« הקודםהמשך »
Some of them have their beginnings in one part of the body and some in another. The feet, for instance, give us foot, step, steep, mount; the hand helps us to such words as hand, handle, take, hold.
We are now ready to look at the one thousand AngloSaxon root-words in their beginnings. In doing this, one simple rule will be our guide—WORDS WILL BE FOUND UNDER THE PARTS OF THE BODY, OR THAT WHICH PUTS THE BODY IN ACTION.
The human body is the instrument on which the soul forms words.
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-SIXTH STUDY.
THE ORGAN OF SPEECH,
THE ORGAN OF SPEECHI IS THE FOUNT OF WORDS.
SPEECH, speak, lisp, word, song, sing, lip, mouth, tongue, pipe, answer, mourn, reck, chide, say, bid, bequeath, read, gospel.
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-SEVENTH STUDY.
THE SENSE OF HEARING.
THE organ of speech would be useless without this sense. It guides speech. The following words mostly mark
Sound, ear, hear, hearing, clock, tick, bell, gong, cow, bullock, swine, frog, owl, crow, lark, dove, cuckoo, goose, gander, gosling, winter, hare, slumber, snore, weep, hearken, listen, list, moan, craze, stun, smack, scream, sup, sip, singe, dun, rustle, bellow, low, bleat, bark, whine, greet, neigh, bray, crow, cluck, roar, hiss, croak, thunder.
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-EIGHTH STUDY.
THE SENSE OF SEEING.
THIS sense helps us to some words. It aids the organ of speech in getting those words that mark COLOR.
Red, yellow, blue, white, black, dark, wan, green, brown, gray, dun, coal, flint, gold, gall, silver, glass, brass, brimstone, ash, sallow, radish, ruddy, swan, fair, foam, welkin, roach, tidy, blank, bright, look; blink, seek, stare, dye, neal, bleach, glaze, brand, reck, show, glisten, rust, glitter, twinkle, snow, frost, dew, lightning
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-NINTH STUDY.
THE SENSE OF TASTE.
This sense helps us to words that mark the flavor of things.
Sweet, sour, tart, salt, rue, sorrel, sloe, acid, prove.
ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTIETH STUDY.
THE SENSE OF SMELL.
THIS sense helps us to words that mark ODORS.
ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-FIRST STUDY.
THE SENSE OF TOUCH.
This sense aids the organ of speech in forming a large class of words. They mark feelings of what is WARM, COLD, EVEN, ROUGH.
Touch, warm, hot, cold, cool, even, rough, end, rye, bere, barley, harp, brier, thorn, bramble, shrub, nettle, thistle, spur, pen, desk, boar, lobster, trout, wet, mead, meadow, clay, lime, fir, oil, south, summer, wide, broad, narrow, rim, boat, bellows, mound, brow, neck, nape, back, pimple, heel, ankle, blain, knee, thigh, hip, dough, loaf, bread, nose, chin, kernel, pith, lump, hate, foud, fiend, foe, shabby, raw, mild, keen, sharp, pain, smooth, harvest, whet, heat, melt, blister, cold, wither.
ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-SECOND STUDY.
THE use of the hand helps us to a large class of words.
Hand, handle, haft, finger, fist, hold, sleeve, rake, thresh, reap, mow, sow, plough, hunt, fish, hook, mill, smith, w.eave, buy, sell, spin, hammer, crib, herd, axe, saw, sledge, hoe, sickle, scythe, whip, pin, loom, yarn, silk, web, slaie, woof, warp, ladle, beetle, nave, rope, anvil, tongs, milk, butter, cup, wheat, meal, helmet, tow, span, fathom, yard, dart, seed, heath, mistletoe, pitch, leech, knife, thin, thick, haggard, raven, claw, cliff
, dell, shore, parsnep, beat, twist, comb, cheapen, wrest, ward, hand, dub, fight, brittle, creep, grope, gripe, write, mise, bray, blend, lick, climb, grapple,
clap, clutch, clip, strike, stroke, reach, box, have, like, knead, churn, milk, wring, slay, throw, spear, seed, reap, rake, thresh, gather, earn, sunder, saw, hew, cleave, drill.
ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-THIRD STUDY.
THE use of the feet furnish us with some words.
Foot, step, slip, steep, steeple, trap, road, mount, cloven, trip, ford, run, full, halt, slink, creep, spring, limp, hop,
ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-FOURTH STUDY.
THE muscles are bundles of fibres. They act by drawing and stretching. In this way they move the body, or any part of it. Their use supplies us with a very large class of words, in addition to those under the organ of speech, hands
1. Words that mark GOING or MOVING. Go, do, bear, spring, out, in, ague, mood, boil, cook, well, monger, watch, bridge, bier, cart, wagon, wheel, barrow, sail, sling, court, car, cradle, goat, lamb, deer, roe, ape, whale, flea, fowl, fresh, fickle, wild, ready, bold, quick, merry, wriggle, begin, glide, wonder, gad, shun, turn, wend, waver, wag, turn, whirl, beginning, wave, fish.
2. Words that mark DRAWING or TAKING. Last, drag, dray, seine, ladder, teach, mind, moon, star, chuze, elephant, snake, worm, snail, dread, tough, sigh, drink, lead, pull, spin, cow, suck, freeze, drench.
3. Words that mark STRETCHING or GIVING. Stretch, right, reach, play, pain, pang, ache, sick, belt, bed, roof, sheet, war, fight, work, pan, dish, spade, board, rack, side, wing, keel, reed, spindle, ridge, bay, hall, cock, chicken, hen, hound, late, earnest, early, better, best, hope, feel, feeling, rank, greedy, gape, look, stare, wish, send, tie, give, work, mete, lie, cope, war.
4. Words that mark THRUSTING or SHOOTING. Thrust, shoot, shot, spasm, shooting, rod, arrow, spike, plough, shovel, stuff
, tooth, sprout, toe, ear, willow, ram, buck, horse, peak, ditch, kiln, keep, fire, sneeze, spit, laugh, loath, break, hunt, wound; dig, shovel, bore, hurt, head, shoot, bristle, hail.
5. Words that marl FIRM OG STRONG, RESISTING. Hard, soft, strong, strength, body, heart, fist, knuckle, lock, latch, post, stem, stove, mast, hasp, key, besom, iron, saddle, starch, stag, might, stark, stony, hemp, oak, holly, clam, lobster, steady, doughty, kind, king, stubborn, good, will, law, stand, stall, stool, hoof, dam, target, furze, horn, wool, binding, bow, elbow, cup, door, gate, nostril, sap, ice, mouth, fan, acre, fold, crafty, cunning, stern.
6. Words that mark LIFTING or PRESSING DOWN. Lift, light, head, high, leaf, east, eastern, west, open, low, night, noon, peace, bolster, pillow, sill, wharf, ground, field, wright, heavy, ballast, felt, shoal, load, flock, spare, glad, blithe, joy, glee, sorrow, fear, cap, tippet, foul, dead, many, level, sit, lie, rise, nap, lift, brook, open, weary, weave, quell, lay, fall, nod.
7. Words that denote LOOSENING OG RESTING. Rest, sleep, creed, truth, love, sin, laugh, smile, tear, blood, water, wash, flax, liquor, tar, lank, wan, evening, old, idle, slow, swoon, spill, quail, droop