« הקודםהמשך »
ciding doubtful cases and accusations tists, their founder and rise in xvii cent.
arose, 64 and k; accompanied with the iv. 164; doctrine and rigid discipline,
Lord's Supper, 65.
ibid. odd hypothesis about Judas's sal-
Trigland, raises disputes concerning the vation, ibid. scrupulously adhere to
power of the civil magistrate in church their original founder Menno's tenets,
165 ; customs among them, ibid.
Trinity, doctrine of, disputes concerning Udalric, Bishop of Augsburg, the first per-
it arise in iv cent. i. 314; the church son solemnly sainted by the Pope, ü.
had frequently decided against the Sa- 35, 109 and %.
bellians as to a real difference of the Uke Walles, founder of the Ukewallists,
persons ; but not as to its nature, ibid. his character and strange doctrine, iv.
Origen's opinion about the Trinity em- 164 ; is banished the city of Groningen,
braced by many Christians, 315 ; what and excluded from the communion of the
that is, and its dangerous tendency in Anabaptists, 165 ; propagates his opi-
the hands of unskilful judges, ibid. if nions in East Friesland, and success,ibid.
one of the Blessed Trinity may be said Uladislaus IV, king of Poland, his plan of
to have suffered, debated, i. 428 and u; religious union, iv. 9; ordered a con-
hence, whether Christ's body should ference to be held at Thorn for this
be considered as compounded, 429; purpose, but unsuccessful, ibid.
controversies concerning it in xviii cent. Ulgerius, Bishop of Angers, founds an aca-
and between whom, iv. 210 and z; its demy there in xii cent. ii. 248; the
incomprehensibility, whence no way of civil law principally studied in it, ibid.
terminating the controversies about it, Ulphilus, Bishop of the Goths, the eminent
and Bishop Stillingfleet's excellent ad service he did Christianity and his
monition concerning them, 213 sub. country in iv cent. i. 263 and t.
Understanding, men of, their rise in xv
Trinity, fraternity of, instituted in xiii cent. ii. 567; founders who, ibid. their
cent. ii. 366 ; called also Mathurins, principles reprehensible, and deemed
and whence, 367 ; their primitive aus heretical, ibid. 568.
terity gradually lessened, ibid. and m. Uniformity, act of, issued out by Queen
Tripoli, Philip of, a translator and inter- Elizabeth, iii. 285 ; another by Charles
preter of Aristotle in xiii cent. ii. 343. II. more rigorous, iv. 110 f.
Tritheists, their tenets, and rise in vicent. Unigenitus, famous Bull of Pope Clement
i. 437 ; their division into the Philopo- XI. so called, and consequence of it, iv.
- nists and Cononites, 438.
190; opposed, and by whom, with the
Trithemius, restores learning-in xv cent. divisions it excited, 192.
Unitarians, their religious principles chan-
Trivium, a term invented in the times of ged by Socinus, iii. 370. See Socinians.
barbarism, to express the three sciences United provinces, whence they became uni-
first learned in the schools, viz. Gram- ted, iii. 97; zealous in the cause of the
mar, Rhetoric, and Logic, ii. 139 and Reformation, 98 and o; how and when
k; few proceeded beyond this in their delivered from the Spanish yoke, ibid.
studies till toward the eleventh cen- and p; a universal toleration of religious
sentiments permitted, ibid. and q, r.
Turks, their successful incursions into the Universalists, hypothetical, controversy
East in viii cent. i. 484; subdue the Sa excited by them, in xvii cent. and sum-
râcens and Greeks, ibid. ruin the affairs mary of their doctrine, iv. 83 and l.
of the Saracens in Persia in x cent. ii. Urban II. Pope, bis character, ii. 181 and
33; take Constantinople in xv cent. and p; assembles a council at Clermont,
hence Christianity received an irreco and lays the foundation for a new cru-
verable blow, ii. 509.
sade, 182; forbids the bishops and cler-
Turlupins, brethren of the free spirit, so gy to take oaths of allegiance to their
called in xiii cent. but whence uncer sovereigns, ibid.
tain, ii. 429 and t.
