תמונות בעמוד

Queen. Come, come, my boy, we will to Sanctuary.
Madam, farewel.
Dutch, Stay, I will


you, Queen. You have no cause.

Ārch. My gracious lady, go, And thither bear your treasure and your goods. For my part, I'll resign unto your Grace The Seal I keep; and so beride it me, As well I tender you and all of yours ! -Go, I'll conduct you to the Sanctuary. [Exeunt,



The Trumpets sound. Enter Prince of Wales, the

Dukes of Gloucester and Buckingham,, Archbishop, with others.

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your chamber.

Glo. Welcome, dear Cousin, my thoughe's Sovereign, The weary way hath made you melancholy,

Prince. No, Uncle, but our crosses on the way
Have made it tedious, wearisome, and heavy.
I want inore Uncles here to welcome me.

Glo. Sweet Prince, th’untainted virtue of your years


downwards. But I have restored Or let me die, to look on Death the reading of the old Quarto in no more... 1597, which is copied by all the

THEOBALD. other authentic Quario's, by

10 pour Chamber] Lon. which the Thought is finely and dor was anciently called Camera properly improved,


POPE. Hath

Hath not yet div'd into the world's deceit,
Nor more can you diftinguish of a man,
Than of his outward shew, which, God he knows,
Seldom or never jumpeth with the heart.
Those Uncles, which you want, were dangerous ;
Your Grace attended to their fugar'd words,
But look'd not on the poison of their hearts.
God keep you from them, and from such false friends!
Prince. God keep me from falle friends! but they

were none. Glo. My lord, the Mayor of Loudon comes to greet you.

Enter Lord Mayor.
Mayor. God bless your Grace with health and hap-

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py days!

Prince. I thank you, good my Lord, and thank

you all :

I thought my mother and my brother York,
Would long ere this have met us on the way.
Fie, what a sug is Hastings ? that he comes not
To tell us, whether they will come or no.

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Enter Lord Hastings.
Buck. And in good time here comes the sweating

Prince. Welcome, my lord, what will our mo-

ther come ? Hast. On what occafion God he knows, not I, The Queen your mother and your brother York, Have taken Sanctuary; the tender Prince Would fain have come with me to meet your Grace, But by his mother was perforce with-held.

Buck. Fie, what an indirect and peevish course Is this of hers ? Lord Cardinal, will your Grace Persuade the Queen to send the Duke of York Unto his Princely Brother presently?


If she deny, lord Hastings, you go with him,
And from her jealous arms pluck him perforce.

Arch. My lord of Buckingham, if my weak oratory
Can from his mother win the Duke of York.
Anon expect him here ; but if she be
Obdurate to entreaties, God forbid,
We should infringe the holy privilege
Of Sanctuary ! not for all this land
Would I be guilty of so deep a fin.

Buck. You are too senseless-obftinate, my Lord; ? Too ceremonious and traditional.

Weigh it but with the Grosiness of this age, You break not Sanctuary, in seizing him; The benefit thereof is always granted To those, whose dealings have deserv'd the place; And those, who have the wit to claim the place ; This Prince hath neither claim'd it, nor deferv'd it; Therefore, in mine opinion, cannot have it; Then taking him from thence, that is not there,


7 Too ceremonious and tradi. fhould be read thus, tional.] Ceremonious for fuper Weigh it but with the GRBENftitious; traditional for adherent NESS of his age. to old customs. WARBURTON. i. e. the young Duke of York's,

* Weigh it but with the whom his mother had filed with CROSSNESS of This age.) But to fanctuary. The corrupted the more gross, that is, the more reading of the old quarto is fuperftitious 'the age was, the something nearer the true. stronger would be the imputa the greatness of his age. tion of violated fanctuary. The

WARBURTON. question, we see, by what fol This emendation is received lows, is whether sanctuary could by Hanmer, and is very plausibe claimed by an infant. The ble ; yet the common reading speaker resolves it in the nega- may stand. Weigh it but with tive, because it could be claimed the grofness of this age, you break by those only whose actions ne. not Sanctuary. That is, compare cessitated them to fly thither; or the act of seizing him with the by those who had an understand- gross and licentious practices of ing to demand it; neither of These times, it will not be consiwhich could be an infant's case: 'dered as a violation of fan&uary, It is plain then, the first line, for you may give such reasons as which introducs ethis reasoning, men are now used to admit.


