תמונות בעמוד
PDF
ePub

filled with boiling metals. The GLUTTONOUS are placed in a vale near a loathsome pool, abounding with venomous creatures, on whose banks tables are spread, from which they are perpetually crammed with toads by devils. CONCUPISCENCE is punished in a field full of immense pits or wells, overflowing with fire and sulphur. This visionary scene of the infernal punishments seems to be borrowed from a legend related by Matthew Paris, under the reign of king John: in which the soul of one Thurkhill, a native of Tidstude in Essex is conveyed by saint Julian from his body, when laid asleep, into hell and heaven. In hell he has a sight of the torments of the damned, which are presented under the form and name of the INFERNAL PAGEANTS, and greatly resemble the fictions I have just described. Among the tormented, is a knight, who had passed his life in shedding much innocent blood at tilts and tournaments. He is introduced, compleatly armed, on horseback; and couches his lance against the demon, who is commissioned to seize and to drag him to his eternal destiny: There is likewise a priest who never said mass, and a baron of the exchequer who took bribes. Turkill is then conducted into the mansions of the blessed, which are painted with strong oriental colouring: and in Paradise, a garden replenished with the most delicious fruits, and the most exquisite variety of trees, plants, and flowers, he sees Adam, a personage of gigantic proportion, but the most beautiful symmetry, reclined on the side of a fountain which sent forth four streams of different water and colour, and under the shade of a tree of immense size and height, laden with fruits of every kind, and breathing the richest odours. Afterwards saint Julian conveys the soul of Turkhill back to his body; and when awakened, he relates this vision to his parish-priest?. There is a story of a similar cast in Bedes, which I have mentioned before".

" Matt. Paris. Hist. pag. 206. seq. & See DissERTATION Ii. Signat. E. The Edit. Tig

Much the same sort of Dead Man's Song there mentioned, fable is related, ibid. p. 178. seq. There seems to be more immediately taken is an old poem on this subject, called from this fiction as it stands in our ShepOWAYNE MILES, MSS. Cort. CALIG. Herd's KALENDER. It is entitled, The

DEAD Man's Song, whose Dwelling was

A, 12. f. 90.

VOL. III.

D

As the ideas of magnificence and elegance were enlarged, the public pageants of this period were much improved : and beginning now to be celebrated with new splendour, received, among other advantages, the addition of SPEAKING PERSONAGES.

THEA.

near Basinghall in London. Wood's Bal- To shewe his voys among the thornès LADS. Mus. Ashmol. Oxon. It is worthy kene, of Doctor Percy's excellent collection, Them to rejoyce which lovès servaunts and begins thus.

bene, Sore sicke, dear frienns, long tyme I was,

Which fro all comforte thynke them fast And weakly laid in bed, &c.

behynd ; See also the legend of saint Patrick's Tor iny dysport to chase the harte and

My pleasyr was as it was after sene cave, Matt. Paris. p. 84. And MSS.

hynde. Harl. 2385. 82. De quodam ducto videre penas Inferni. fol. 56. b. [These The LYFE OF SAINT Joseph of ARIAhighly painted infernal punishments, and

For Pinson, in quarto. 1520. joys of Paradise, are not the invention of The Life of PETRONYLLA. In stanzas, the author of the KALENDRIER. They for the same, without date, in quarto. are taken, both from M. Paris, and from The Castle of LABOURE. In stanzas. Henry of Saltry's Description of saint For the same, in quarto, without date, Patrick's Purg ATORY, written in 1140, with neat wooden cuts. (Vid. infra, and printed by Messingham in his Flo- Sect. xxv. Note 4.] THE LYFE OF SAINT RILEGIUM INSULE Sanctorum," &c. RadEGUNDA. In quario, for the same. Paris, 1624. fol. cap. vi. &c. p. 101. See (Vid. supra, p. 24. Note :) THg Bibl. Bodl. MSS. Bodl. 550. (See A.B.C. E. OF ARISTOTILLI, MSS. Harl. infra, p. 128.] Messingham has con 1304. 4. Proverbial verses in the alli. nected the two accounts of M. Paris and terative manner, viz. H. de Saltry, with some interpolations of his own.