IV. Pope, institutes the festival of
Turrecremata, John de, an eminent scho the body of Christ, ii. 359; confers the
lastic writer in xv cent. ii. 549; writes kingdom of Naples upon Charles, bro-
against, and refutes the Saracens, 559. ther to Lewis IX. of France, in xiii cent.
Type, or Formulary, published by Constans ibid.
the Emperor, occasioned warm disputes VI. Pope, his detestable character,
in vii cent. i. 468; this, with the Ec- ii. 463; the legality of his election de-
thesis, are condemned by Pope Martin, nied, and another Pontiff elected, 464.
who is imprisoned at Naxos by the Em-
VIII. Pope, Barberini, founder of
peror, and the turbulent monks banish the seminary pro propaganda Fide, in
ed to Bizyca, 469.
xvi cent. iii. 384 ; his character and
learned works, 450 and d; attempts to
unite the Greek and Latin churches,
Uckewallists, a sect of the rigid Anabap 552.
Uries, Gerard de, opposes Roell in xvii Victor, Hugh of St. treated of all the
cent. and consequence, iv. 120.
branches of sacred and profane erudi-
Ursinus, his form of instruction, and tion known in xii cent. and was distin-
known under the title of the Catechism guished by his great genius, ii. 282 and
of Heidelberg, iii. 280.
g; his allegorical exposition of the Old
Ursulines, nunnery of, iii. 151.
and New Testament, 290.
- Richard of St. an eminent mystic
in xii cent. ii. 282 ; his mystical Ark,
Val Ombroso, a congregation of Benedict 290; opposes the scholastic divines with
ine monks founded there in xi cent. ii. great vehemence, 294.
186 ; their discipline propagated in se - Walter of St. character of his ex-
veral parts of Italy, ibid. and a.
positions, ii. 290; a bitter enemy to the
Valentine, the founder of a very powerful Schoolmen, 294 and p.
sect of Heretics in ii cent. i. 182; his Victorinus's explications lost, i. 219.
principles, 183; idle dreams, ibid. fol. Videlius, his disputes concerning the power
lowers divide into several sects, with of the magistrate in ecclesiastical mat-
their names, 185.
ters, iv. 114.
Valerian, peace and persecution of the Vigilantius, attacks the superstition of the
Christians, i. 199.
fifth cent. i. 366 ; his controversy with
Valla, Laurentius, his grammatical and Jerome unsuccessful, and why, 367.
critical annotations on the New Testa- Vigilius, of Tapsus, his character, i. 356.
ment, with their use, ii. 556.
Vigilius, Bishop of Rome, often changes
Vandals, in Africa, horrid barbarity against sides in his determinations about the
the Christians in v cent. i. 374; the mi three chapters, i. 427.
racle said to be performed at this time, Viles, John Baptist, his zeal and munifi-
examined, ibid. and h.
cence toward founding at Rome the
Vanini, Julius Cæsar, his impious trea college for propagating the faith, iii.
tises, and fate, iii. 424 and k, l; his 384.
apologists, 425 and m.
Villa Dea, Alexander de, considered as
Vararenes, king of Persia, persecutes the the best grammarian in xiïi cent. ij. 341;
Christians in v cent. i. 340 ; his enmity · his writings prove the ignorance of
against them how accounted for, ibid. grammatical knowledge that prevailed at
Vayer, de la Mothe, a sceptical philoso this time, ibid.
pher in xvii cent. iii. 448 and w.
Villa Nova, Arnold of, his extensive know-
Vendome, Geoffry of, his epistles and dis ledge, ii. 345, and f; his ill treatment,
sertations extant, ii. 282.
Matthew of, account of, ii. 340. Vincent, of Lerins, his treatise against the
Venice, secret assemblies of Socinians held sects, entitled Commonitorium, and the
there, iii. 360 and l; rupture of its in reputation acquired by it in v cent. i.
habitants with Pope Paul, iii. 482; con- 356 and w.
sequences of it, 483.
of Beauvais, an historian in xiii
Veri, Anthony, success of the Romish mis- cent. ii. 340.
sions in xviii cent. under his direction,
of Ferrara, a mystic in xv cent. ii.
