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Pucell was gloriously wrought'. The marshall of this castle is Reason, the sewer OBSERVANCE, the cook TEMPERANCE, the high-steward LIBERALITY, &c. He then explains to DocTRINE his name and intended adventure; and she entertains him at a solemn feast. He visits her seven daughters, who reside in the castle. First he is conducted to GRAMMAR, who delivers a learned harangue on the utility of her science; next to Logic, who dismisses him with a grave exhortation: then to RHETORIC, who crowned with laurel, and seated in a stately chamber, strewed with flowers, and adorned with the clear mirrours of speculation, explains her five parts in a laboured oration. Graunde Amoure resolves to pursue their lessons with vigour; and animates himself, in this difficult task, with the examples of Gower, Chaucer, and Lydgate', who are panegy

" In the eleventh book of Boccacio's It was first printed by Caxton in his THESEID, after. Arcite is dead, Palamon CHAUCER. Afterwards by Wynkyn de builds a superb temple in honour of him, Worde, before 1500, in quarto. And, in which his whole history is painted. I think, by Copland. Ashmole has The description of this painting is a re- printed it under the title of HERMES's capitulatory abridgement of the preced- Bird, and supposes it to have been writing part of the poem. Hawes's tapestry ten originally by Raymund Lully; or is less judiciously placed in the begin- at least made English by Cremer, ab ning of the piece, because it precludes bot of Westminster, Lully's scholar. expectation by forestalling all the future THEATR. CHEM. p. 213. 467. 465. Lydincidents.

gate, in the last stanza, again speaks of * He recites some of the pieces of the this piece as a translacyon owte of the two latter. Chaucer, he says, wrote the Frenshe.But the fable on which it is Book or Fame on hys own invencion. founded, is told by Petrus Alphonsus, The TRAGEDIES of the xix ladies, a a writer of the twelfth century, in his translacyon. The CANTERBURY Tales, tract de Clericali Disciplina, never printed. upon hys ymaginacyon, some of which See vol. ii. p. 449. are vertuous, others glad and merry. The Our author, in his recital of Chaucer's mytous dolour of TROYLUS AND CRESSIDA, pieces, calls the LEGENDE OF good Waand many other bokes.

MEN tragidyes. Antiently a serious narAmong Lydgate's works, he recites rative in verse was called a tragedy. And the LIFE OF OUR

LADY. SAINT EDMUND's it is observable, that he mentions rir LIFE. The Fall or PRINCES. The ladyes belonging to this legend. Only THREE REASONS. The CAORLE AND THE nine appear at present. Nineteen was BIRD. The TROY Book. VIRTUE AND the number intended, as we may collect Vice, (MSS. Harl. 2251. 63. fol. 95.] from Lydgate's Fall Pr. Prol. and The TEMPLE OF GLASS. The Book of ibid. l. i. c. 6. Compare Man of L. T. GODS AND GODDESSES. This last, I sup- Prol. v. 60. Urr. Where eight more pose, is The BANKET OF GODS AND ladies than are in the present legende are GODDESSES.

mentioned. This piece is called the The poem of the CHORLE AND THE legendis of ir good women, MSS. Fairf. Bird our author calls a pamflete. Lyd- xvi. Chaucer himself says, “I sawe gate himself says, that he translated this cominge of ladyes Nineteen in royall tale from a pamflete in Frensche, st. 5. habit: v. 383. Urr. Compare Pars. T,

rised with great propriety. He is afterwards admitted to ArithMETIC, who wears a GOLDEN wede!: and, last of all, is led to the Tower of Music“, which was composed of crystal, in eager expectation of obtaining a view of La Bell Pucell, according to Fame's prediction. Music was playing on an organ, before a solemn assembly; in the midst of which, at length he discovers La Bell Pucell, is instantly captivated with her beauty, and almost as soon tells her his name, and discloses his passion ". She is more beautiful than Helen, Proserpine, Cressida, queen Hyppolita, Medea, Dido, Polyxena, Alcmena, Menalippa, or even fair Rosamund. The solemnity being finished, Music and La Bell Pucell go forth into a stately temple, whither they are followed by our hero. Here Music seats herself amidst a concert of all kinds of instruments*, She explains the principles


Urr. p. 214. col. 1. [An additional sackbuts, organs, recorders, harps, lates, argument for believing, that the number croudds, lymphans, [1. symphans) dulciintended was nineteen, may be drawn mers, claricimbales, rebeckes, clarychor. from the Court of Love, v. 108. where des. ch. xvi. At the marriage of James speaking of Alceste, Chaucer says :

of Scotland with the princess Margaret, To whom obeyed the ladies gode nine in the year 1503, 5 the king began


before hyr to play of the clarychordes and

after of the lute. And uppon the said See also the note on v. 4481 of the clarychorde sir Edward Stanley played Canterbury Tales.--Edit.]

a ballade and sange therewith.” Again, "The walls of her chamber are painted the king and queen being together, in gold with the three fundamental rules

“ after she played upon the clarychorde of arithmetic.

