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Roman Em- The succes- The Evan- Dositheus. The tax of Augu- Titus Livius. perors. sion of the gelists & Simon Ma- tus Cæsar.

Germanicus. first Bishops Apostles. gus.

Gratius. A. D. of Rome is The three The Gnos- The birth of Ovid. Augustus 14 a matter full Apostolic tics. CHRIST.

Julius HygiTiberius 37 of intricacy Fathers, Cerinthus, Caligula 41 and obscu-Clement, Hymenæus The offerings pre-Labeo. Claudius 54 rity.- Barnabas,

sented to Jesus Christ Valerius Nero 68 We shall Hermas. Philetus, by the wise men from Maximus, Galba 69 herein fol- Philo, the who, toge- the East.

Phædrus. Otho 69 low the Jew. ther with

Verrius Vitellius 70 learned Bp. Flavius Jo-Demas and The four passovers Flaccus. Vespasian Pearson. sephus. Diotrephes, celebrated by Christ. Strabo. 79 are rather to

Dionysius of Titus 81 Linus.

These arelbe consider- John the Baptist) Alexand. Domitian 96 Anacletus almost all ed as apos- beheaded. Christ's Seneca, the Nerva 98 Clement the genuine tates than as miracles, sufferings, Rhetor.

Evaristus. ecclesiasti- heretics. death, resurrection, Seneca, the
Alexander. cal writers of The Nico- and ascension.

Philosothe first cen- laitans.

pher and The dates tury that are Ebion. The descent of the poet. of the deaths now extant. The Naza- Holy Ghost. Velleius Paof the Roman For the let

St. Stephen, the terculus. Pontiffs are ter of Jesus

first Martyr.

Cremutius not the same Christ to N.B. The The conversion of Isidore of in the acAbgarus Ebionites & St. Paul.

Charax. counts of king of Nazarenes, Institution of Aga- Celsus, the chronolo- Edessa—the though ge- pæ, or feasts of cha- Physician. gers. gospels, Acts, nerally pla-rity.

Massurius Petau, Epistles, and ced by the Baptism is adminis- Sabinus. Fleury,

Liturgies, Learned in tered by immersion. Dydimis of Pearson, that have the first cen- Several Christian Alexand. Marcel, (besides tury, yet be-churches founded. Cocceius Pfaff, Bower, those which long more

The first persecu

Nerva. Lenglet, and we esteem properly to tion under Nero. Philo, the others, differ Canonical) the second. The oracles redu- Jew. frequently been attri

ced to silence, a du- Pomponius lin this res- buted to the

bious, or rather a fa- Mela.
pect; and

bulous story.

Columella. their differ-as also the

The destruction of Reinmius ences some-Epistles of


Palamon Mary to Ig

The accounts of a Votienus, considerable, patius, and

dispute between St.! VOL. IV,



times are

Sovereign Princes.

EcclesiastiPopes or

cal & TheoB hops of Rome.

logical Wri


Heretics. Remarkable Events.

Profane Authors.

For exam- others-the ple, the Acts of Pideath of late-the Pope Anice-Epistles of tus is placed Seneca to St. by Petau and Paul, &c. Lenglet, in must be conthe year161, sidered as by Pearson apocryphal and Pfaff in & spurious. 162, by The works Fleury, that bear the Walsh, and name of DiBower, in onysius the 168. Areopagite

As it is im- were forged possible to in the Fifth reconcile Century. these histo. rians, and difficult often to decide which calculates best, we shall follow Pearson and Pfaff as the surest guides.

Peter and Simon the Servilius Magician at Rome, Marcus. and of a Statue, ha- AnnæusCorving heen erected to nutus, the latter in that city, Lucian. seem idle fictions. Androma

The second perse- chus. cution of the Chris-Petronius. tians under Domi- Persius. tian.

Epictetus. St. John thrown Dioscorides. into a caldron of boil-Flavius Joing oil, a dubious sephus. story.

Silius Itali. The adventures of cus. Apollonius Tyaneus. Valerius

Pliny, the

Pliny, the

Plinius Va-

Sext. Jul.
Dion Chry-





Popes or

Remarkable Events,
cal & Theo- Heretics. and Religious Rites
Bishops of

logical WriRome.

and Institutions. ters.

