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in his cathedral, still remaining, but miserably defaced. To which the shepherd alludes in the lines that follow:

This was the father of thinges pastorall,
And that well sheweth his cathedrall.
There was I lately, aboute the midst of May:
Coridon, his church is twenty sith more gay
Then all the churches between the same and Kent;
There sawe I his tombe and chapel excellent
Our parishe church is but a dongeon
To that gay churche in comparison.-

When I sawe his figure lye in the chapel side, &c. In another place he thus represents the general lamentation for the death of this worthy prelate: and he rises above himself in describing the sympathy of the towers, arches, vaults, and images, of Ely monastery.

The pratie palace by him made in the fenP,
The maidès, widowes, the wives, and the men,
With deadly dolour were pearsed to the hearte,
When death constrayned this shepherd to departe.
Corne, grasse, and fieldes, mourned for wo and payne,
For oft his prayer for them obtayned rayne.
The pleasaunt floures for him faded eche one.

The okès, elmès: every sorte of dere
Shrunke under shadowes, abating all their ehere.
The mightie walles of Ely monastery,
The stones, rockes, and towrès semblably,
The marble pillours, and images eche one,

Swete all for sorrowe, when this cocke was gone, &c." Eclog. i. Signat: A. iii.

the madman in KING LEAR, Act iii. ” He rebuilt, or greatly improved, the Sc. 4. episcopal palace at Ely.

Mice and rats and such small deere beasts, quadrupeds of all kinds. So Have been Tom's food for seven long in the romance of Syr Bævis, Signat. F. iii.


It cannot now be doubted, that Shake. Rattes and myse and such smal dere Was his meate that seven yere.

speare in this passage wrote deer, instead

of geer or cheer, which have been conjecWhence Shakespeare took, as Dr. Percy turally substituted by his commentators. bas observed, the well-known distich of "Eal. ij.

It should be remembered, that these pastorals were probably written while our poet was a monk of Ely: and although Alcock was then dead, yet the memory of his munificence and piety was recent in the monastery

Speaking of the dignity and antiquity of shepherds, and particularly of Christ at his birth being first seen by shepherds, he seems to describe some large and splendid picture of the Nativity painted on the walls of Ely cathedral.

I sawe them myselfe well paynted on the wall,
Late gasing upon our churche cathedrall:
I saw great wethers, in picture, and small lambes,
Daunsing, some sleping, some sucking of their dams;
And some on the grounde, mesemed, lying still:
Then sawe I horsemen appendant of an hill;
And the three kings, with all their company,
Their crownes glistering bright and oriently,
With their presents and giftès misticall :

All this behelde I in picture on the wall.' Virgil's poems are thus characterised, in some of the best turned lines we find in these pastorals :

He sunge of fieldes, and tilling of the grounde,
Of shepe and oxen, and battayle did he sounde;
So shrille he sounded in termes eloquent
I trowe his tunes went to the firmamentu

He gives us the following idea of the sports, spectacles, and pleasures, of his age.

• He also compliments Alcock's pre- In payne and pleasour they kept fidelitie, decessour Moreton, afterwards archbi- Till grace agayne gave him authoritie,&c. shop of Canterbury: not without an

And again, EoL. iii. allusion to his troubles, and restoration to favour, under Richard the Third and Micene (Mecenas] and MORETON be Henry the Seventh. Ecl. iii.

deade and gone certaine.

The Deane of Powles, I suppose dean And shepheard MORETON, when he durst Colet, is celebrated as a preacher, ibid. not appeare,

As is, “ The olde friar that wonned in Howe his olde servauntes were carefull Greenwich." Egl. v. of his chere;

I EL. V.

* Egu. iv.

Some men deliteth beholding men to fight,
Or goodly knightes in pleasaunt apparayle,
Or sturdie souldiers in bright harnes and male*, -
Some glad is to see these ladies beauteous,
Goodly appoynted in clothing sumpteous:
A number of people appoynted in like wise y
In costly clothing, after the newest gise;
Sportes, disgising?, fayre coursers mount and praunce,
Or goodly ladies and knightes sing and daunce:
To see fayre houses, and curious picture,
Or pleasaunt hanging', or sumpteous vesture,
Of silke, of purpure, or golde moste orient,
And other clothing divers and excellent;
Hye curious buildinges, or palaces royall,
Or chapels, temples fayre and substanciall,
Images graven, or vaultes curious ;
Gardeyns, and meadowes, or places delicious,
Forests and parkes well furnished with dere,
Cold pleasaunt streames, or wellès fayre and clere,

Curious cundytes, &c. d armour and coats of mail.

As muscadell, caprike, romney, and Y apparelled in uniform.

malmesy, masques, &c.

tapestry, From Genoe brought, from Greece, or roofs, curiously vaulted.

Hungary houses, seats.

As are the dainties of the table, ibid. • Egl. ii. I shall here throw toge- A shepherd at court must not think to ther in the Notes, some traits in these eat Eclogues of the common customs and

Swanne, nor heron, manners of the times. A shepherd,

Curlewe, nor crane. — after mentioning his skill in shooting birds with a bow, says, EGL. i.