and after of the lute, he beinge uppon his u In the TRESOR of Pierre de Corbian, knee allwaies bare-headed.” Leland. cited at large above, Music, according to Coll. APPEND. iii. p. 284. 285. edit. Boethius and Guy Aretin, is one of the 1770. In Lydgate's poem, entitled seven liberal sciences. At Oxford, the REASON AND SENSUALLITE, compyled by graduates in music, which still remains John Lydgate, various instruments and there as an academical science, are at sorts of music are recited. MSS. Fairfax. this day required to shew their proficiency xvi. Bibl. Bodl. (Pr. “To all folkys in Boethius de Musica. In a pageant, virtuous.”] “ Here rehersyth the auctor at the coronation of king Edward the themyNSTRALCYs that were in the gardyn." Sixth, Musi personified appears among

Of al maner mynstraleye the seven sciences. Leland. Coll. Ap

That any man kan specifye:
PEND. iii. 317. edit. 1770.
In the description of her person,

Ffor there were rotys of Almayne,

And eke of Arragon and Spayne : which is very elegant, and consists of three stanzas, there is this circumstance,

Songes, stampes, and eke daunces, “She gartered wel her hose.” ch. XXX.

Divers plente of plesaunces ; Chaucer has this circumstance in describ

And many unkouth notys newe

Of swiche folke as lovid trewe; ing the Wife of Bath. Prol. v. 458.

And instrumentys that dyd excelle, Hire hosen weren of fine scarlet rede

Many moo than I kan telle: Ful straite yteyed.

Harpys, fythales, and eke rotys, * That is, tabours, trumpets, pipes, Well according with her notys,


of harmony. A dance is plaid', and Graunde Amoure dances
with La Bell Pucell. He retires, deeply in love. He is met
by COUNSELL, who consoles and conducts him to his repose in
a stately chamber of the castle. In the morning, COUNSELL
and our hero both together visit La Bell Pucell. At the gate
of the garden of the castle they are informed by the portress
Curtesy, that the lady was sitting alone in an arbour, weaving
a garland of various flowers. The garden is described as very
delicious, and they find the lady in the arbour near a stately
fountain, among the floures of aromatyke fume. After a long
dialogue, in which for some time she seems to reject his suit,
at last she resigns her heart; but withal acquaints her lover,
that he has many monsters to encounter, and many dangers to
conquer, before he can obtain her. He replies, that he is well
acquainted with these difficulties; and declares, that, after hav-
ing received instructions from Astronomy, he will go to the
Tower of CHIVALRY, in order to be more completely qualified
to succeed in this hazardous enterprise. They take leave with
tears; and the lady is received into a ship, which is to carry
her into tlie island where her tower stood. COUNSELL consoles
Amoure ?, and leaves him to attend other desponding lovers.

Lutys, ribibies, and geternes, Troilus and Cressida, and of Ponthus
More for estatys than tavernes ; and Sidonia. Of the latter faithful pair,
Orguys, cytolis, monacordys. there is an old French romance, “ Le
There were trumpes, and trumpettes, Roman du noble roy Pontus fils du roy

Lowde shallys, and doucettes. de Gallice et de la belle Sidoine fille du Here geterne is a guittar, which, with roy de Bretagne." Without date, in bl. cytolis, has its origin

in cithara, Fythales letter. 4to. It is in the royal library at is fiddles. Shallys, I believe, should be Paris, MS. fol. See Lengl. Bibl. Rom. shalmics, shawms. Orguys is organs. ii. 250. And among the king's manuSee supr. vol. ii. p. 264. By estatys he scripts in the British Museum there is, means states, or solemn assemblies. “ Le Livre du roy Ponthus.” 15 E. vi.

Y Music commands her mynstrelles to 6. I think there are some elegant play the dance, which was called Ma- miniatures in this manuscript. Our aumours the swete. So at the royal marriage thor calls him “the famous knyght just mentioned, “ The mynstrelles be- yclypped Ponthus, whych loved Sydogonne to play a basse dance, &c. After nye." ch. xvi. King Pontius is among this done, they plaid a rownde, the which the copies of James Roberts, a printer in was daunced by the lorde Grey ledyinge the reign of queen Elizabeth. Ames, the said queene. After the dinner in- p. 942. I believe it was first printed contynent the mynstrelles of the channer by Wynkyn de Worde, “ The hystory (chamber] began to play and then daun- of Ponthus and Galyce, and of lytel Bryced the quene," &c. Leland, APPEND. tayne." With wooden cuts. 1511. 400, ubi sypr. p. 28-1. seq.