Profane Authors.






very little

Roman Xystus or Ignatius of Nazarenes. Third persecution Arrian. Emperors. Sixtus 127 Antioch. Gnostics.

under Trajan mitigaA. D. Telesphorus Polycarp. Cainites. ted by the interces- Aulus GelliTrajan 117 138 Justin Mar- Elxai.

sion of Pliny the Adrian 138 Hyginus 150

Saturninus. Younger.

Plutarch. Anton. Pius Pius I. 153 Hegesippus.

'Fourth persecution Florus. 161 Anicetus 162 Theophilus Millenari. under Adrian, Celsus, the M. Antonius Soter

:72 of Antioch, 180 Eleutherius the first who Basilides, Fifth persecution Lucius Veo 185 made use of

under Antoninus Pi-Oenomaus rus Commo-Victor 198 the word Isidore, the nus, continued under Philo of dus 192

Trinity to Son. Marcus Aurelius, and Phænicia. Pertinax 193

express the Carpocrates Lucius Verus. Did. Juliadistinction of and his fol.

Ptolemy, the nus 193

what divines lowers. Conversion of the AstronoNiger 194

call, persons Marcellina Germans and Gauls, mer and Albinus Se

in the God- and Epi and (if we may give Geogra198

head. The phanes. credit to Bede) of the pher.
Christian Prodicus, Britons.

Salvius Juli church is the chief of

the Adam The 'thundering Suetonius. obliged to ites.

Legion--a dubious Apollonius, him for his Valentine event.

the Philo. invention. and his fol

sopher. The use of lowers, Insurrections of the Appian. this & other

Jews against the Ro- Fronto. unscriptural * Tatian, mans.

Maximus terms, to supposed to

Tyrius. which men be the chief

Sedition & slaughattach either of the En- ter of that people un- Taurus Calno ideas, or cratites.

der the standards of visius. Hydropara- Barcocheba, the false Apuleius. has wounded states, and Messiah.

Artemidocharity and Apoctactpeace, with-ites.

The Jews are dri- Lucian. out promo- Ptolomæus ven from Jerusalem. Numenes. ting truth & Secundus.

Pausanias. knowledge.

Horrible calumnies Polianus. It has produ-Cerdo.

thrown out against ced heresies Marcion. the Christians by Lu- Sextus Emof the worst Florinus. cian,Crescens,Celsus, piricus. kind.

and the Pagans in ge-Atheneus. Melito. Docetæ, or neral. Tartian.* Phantasi.

Julius PolPapias. asts.

The perusal of the lux. Apollinaris. The Meli- Sibylline Oracles pro- Diogenes Hermias. tonians. hibited by an impe- Laertius. Athenago The Sac- rial edict. Christian Gallienus.

cophori. assemblies are heldon
Clemens Severians. Sundays, and other Ammonius
Alexandri- Ophites. stated days, in private Saccas.

Artotyrites. houses, and in the bu. Priscus.
Tertullian. Theodotus, rying places of Mar-Cephalion.
the Tanner, tyrs.

Theodotion. the chief of Infant baptism and Hermoge-
Symmachus the Alogi. sponsors used in this

nes, who, Hermes, Montanus. century.

at the age

false ones,




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got all

The un

Tertullian. Various Festivals of 17,pubknown au-Priscilla and & Fasts established. lished his thor of the Maxiinilla,

A distinction form- Rhetoric; Sibylline who were

ed between Bishops at 20, his Oracles. called Mon- and Presbyters, who, book on Irenæus. tanists,Cata- with the Deacons and Ideas; and Polycrates. phryges, and Readers, are the only at 25, is Dionysius of Pepuzians. orders of ecclesiastics said to Corinth.

known in this centu. have for : Patenus. The Sethites ry. Quadratus.

and Abel- The sign of the that he

ites. cross and anointing had learnAdd to these used.

ed. several frag- Heracleon. The custom of Justin Mar. ments of the

praying toward the tyr. writings of Bassus. East introduced. Theophilus

of Antioch. some of the principal Colarbasus.

