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SIDE, drawn out; the long part of a thing.

Has a house two sides?
OUT, forth; on the outside.

Can you go out?
OUTSIDE, the side without a thing.

May the outside of a house be stone? In, inclosed; inside.

Were you in the house? INSIDE, the side within a thing.

Is the inside of a house clean? End, the point, or limit; the narrow part of a thing.

Has a house two ends? Door, an opening; a passage into a house.

Is the door painted ? Post, set or firm; an upright stick of timber.

Is the post square ? Door-post, the upright part of the door-frame.

Do you see the door-post ? SILL, that is laid down; the wood or stone under a door or window.

Is the sill of the window wet? Room, place or space; a part of the

space in a house.

Is the room low? BED, a spread; a tick filled with hair,

wool, straw or feathers, on which to sleep.

Is a feather bed soft ? BEDROOM, space for a spread; a room to sleep in.

Is your bedroom large? KITCHEN, a cooking-room; a room used to cook in.

May a kitchen be small! Court, a circuit; an uncovered space before a house.

Do children play in the court ? HEARTH, earth; the pavement or stone on which the fire is made.

Does the fire burn on the hearth? Roof, stretched over; the cover of a house.

Is the roof of that house flat? Floor, spread out; the bottom part of a house or room.

Is the floor wooden? GATE, a gap or passage; a large door.

Is the gate new? LATCH, a catch; a bar to fasten a door.

Is the latch made of iron?

FOURTEENTH STUDY.

HOUSEHOLD-STUFF.

A BUILDING in itself does not form a home. Furniture is also needed.

6 Yet I saw the idle loom
Still in its place; his Sunday garment hung
Upon the self-same nail; his very staff
Stood undisturbed behind the door." WORDSWORTH.

Repeat what is said about household-stuff.

pan new?

HOUSE, a covering; a building for WASHSTAND, the frame or table at storage or dwelling.

which one washes. Do we live in a house?

Is the washstand light? Hold, grasp; what is embraced or Bowl, a hollow; a vessel to hold contained.

water in. Is your hold firm?

Is the bowl broken? HOUSEHOLD, those contained in a Srool, a seat; a seat without a back, house; the persons who live in it. Is the stool made of wood?

Do those who live in a house STOVE, a fixed place; that in which make the household?

we make fire. STUFF, that which fills; household

Do we burn fire in a stove? articles.

PAN, spread out; a broad hollow Shall we keep useless stuff?

vessel. HOUSEHOLD-STUFF, the things in a. Is the milk house.

CRADLE, a rocking; the bed on which Are chairs household-stuff ?

small children are rocked. BED, a spread; that on which we Does the cradle injure the head? sleep.

Crock, a pot; an earthen vessel.
Are beds useful things?

Is the crock made of earth? BOLSTER, that which raises up; à Dish, something flat; a broad open cashion for the head.

vessel to eat off. Is the bolster soft?

Are dishes easily broken? Pillow, a stuffing; a small cushion Fork, a parted rod; that with which for the head.

we lift our food. Are pillows stuffed with feathers ? Are forks made of silver? SHEET, a cloth; a linen or cotton un- KNIFE, that which nips; that with der cover for a bed.

which we mat any thing. Are sheets made of muslin?

Is the knife made of steel? Wash, a flowing; a cleansing with Cup, a bending; a small vessel out water.

of which we drink. Did you see the wash?

Do we drink tea out of a cup? STAND, a station; a place or frame Toxgs, shafts; a tool of two shafts on which any thing may be laid. joined at one end. Is the stand small ?

Are the tongs made of iron?

CHAPTER 111.

HOUSEHOLD,

A FURNISHED house always leads us to look for a household—a family bound together by love.

“And oh, the atmosphere of home! how bright

It floats around us when we sit together,

Under a bower of vine in summer weather,
Or round the hearth-stone on a winter's night!”

PARK BENJAMIN Repeat what is said about the household.

FIFTEENTH STUDY.

HOUSEHOLD.

THERE are many dear names in the household names of love.

