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CONFUCIUS

THE SAYINGS OF THE MASTER AND HIS

DISCIPLES UPON THE CONDUCT

OF "THE SUPERIOR MAN"

ARRANGED ACCORDING TO THE PLAN OF CONFUCIUS
WITH RUNNING COMMENTARY BY

MILES MENANDER DAWSON

MEMBER OP THE CONFUCIAN SOCIETY OF CHINA

WITH A FOREWORD BY

WU TING FANG

LATE MINISTER TO THE UNITED STATES FROM CHINA

PREPARED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE AMERICAN
INSTITUTE FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS

NEW YORK AND LONDON

Ube Knickerbocker press

COPYRIGHT, 1915

BY
MILES MENANDER DAWSON

224916

Tbe knickerbocker Press, Aew York
To

MISS JESSIE B. RITTENHOUSE,

DISCRIMINATING CRITIC AND UNFAILING FRIEND,

TO WHOSE APPRECIATION

THE AUTHOR'S PERSEVERANCE IN THE ARDUOUS LABOR

OF COLLECTING AND COLLATING THE TEXT FOR THIS BOOK

AND PREPARING IT FOR ITS READERS IS CHIEFLY DUE,

THIS VOLUME IS GRATEFULLY INSCRIBED.

FOREWORD

Wiikn Confucius died, it is recorded that his last words were regrets that none among the rulers then living possessed the sagacity requisite to a proper appreciation of his ethical philos jphy and teachings. He died unhonoured,—died in his seventy-third year, 470 u.c, feeling in the flickering heats of hi:; failing heart that his inspiring pleas for truth and justice, industry and selfdenial, moderation and public duty, though then without having awakened men's impulses, would yet stir the depths of the social life of his land.

Only the future will tell how far his staunch guide-ropes to correct conduct will be extended within China, and even be threaded through the dark and dangerous passages of existence in the lands of the Occident to lead humanity safely to that elevated plane which the lofty ideals of the philosopher aimed at establishing. Not yet has the world, sagacious as it is, appreciated the wealth of gentleness, the profound forces for good, the uplifting influences embodied in the teachings of the ancient sage, whose aim, reduced to itH simplest definition, was to show "how to get through life like; a courteous gentleman."

A great step forward in the dissemination of the doctrine in foreign lands is taken in "The Superior Man." Lofty as appear the ideals, in the usual translations, they lose the effect on the average

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