Chrysorus. Heretics

Marcus Anmentioned in Blastus.

toninus. the follow.


ing column. Mark.
These frag-

ments are

Athenagocollected by Cotelerius,

Celsus, the Grabe, &c. Bardesanes.




pher. Hermoge

Julius Soli. nes. Apelles.


Papinian. Praxeas, the chief of the Patropassians, Seleucas,and Hermias.





Popes or


cal & Theo-
Bishops of

logical Wri


Remarkable Events,
Heretics. and Religious Rites

and Institutions.




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Roman Em-Zephyrinus The author Adelphius. Sixth persecution Ælius Mauperors.

219 of the acts Aquilinus. under Severus, in A. D. Callistus224 of Perpe-Manes, the which Leonidas, Ire-Oppian, the Severus 211 Urban 231 tua and chief of næns, Victor, Bishop Poet. Caracalla Pontianus Felicitas. the Mani- of Rome, Perpetua, Quintus Se. 217

235 Minutius cheans. Felicitas, and others, ren. 1 Geta 212 Anterus 236 Felix. Hierax. suffer martyrdom.

SammoniMacrinus Fabiannus Hippolytus. Noetus.

cus. 218

251 Ammonius. Sabellius. Seventh persecu- Julius Afri. Heliogaba- Cornelius

Beryllus. tion under Maximin lus

254 Julius Afri- Paul of Sa- VIII. under Decias, in Acolus. Severus A contest be


mosat. which Fabianus, the Dion CasAlexander tween him Origen. Novatians. Roman pontiff, Baby- sius.

235 and Nova-Cyprian. Patropas las, Alexander, and Ulpian. Maximin237 tian. Novatian. sians. others, suffer martyr- Ephorus. Gordian 1,11. Lucius 256 Gregory Arabians. dom.

Censorinus. 237 Stephen 258 Thaum. Cathari.

C. Curius Pupienus Sixtus II.259 Dionysius of Valesians. Eighth persecution Fortuna

Balbin 238 Dionysius Alexand. Privatus. under Valerian, in tus. Gordian III.

270 Pamphilus. A schism be- which those more il-Herodian. 244 Felix 275 Anatolius. tweenSte-llustrious martyrs, Nicagoras.

Eutychianus Arnobius phen and Cyprian, Lucius, Ste-Quadratus. Philip, the

283 Africanus. Cyprian, phen I, Sixtus I, and Amelius. Arabian, Caius Mar- Commodia concern- Laurentius, suffer for Gentilianus. supposed to cellinus


ing the re-their faith. have been 296 Archelaus. baptizing

Erennius. the first Lucianus. of Here

Ninth persecution Dixippus. Christian

Hesychius. tics. under Dioclesian, Cassius l.onemperor 250 Methodius.

Maximian, Galerius, ginus. Decius 252


and Maximin, much Julius CapiGallus Vo


more cruel than the tolinus. Fusianus 253 Malchion.

preceding,and famous Ælius LamPaul of Sa

for the martyrdom of pridius. Æmilianus


the Theban Legion, Trebellius Valerian 259 Stephen R.

which, however, is a Pollio. Gallienus


very dubious story. Porphyry. 268 Eusebius, a

The Jewish Talmud Claudius II.

deacon of

and Targum compo-Ælius Spar270 Alexand. sed in this century.

tianus. Quintillus DionysiusR.

The Jews are al- Flavius Vo. 270 Pont.

lowed to return into piscus. Aurelian275 Basilides,


M. Aurel. Tacitus 275 bishop of

Olymp. NeFlorianus


Jewish schools erect mesianus. 276 lis.

ed at Babylon, Sora, Alexander, Probus 282 Victorinus. and other places.

a Greek Carus 283 Prudentius.

philoso Carinus 284

Remarkable deaths pher. Numerianus

of those that persecu- Philostratus. 284

cuted the Christians, Julius PauDioclesian

related by Tertullian, lus. Maximian.

Eusebius, and Lucias Sixtus Pom-


Herennius. Many illustrious Modestinus. men and Roman se

Hermogeninators converted to

anus. Christianity.

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