"He entered in his house—his home no more,
For without hearts there is no home.”

BYRON.

Repeat what is said about the household.

HOUSEHOLD, the persons who live in MOTHER, the source; the female paa house.

rent of man, Is the household large?

Is a mother dear? HUSBAND, the house band; a man Son, light; the male child. joined to a woman by marriage. May a son be idle?

Is a husband the head of the DAUGHTER, grace; the female child. family?

Is a good daughter a blessing ? WIFE, one who weaves; a woman BROTHER, brood; a male child having joined to a man in marriage.

the same parents. Does the wife love her husband? Is your brother kind? CHILD, issue; a son or a daughter. SISTER, set; a female child having the Is a good child loved ?

same parents. FATHER, one who feeds; the male Should parent of man.

BAIRN, born; a child.
Do you love your father ?

?

Is the bairn good ?

you love

your sister 2

Kın, kind, or class; those connected KINDRED, those of the same familywith us by blood or marriage.

relations. Should our kin be dear to us?

kindred ?

Do you

love your

SIXTEENTH STUDY.

SERVANTS.

SERVANTS form a very useful class of men and women.

“From his sixth year, the boy of whom I speak,
In summer, tended cattle on the hills." WORDSWORTH.

Repeat what is said about servants.

Cook, boiling; one' who makes food Plough, that which thrusts; a too ready.

to turn

up

the ground. Is a cook useful?

Is the plough useful ? MAID, able; a female servant.

Man, a form or shape; a male of the Is the chamber-maid young ?

human race. KITCHEN-MAID, the girl in the cook- Is a man strong ?

ing-room; one who works in the PLOUGHMAN, a man who guides a kitchen.

plough. Is the kitchen-maid sick ?

Should the ploughman be strong? HOUSE-MAID, the girl for the whole CAR, that which runs; a vehicle

house; one who keeps a house moved on wheels. clean.

Is the car drawn by one horse? Is the house-maid busy ?

CARMAN, a man who drives a car. WASHER, one who washes.

Are there many carmen in cities!
Is the woman a good washer ? TEAM, offspring; yoked horses or
WOMAN, the source of man; the fe-
male of man.

Is ar ox team strong?
Is woman kind ?

TEAMSTER, one who guides, or who WASHER-WOMAN, a woman who washes drives a team. clothes.

Does the teamster work hard ! Is the washer-woman poor? SHEEP, a well-known useful animal. Hire, price; wages for work.

Are sheep clothed with wool? Do servants get hire ?

HERD, one who keeps. HIRELING, a little paid man; one who SHEPHERD, a sheep keeper; a man works for wages.

who takes care of sheep. Is a hireliny honest

Is the shepherd kind?

oxen.

Foor, that which treads; the part of STEWARD, a place keeper; a man who the body on which we stand.

manages house affairs. Do you like a small foot ?

Should the steward be faithful? FOOTMAN, à servant who waits on HENCHMAN, a serving man; one who foot.

serves another, Did the footman open the door? Should a henchman be true?

SE V EN TEENTH STUDY.

FOOD,

ONE of the first cares of a household is food.

“Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things."-BIBLE.

What is said of food?

Do you

Food, what feeds; that which we eat LOAF, a shaped mass; a mass of dough to keep up life.

baked. What is food?

Is the loaf large ? BREAD, a lump of food; a kind of HAM, the thigh of a pig salted and food made from flour.

smoked. What is bread made of?

like ham? BARM, what works or boils; yeast or MILK, what is got by stroking; the leaven.

white fluid from female animals. Is barm used to raise bread ?

Is milk used in tea? Meat, what we eat; any kind of BUTTER, what is made by striking; food; flesh of animals.

the oily substance taken from milk Is meat healthy ?

by churning. Dough, a tough mass; leavened flour Is butter made from milk? kneaded, but not baked.

CHEESE, drawn or curdled; the pressIs bread made from dough?

ed curd of milk.

Do we make cheese from milk?

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CLOTHING, next to food, is an early care of the house. hold.

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