You break no Privilege nor Charter there.
Oft have I heard of Sanctuary-men,
But Sanctuary-children ne'er till now.
Arch. My Lord, you shall o'er-rule my mind for

Come on, Lord Hastings, will you go with me?

Haft. I go, my Lord.
Prince. Good Lords, make all the speedy haste you

may. [Exeunt Archbishop and Hastings. Say, Uncle Gloʻster, if our Brother come, Where shall we sojourn till our Coronation ?

Glo. Where it seems best unto your royal self: If I may counsel you, some day or two Your Highness shall repofe you at the Tower : Then, where you please, and shall be thought most fit For your best health and recreation.

Prince. I do not like the Tower of any place. Did Julius Cæfar build that place, my Lord ?

Buck. He did, my gracious Lord, begin that place, Which since, succeeding ages have re-edify'd.

Prince. Is it upon record, or else reported Successively from age to age, he built it?

Buck. Upon record, my gracious Lord.

Prince. But say, my Lord, it were not register'd, Methinks the truth should live from age to age, o As 'twere retail'd to all Pofterity; Even to the general all-ending day. Glo, So wife, so young, they say, do ne'er live long.

[Afide. Prince, What say you, Uncle? Glo. I say, without characters Fame lives long,

9 As 'twere RETAIL'D to all pressed, as if truth was the nat Posterity ;) And so it is : And tural inheritance of our chil. by that means, like most other dren; which it is impiety to de retail'd things, became adulte. prive them of. WARBURTON. rated. We should read,

Retailed may fignify diffused, INTAIL'd to all Pofterity; dispersed. which is finely and fenfibly ex.


! Thus, like the formal vice, Iniquity,
I moralize: Two Meanings in one word.

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· Thus like the formal Vice, ter; he must certainly put on a Iniquity,

formal Demeanour, moralize and I moralize two Meanings in one prevaricate in his Words, and

Word.] By Vice, the Au- pretend a Meaning directly oppothor means not a Quality but a fite to his genuine and primitive Person. There was hardly an Intention. If this does not exold Play, till the Period of the plain the Passage in Question, Reformation, which had not in it 'tis all that I can at present suga Devil, and a droll Character, geft upon it. 'THEOBALD. a Jefter ; (who was to play upon Thus like the formal VicĖ, Ithe Devil ;) and this Buffcon

NIQUITY, went bythe Name of a Vice. This I moralize two meanings in one Bufoon was at first accoutred word. That the buffoon, with a long Jerkin, a Cap with or jefter of the old En lifh farces, a Pair of Als's Ears, and a wood. was called the Vice is certain : en Dagger, with which (like an and that, in their moral repreother Arlequin) he was to make sentations, it was common to Sport in belabouring the Devil. bring in the deadly fins, is as This was the constant Entertain- true. Of these we have yet fement in the Times of Popery, veral remains. But that the Vice whilft Spirits, and Witchcraft, used to assume the perfonage of and Exorcising held their own. these fins, is a fancy of Mi. When the Reformation took place, Theobald's, who knew nothing the Stage shook off some Großfi- of the matter. The truth is, ties, and encreased in Refine the Vice was always" a fool or ments. The Master-Devil then jelter : And, (as the Woman, in was soon dismissed from the the Merchant of Venice, calls the Scene; and this Buffoon was Clown, alluding to this Characchanged into a subordinateFiend, ter,) a merry Devil

. Whereas whole Business was to range on these mortal fins were so many Earth, and seduce poor Mortals fad, serious ones. But what milinto that perfonated vicious Qua- ; led our editor was the name Inility, which he occasionally lup- quity, given to this Vice : But it ported; as, Iniquity, in general, was only on account of his unHypocrisy, Ufury, Vanity, Prodi- happy tricks and rogueries. That gality, Gluttony, &c. Now as it was given to him, and for the the fiend, (or Vice,) who person- reason I mention, appears from ated Iniquity (or Hypocrisy, for the following passage of Johnson's Instance) could never hope to Staple of News, second interplay his Game to the Purpose meane. but by hiding his cloven Foot, M. How like you the Vice i'the and assuming a Semblance quite play? different from his real Charac, T. Here is never a fiend 10 car

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