549; his works enthusiastic, 558.
Veron, the Jesuit, one of the Popish Me Viret, an eminent writer among the Re-
thodists in xvii cent. iii. 473 ; his me- formed in xvi cent. iji. 319.
thod of managing controversy, ibid. and Vitriaco, Jacobus de, his character, ii. 340,
Oriental history, and fame acquired by it
Verschorists, a Dutch sect, their rise in xvii in xiii cent. 400.
cent. iv. 123; their founder Jacob Ver- Voet, Gilbert, his disputes about some tri-
schoor, and his impious tenets, ibid. why fling points of discipline and usury, iv.
called Hebrews, ibid. their common · 114 ; founder of the Voetian sect of
doctrine the same with the Hattemists, philosophers, and account of them,
Vicelinus, of Hamelan, his great character, Volusianus, persecution under him, i. 199.
ii. 231 and l, m; converts the Sclavo- Volusius, a Theologist of Mentz, his recon-
nians in xii cent. ibid.
ciling attempt, iii. 469 and q.
Vicenza, Socinians held secret assemblies Voragin, Jacobus de, his history of the
there, iii. 360 and l.
Lombards, and the reputation he ac-
Victor, Bishop of Rome, sends an imperie - quired by it, in xiii cent. ii. 400 and f.
ous letter to the churches of Asia, i. 168, Vulgate, account of that Latin Bible, üi.
his orders rejected by them, who here- 158 and 1; solemnly adopted by the
upon are excommunicated by him, ibid. council of Trent, and why, ibid.
169; is opposed by Polycrates, Bishop
of Ephesus, ibid.
- of Capua, character of his Chain Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury, his
nipon the four Gospels, i. 421.
learned answer to Bossuet's exposition
of the Roman Catholic faith, iii. 470
sub. not. u ; his project of union with
the Gallican church grossly misrepre-
sented by Dr. Mosheim, who from
hence forms an unjust judgment of the
spirit of the church of England, iv.
293 r; his opinions concerning dissen-
ters from episcopacy, 206 u; forms a
project of union between the English
and Gallican churches ; and on what
conditions, ibid. 207; assists Father
Courayer in his defence of the validity
of English ordinations, and with what
views, 207 w; a circumstantial account
of the correspondence carried on be-
tween him and certain French doctors,
relative to the union, iv. 226 ; defends
the Protestant causé against Bossuet,
with encomiums on him, ibid. is accused
by the author of the Confessional, and
upon what foundation, ibid. Kiornin-
gius's account of his correspondence
with the French doctors, whence Dr.
Mosheim formed his notions of it, what,
and egregiously erroneous, ibid. e;
three circumstances or conclusions
drawn from authentic papers relative to
this correspondence in defence of Dr.
Wake, iv. 228, 229; the contents of his
first letter to Mr. Beauvoir, by which
he is cleared from the imputation of
being the first mover in this project of
union, 229 ; observations on the answer
to it, wherein the first overtures of the
above-mentioned project are expressed,
ibid. f, 230, writes another letter to Mr.
