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And in the courte bene present in thir dayis,
That ballatis brevis w lustelie and layis,
Quhilkis to our prince daylie thay do present.
Quha can say mair than schir JAMES Inglis sayis
In ballatis, farsis, and in plesand playis * ?
Bot Culross haith his pen maid impotent,
Kid in cunnyng' and practik richt prudent.
And STEWARD quhilk desyrith ane staitly style
Full ornate warkis daylie dois compyle.

Stewart of Lorne will carpe richt curiouslie?,
GALBRAITH, KYNLOUCH", quhen thay lyst tham applie
Into that art, ar craftie of ingyne.
But now of late is starte up haistelie,
Ane cunnyng clark, quhilk wrytith craftelie:
Ane plant of poetis callit BALLENDYNED;
Quhose ornat workis my wit can nocht defyne:


has the most arbitrary and licentious * I know nothing of Sir James Inglis, misrepresentations of the text, always or of his ballads, farces, and pleasant for the worse. The editor, or translator, plays. But one John Inglish was mas did not understand the Scottish lanter of a company of players, as we have guage;

and is, besides, a wretched wribefore seen, at the marriage of James ter of English. But the attempt suffithe Fourth. Here is a proof, however, ciently exposes itself. that theatrical representations were now I presume this is John Balantyn, or in high repute in the court of Scotland. Ballenden, archdeacon of Murray, canon [The only poem at present known which of Rosse, and clerk of the register in the is attributed to Sir Jaines Inglis, is one minority of James the Fifth and his contained both in the Bannatyne and successour. He was a doctor of the Maitland manuscript, and called " A ge- Sorbonne at Paris. G. Con, De duplici neral Satyre.” In the former this piece statu religionis apud Scotos, lib. ii. p. 167. is given to Dunbar; in the latter to Sir At the command of James the Fifth, James. The Scottish antiquaries seem he translated the seventeen books of to incline to the authority of the Mait- Hector Boethius's History of Scotland MS.-Edır.]

Edinb. by T. Davidson, 1536. Yet in knowing. [Proved or prac. fol. The preface is in verse, “ Thow tised in knowledge.-- Edit. )

marcyal buke pas to the nol yll prince.” ? See some of his satirical poetry, Anc. Prefixed is the CosMOGRAPHY of BoeSc. P. p. 151.

thius's History, which Mackenzie calls, * These two poets are converted into A Description of Albany, ii. 596. Before one, under the name of GABRIELL Kin- it is a Prologue, a vision

verse, in LYCK, in an edition of some of Lynde- which Virtue and PLEASURE address say's works first turned and made perfect the king, after the manner of a dialogue. Englishe, printed at London by Thomas He wrote an addition of one hundred Purfoote, A. D. 158). p. 105. This years to Boethius's history: but this edition often omits whole stanzas ; and does not appear in the Edinburgh edi


Get he into the courte auctorite,

He will precell Quintyn and Kennedie. The Scotch, from that philosophical and speculative cast which characterises their national genius, were more zealous and early friends to a reformation of religion than their neighbours in England. The pomp and elegance of the catholic worship made no impression on a people, whose devotion sought only for solid edification; and who had no notion that the interposition of the senses could with any propriety be admitted to co-operate in an exercise of such a nature, which appealed to reason alone, and seemed to exclude all aids of the imagination. It was natural that such a people, in their system of spiritual refinement, should warmly prefer the severe and rigid plan of Calvin: and it is from this principle, that we find most of their writers, at the restoration of learning, taking all occasions of censuring the absurdities of popery with an unusual degree of abhorrence and asperity.

In the course of the poem before us, an allegory on the corruptions of the church is introduced, not destitute of invention, humour, and elegance; but founded on one of the weak theories of Wickliffe, who not considering religion as reduced to a civil establishment, and because Christ and his apostles were poor, imagined that secular possessions were inconsistent with the simplicity of the gospel.

In the primitive and pure ages of christianity, the poet supposes, that the Church married Poverty, whose children were Chastity and Devotion. The emperour Constantine soon afterwards divorced this sober and decent couple; and, without obtaining or asking a dispensation, married the Church with

tion: also Epistles to James the Fifth, Laurence Dundass had several, whether and on the Life of Pytagoras. Many of in manuscript or printed, I cannot say. his poems are extant. The author of the vol. i. p. 461. His style has many galarticle BalleNDEN, in the BioGRAPHIA licisms. He seems to have been a young BRITANNICA, written more than thirty man, when this compliment was paid (years) ago, says, that "in the large col- him by Lyndesay. He died at Romo, lection of Scottish poems, made by 1550. Dempst. ii. 197. Bale, xiv, 65, Mr. Carmichael, there were some of our

Mackenz. ii. 595. seq. author's on various subjects; and Mr. • Sigsat. K.

great solemnity to Property. Pope Silvester ratified the mar-
riage: and Devotion retired to a hermitage. They had two
daughters, Riches and Sensuality; who were very beautiful,
and soon attracted such great and universal regard, that they
acquired the chief ascendancy in all spiritual affairs. Such was
the influence of Sensuality in particular, that Chastity, the
daughter of the Church by Poverty, was exiled: she tried, but
in vain, to gain protection in Italy and France. Her success
was equally bad in England. She strove to take refuge in the
court of Scotland: but they drove her from the court to the
clergy. The bishops were alarmed at her appearance, and
protested they would harbour no rebel to the See of Rome.
They sent her to the nuns, who received her in form, with pro-
cessions and other honours. But news being immediately dis-
patched to Sensuality and Riches, of her friendly reception
among the nuns, she was again compelled to turn fugitive. She
next fled to the mendicant friers, who declared they could not
take charge of ladies. At last she was found secreted in the
nunnery of the Burrowmoor near Edinburgh, where she had
met her mother Poverty and her sister Devotion. Sensuality
attempts to besiege this religious house, but without effect.
The pious sisters were armed at all points, and kept an irre-
sistible piece of artillery, called Domine custodi nos.

