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the temple of Venus, who was now holding a solemn assembly, or court, for the redress of lovers. Here he meets with Sapie ENCE, who draws up a supplication for him, which he presents to Venus. Venus, after having exhorted him to be constant, writes a letter to Pucell, which she sends by Cupid. After offering a turtle, he departs with Godfrey Gobilive, who is overtaken by a lady on a palfrey, with a knotted whip in her hand, which she frequently exercises on Godfrey . Amoure asks her name, which, she answers, is CORRECTION; that she lived in the Tower of CHASTITY, and that he who assumed the name of Godfrey Gobilive was False REPORT, who had just escaped from her prison, and disguised himself in a fool's coat. She invites Amoure to her Tower, where they are admitted by Dame MEASURE; and led into a hall with a golden roof, in the midst of which was a carbuncle of a prodigious size, which illuminated the room". They are next introduced

in his lyfetyme by whitchcraft and ni Men mightin sene to go for nede gramansy, thorough the help of the de A mile or two in length and brede. vylls of hell.” Coloph. “Thus endeth Such light ysprange out of that stone. the lyfe of Virgilius with many dyvers But this is not uncommon in romance, consaytes that he dyd. Emprynted in the cytie of Andewarpe by me John Does and is an Arabian idea. See supr. vol. ii. borche dwellyng at the Camer Porte." P: 214. In the History of the Seven With cuts, octavo. It was in Mr. West's CHAMPIONS, a book compiled in the reign

of James the First by one Richard Johnlibrary. Virgil's Life is mentioned by Laneham among other romantic pieces, son, and containing some of the most Killinw. Castle. p. 34. edit, 1575. 12mo. capital fictions of the old Arabian roThis fictitious personage, however, seems

mance, in the adventure of the ENCHANT to be formed on the genuine Virgil, be- dark hall, “ tooke off their gauntletts

ED FOUNTAIN, the knights entering a cause, from the subject of his eighth from their left hands whereon they wore Eclogue, he was supposed to be an adept in the mysteries of magic and incanta marvellous great and fine diamonds, that tion.

gave so much light, that they might & In another place he is called Folly, plainly see all things that were in the hall, and said to ride on a mare. When chi

the which was very great and wide, and valry was at its height in France, it upon the walls were painted the

figures was a disgrace to any person, not below ch. ix. And in Maundeville's Trathe degree of a gentleman, to ride a

VELLS, “ The emperour hath in his From Chaucer, Rom. Rose., v.1120. chamber a pillar of gold, in which is a Urr. p. 223. a. RICHESSE is crowned

ruby and carbuncle a foot long, which with the costliest gems,

lighteth all his chamber by night," &c.

ch. lxxii. (The History of the Seven But all before full subtilty

Champions was not "compiled in the A fine carboncle sel sawe J,

reign of James the First,” it being quoted The stone so cleare was and bright, as a popular book by Meres in his Wits That al so sone as it was night, Treasury printed in 1598.-Ritson.]


to a fair chamber; where they are welcomed by many famous women of antiquity, Helen, quene Proserpine, the lady Meduse, Penthesilea, &c. The next morning, CORRECTION shews our hero a marvellous dungeon, of which SHAMFASTNESSE is the keeper; and here False Report is severely punished. He now continues his expedition, and near a fountain observes a shield and a horn hanging. On the shield was a lion rampant of gold in a silver field, with an inscription, importing, that this was the way to La Bell Pucell's habitation, and that whoever blows the horn will be assaulted by a most formidable giant. He sounds the horn: when instantly the giant appeared, twelve feet high, armed in brass, with three heads, on each of which was a streamer, with the inscriptions Falsehood, Imagination, Perjury. After an obstinate combat, he cuts off the giant's three heads with his sword Claraprudence. He next meets three fair ladies, VANITY, GOOD-OPERATION, FIDELITY. They conduct him to their castle with music; where, being admitted by the portress OBSERVANCE, he is healed of his wounds by them. He proceeds and meets PERSEVERANCE, who acquaints him, that Pucell continued still to love: that, after she had read Venus's letter, STRANGENESS and Disdain came to her, to dissuade her from loving him; but that soon after, Peace and MERCYi arrived, who soon undid all that DISDAIN and STRANGENESS had said, advising her to send PERSEVERANCE to him with a shield. This shield PERSEVERANCE now presents, and invites him to repose that night with her cousin COMFORT, who lived in a moated manor-place under the side of a neighbouring woodk. Here he is ushered into a chamber