[See vol. i. p. 46.) COUNSELL mentions the examples of

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Our hero bids adieu in pathetic terms to the Tower of Music, where he first saw Pucell. Next he proceeds to the Tower of GEOMETRY, which is wonderfully built and adorned. From thence he seeks ASTRONOMY, who resides in a gorgeous pavilion pitehed in a fragrant and flowery meadow: she delivers a prolix lecture on the several operations of the mind, and parts of the body. He then, accompanied with his greyhounds, enters an extensive plain overspread with flowers; and looking forward, sees a flaming star over a tower. Going forward, he perceives that this tower stands on a rough precipice of steel, decorated with beasts of various figures. As he advances towards it, he comes to a mighty fortress, at the gate of which were hanging a shield and helmet, with a marvellous horn. He blows the horn with a blast that shook the tower, when a knight appears; who, asking his business, is answered, that his name is Graunde Amoure, and that he was just arrived from the tower of DocTRINE. He is welcomed by the knight, and admitted. This is the castle of CHIVALRY. The next morning he is conducted by the porter STEDFASTNESS into the base court, where stood a tower of prodigious height, made of jasper : on its summit were four images of armed knights on horses of steel, which, on moving a secret spring, could represent a turney. Near this tower was an antient temple of Mars: within it was his statue, or pieture, of gold, with the figure of FORTUNE on her wheel; and the walls were painted with the siege of Troy. He supplicates Mars, that he may be enabled to subdue the monsters which obstruct his passage to the Tower

. In a wooden cut Ptolomy the astro That to beholde it was grete joy; nopper is here introduced, with a qua For wholly all the story of I'roy drant: and Plato, the conynge and Was in the glaisinge ywrought thus, famous clerke, is eited.

Of Hector, and king Priamus, This was a common subject of Achilles, &c. tapestry, as I have before observed: but In our author's description of the palace as it was the most favourite martial sub- of Pucell, “ there was enameled with ject of the dark ages, is here introduced figures curious the syege of Troy." cap. with peculiar propriety. Chaucer, from xxxviii. Sign. A. iii. edit. 1555. The the general popularity of the story, has

arras was the syege of Thebes. ibid. In the made it a subject for painted glass. temple of Mars was also "the sege

of DREME CHAuc. v.322. p. 406. Urr. col. 1. Thebes depaynted fayre and clere” on - and with glas

the walls. cap. xxvii. Sign. Q. iii. See Were al the windowes wel yglased

supr. pp. 50, 51. ] Ful clere, and nat an hole yerased,

of Pucell. Mars promises him assistance; but advises him first to invoke Venus in her temple. Fortune reproves Mars for presuming to promise assistance; and declares, that all human glory is in the power of herself alone. Amoure is then led by Minerva to king Melyzus ', the inventor of tilts and tournaments, who dubs him a knight. He leaves the castle of Chivalry, and on the road meets a person, habited like a Fool, named Godfrey Gobilive, who enters into a long discourse on the falsehood of women'. They both go together into

Through the sumptuous hall of the f He relates, how Aristotle, for all his castle, which is painted with the Siege of clergy, was so infatuated with love, that Thebes, and where many knights are he suffered the lady, who only laughed playing at chess.

at his passion, to bridle and ride him A fabulous king of Thrace, who, I about his chamber. This story is in think, is mentioned in Caxton's RE- Gower, CONF. AMANT. lib. viii. fol. CUYAL OF THE HYSTORYES or Troy, now clxxxix. b. edit. ut supr. [See supr. just printed ; that is, in the year 1471. vol. ii. p. 325-6. Our author appeals to this romance, which he calls the Recule of Troye, as an

I saw there Aristote also authentic voucher for the truth of the

Whom that the quene of Grece also Jabours of Hercules. ch. i. By the way,

Hath brideled, &c. Boccacio's GENEALOGY OF THE Gods is Then follows a long and ridiculous story quoted in this romance of Troy, B. ii. about Virgil, not the poet, but a necroch. xix,

mancer framed in the dark ages, who is • His father is Davy Drunken nole,

deceived by the tricks of a lady at the Who never dranke but in a fayre court of Rome; on whom, however, her blacke boule.

paramour takes ample revenge by means

I have Here he seems to allude to Lydgate's of his skill in music. ch. xxix. poem, called Of Jack Wat that could prill

mentioned this Virgil, supr. vol. ii. the lining out of a black boll. MS. Ash- p. 241. See also, pp. 325-6. Where mol. Oxon. 59. ii. MSS. Harl, 2251. 12.

I have falsely supposed him to be the fol. 14. One Jack Hare is the same sort poet. (There can be little doubt but the of ludicrous character, who is thus de- poet of the Augustan age, and the nescribed in Lydgate's Tale of froward May

cromancer of the dark ages, is one and monde. MSS. Laud. D. Ši. Bibl. Bodl. the same person. Similar honours have

been conferred upon Horace in the A froward knave pleynly to descryve,

neighbourhood of Palestrina, where he And a sloggard shortely to declare, is still revered by the people as a powerful A precious knave that castith hym never and benevolent wizard. -Ed.] This to thryve.

fiction is also alluded to by Gower, and His mouth weel weet, his slevis riht added to that of Aristotle's, among his

thredbare; A turnebroche (turn-spits, a boy for wisest men. ubi supr.

examples of the power of love over the hogge of ware, With louring face noddyng and slum. And eke Virgile of acqueintance beryng,

I sigh (saw) where he the maiden praid Of new crystened, and called Jakke Which was the daughter, as men said, Hare,

Of themperour whilom of Rome. Whiche of a boll can plukke out the There is an old book, printed in 1510, lynyng.

entitled, “ VIRGILIUS. This boke treatThese two pieces of Lydgate appear to eth of the lyfe of Virgilius, and of his be the same.

deth, and many marvayles, that he did

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