תמונות בעמוד



Archbish-Ecclesiasti- Heretics, | Remarka-
Popes or
of cal and


real or re ble Events, Canter Theolog.

Authors. of Rome.



Gasp. Neuman.

J. G.Heineccius.
J.G. Keysler.
P. Cantemir.
J. Offer a Swede.
J. H. Bohmer.

Dutch Authors.
J. Perizonius.
J. Fred. Grono-

S. Pitiscus.
B. Niewentite,
A. Reland.
G. Noodt.
N. Hartsoeker.
Adr. Helvetius.
Herman Boer.

haave. Albert Schul

Peter Burman.
Sig. Havercamp.
S. Gravesande.
J. Alberti.
P. Muschen-

Gasp. Burman.
Tib. Hemster-

huis. Van Loon, the Historian,



AFTER the foregoing sheets were printed off, I was favoured by the very worthy descendants of the pious and learned Archbishop SHARP, with the present of a small but curious work lately published, which belongs to the ecclesiastical history of the xviiith century. It contains an account of the measures that were taken, and of the correspondence that was carried on, in the year 1711, 1712, and 1713, for the introduction of the liturgy of the church of England into the kingdom of Prussia, and the electorate of Hanover. To this historical account are annexed several letters and original papers that are very interesting, more especially a plan of ecclesiastical discipline and public worship, drawn up by the learned Dr. JABLONSKY, and some other papers of the same author, concerning the nature of episcopacy, and the manner of rendering it compatible with the interests of the sovereign, and the religious liberty of the people.

This publication, which is chiefly designed for the use of the Protestants in Prussia, is drawn from MS. memoirs of the life of Archbishop SHARP, who was principally concerned in the transactions and correspondence above-mentioned. These memoirs were composed from the Archbishop's journal by his son, the learned Dr. THOMAS SHARP, Archdeacon of Northumberland, and the historical account drawn from them, of the project for introducing episcopacy into Prussia, is published in a French translation, done by the Rev. Mr. Mursson, minister of the French chapel, at St. James's, &c.

The following note refers to Vol. II. p. 444, l. 23. Dr. Mosheim does not pretend to determine whether these reports relative to the barbarity of the Jews were true or false; but it seems more than probable, that they were insidiously forged out of hatred against that unfortunate people. This will appear still more evidently to have been the case when we consider that in the xüith century, the Popes GREGORY IX. and INNOCENT IV. published declarations, which were designed to destroy the effect of several calumnies that had been invented and dispersed to the disadvantage of the Jews ; and in the xivth century we find the Roman pontiffs BENEDICT XII. and CLEMENT VI. giving the same proofs of their equity towards an injured people. We find in history circular letters of the dukes of Milan and Venice, and imperial edicts of FREDERIC III. and Charles V. to the same purpose; and all these circumstances render it highly credible, that the reports mentioned by Dr. Mosheim are not founded on sufficient evidence.

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ABANO, Petrus de, surnamed the Recon- Acephali, an account of, i. 389; their sub;

ciler, ii. 345; his great character and ill divisions into three other sects, ibid.
treatment, ibid. and'h.

soon extinguished by Baradæus, ibid.
Abassines, Ethiopians, converted to Chris- Acominatus, Nicetas, his polemic works,

tianity in iv cent. i. 262. See Abyssini- ii. 398.
ans, ii. 65, jii. 191.

Acropolila, a Greek historian of siïi cent.
Abbas, the Great, King of Persia,lays waste ii. 336, 398.

Armenia in xvii cent. iii. 562 ; his ge- Adalbert, of Gaul, his character, i. 525 ;
nerosity to the Armenians, and great forges a letter from Christ to mankind,
character, ibid.

ibid. condemned at the instigation of
Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury, his leni- Boniface Winfrid, ibid. and i.
ty towards the Puritans, and character,

Bishop of Prague, his vain at-
iv. 92, 93 and f; zeal for the doctrinal tempts to convert the Prussians in x

tenets of Calvin, 93; and sub. not. f. cent. ii. 120 ; suffers death for his pious
Abelard, Peter, defends the monks in xii zeal, ibid. his death revenged by Boles-

cent. ii. 276 ; his character, 282 and e; laus, King of Poland, who compels some
commentaries, 289; founder of the of the Prussians to embrace Christiani-
Scholastics, properly so called, 292; ty, ibid.
charged with errors by St. Bernard, for Adamiles, their tenets, i. 185.
which he is condemned as an heretic,

Bohemian, in · XV cent, an ac-
295 and t; attacks all the heresies in

count of, ii. 564, 568, and i.
his time, 298.