| MERCY is no uncommon divinity in a Crysten man and a Jewe, perhaps transthe love-system of the troubadours. See lated from the French, MS. Vernon. M. Millot's Hist. LITT. DES TROUBAD. fol. 301. ut supr. (See Carpentier's Suppl. tom. i. p. 181. Par. 1774.

du Cange, Lat. Gloss. V. RADIMERE.] * There is a description of a magnifi Forth heo? wenten on the ffeld cent manur-place, curious for its anti

To an hul' thei bi held, quity, in an old poem, written before the

The corthe clevet' as a scheld", year 1300, entitled a Disputation bytwene On the grownde grene :


. hill.


• shield.

precious, perfumed with the richest odours. Next morning, guided by PERSEVERANCE and COMFORT, he goes forward, and sees a castle, nobly fortified, and walled with jet. Before it was

Some fonde thei on stih,

Ther was erbes * growen grene, Thei went theron radly®;

Spices springynge bi twene,
The cristen inon hedde farly?

Such hadde I not sene,
What hit mihte mene.

Ffor sothe as I say:
Afur that stiz lay a strete,

The thrustell 19 songe full shrille, Clere i pavet with gete,

He newed notes at his wille ;
Thei fond a Maner that was mete

Ffaire flowers to fille,
With murthes ful schene;

Ftine in that ffay :
Wel corven and wroht

And al the rounde table good, With halles beize uppon loft",

Hou Arthur in eorthe zod®,
To a place weore thei brouht

Sum sate and sum stod,
As paradys the clene lo.

O the grounde grey :
Ther was foulen" song,

Hit was a wonder siht Much murthes among,

As thei wer quik meno diht
Hose lenge wolde longe

To seo hou they play.
Fful luitell hym thouht:

Together with some of his expressions, On vche a syde of the halle,

I do not always understand this writer's Pourpell, pelure, and palle is ;

context and transitions, which have great Wyndowes in the walle

abruptness. In what be says of king Was wonderli i wrouht "s:

Arthur, I suppose he means, that king There was dosers " on the dees is, Arthur's round table, and his knights Hose the cheefe wolde cbes 18

turneying, were painted on the walls of That never richere was,

the hall. (Arthur and his knights apIn no sale 7 soubt:

pear rather to be the inhabitants of this Both the mot and the mold

marvellous spot. Some were engaged Schone al on red golde

in sports, whilst others either “sat or The cristene mon hadde ferli of that stood upon the gray ground" observing folde ',

them.-Edit.] That hider was brouzt.


s road, way, cavern ascent. * readily, easily. was very attentive; heeded, [had wonder. Ritson.) 8 paved with gritt, i. e, sand, or gravel, (jet. Ritson.)

with balls built high. 10 bright, or pleasant, as Paradise. "fowls, birds. 19 The guests sate on each side of the hall, cloathed in purple, furs, or ermine, and rich robes. [The text makes no mention of guests: the hall was hung, with purple, &c. - Epir. )

13 wonderfully wrought. 1* dosser is a basket carried on the back. Lat dorsarium. Chau. cer's H. F. iii. 850. “Or else hutchis or dossers." We must here understand provisions. 16 dees is here the table. 16 whoever would chuse the best. iz hall. Lat. sala. 18 house (ground).

19 thrush.

yod, went ; walked on earth. as if they were living men. * to see their sports, tournaments, &c.

