תמונות בעמוד
PDF
ePub

BREAD, a portion; a mass of kneaded Is a beetle used for pounding ? dough baked.

BELL, what sounds; a hollow vessel Is bread the staff of life

used to make sounds. SIEVE, what lifts; a utensil for part- Can you ring the bell ? ing flour from bran.

Gong, going? a utensil used for a Is the sieve made of wire?

bell. KETTLE, a hollow vessel used to boil Is the gong struck to make a water in.

sound? Is the kettle made of copper? KNIFE, what nips; that with which CHURN, what turns; a vessel in which we cut our food, butter is made from milk.

Is the knife steel? Have you ever seen a churn ? FORK, what is notched; that with LADLE, what lays or puts; a utensil

which we lift the food to our used for dipping out liquor.

mouths. Is the ladle used to lift soup?

Is the fork silver ? Stove, a place; an instrument to Fan, what opens; an instrument by make fire in.

which air is moved. Is the stove made of iron?

Is the fan used to produce a OVEN, what heats; a place for baking

wind? in.

BESOM, bound twigs; a brush used to Do we bake bread in an oven? Fire, rushing or raging; heat made Is the besom a useful article? from wood or coal.

Token, a mark; a mark of love and Do you like to see a bright fire ?

affection. BEETLE, what strikes ; a wooden ham- Is a present a token of love

sweep with.

mer.

FIFTY-FIRST S T U D Y.

TOOLS AND WORKS OF THE SOLDIER.

• THEN shook the hills with thunder riven,
Then rushed the steeds to battle driven,
And, louder than the bolts of heaven,
Far flashed the red artillery.”

CAMPBELL. Shield, a shoulder-cover; a broad SWORD, what thrusts; a weapon worn piece of armor.

at the side. Is the shield worn now?

Is the sword used in war? TARGET, what stops; a mark for gun- SPEAR, what runs to a point; a long ners to fire at.

pointed weapon used in war. Do soldiers fire at a target ?

Is the spear used by thrusting?

ARROW, a shoot; a weapon shot from Bow, what is bent; a bent piece of a bow.

wood and a string. Is the arrow barbed ?

Do the Indians use bows ? ARMOR, what fits; a kind of dress HELMET, what holds; a piece of armor worn for defense in battle.

for the head. Do knights wear armor ?

Is the helmet worn by soldiers ? Spur, what is pointed; an instrument Tower, a pile; a kind of building, or

worn on the heel to prick the part of one.
horse.

Are there towers on castles ?
Is the spur much worn?

CASTLE, what defends; a house fortiSLING, what is swung; an instrument

fied against an enemy. to throw stones.

Are there castles in this counDid David use a sling? Shot, what is thrown; a weapon cast Mound, a heap; a bank of earth or

stone.

. Is shot made of lead and iron?

Have you ever seen a mound ?

try?

from a gun.

F I F T Y-S E C O N D

S T U DY.

TOOLS AND WORKS OF LEARNED BUSINESS.

MUSIC is a noble work, and lifts the soul towards heaven.

“ God sent his singers upon earth,

With songs of sadness and of mirth,
That they might touch the hearts of men,
And bring them back to heaven again.”

LONGFELLOW.

HARP, that which is touched ; a stringed instrument of music.

Did David play on the harp? Pipe, that on which we pip, or pipe; a wind instrument of music.

Is the pipe a wind instrument? Pen, a point; an instrument used to write with.

Is the pen made of steel ?
DESK, what is flat; a raised stand to
write at.

Do we write on desks?
Song, what is strained; words sung

in a musical way

Is a song pleasing? Book, beech-bark; the thoughts of a man printed and bound.

Are books useful? WORD, what passes; the sign of a thing

Is a word the sign of a thing ? CREED; that on which we rest; what one believes.

Has the Christian a creed? SPEECH, what is thrust out; spoken words.

Is speech a gift from God?

FIFTY-THIRD STUDY.

TOOLS AND WORKS OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF BUSINESS.

“God made man perfect, but he has sought out many inventions.”

BIBLE.

WATCH, a guard; an instrument to Do people walk on the road? measure time.