Adams, Thomas, a Quaker, his remarkable
Abelites, their tenets, i. 185.

behaviour to Oliver Cromwell, iv. 148,
Abgarus, the story of him and Christ, if sub not. kk.
true, i, 57 and n.

Adiaphoristic, history of. See Controver-
Abraxas, used Basilides, what, i. 179. sy adiaphoristic, iii. 239.
Abul Farai, an eminent Syrian writer in Ado, an historian in ix cent. ii. 14.

xiii cent. ii. 336 ; his works, ibid. and Adrian, Emperor, a brief character of, i.
a; expositions of the Scriptures, 406. 123; puts many Jews to the sword, 129;
Abyssinia, Romish mission in xvii cent. iii. persecution of the Christians under him,

477: how ruined, 478 and t; entirely 131.
banished by Basilides, son of Seltam I. Pope, in viii cent, confers upon
Segued, 480 and u; several attempts Charlemagne and his successors the
for admission unsuccessful, ibid, and w; right of election to the see of Rome, i.
481 and x; Lutheran missions unsuc- 504 and k; enters into an alliance with
cessful, 560.

the Empress Irene, 520.
Abyssinians, the doctrine of the Monophy- IV. Breakspear, Pope, orders Fre-

sites when embraced by them, consider- deric I. Emperor, to perform the office
ed, ii. 65; their state in xvi cent. iii. of equery to him, but his order is re-

jected with contempt, ii. 264 ; an open
Acacius, Bishop of Constantinople, oppo- ruptore is expected, but prevented by

ses the Papal power, i. 388; is excom- the death of the Pope, 265 and 0.
municated and deposed by Pope Felix, VI. Pope, his good character, iii.

47; proposes to reform the abuses in
Academics, their impious notions, i. 39. the church, but prevented by deathi, 48.
Academies, two public in the Empire, and Ælia Capitolina, a city raised on the ruins
their founders, i. 136 and h.

of Jerusalem in ii cent. i. 129.
European, many founded in Æmiliani, Jerome, founder of the clerks
xüi cent. ii. 338; their state, ibid. course of St. Maieul, or the fathers of Somas-
of discipline observed by them, 339. quo, in xvi cent: ji. 150.

founded by the Lutherans and Æon, different meanings of this word
Calvinists in xvi cent. iii. 216.

among the Gnostics, i. 80, m.
one at Jena by the Dukes of Ærian controversy, and leader's principal
Saxe Weimar, iii. 243.

tenets, i. 297; his design to restore the
at Geneva, by Calvin, iii. 275. primitive simplicity of Christianity,

-of Sciences at Paris, by Lewis ibid. reflections upon such an attempt,
XIV. iii. 432 and h.


ibid. and


Africa, English and Dutch Colonies there

to Innocent III. 272; condemns the vi-
in svi cent. iii. 410; missions, 412; cious rage of disputing about religious
success through the Capuchins, ibid. in- matters, 294.
accuracy here, 413 k ; why they were

VI. Pope, divides America be-
alone employed, ibid.

tween the Portuguese and Spaniards,
Africans, the nature of their conversion in ii. 508; bis infamous character; 541 and
xv cent. examined, ïi. 508

9; is supposed to be poisoned, ibid. and
Agapetus, his works and character, i. 416,

VII. Pope, Chizi, instigated by
Agnoetæ, an account of this sect in vi the Jesuits, annuls the sentence of In-
cent. i. 437; their decline, ibid.

nocent X. concerning Chinese rites, iii.
Agobard, Archbishop of Lyons, his cha- 400; his character, 451; contest with

racter, ii. 14, 30; censured for foment- Lewis XIV., and the cause, 487; bull
ing a rebellion, ibid. a vehement oppo- against Jansenius, and declaration, 560.
ser of image worship, ibid r: writes

VIII. Pope, Ottoboni, his cha-
against the Jews, 43.

racter, iji. 452.
Agricola, John, founder of the Antinomi.