Beauvoir, and makes handsome mention
of Dr. Du Pin, ibid. the author of the
Confessionals suspicion hereupon and
proved groundless, ibid. h; other objec-
tions in the Confessional, particularly
the supposed concessions by the Archbi-
shop answered, 231 sub. not. h; he re-
ceives a letter of thanks from Dr. Du
Pin, who intimates his desire of a union
between the English and Gallican
churches, 230, 232, his answer to Dr. Du
Pin, expressing his readiness to concur
in such a union, and remarks thereon,
232 ; observations on a remarkable dis-
course delivered in the Sorbonne, rela-
tive to the project of union, and by
whom, 233; his answer to Du Pin com-
municated to the Cardinal Noailles, who
greatly admired it, 234 ; receives a se-
cond letter from Du Pin, and a copy of
Girardin's discourse, with his ill opinion
of the progress of the union, ibid. the
Sorbonne doctors form a plan of recon-
ciliation, with the uncertainty of their
motives, ibid. is informed of Du Pin's
making an essay toward the union, and
that his letters were highly approved,
with observations on the Protestant spi-
rit, which reigns in them, ibid. his re-
markable expression on the necessity of
· the concurrence of the state in the pro-
jected union, 235 ; receives Du Pin's
Commonitorium, ibid. the contents of
which are reduced to three heads, and
what those are, with a compendious ac-
count of it, ibid. 236; an observation of
Du Pin, how the union may be com-
pleted without the Pope's consent or
consulting him, and his admonition con-
cerning it, 239 and m; rejects the Com-
monitorium, refuses to comply with its
proposals, and observes upon what terms
à union must be effected, 240; com-
mends the candour and openness in the
Commonitorium, he refuses giving his
sentiments at large concerning it, 241 ;
his principal views in this correspond-
ence, with a defence of his conduct re-
lative to the Commonitorium, ibid. his
sentiments on the primacy of the Bishop
of Rome, 242 ; his project of union ex-
plained, ibid. his hopes of the Gallican
church's separation from that of Rome,
and whence, 243; weighty obstacles to
this separation, ibid. defence of the se-
crecy observed in this correspondence,
244 and y; the correspondence divulged
and the consequence, ibid. and a; is in-
formed thereof by Mr. Beauvoir ; the
correspondence is suspended, with his
doubtful sentiments about the event,
ibid. bis letter to Du Pin, who dies be-
fore the receipt of it, regretting the ill
success of the projected union, ibid.
writes to Mr. Beauvoir, before he had
heard of Du Pin's death, on the same
subject, and expresses his hopes of re-
newing their good design, ibid. observa-
tions on Du Pin's account of this cor-
respondence left behind him, which
seemed to intimate that the Archbishop
was the first mover in this project of
union, 246; and the promise of the
former to rectify it, who was prevented
by death from doing it, ibid. a faint cor-
respondence carried on with Girardin,
but without success, ibid. impartial con-
clusions drawn from the preceding ac-
count of the correspondence, ibid. his
charitable correspondence with the Pro-
testant churches abroad, 247; his letter
to Le Clerc, expressing his affections for
them, and desire of their union with
the church of England, ib. his exhorta-
tory letter to the pastors and professors
of Geneva, and account of, 248; letters
to Professor Schurer of Berne, and
Turretin of Geneva, full of moderation
and charity, ibid. remarkable letter, to
M. Jablonski of Poland, with the two
questions proposed by the latter, that
occasioned this letter, ibid. 249; ac-
count of his conduct with relation to
the Dissenters, and defence, ibid. makes
no attempts to unite them to the church
of England, with the reasons, ibid. his
change of conduct with respect to them
whom he at first defended, and after-
ward opposed, partly accounted for, 250; Urban II. and its progress, 122, 1235
this sufficiently vindicated, and by why called Crusades, 124; history of
whom, ibid. his great character, as the first, ibid. the melancholy conse-
drawn from the preceding accounts of quences arising from them, and their
his charitable correspondence with dif legality examined, 128 and 2, 129, 130
ferent Christian churches, and the de and a, b; their unhappy effects on reli-
claration of a learned divine concerning gion, ibid. 131, 132 and ), g; the un-
bim, 251 and i ; authentic copies of the fortunate issue of the second of them, ii.
original letters relative to his correspon 236; and cause, ibid. history of the
dence with the French doctors, 252, third, 237, 238; promoted by the Popes,
271 ; extract of his letter to Mr. Le and why, 324 ; attempts to renew them
Clerc, 272, his letter to the pastors and in xiv cent, unsuccessful, 441.
professors of Geneva, 273; to Professor Warsaw, terrible law against the Socinians
Schurer, 276, 278; to Professor Turre here, and how executed, iv. 170.
tin, ibid. to Mr. Jablonski, 280. Waterland, Dr. opposes Dr. Clarke's sen.
Waldeck, Count, retakes Munster from the timents concerning the Trinity, iv. 212;
fanatics, and puts their king to death, sub. not. z; censured as a Semitritheist,
and whence, ibid.
