« הקודםהמשך »
more an affectation bordering upon heresyu. What good effects followed from this ecclesiastical censure, I do not find; it is, however, evident, that the Scottish act of parliament against long tails was as little observed, as that against muzzling. Probably the force of the poet's satire effected a more speedy reformation of such abuses, than the menaces of the church, or the laws of the land. But these capricious vanities were not confined to Scotland alone. In England, as we are informed by several antiquaries, the women of quality first wore trains in the reign of Richard the Second: a novelty which induced a well meaning divine, of those times, to write a tract Contra caudas dominarum, against the Tails of the Ladies W. Whether or no this remonstrance operated so far, as to occasion the contrary extreme, and even to have been the distant cause of producing the short petticoats of the present age, I cannot say. As an apology, however, for the English ladies, in adopting this fashion, we should in justice remember, as was the case of the Scotch, that it was countenanced by Anne, Richard's queen: a lady not less enterprising than successful in her attacks on established forms; and whose authority and example were so powerful, as to abolish, even in defiance of France, the safe, commodious, and natural mode of riding on horseback, hitherto practised by the women of England, and to introduce side-saddles
An anonymous Scotch poem has lately been communicated to me, belonging to this period: of which, as it was never printed, and as it contains capital touches of satirical humour, not inferior to those of Dunbar and Lyndesay, I am tempted to transcribe a few stanzasy. It appears to have been written soon after the death of James the Fifth 2, The poet mentions
u See Notes to Asc. Sc. Poems, ut Proc. v. 47.5, p. 5. Urr. supr. p. 256.
And on her tecte a paire of spurris sharpe. See Collectanea Historica, ex Dic y For the use of this manuscript I am TION. MS. Thomæ Gascoign. Apud obliged to the ingenious Mr. Pennant; Hearne's W. HEMINGFORD, p. 512. whose valuable publications are familiar
* Chaucer represents his Wire of to every reader of taste and science. Bath as riding with a pair of spurs, V. 162.
the death of James the Fourth, who was killed in the battle of
My maister houshold was heicho Oppressioun,
And Thift brocht Lautie finallie to deid". v, 78,
8 that scrupled to do no wrong. b«Copied,” says my manuscript,"at 1 murder, slaughter. Taymouth, in September 1769. From · The pages of my bed-chamber; calla Manuscript in the library there, ending ed, in Scotland, chamber-lads. August 20th, 1490." The latter date I took many a booty. certainly cannot refer to the time when
gates ; yates, yattis. this poem was written.
m all times.
" beloved. See The Testament of Afr. Andro Kennedy. Anc. Sc. Poems, ut supr. p.35. P steer, steerage ;
management. d viz. LAIDER.
enmity, hatred. naned, hight.
'brought loyalty to death,
Oppressioun clikit Gude Reules be the hair,
And bad me neither god nor man to feir. Y At length, in consequence of repeated enormities and violations of justice, Duncane supposes himself to be imprisoned, and about to suffer the extreme sentence of the laiv. He therefore very providently makes his last will, which contains the following witty bequests.
To my Curat Negligence I resigne,
caught Good Rule. Read cleikil, derstand. (The kirk-kow is the Morclecked. Cheik is crooked iron, Uncus. tuary.-- Ritson.] threw him into prison.
I more than. over the stairs,
& If the poor have six pigs and one sow. murthered in the croud.
h His belly full. BELLY was not yet * furnished it well with much ill- proscribed as a coarse indelicate word. gotten wealth.
It often occurs in our Translation of the y v. 15. seq.
parishioners. Bible: and is used, somewhat singularly, as good. seldom.
in a chapter-act of Westminster-abbey, to be bleached; whitened, or pu so late as the year 1628. The prebenrified.
daries vindicate themselves from the im4 till they be washed clean.
putation of having reported, that their Part of the pall, taken as a fee at dean, bishop Williams, repaired the abfunerals. The kirk-kow, or cow, is an ec- bey, “out of the diet, and BELLIES of clesiastical perquisite which I do not an- the prebendaries, and revenues of our
His thocht is mair upon the pasche fynis,
said church, and not out of his own re · The choir, or chancel, which, as the venues," &c.
Widmore's WESTMINST. rector, he is obliged to keep in repair. ABBEY, p. 213. Append. Num. xii. The more tythe he receives, the less willLond. 1751. Here, as we now think, ing he is to return a due proportion of a periphrasis, at least another term, was it to the church. obvious. How shocking, or rather ri r without doubt. diculous, would this expression appear A fine for adultery. Mailis is duin a modern instrument, signed by a ties, rents. MAILE-MEN, MAILLERIS, perbody of clergy!
sons who pay rent. Male is Saxon for He thinks more of his Easter-offer- tribute or tax Whence Maalman, Saxon, ings, than of the souls in purgatory. for one paying tribute. Sec Spelman and Pasche is paschal. Pais, Easter. Dufresne, in VV.
* I leave Oppression to the Parson, "If a man give a maid one kiss. the proprietor of the great, or rectorial Chaucer says of his SoMPNOUR, or Aptythes.
paritor, Prol. Urr. p. 6. v. 651. " To keep the corn of the poor in the rig, or rick. [The rig is the ridge of the
He would suffer for a quart of wine open field, where the Parson is so op
A good fellow to have lis concubine. pressive as to detain the whole of the See the FrxerEs Talk, wbere these poor people's corn, till he thinks fit to abuses are exposed with much humour. draw his tithe. — Ritsos.]
Urr. edit. p. 87. m Until he get the tythe all at his will. "If he does not get his fine, they will
* Suppose the children should beg not be saved. Geir is properly goods, their bread. Barins, or Bearns.
chattels. * To build no churcbes.
his profits, in the spiritual court. p So fair a harvest.
* surely in the sanie manner.
With far better will to drink ane quart',
Y an English gallon.
same. Ibid. p. 29. 30. In the Comto read one chapter.
putus of Maxtoke priory, in Warwick. unto death.
shire, for the year 1446, this article of o feign themselves poor.
expenditure occurs, “ Pro pabulo duato ride on a mule with rich trap- rum mularum cum harnesiis domini pings. Cavendish says, that when Car- PRIORIS hoc anno. Again in the same dinal Wolsey went ambassador to France, year, “ Pro freno deaurato, cum sella et he rode through London with more than panno blodii coloris, mulæ Prioris." twenty sumpter-mules. He adds, that MS. penes me supr. citat. Wiccliffe deWolsey “rode very sumptuouslie like a scribes a WORDLY Priest, “with fair cardinal, on a mule; with his spare-mule, hors and jolly, and gay saddles and briand his spare-horse, covered with crim- dles ringing by the way, and himself in son velvett, and gilt stirrops," &c. Mem. costly clothes and pelure." Lewis's OF CARD. WOLSEY. edit. Lond. 1708. 8vo. Wiccl. p. 121. p. 57. When he meets the king of d continue. France near Amiens, he mounts another e look out for a bishoprick. mule, more superbly caparisoned. Ibid. p. 69. See also p. 192. [See a mann give, assign. script of this Life, MSS. Laud. i. 66. h He will order tryal in his own court. MSS. ARCH. B. 44. Bibl. Bodl.] The It is therefore unsafe to attack him. same writer, one of the cardinal's do You well know the pope is at a great mestics, says that he constantly rode to distance. Westminster-hall, “ on a mule trapped k He had rather sit in parliament. in crimson velvett with a saddle of the