This adventure appears in Woso wil be wise and worship desireth, various manuscripts. No subject could Lett him lerne one letter, and loke on have better suited the devotion and the

another, &c. credulity of the dark ages.-ADDITIONS. ]

n I chuse to throw together in the Again, ibid. 541. 19. fol. 213. [ComNotes many other anonymous pieces be- pare, ibid. 913. 10. fol. 15. b. 11. fol. 15.b.] longing to this period, most of which are

See also some satyrical Ballads written too minute to be formally considered in by Frere Michael Kildare, chiefly on the the series of our poetry. The Castell Religious orders, Saints, the White Friars or Honour, printed in quarto by Wyn- of Drogheda, the vanity of riches, &c. &c. kyn de Worde, 1506. The PartyAMENT A divine poem on death, &c. MSS. Harl. OF DEVYLLES. Princip. “ As Mary was 913. 3. fol. 7. 4. fol. 9. 5. fol. 10. great with Gabriel," &c. For the same, 13. fol. 16. (He has left a Latin poem in quarto, 1509. The HISTORIE OF

in rhyme on the abbot and prior of GlouJACOB AND HIS TWELVE SONS. In stanzas. cester, ibid. 5. fol. 10.

And Irurlesque For the same, without date. I believe pieces on some of the divine offices, ibid, about 1500. Princ. “ Al yonge and old 6. frl. 12. 7. fol. 13. b.] Hither we that lyst to here." A LYTEL TREATYSE may also refer a few pieces written by called the Dysputacyon or Complaynt of one Whyting, not mentioned in Tanner, the Heart thorughe perced with the lokynge MSS. Harl. 541. 14. fol. 207. seq. Unof the eye. For the same, in quarto, per- doubtedly many other poems of this pehaps before 1500. The first stanza is riod, both printed and manuscript, bave elegant, and deserves to be transcribed.

escaped my enquiries, but which, if disIn the fyrst weke of the season of Maye, covered, would not have repaid the reWhan that the wodes be covered in search. grene,

Among Rawlinson's manuscripts there In which the nyghtyngalelyst for to playe is a poem, of considerable length, on the

These spectacles, thus furnished with speakers, characteristically habited, and accompanied with proper scenery, co-operated with the MYSTERIES, of whose nature they partook at first, in introducing the drama. It was customary to prepare these shews at the reception of a prince, or any other solemnity of a similar kind : and they were presented on moveable theam tres, or occasional stages, erected in the streets. The speeches were in verse; and as the procession moved forward, the speakers, who constantly bore some allusion to the ceremony, either

antiquity of the Stanley family, begin- lived about the year 1440. He was a ning thus.

gentleman of good family, and a great I entende with true reporte to praise

traveller. He collected, and transcribed The valiaunte actes of the stoute Stan- in several volumes, which John Stowe delais,

had seen, many pieces of Chaucer, LydFfrom whence they came, &c.

gate, and other English poets. In the

Ashmoleau Museum, there is, A boke It comes down no lower than Thomas cleped the Abstracle Brevyare compyled of earl of Derby, who was executed in the divers balades, rouralels, virilays, tragedyes, reign of Henry the Seventh. This in

envoys, complaints, moralities, storyes, duced me to think at first, that the piece practysed and' eke devysed and ymagined; was written about that time. But the

as it sheweth here followyng, collected by writer mentions king Henry the Eighth, John Shirley. MSS. 89. ij. In Thoresand the suppression of Monasteries. I by's library was a manuscript, once will only add part of a Will in verse, belonging to the college of Selby, A most dated 1477. MSS. Langb. Bibl. Bodl. pyteous cronycle of thorribil dethe of James vi. fol. 176. (M. 13. Th.) ,

Stewarde, late kynge of Scotys, nought Fleshly lustes and festes,

long agone prisoner yn Englande yn the And furures of divers bestes,

tymes of the kynges Henry the Fiftc and (A fend was hem fonde;)

Henry the Sirte, translated out of Latine Hole clothe cast on shredys,

into oure mothers Englishe tong bi your And wymen with thare hye hedys, simple subject John Shirley. Also, The

Have almost lost thys londe ! boke clepyd Les bones meures translated [To the reign of king Henry the out of French by your humble serviture Sixth we may also refer a poem written John Shirley of London, MccccxL, comby one Richard Sellyng, whose name is prised in v partes. The firste partie spekith not in any of our biographers. MSS. of remedie that is agaynst the sevim deadly HARI. f. 38. a. It is entitled and be

sins. 2. The estale of holy church. 3. Of gins thus, Evidens to be ware and gode prynces and lordes temporall

. 4. Of cocounsayle made now late by that honov - dome. Also, his Translation of the Sanc

mone people. 5. Of deth and universal able squier Richard Sellyng.

tum Sanctorum, &c. Ducat. Leod. Loo this is but a symple tragedie, p. 530. A preserver of Chaucer's and Ne thing lyche un to hem of Lumbardye, Lydgate's works deserved these notices. Which that Storax wrote unto Pompeie, The late Mr, Ampes, the industrious auSelling maketh this in his manere, thor of the HISTORY or PRINTING, had And to John Shirley now sent it is in his possession a folio volume of En Ffor to amende where it is amisse. glish Ballads in manuscript, composed He calls himself an old man. Of this or collected by one John Lucas about honourable squier I can give no further the year 1450. ADDITIONS.) account. John Shirley, here mentioned,

conversed together in the form of a dialogue, or addressed the noble person whose presence occasioned the celebrity. Speakers seem to have been admitted into our pageants about the reign of Henry the Sixth.