Within quhose schot, thare dar no enemies
Approche thair place for dreid of dintis dourd;
Baith nicht and dày thay wyrk lyke besie beis',
For thair defence reddye to stand in stour:
And hes sic watchis on thair utter tour,
That dame Sensuall with seige dar nocht assailze,
Nor cum within the schote of thair artailze.


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I know not whether this chaste sisterhood had the delicacy to observe strictly the injunctions prescribed to a society of nuns in England; who, to preserve a cool habit, were ordered

d hard dints.

busy bees.

artillery. SIGNAT. C. is.

to be regularly blooded three times every year, but not by a secular person, and the priests who performed the operation were never suffered to be strangers 6.

I must not dismiss this poem, without pointing out a beautiful valediction to the royal palace of Snowdon; which is not only highly sentimental and expressive of poetical feelings, but strongly impresses on the mind an image of the romantic magnificence of antient times, so remote from the state of modern


Adew fair Snawdoun, with thy towris hie,
Thy chapell royall, park, and tabill round" !
May, June, and July, wald I dwell in the,
War I ane man, to heir the birdis sound

Quhilk doth againe thy royall roche redoundi! Our author's poem, To the Kingis grace in contemptioun of syde taillis, that is, a censure on the affectation of long trains worn by the ladies, has more humour than decencyk. He allows a tail to the queen, but thinks it an affront to the royal dignity and prerogative, that

Every lady of the land
Suld have hir taill so syde trailland. I
Quhare ever thay go it may be sene
How kirk and calsay " thay soup clene.
Kittok that clekkit was yestrene",
The morne wyll counterfute the quene.
Ane murelando Mag that milkid the yowis
ClaggitP with clay above the howis,
In barn, nor byir, scho will nocht byde
Without hir kirtill taill besyde.

6 MSS. JANEs. xxvi. p. 32. Bibl. chief complaint is against pendent sleeves, Bodl. Oxon.

sweeping the ground, which with their n round table, tournaments.

fur amount to more than twenty pounds. SIGNAT. B. in.

I SIGNAT. L. ii. Compare a manuscript poem of Oc causey, street, path. cleve, Of Pride and wast clothing of Lordis Kitty that was born yesterday. men which is akens her state. MSS. " moor-land. Laud. K. 78. f. 67. b. Bibl. Bodl. His clogged.


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They waist more claith (cloth) within few yeiris

Than wald cleith fyftie score of freris. In a statute of James the Second of Scotland', about the year 1460, it was ordered, that no woman should come to church or to market with her face mussaled, that is muzzled, or covered. Notwithstanding this seasonable interposition of the legislature, the ladies of Scotland continued muzzled during three reigns. The enormous excrescence of female tails was prohibited in the same statute, “ That na woman wear tails unfit in length. The legitimate length of these tails is not, however, determined in this statute; a circumstance which we may collect from a mandate issued by a papal legate in Germany, in the fourteenth century. “ It is decreed, that the apparel of women, which ought to be consistent with modesty, but now, through their foolishness, is degenerated into wantonness and extravagance, more particularly the immoderate length of their petticoats, with which they sweep the ground, be restrained to a moderate fashion, agreeably to the decency of the sex, under pain of the sentence of excommunication.” The orthodoxy of petticoats is not precisely ascertained in this salutary edict : but as it excommunicates those female tails, which, in our author's phrase, keep the kirk and causey clean, and allows such a moderate standard to the petticoat, as is compatible with female delicacy, it may be concluded, that the ladies who covered their feet were looked upon as very laudable conformists; an inch or two less would have been avowed immodesty; an inch or two


« SIGNAT. L. ii. He commends the He adds, that this is quite contrary to ladies of Italy for their decency in this the mode of the French ladies. article.

Hail ane Frence lady quhen ye pleis, Act. 70.

Scho wil discover mouth and neis. As appears from a passage in the

+ “Velamina etiam mulierum, quæ ad poem before us. Bot in the kirk and market placis

verecundiam designandam eis sunt con

cessa, sed nunc, per insipientiam earum, “I think thay suld nocht hide thair facis.-

in lasciviam et luxuriam excreverunt, He therefore advises the king to issue a et immoderata longitudo superpelliceorum, proclamation,

quibus pulverem (rahunt, ad moderatum Baith throw the land, and Borrow- usum, sicut decet verecundian sexus, per stounis,

excommunicationis sententiam cohibeTo schaw thair face, and cut thair antur.” Ludewig, RELIQ. DIPLOM. gownis.

tom. ii. p. 441.

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