Waldemar 1. King of Denmark, his zeal Waterlandians, a sect of Anabaptists in xvi
for propagating Christianity in xii cent. cent. iii. 337 and y; draw up and lay
ii. 228; conversions among the Sclavo before the public a summary of their
nians and the Isle of Rugen by his arms, doctrine, 339; their respect for learn
and the ministry of Absalom of Lunden, ing, 356 ; abandon the severe discipline
ibid. and b.
and opinions of Menno, iv. 166; divided
Waldenses, their origin in xii cent. various into two sects with their names, ibid.
names and history, ii. 314, 315, amaz account of their ecclesiastical govern-
ing success owing to the innocence of ment, ibid.
their lives, 315; distinguished from the Wayen, John Vander, flaming dissension
inhabitants of Piedmont, 316 &; their between bim and Frederic Spanheim,
doctrine, discipline, and views, 316, 317, with the occasion, iv. 114.
formed into a sect, not through a spirit Weller, opposes Callixtus in xvii cent iv. 32.
of opposition, but intention to restore Wertheim Translation of the Bible, and di-
primitive piety, 318 i ; adopt the three visions occasioned by it, iv. 201 and m.
orders of Bishops, Priests, and Dea. Wesselus, John, called the light of the
cons, in church discipline, ibid. and k; world from his extraordinary genius and
think it necessary these persons should penetration, ii. 549; censured the Ro-
exactly resemble the apostles of Christ, mish church with freedom and candour
ibid. and l; their laity" divided into in xv cent. ibid.
two classes, and different sentiments Westphal, Joachim, renews the controver-
among them concerning the. Romish sy on the Eucharist, and how he con-
church, and the possession of worldly ducted it, iii. 269 and h; is answered by
goods, ibid. and 319 m; increase in Calvin, 270 ; the consequences, ibid.
xiv cent. 489; their state and settle- Westphalia, involved in calamities by the
ment in xv cent. 563; account of their fanatics in xvi cent. iii. 231 ; famous
reformation in xvi cent. iii. 398 ; perse peace of, 460.
cuted by the Dukes of Savoy in xvii Whiston, William, defends the doctrine of
cent. iv, 70 and t.
the Arians in xviii cent. iv. 210 and ;
Walenburg, two polemic divines of this is opposed and treated with severity,
name in the Romish church in xvii cent. and censure on this account, 211, sub.
unfair in managing controversies, iii. not. z.
473 and e.
Whitby, Dr. account of his dissertation on
Wallis, contributes to the progress of na the manner of interpreting the Scrip-
tural knowledge, iii. 446.
tures, iv. 74 y.
Walter, head of the Beghards in xiv cent. White, Thomas, his notions and works, ü.
his fate and character, ii. 501 and e. 547 and t; doctrine condemned at Rome,
Wunsleb, John Michael, is sent upon the ibid. and embraced by some, ibid.
mission to Abyssinia, by Ernest of Saxe Whitefield, George, his ministerial labours
Gotha, in xvii cent. iii. 561 ; neglects and great views, iv, 207, 208; his doc-
his mission, ibid. turns Romanist, and trine seems reducible to two proposi-
enters the Dominican order, with the tions, and what these are, ibid.
reason, ibid. and x.
Whitehead, a famous writer among the
Warner, Dr. character of his Ecclesiasti Quakers, iv. 154, sub. not. bi.
cal History, i. 462 e.
Wickliff, John, a violent opposer of the
Wars, holy, the first plan laid for them in Mendicants in xiv cent. ii. 468; attacks
x cent. ii. 82; and renewed in xi cent. the monks and papal authority, ibid. re-
122 ; the first of them began at the soli futes many absurd and superstitious no-
citations of Peter the Hermit, and Pope tions in his times, ibid. exhorts the peg-
ple to the study of the Scriptures, and made relative to this dispute, ibid. the
gives a free translation of them, ibid. edict passed against Luther at a diet
his adversaries, who, ibid. 469 ; opinions held in xvi cent. and disapproved, iii.
condemned, partly as heretical, partly 44,r.