In the year 1432, when Henry the Sixth, after his coronation at Paris, made a triumphal entry into London, many stanzas, very probably written by Lydgate, were addressed to his majesty, amidst a series of the most splendid allegorical spectacles; by 'a giant representing religious fortitude, Enoch and Eli, the holy Trinity, two Judges and eight Serjeants of the coife, dame Clennesse, Mercy, Truth, and other personages of a like naturei.

In the year 1456, when Margaret wife of Henry the Sixth, with her little son Edward, came to Coventry, on the feast of the exaltation of the holy cross, she was received with the presentation of pageants, in one of which king Edward the confessor, saint John the Evangelist, and saint Margaret, each speak to the queen and the prince in versek. In the next reign in the year 1474, another prince Edward, son of Edward the Fourth, visited Coventry, and was honoured with the same species of shew: he was first welcomed, in an octave stanza, by Edward the confessor; and afterwards addressed by saint George, completely armed : a king's daughter holding a lamb, and supplicating his assistance to protect her from a terrible dragon, the lady's father and mother standing in a tower above, the conduit on which the champion was placed “renning wine in four places, and minstralcy of organ playing!.” Undoubtedly the Franciscan friers of Coventry, whose sacred interludes,

Fahyan, ubi supr. fol. 382. seq. garet, &c. Hist. Excl. pag. 385. edit. * LEET-BOOx of the city of Coventry. Howes. I know not whether these poems MS. fol. 168. Stowe says, that at the were spoken, or only affixed to the pareception of this queen in London, in geaunts. Fabyan says, that in those the year 1445, several pageaunts were pageaunts there was resemblance of dyvirse exhibited at Puul's-gate, with verses olde hystoryes. I suppose tapestry. Cron. written by Lydgate, on the following tom. ii. fol. 398. edit. 1539. See the lemmata. Ingredimini et replete terram. ceremonies at the coronation of Henry Non amplius irascar super terram. Ma- the Sixth, in 1430. Fab. ibid. fol. 378. dam Grace chancellor de dieu. Five wise 1 Ibid. fol. 221. and five foolish virgins. Of saint Mar

presented on Corpus Christi day, in that city, and at other places, make so conspicuous a figure in the history of the English drama", were employed in the management of these de yises: and that the Coventry men were famous for the arts of exhibition, appears from the share they took in the gallant entertainment of queen Elisabeth at Kenelworth-castle, before whom they played their old storial show .

At length, personages of another cast were added; and this species of spectacle, about the period with which we are concerned, was enlivened by the admission of new characters, drawn either from profane history, or from profane allegoryo, in the application of which, some degree of learning and invention appeared. - I have observed in a former work, and it is a topic which will again be considered in its proper place, that the frequent and familiar use of allegoric personifications in the public pageants, I mean the general use of them, greatly contributed to form the school of Spenser P. But moreover, from what is here said, it seems probable, that the PAGEAUNTS, which being shewn on civil occasions, derived great part of their decorations and actors from historical fact, and consequently made profane characters the subject of public exhibition, dictated ideas of a regular drama, much sooner than the MYSTERIES: which being confined to Scripture stories, or rather the legendary miracles of sainted martyrs, and the no less ideal personifica

verses,

* See supra, vol. ii. p. 129. The friers applied in pageants, somewhat earlier. themselves were the actors. But this In the pageants, above mentioned, prepractice being productive of some enor- sented to Henry the Sixth, the seven limities, and the laity growing as wise as beral sciences personified are introduced, the clergy, at least as well qualified to in a tabernacle of curious worke, from act plays; there was an injunction in which their queen dame Sapience speaks the Mexican Council, ratified at Rome

At entering the city he is met, in the year 1589, to prohibit all clerks and saluted in metre by three ladies, from playing in the Mysteries, even on richly cladde in golde and silkes with coCorpus CARISTI-Day. • Neque in Co- ronets, who suddenly issue from a stately mædiis personam agat, etiam in FESTO tower hung with the most splendid arras. CORPORIS CHRISTI. SACROSANCT. Con. These are the Dames, NATURE, GRACE, CIL. fol. per Labb. tom. xv. p. 1268. edit. and FORTUNE. Fabyan, ut supr. fol. 382. Paris. 1672.

seq. But this is a rare instance so early. See supra, vol. i. p. 95.

P See Obs. Fairy Queen, ii. 90. Profanc allegory, however, had been

66

« הקודםהמשך »