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SUMMARY VIEW OF THE CHURCH OF IRELAND, FROM THE
PAPAL USURPATION, IN THE TWELFTH CENTURY,
TO THE BEGINNING OF THE REFORMATION,
IN THE SIXTEENTH,
Introduction. Polity and Independence of the Church. Commence-
ment of the Pope's Interference. The Archiepiscopal Pall. No-
mination to Bishopricks. Papal Encroachments on the Royal
Encroachments by the Irish Hierarchy on the King's Prerogative.
Arrogance and violence of the Prelates towards each other. Other
Enormities in the Hierarchy. Abuses of Excommunication.
Treatment of Hereticks
Moral Character of the Clergy in general. Abuse of Ecclesiastical
Privileges. Celibacy. Concubinage. Intellectual Character.
Defective means of Education
Monastick Institutions. Their Number. Orders. Some of their
Rulers Lords of Parliament. Monks and Friars, how distinguished
from each other. False Principles in the Foundation of these
Establishments. Practical evil in them predominant over good. 39
Superstitions prevailing in the Church. Veneration for Saints. Tra-
ditionary Legends. Modes of celebrating Divine Worship. Vene-
ration for outward Signs of the Holy Communion. Canonization
of Saints. Reverence for their Reliques. Reverence for other
sorts of Reliques. Reverence for Crosses and Images. Belief in
Superstitions continued. Pilgrimages.
Dramatick Representations of Scripture. Assumption of a Monas-
tick Habit before Death. Masses for the Dead. Patron Days.
Depressed Condition of the Lay-members of the Church. Need of
LATTER PART OF THE REIGN OF KING HENRY THE
Review of the Condition of the Church. Recognition of the King's
Supremacy intended. Archbishop Cromer's Opposition.
operating Obstacles. George Browne made Archbishop of Dublin.
Ineffectual Effort of the King's Commissioners. Parliament of
1537. Acts relative to the Church .
Difficulty of carrying the foregoing Acts of Parliament into execution.
Archbishop of Dublin's Endeavours to remove False Objects of
Worship. King's Correspondence with him. Inquest of Com-
missioners into the State of the Kingdom. Impediments opposed
to the Archbishop's Exertions by the Lord Deputy. Necessity of
fresh Support from England
Pope's encouragement to resist the King's Claims. Bull of Excom-
munication. Removal of Images from Churches. Image Worship
encouraged by Lord Deputy. Archbishop Browne's Diligence in
Preaching. Form of Beads or Prayers. Resistance of the Clergy.
Visitation by the Privy Council. Archbishop Browne's purpose
of visiting remote parts of the Country
Dissolution of Monasteries. Ineffectual Recommendation for some to
be continued. Twenty-four of the high class suppressed. Let-
ters Patents, ordering Inquiry concerning Images and Reliques,
and other Monastick Property. Provision for Parish Churches
deprived of Divine Service. King of England declared by Parlia-
ment King, instead of Lord, of Ireland. Effect of King's Supre-
macy in Nomination to Bishopricks. Provision for Improvement
of Religion. Death of Archbishop Cromer. Dowdall appointed
by the King to succeed him. Death of King Henry the Eighth.
Effect of his Reign on the Irish Church
REIGN OF KING EDWARD THE SIXTH. 1547-1553.
Slow Progress of Reformation in Ireland. Divided Sentiments of the
Clergy. Exercise of Ecclesiastical patronage. Order for intro-
ducing the English Liturgy. Viceroy convenes the Bishops and
Clergy. Order resisted by Primate Dowdall: approved by Arch-
bishop Browne: carried into effect in Dublin. Sir Anthony Saint-
leger recalled, and Sir James Crofts appointed Lord Deputy.
Liturgy the first Book printed in Dublin .
Correspondence between the Lord Deputy and the Primate. Con-
ference between them. Primacy taken from Archbishop Dowdall,
and conferred on Archbishop Browne. Withdrawal of Archbishop
Dowdall from the Kingdom. Appointment of Goodacre to the
Archbishoprick of Armagh, and of Bale to the Bishoprick of
Ossory. Circumstances of their Consecration. State of Religious
Instruction. Activity of Bishop Bale. Death of Archbishop
Goodacre. Death of King Edward VI. State of the Church.
REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 1553—1558.
Proclamations on Queen Mary's Accession. Reinstatement of Arch-
bishop Dowdal). Deprivation of the Protestant Bishops. Their
places occupied by Papists. Hugh Curwin, archbishop of Dublin.
Revival of Popish superstitions. Encouraged by the Lord
Deputy. Pope Paul's Bull. Acts of Parliament for suppressing
Heresy and Lollardy. The Queen's purpose of persecuting the
Protestants interrupted by her Death
REIGN OF QUEEN ELIZABETII. 1588-1603,
Dilatory Proceedings with respect to the Irish Church. Revival of
the English Liturgy. Remarkable occurrence on the Singing of
the Litany in Christ Church. Queen Elizabeth's first Parliament.
Act for Restoring the Jurisdiction of the Crown. Act of Uni-
formity. Remarkable clause of it. Acts relating to the First
Fruits and the Election of Bishops. Alterations in Ecclesiastical
matters during the last Reigns. Removal of Popish Images and
Reliques. Appointment of Adam Loftus to the Primacy. Apo-
stolical Succession in the Church of Ireland. Declaration of Chief
Articles of Religion.
Two Bishops deprived for refusing the Oath of Supremacy Con-
formity of the others. Abuse of Episcopal Property. Deprecia-
tion of Bishopricks. Exercise of the Royal Prerogative in
appointing Bishops. Titular Bishops. Act of Parliament caused
by clerical irregularities. General Immorality and Irreligion. Act
for erecting Free Schools. Opposition to attempts at propagating
the Reformed Religion. Irish Liturgy and Catechism. Irish
New Testament. Bull of the Pope, and its consequences
Sir Henry Sidney's Letter to the Queen. Her Commission for the
supply of Churches and Curates. Instances of Popish Insubordi-
nation. Sir John Perrot's Instructions concerning the Church.
Appointment of a Bishop for Kilmore. Failure of Plan for an
University. Act against Witchcraft, Foundation of University
Edmund Spenser's Account of the Irish Church, Sir Francis Bacon's
Plan for Its Improvement. Difficulty of the Subject. Henry
Ussher. James Ussher: An eminent Controversialist and
Preacher. Conduct of the Government towards the Papists. Act
of Uniformity not enforced. Forebodings of Ussher. Benefaction
to the University. State of the Church at the Queen's Death
REIGN OF KING JAMES THE FIRST. 1603-1625.
Favourable circumstances at the King's Accession. Popish Disturb-
ances notwithstanding. Proclamation of Indemnity and Oblivion.
Efforts of the Jesuits and Seminary Priests. Trial and Conviction
of Robert Lalor. Progress of Lord Deputy, Sir Arthur Chichester,
through three Counties of Ulster. Sir John Davies's account of
Conspiracies and Rebellions in the North. Forfeiture of Lands.
Plantation of the Northern Counties. The King's care for the
Improvement of the Religious Establishment. Emigrants from
Scotland. Their prepossessions, and the effect of them on the
Church. Proclamation against Popish Emissaries. Report of his
Diocese by the Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin
Christopher Hampton advanced to the Primacy. A Parliament and
Convocation of the Clergy, Articles of Religion. Summary of
their contents. Their discursive character. Exceptions taken to
them at the time. Their discrepancy with those of the Church
of England. Regal Visitation of the Province of Dublin. Arro-
gant conduct of the Papists
Elevation of James Ussher to the Bishoprick of Meath. His Efforts
for the Conversion of Papists. King's Commission for Inquiring
into the State of the Province of Armagh. Reports from Seven
Dioceses in that Province. Presumption of the Popish Clergy
exemplified. Bishop Ussher's Sermon on the Swearing-in of Lord
Deputy Viscount Falkland. Primate Hampton's Letter on the
occasion. Proceedings concerning the Papists. Death of Primate
Hampton, Bishop of Meath appointed to succeed him. Death of
the King. State of the Church