as erroneous, 469 and gi dies peacea- Worship, public, its form in iv cent. i. 303,
bly, and by what means he escaped un 304 and s; its variety of liturgies,
punished uncertain, ibid. and h; leaves whence, ibid. changes introduced into
many followers who are persecuted by many of its parts, ibid. consisted in little
the inquisition, ibid. 470; his writings more than a pompous round of external
and ashes committed to the flames by ceremonies in xvi cent. iii. 22; wretch-
the council of Constance, 529.
ed sermons, and common-place sub-
Wigelius, Lutheran Doctor, goes over to jects, ibid. with the true cause of the
the Paracelsists, iii. 222.
people's ignorance, superstition, and
Valentine, his writings censured corruption of manners, 23; hence a re-
as erroneous, iv. 58.
formation in the church ardently de-
Wilhelmina, her extravagant notions, and sired, and how far, ibid.
what these are, ii. 436 ; is admired, ib. Writers, Greek, chief in iii cent. i. 212.
a sect founded to support her tenets, is
iy cent. 276.
crushed by the inquisition, 437 and f.
- v cent. 354.
William the Conqueror, a great patron of
- vi cent. 416.
learning, ii. 137 ; rejects the Pope's or-
vii cent. 455.
der of submission to the See of Rome,
viii cent. 506.
162 and f.
ix cent. ii. 29.
- Prince of Orange, procures a
x cent. 103.
toleration for the Mennonites, iii. 347.
xi cent. 193.
III. king of England, enriches the
xii cent. 281.
society for propagating the Christian re-
xiïi cent. 398.
ligion in foreign parts, iii. 411 and f;
xiv cent. 487.
his act of toleration in favour of the
XV cent. 547.
Nonconformists, iv. 110 ; deprives San-
Latin, in iïi cent. i. 213.
croft and seven other Bishops of their
- iv cent, 278.
Sees, for refusing the oath of allegiance
- v cent. 355.
to him, and the event, 111 and ii and iii.
vi cent. 417.
Willebrord, an Anglo Saxon, his zeal in
vii cent. 456.
propagating Christianity in vii cent. i.
viji cent. 507.
441 ; is accompanied by others in this
T ix cent. ii. 30.
undertaking, ibid. his own and the mo-
x cent. 104.
tives of his followers in this design ex-
xi cent. 193.
Wirekir, Nigel, an English bard, his satire
xii cent, 281.
upon the Monks, ii. 273 d.
xiji cent. 399.
Wisnovius, Stanislaus, follows Farnovius
xiv cent. 488.
in bis schism, iii. 382.
- xv cent. 547.
Witnesses of the Truth, those so called who
Oriental, in jii cent. i. 212.
attempted a reformation in ix cent. ii.
- vi cent. 416.
196; their laudable opposition against
– viii cent. 506.
the superstition of the church more ve - Lutheran, their character in xvi
hement than prudent, 197 ; errors con cent. iii. 261 and o; most eminent in
sequent on their ill-grounded notions, xvii cent. iv. 24, 26.
- contemporary with Luther, re.
Wittemberg, tumult, raised there by Caro markable for the simplicity of their rea-
lostadt, iii. 232 and g; but appeased by soning, iii. 228 ; change toward the end
Luther, ibid. magistrates of, banish Hu-
of xvi cent. and adopt the maxims of the
ber, and for what, 259.
Aristotelian philosophy, ibid. their fera.
Wlodomir, first Christian duke of Russia, city alleviated, 229.
ji. 76 ; a high saint among the Russians,
but not acknowledged as such by the
Xavier, Francis, his character, iii. 117 and
Wolf, his philosophy and that of Leibnitz f; his zeal and success in propagating
detrimental to Arminianism, and how, the Gospel in India and Japan, ibid. is
iv. 144, ee ; applied to the illustration sainted by Urban VIII. in xvii cent. iii.
of the Scriptures by some German di- 549.
vines, ibid. sub ee ; reduces the science Xenaias, of Hierapolis, his hypothesis
of Metaphysics to a scientific order, and concerning the body of Christ, i. 437 ;
brings it to great perfection, 200.
and adopted by the Abyssinians, iii. 191.
Worms, diet held there in xii cent. con- Ximenius, Rodericus, an eminent historian
cerning investitures, ii. 262; conditions in xiii cent. ii. 340.