Again, ibid.

What fishe is of savour swete and deliNo shephearde throweth the arletree so farre.


Rosted or sodden in swete herbes or A gallant is thus described, Eol. ii. For women use to love them most of Or fried in oyle, most saporous and all,

fine.Which boldly bosteth, or that can sing

The pasties of a hart.and jet;

The crane, the fesaunt, the pecocke, Whiche hath the maistry oftimes in and curlewe, tournament,

The partriche, plover, bittoro, and heOr that can gambauld, or dance feat and

ronsewe: gent.

Seasoned so well in licour redolent, The following sorts of wine are re That the hall is full of pleasant smell. cited, EGL. ïi.

and sent.





We have before seen, that our author and Skelton were rivals. He alludes to Skelton, who had been laureated at Oxford, in the following lines.

Then is he decked as poete laureate,
When stinking Thais made him her graduate : -
If they have smelled the artes triviall,

They count them poets nye and heroicall. <
The TowRE OF VERTUE AND HONOUR, introduced as a

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At a feast at court, ibid.

Then is it pleasure the yonge maydens
Slowe be the sewers in serving in alway, amonge
But swift be they after, taking the meate To watche by the fire the winter-nightès
away :

long :A speciall custom is used them amonge,

And in the ashes some playès for to No good dishe to suffer on borde to be

marke, long :

To cover wardens (pears) for faulte of If the dishe be pleasaunt, eyther fleshe

other warke: or fishe,

To toste white shevers, and to make proTen handes at once swarme in the dishe:

phitroles; And if it be fleshe ten knives shall thou And, aftir talking, oftimes to fill the

bowles, &c. Mangling the fleshe, and in the platter He mentions some musical instruflee:

ments, EGL. ii. To put there thy handes is perill without

Methinkes no mirth is scant, fayle,

Where no rejoysing of minstrelsie doth Without a gauntlet or els a glove of want : mayle.

The bagpipe or fiddle to us is delectThe two last lines remind us of a say

able, &c. ing of Quin, who declared it was not And the mercantile commodities of safe to sit down to a turtle-feast in one different countries and cities, Egl. iv. of the city-halls, without a basket-hilted England hath cloth, Bordeus hath store knife and fork. Not that I suppose

of wine, Quin borrowed his bons mots from black Cornwalle hath tinne, and Lymster letter books.

woolès fine. The following lines point out some London hath scarlet, and Bristowe pleaof the festive tales of our ancestors.

saunt red, &c. Egl. iv,

Of songs at feasts, Ecu iv.
Yet would I gladly heare some mery When your fat dishes smoke hot upon

your table,
Of Mayde Marian, or els of Robin Then laude ye songes and balades mag-

nifie, Or Bentley's Ale which chafeth well the If they be merry, or written craftely, blood,

Ye clappe your handes and to the maOf Perte of Norwich, or sauce of Wil kinge harke, berton,

And one say to another, lo here a proOr buckish Toby well-stuffed as a ton.

per warke, He mentions Bentley's Ale, which He says that minstrels and singers are maketh me to winke, Ecl. ii.

highly favoured at court, especially those Some of our antient domestic pastimes of the French gise. Egl. ii. Also jugand amusements are recorded, Egu iv. glers and pipers, Egl. iv.

• EGL. iv.


song of one of the shepherds into these pastorals, exhibits no very masterly strokes of a sublime and inventive fancy. It has much of the trite imagery usually applied in the fabrication of these ideal edifices. It, however, shews our author in a new walk of poetry. This magnificent tower, or eastle, is built on inaccessible chiffs of flint: the walls are of gold, bright as the sun, and decorated with olde historyes and pictures many folde: the turrets are beautifully shaped. Among its heroic inhabitants are king Henry the Eighth, Howard duke of Norfolk, and the earl of Shrewsbury. LABOUR is the porter at the gate, and VIRTUE governs the house. Labour is thus pictured, with some degree of spirit.

Fearfull is LABOUR, without favour at all,
Dreadfull of visage, a monster intractable;
Like Cerberus lying at gates infernall;
To some men his looke is halfe intollerable,
His shoulders large for burden strong and able,
His bodie bristled, his necke mightie and stiffe;
By sturdie şinewes his joynts strong and stable,
Like marble stones his handès be as stiffe,
Here must man vanquish the dragon of Cadmus,
Gainst the Chimere here stoutly must he fight;
Here must he vanquish the fearfull Pegasus,
For the golden flece here must he shewe his might:
If Labour gainsay, he can nothing be right:
This monster LABOUR oft changeth his figure,
Sometime an oxe, a bore, or lion wight,
Playnely he seemeth thus changeth his nature.
Like as Protheus ofte changeth his stature.

Under his browes he dreadfully doth lowre
With glistering eyes, and side-dependant beard,
For thirst and hunger alway his chere is soure,
His horned forehead doth make faynt hearts afeard.

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