• An Herbary, for furnishing domestic medicines, always made a part of our antient gardens. In Hawes's poem, now before us, in the delicious garden of the castle of Music, “ Amiddes the garden there was an herber fayre and quadrante." ch. xviii. In the Glossary to Chaucer, Erbers is absurdly interpreted Arbours. Nox. PR. T, v. 1081. “Or erve ive growing in our erberis." (Mr. Tyrwhitt reads: Or erve ive growing in your yerd, that mery is.-Edir.), Chaucer is here enumerating various medical herbs, usually planted in erberis, or herbaries. VOL. III.


a giant with seven heads, and upon the trees about him were hanging many shields of knights, whom he had conquered. On his seven heads were seven helmets crowned with seven streamers, on which were inscribed Dissimulation, Delay, Discomfort, Variance, Envy, Detraction, Doubleness. After a bloody battle, he kills the giant, and is saluted by the five ladies STEDFASTNESS, AMOROUS PURVEYANCE, JOY AFTER SORROW, PLEASAUNCE, Good REPORT, AMITIE, CONTINUANCE, all riding from the castle on white palfries. These ladies inform Amoure, that they had been exiled from La Bell Pucell by DISDAINE, and besieged in this castle, for one whole year, by the giant whom he had just slain. They attend him on his journey, and travel through a dreary wilderness, full of wild beasts : at length they discern, at a vast distance, a glorious region, where stood a stately palace beyond a tempestuous ocean. “ That (says PERSEVERANCE) is the palace of Pucelle.” They then discover, in the island before them, an horrible fiend, roaring like thunder, and breathing flame, which my author strongly paints,

The fyre was greet, it made the yland lyght. PERSEVERANCE tells our hero, that this monster was framed by the two witches STRANGENESS and DISDAINE, to punish La Bell Pucell for having banished them from her presence. His body was composed of the seven metals, and within it a demon was inclosed. They now enter a neighbouring temple of Pallas; who shews Amoure, in a trance, the secret formation of this monster, and gives him a box of wonderful ointment. They walk on the sea-shore, and espy two ladies rowing towards them ; who land, and having told Amoure that they are sent by PATIENCE to enquire his name, receive him and his company into the ship PERFECTNESS. They arrive in the island; and Amoure discovers the monster near a rock, whom he now examines more distinctly. The face of the monster resembled a virgin's, and was of gold; his neck of silver; his breast of steel; his fore-legs, armed with strong talons, of laten; his

back of copper; his tail of lead, &c. Amoure, in imitation of Jason, anoints his sword and armour with the unguent of Pal las; which, at the first onset, preserves him from the voluminous torrent of fire and smoke issuing from the monster's mouth. At length he is killed'; and from his body flew out a foule ethiope, or black spirit, accompanied with such a smoke that all the island was darkened, and loud thunder-claps ensued. When this spirit was entirely vanished, the air grew serene; and our hero now plainly beheld the magnificent castle of La Pucell, walled with silver, and many a story upon the wall enameled royally'. He rejoins his company; and entering the gate of the castle, is solemnly received by PEACE, Mercy, JUSTICE, REASON, GRACE, and MEMORY. He is then led by the portress COUNTENAUNCE into the base court; where, into à conduit of gold, dragons spouted water of the richest odour. The gravel of the court is like gold, and the hall and chambers are most superbly decorated. Amoure and La Pucell sit down and converse together. Venus intervenes, attended by Cupid cloathed in a blue mantle embroidered with golden hearts pierced with arrows, which he throws about the lovers, declaring that they should soon be joined in marriage. A sudden transition is here made from the pagan to the christian theology. The next morning they are married, according to the catholic ritual, by Lex ECCLESIÆ; and in the wooden print prefixed to this chapter, the lovers are represented as joining hands at the western portal of a great church, a part of the ceremonial

See supra, p. 52. and vol. ii. p. 139. The great bell-tower, (of the priory of I know not from what romantic hi- S. John in Clerkenwell,) a most curious story of the Crusades, Richard John. piece of workmanshippe, graven, guilt, son took the description of the stately and inameled, to the great beautifying of house of the courteous Jew at Damascus, the citie, and passinge all other that I built for entertaining christian pilgrims, have seene," &c. So again our author, in which “the walls were painted with Hawes, ch. ii. as many stories as there were years since the creation of the world.” Sec. P.

The toure doth stande ch. iv. The word enameled, in the text,

Made all of golde, enameled aboute is probably used in the same sense as in

With noble storyes.Stowe, SURVEY Lond. p. 359. edit. 1599.

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