PARK, what is kept; an inclosed place Are some watches made of gold? for pleasure. Clock, what clicks; a machine for Are there many trees in a park? measuring time.

WELL, boiling up; a place dug to get Is a clock moved by weights ?

water. SADDLE, that is set; a seat to be put

Is the well deep? on a horse's back.

TIMBER, wood; wood prepared for Can you sit on a saddle ?

building. Awl, a sting; a pointed tool used to Do we cut down trees to make make holes in leather.

timber? Does the shoemaker use an awl ? Tow, what is tossed; the broken and LAST, drawn out; a form of the foot coarse part of flax. made of wood.

Are mats made of tow?
Is the last wooden?

TOLL, a part; a tax paid for some adKily, a furnace; a large stove or vantage.

Do we pay toll on the turnpike? Do we burn line in a kiln?

DITCH, what is dug; a trench made ROAD, a way; an open way for by digging. travel.

Is the ditch used to drain land?

oven.

[blocks in formation]

of a penny

“ WITH what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.”

BIBLE. FARTHING, the fourth; the fourth part WEIGHT, heavy; the quantity of any

thing found by weighing. Is a farthing a copper coin?

Do we buy sugar by weight? SCALE, a shell; the dish of a balance. POUND, weight; a standard weight of Has a balance two scales?

twelve or sixteen ounces.

Do we buy tea by the pound?

HUNDRED, a circuit; the number of ten times ten.

Is a hundred ten times ten? Ton, a cask; the weight of twenty hundred.

Is hay bought by the ton? GRAIN, a kernel; the weight of a kernel of wheat.

Was a grain of wheat used for a weight? Foot, what we step with ; a measure of twelve inches.

Is the foot used for a measure ? SPAN, a stretch; the space from the

end of the thumb to the end of the middle finger when extended.

Is the span used in measuring now? Yard, a rod or shoot; a measure of

three feet.

[blocks in formation]

FIFTY - FIFTH STUDY.

NUMBERS.

" TRADITION tells us that the numbers, with which we count, came from the borders of the lovely vale of Cashmere."

ONE, a single thing; the sign of a sin- SEVEN, full; six and one. gle thing.

Are there seven days in the Is one a number?

week?
Two, one to one; one and one. EIGHT, seven and one.
Is two twice one?

Is eight seven and one?
THREE, a throw; two and onė. NINE, eight and one.
Is three three times one?

Is nine eight and one ?
FOUR, spread out; two and two. TEN, two hands; nine and one.
Is four two times two?

Is ten twice five? Five, joined; four and one.

FIRST, what bears or leads; before in Is five four and one?

time or place. Sıx, five and one.

Do you like to be first?
Is six five and one ?

SECOND, what follows; next after the SIXTH, next after the fifth.
first.

What is the sixth?
Is second next after the first? SEVENTH, next after the sixth.
Third, next after the second.

What is the seventh?
What is the third?

EIGHTH, next after the seventh.
FOURTH, next after the third.

What is the eighth ?
What is the fourth ?

NINTH, next after the eighth.
FIFTH, next after the fourth.

What is the ninth?
What is the fifth ?

TENTH, next after the ninth.

What is the tenth?

CHAPTER VIll.

THE WORKS OF THE CREATOR.

• The works of the Lord are great, sought out by all those who have pleasure therein."

"The tall rock,
The mountain and the deep and gloomy wood,
Their colors and their forms were then to me
An appetite, a feeling and a love."

WORDSWORTH.

FIFTY-SIXTH STUDY.

THE EARTH,

THE earth is the abode of plants, animals and man.

“Solitary savannahs opened in the depth of the woods, and far off a lovely stream was flowing away in silence, sometimes among venerable trees, and sometimes through natural meadows, crimson with blossoms."

BRYANT.

EARTH, dust; the world in which we abundant fluid. live.

Is water a fluid? Is the earth round like a ball ? LAND, a clear place; the solid matter EARTH, the dust and mould on which of our world. we walk.

Do people live on the land ? Were we made out of the earth? Sea, a basin; a large body of water WATER, what flows; a useful and Do ships cross the sea ?

« הקודםהמשך »