Natalis, writes against the Po.
ans in svi cent. iii. 236; is opposed by pish claims, in xvii cent. iii. 486.
Luther and recants, ibid. propagates his Klexandria, Patriarch of, his jurisdiction
doctrine after Luther's death, ibid. his in the earliest times of Christianity, i.
principles examined, ibid.

275 ; embassy sent by one to the Pope,
Albert the Great, bis character, ii. 343; and in xvi cent. a Jesuitical scheme, iii. 183

learning, 400; system of divinity, 406. and l, m; the extent of his authority in
Albigenses, Paulicians, so called in si cent. this cent. 181, 182 and 0.

and whence, ii. 221 and q; a term ap- Alfred, his taste for letters, ii. 13; his

plied by the Latins to all heretics, 305. works, ibid. w; the most eminent learn-
Albizi, Bartholomew, his book of St. Fran- ed men under him, ibid. x.

cis's conformities with Christ, ii. 471 Allatius, Leo, his works for uniting the
and k.

Greek and Romish churches, iii. 555
Alciat, banished Geneva, iii 359 and i; and d; disingenuity censured, ibid. and

inclines to the Arian system, 360, sub d.
not. m, in fine.

Alliaco, Petrus de, labours to reform the
Alcuin, preceptor to Charlemagne, his schoolmen in xv cent. ii. 557.

character, i. 507 and w; expositions, Almeric, an account of, ii. 342, the follow-
512; treatise on virtue, 515 and p; lives ers of this philosopher, guilty of enor-
of the saints, ibid

mous errors and vices. ibid. i.
Aldhelim, an. English prelate, an account Alphonsus, X. King of Leon, an eminent

of, i. 456 and u; his moral treatises, 460. patron of Letters in siji cent. ij. 337;
Alet, Bishop of, refuses to subscribe the the fame he acquired hy his astronomi-

declaration against the Jansenists in xvii cal tables, 338 and c.
cent. and the consequence, iii. 532.

VI. King of Naples, a zealous
Alexander, of Lycopolis, if a Christian, i. promoter of Letters in xv cent. ii. 511.
402 and o.

Altenburg, conference held at, to heal the
III. Pope, confers on the car- Lutheran divisions, unsuccessful, iii.
dinals the sole right of electing to the 249.
pontificate, ii. 152, 270: augments the Alva, Duke of, his cruelty checked by
College of electing Cardinals, ii. 155, the prudent and brave conduct of a
156: orders schools to be erected in Prince of Orange, gave rise to the pow.
monasteries and cathedrals, 249; his erful Republic of the United provinces,
contested election, 265; obnoxious to

iii. 98.
the Emperor Frederick I. Barbarossa, Almamunis, Caliph of Babylon, an emi-
whom he solemnly deposes, ibid. is nent patron of letters among the Ara-
obliged to fly and to leave his competi- bians in ix cent. ii. 11.
tor, Paschal III. in the Papal chair, 266, Amalric, the absurd and impious doctrine
his success against Frederick, and inso- taught by him, ii. 434, 435, and b,c;
lence towards him examined, ibid. and his chief disciple, who, ibid. if he adopt-
q: dispute with Henry II. King of Eng. ed Joachim's predictions, 436.
land, 267, confirms the privileges of the Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, his character,
church, and extends the authority of i, 279 and i ; three books on the duty
the Popes, 270; deprives the Bishops of ministers, 288; opposes the princi-
of the power of canonization, and con- ples of Jovinian, 298.
fines it to the Roman Pontiff, 271 and of Camalduli, his works, ii. 548.
x; confers the title of King upon Al. America, when first visited by the Euro-
phonsus, Duke of Portugal, ibid, and y; peans, ii. 508 ; its inhabitants convert-
his death, and the troubles of his suc- ed to Christianity, ibid. divided by
cessor, Lucius III. ibid. his successors Pope Alexander VI. between the Por-

tuguese and Spaniards, ibid. mission 326 ; distinguished by the enormity or
aries sent, ibid.

their crimes, ibid. points of doctrine
English and Dutch colonies maintained bythe most rational of them,
there in xvi cent. iii. 410; Romisb mis wbo are not equally chargeable with fu-
sions, 412; method used by the Jesuits ry and brutal extravagance, 326, 327;
for its conversion, with their views, and severe punishments inflicted on them,
Labat's candid declaration, 413 and o; ibid. and n; indiscriminate severity,
Protestant missions, ibid. the ainbition with a discourse thereon, 328.
of the Jesuits in Paraguay, 414 sub fin.o.

