, and the privileges that belong to Christ's Church, who shall urge and insist upon sacred duties, and see them followed out by the Church of the living God. These are Christ's gifts, and I beg of you to mark that all real Christian pastors, and all real godly evangelists, are Christ's ascension gifts. He Himself

, when ascending on high, bestowed them on the Church for the perfecting of the saints. Oh, do ask Him for more of these gifts ! that there may be more labourers in the vineyard, to cause His saints to be perfected, and His own mystical body to be edified and glorified. One word more. When our precious Lord had given to His Church a Divine Teacher, and imputed righteousness, and offices for spiritual things, He left it to the wisdom of His Church to appoint men to manage temporal things—as, for instance, the appointment of deacons, as stated in the 6th of Acts, to superintend the secular affairs. “There arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration,” as if there was an inequality, preference, or unkindness in the distribution of alms given to their members; and Paul says, “ It is not reason that we should leave the word of God and serve tables.” “Look ye out men whom we may appoint over this business.” Here then was a human appointment a necessary and suitable and valuable one for the Church of the living God; but the spiritual appointments were all under Christ, and no man was an evangelist but he that was inspired by the Spirit. His pastors or shepherds feed His flock; they do not fleece them; and those shepherds who do not so are not Christ's gift; His ascension gifts are all spiritual; and it is not a little remarkable, as a fact that we mentioned on last Lord's day, that among these ascension gifts, there is no mention made of any priests—they never considered them Christ's gift; wherever they came from, or how patronised, no such things are mentioned as amongst Christ's ascension


gifts. I now pass on to one particular more, including all His gifts, and I call them new covenant blessings, in their variety, in their abundance, in their adaptation, in their suitableness for present use, and eternal glorification, just as the apostle said, “Blessed be the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly things in Christ Jesus ;" so that whatever our view is, appertaining to the advancement of vital godliness, the growth of grace, and the glory of Christ, they are His ascension gifts; every comfort, every promise, every privilege, every hope, filling the mind of man, all the gratitude and praise that we are able to pour out, are all poured in first of all by the grace of Christ, till the vessels are filled, and when he condescends to fill the vessels with love, faith, joy, peace, and sacred delight, then we pour out our gratitude and praise, and thanksgiving to Him, who is the giver of every good and perfect gift. May He command His blessing, and His name shall have the glory.

When truth and grace conspire

To bring salvation nigh,
The angels all desire

Their Lord to glorify;
Amen! the heavenly hosts exclaim,
And glory hang on Jesu's name.

The Church on earth unite,

The Saviour's praise to sing,
And ransom'd souls delight,

Their grateful songs to bring ;
Amen! they shout in praise and prayer,
Our Jesus shall the glory wear.

I, too, will take my part

In this divine employ;
Christ dwells within my heart,

The pledge of endless joy;
Amen! I'll cry, and glory bring
To Christ, my everlasting King.

Amid the glorious throng

Before Jehovah's throne,
Christ is their joy and song,

His glorious name they own;
Amen! I'll cry, when standing there,
And Jesus shall the glory wear.

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a Discourse, Delivered in Grove Chapel, Camberwell, Sunday Morning, July 2, 1848,


* Keep the passover unto the Lord your God, as it is written in the

book of this covenant.”—2 Kings xxiii. 21. It has pleased the Most High God, in all ages, to distinguish His living Church from the world and from all worldly professors of religion. And among the variety of methods which he hath chosen and enjoined to mark and preserve that distinction, the establishment of two standing ordinances in His Church is not the least important. Whoever would either multiply these ordinances under the name of sacraments, or whoever would distort them from their proper design, must be accounted as enemies to the real interests of the Church of God. These two ordinances are the same in every age, because the Church is the same, and the God of the Church is the same; and as regards the Church herself, her glorious covenant Head thus speaks of her in the Canticles:—"My love, my dove, my undefiled, is but one-the only one of her mother.” And though the living Church of the living God may be divided into tribes and families, as in Israel's inheritance of old, after all it is but one Israel and but one Church, and that one Church is constituted of elect, regenerated, redeemed, transformed, heaven-born souls, in union with the covenant Head. In that one Church, from the earliest appearance of her organization upon earth, Jehovah instituted two standing ordinances. They have changed their external form and outward administration, but continue their design and signification down to the present hour : the one to represent the perfect work of Christ, the other to represent the mighty invincible power and operations of the

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Holy Ghost. These have been perpetuated to us; and I would there were none on earth professing to be Christians so daring as to attempt either to distort or misrepresent them, for these are God's designs relative to the two standing ordinances of His Church. One of them is presented to our view this morning in my text, and most striking and significant it is. We have it enjoined in this verse, by the authority of a godly King commanding all his people, to keep the passover unto the Lord their God, according to what is written in the book of the covenant." It must be kept in due order. But we have more than this. We have the sovereign command and the dying injunction of the King of kings, the Lord of glory, the King of saints: “This do in remembrance of Me." Here are His own royal words, His own Divine proclamation; and I charge it upon my hearers, that they seriously ask themselves whether they consider themselves loyal subjects of the King of kings; and if so, how they dare omit His dying injunction and neglect His royal authority, “ This do in remembrance of Me.” “Keep the passover unto the Lord your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant."

Before I enter immediately upon the language of my text, let me set before you the interesti doctrine that first fastened my attention on it, that everything pertaining to genuine godliness is a matter of covenant appointment, covenant mercy, and covenant security, and is stamped with covenant authority, “as it is written in the book of this covenant." If we speak of promises, they are covenant promises ; if we speak of privileges, they are covenant privileges; if we speak of precepts, they are covenant precepts; if we speak of principles, they are covenant principles; predestinated, appointed, determined by the covenant Head before all time; and if we speak of an ordinance like that to which I hope to invite most of my hearers this evening, it is a covenant ordinance, and we are to "keep this passover unto the Lord our God, as it is written in the book of the covenant."

Let me first invite your attention to the emblematical feast, the passover. Then, secondly, to the affinity of the guests ; “the Lord your God” implies an affinity. And then, in the third place, to the tenor or order in which it is to be kept, according “as it is written in the book of the covenant." To a word or two under each of these three heads, I wish to invite your prayerful attention, if haply the Holy Ghost will enable me to speak so as not to darken counsel by words without knowledge, but Himself condescend to speak in me and by me to you, that we may have occasion to say, at the close of the service, that the Holy Ghost has preached His own gospel among us to-day.

I.--First of all, then, let us glance at this emblematical feast, the passover-an instituted ordinance of God in His Church in olden times, for the express purpose of representing the transactions of His covenant love towards Israel, the substitution of the covenant Head, and the emancipation of a covenant people, which it was to commemorate among His people. Let me first detain you a little with the transactions of His covenant love, which gave rise to this solemn event. Jehovah had loved Israel in a covenant Head ages before this. They had been in Egyptian bondage four hundred and thirty years from the time God expressed His covenant promise in love to them. They had been cruelly tyrannized over. They seemed to have lost all their privileges, to have

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