- of Munster, their seditious
Amts, William, explains morality, and an madness and ringleaders, üi. 329; their

acoount of, iii. 313 and p, q; treats it commotions in Holland, particularly
as a separate science, iv. 75.

Amsterdam, 330 and t; measures taken
Ammonius Saccas founder of the new Pla to extirpate them, 331; plot against the

tonics in ii cent. i. 139 ; attempts a coa magistrates defeated, ib. sub not.r; bow
lition of all philosophical sects and re comforted by Meono, ibid. questions
ligion with his own system of religion, about tbeir origin, how resolvable, 834
140; his religious notions, if Pagan or and u; origin of the sects that have
Christian, considered, 139, m; the prin started up among them, 335; warm con-
ciples of his philosophy, with its cbief test, and divided into two sects, 336;
articles, 140, bis moral discipline, 142; how denominated, ibid. and x; new
delivers his injunctions in the language dissensions among them, and divided
of Scripture, ibid. pretends to the pow. into three sects, 337; the source of their
er of purging the Sensorium, ibid. bis doctriue, ibid. confession of one of their
notions of God and of Christ, 143 and n; sect, ibid y; whether sincere in their
the many pernicious effects of bis pbi public confessions, 338; their religion
losophy to Christianity, and hence the reduced into a system, ibid. their lead-
foundation of the monks and Mystics, ing principle, 339; their religion differs
ibid. the rapid progress of his sect, 205 ;

little from the reformed church, with
his Harmony of the Gospels, 219. their creed, confessions, and peculiar
Amour,Guillaume.doctor of the Sorbonne, tenets, ibid. the fundamental principle

a strenuous opposer of the Dominicans, on which tbeir doctrine is founded, 340,
and whence, ii. 375; is banished, and and how deviated from it, ibid. and a;
the cause, 376; his works and great their peculiar tenets, in which they all
character ib. and d.

agree, 341 ; system of morality, 342;
Amsdorf, denies the necessity of good primitive austerity greatly diminished,

works, iii. 241; is opposed by George 343 and b; singular opinions of some
Major, and the event, ibid.

sects, ibid. and c, d ; state of learning
Amsterdam, clergy and magistrates of, op and philosophy among them, 345, wbich

pose the toleration of the Mennonites, are rejected by all, except the Water-
in xvi cent. iii. 347.

landians, ibid. remit some of their an-
Amulo, bis works against the Jews in ix cient rigour, ibid. their division into a
cent. ï. 43.

multitude of sects, and the causes, 346;
Amyraut, Moses, account of his works, iv. their first solid settlement in the United

76; form of his doctrine and recon Provinces, and by what means, 347 ;
ciliatory endeavours, 83; meets with English, called Baptists, with an account
opposition, yet gains ground, 84, 85 ; of their other different denominations,
proceedings of the Swiss church against 348; opinions of the general and par-
him, 125.

ticular Anabaptists in England, ibid. and
Anabaptists, their euthusiastic and seditious l; account of a singular sect called

principles in xvi cent. and punishments Davidists, 350 ; tolerated under Crom-
ihey undergo, iii. 78, 79, and 'n, 0; their well, and account of, iv. 106 and x :
residence fixed at Munster, ib.

their history in xvii cent. 162; various
Anabaptists, Mennonites, their history, iii. fortunes of them during this cent. ibid.

320 ; origin obscure, aud reason of their and e; union restored among them,and
names, ib.and e; insincerity in declaring how, 163; different sects, and how de.
their opinions concerning rebaptism, nominated with their several characters
ibid. and 321, sub not. e ;

account of and notions, ibid. and g, h; external
themselves and adversaries, 322 and f; form of their church, 164; three orders
most probable account of their origin, of Ministers among them, and their re-
ibid. maxim whence their peculiarities, spective functions, ibid. account of the
ibid. different ways of thinking among Uckewallists, a sect of the rigid Ana-
them about it, 323; their drooping spi baptists, and tenets, ibid. Waterlandians,
rits revived on Luther's,&c.appearance, 166 ; Galenists and Apostoolians, 167.
ibid.satisfied with Luther's plan of refor. Anachorites, a monastic order in iv cent.
mation, with an account of their first i. 292; their remarkable aversion to so-
motions, 324 and i; progress of this sect,

ciety, ibid.

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