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HE journey of which a brief account is given in the following pages was undertaken in the early part of 1873. The object of the writer was to compare the Land and the Book, and by an examination of the topography of Palestine to illustrate the histories of Scripture. Had any doubt existed in his own mind as to the veracity of those histories, it must have been dispelled by the minute agreement which he traced between the indications of the narrative and the physical geography of the country. No ‘fable,' however ‘cunningly devised,' no myth or legend coming into existence at a later age, could have adapted itself so precisely to the topographical details of the scene. The main design of the present volume has been to trace these coincidences, and thus to elucidate and confirm the Biblical narrative. Whilst he has availed himself of all the help he could gain from the writings of former travellers, he has in no case depended upon them, but endeavoured, by a personal and careful inspection of the sites, to arrive at an independent and accurate conclusion.

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In the Illustrations, which form so large a part of the present volume, fidelity rather than artistic effect has been aimed at. Many of the engravings are from drawings made on the spot, but a greater number are from photographs. Those of Messrs. Bergheim and Nicodemus of Jerusalem, and Madame Bonfils of Beyrout, have been largely used for this purpose; and the writer desires to express his gratitude for the liberality with which the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund have placed their admirable series at his disposal.

The maps are enlarged by permission of Messrs. W. and A. Keith Johnston, from their Royal Atlas Map of Syria, which for correctness and fulness of detail is worthy of the high reputation they have long enjoyed as chartographers.

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- CHAPTER III.
JERICHO AND THE JORDAN TO JERUSALEM.

Head-Piece–In the Jordan Valley - - - - -
Initial—Er Riha, near Jericho . - - - - -
Plain of the Jordan, near Jericho. - - - -
Arabs in Plain of Jericho . - - - - -

Banks of the Jordan . - - - - - -
The Jordan, from the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea
St. Stephen's Gate .

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Entrance to the Mosque . - - - - - -

Roof of the Mosque over Machpelah . - - -

Arrangement of Tombs in Cave of Machpelah . - -

Abraham's Oak, near Hebron - - - - - -

Church of the Nativity . - - - - - -

Convent of Mar Saba . - - - - - - -

Wilderness of Judaea. - - - - - - -

Northern Shore of the Dead Sea. - - - - -

Southern End of the Dead Sea -

The Dead Sea - - - -

Approach to En-gedi - - - - -

Makaur, the site of Ancient Machaerus - - -

The Dead Sea, near Masada

Map of the Dead Sea .

The Well of Bethlehem

Site of Ancient Jericho. - - - - - - -

Elisha's Fountain, near Jericho. - - - - -

Bathing-Place of Pilgrims on the Jordan

Ruined Aqueduct near Jericho. - - -

Bethany.

Church on the Summit of the Mount of Olives -

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Head-piece—Church of the Holy Sepulchre •

Initial—Tomb of Absalom . - - -

Plan of Jerusalem . - - - - - - -

Ruins near the Church of the Holy Sepulchre . - -

Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives - - - -

Walls of Jerusalem . - - - - - - -

Street of Modern Jerusalem - - -

Sketch Plan of Site of Jerusalem . - - - - -

Entrance of the Church of the Holy Sepulc - -

The Pool of Hezekiah . - - - -

Plan of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre . -

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Interior of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. - -

Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre . - -

The Place of Scourging . - - -

Cave under the Church - - - - - - -

Via Dolorosa . - - - - - - -

The Mosque of Omar . - - - - - - -

The Golden Gate . - - - - - - -

Projecting Stones of Robinson's Arch . - - -

Wailing-Place of the Jews - - - - - -

Jewish Almshouses - - - - - - - -

Pool of Bethesda . - - - • - - - -

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JERUSALEM.—continued.

Substructions under the Temple Area . - - page 117 Mount of Corruption - - - page
Temple Area and Mount of Olives - - - - . 118 Tomb of Zacharias - - -
Tunnel and Shaft of the Palestine Exploration Fund outside Acelóama . - - - - - - - -
the Temple Wall - - - - - - - r2O Tomb of Helena . - - -
Garden of Gethsemane . - - - - - - ... I 21 The Valley of the Kedron - - -
CHAPTER V.
JERUSALEM TO SHILOH.
Map of the District . - - - - - - - 130 Anathoth - - - - - - - -
Head-Piece . - - - - - - - - . I51 Ruins of Bethel . - - - • •
Initial–Mosque of David . - - - - - - 131 Stone Circle near Bethel . - - - - -
Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives, from Scopus - . I32 Ruined Synagogue at Shiloh - - - - -
Ramah . - - - - - - - - - 133 The Site of Shiloh . - - - - - - -
CHAPTER VI.
SHECHEM, EBAL, AND GERIZIM.
Head-Piece—Road-side Wells . - - - - - I43 Ruins on the Summit of Gerizim -
Initial–Arab at Tent Door . - - - - - . I43 Cylinder inclosing the Samaritan Pentateuch
Valley of Shechem, with Ebal and Gerizim . - - I44 Translation of Inscriptions - - - - -
Jacob's Well - - - - - - - - • I45 Copy of a Portion of the Samaritan Pentateuch .
Nablus . - - - - - - - - - 146 In a Bazaar . - - - - - - -
Evening on a Housetop - - - - - - . 148 Gate at Nablus . -
CHAPTER VII.
NABLUS TO THE PLAIN OF ESDRAELON.
Head-Piece - - - - - - - - - 16o Head-Dress of Egyptian Fellaheen . - -
Initial–Ruined Church of St. John in Samaria . - . 16o Plain of Esdraelon, with the Ruins of Jezreel
The Hill of Samaria. - - - - - - - 162 Mouth of the River Kishon . - - - - -
An Arab Story-Teller . - - - - - - . 164 Sketch Plan of the Esdraelon Plain and Surrounding District
Ruins of the City of Samara . - - - - - 165 from El-Muhrakah ". - - - - - - -
Ruins of Caesarea . - - - - - - - . 166 Monastery on Mount Carmel . -
Jenin, the ancient En-gannim . - - - - - 168 Promontory of Carmel, from the Sea
CHAPTER VIII.
SOUTHERN GALILEE AND NAZARETH.
Map of the District - - - - - - - 18o Nain . - . .
Head-Piece—Village of Nazareth . - - - - . 181 Nazareth . - - - - - - -
Initial—Fountain of Mary at Nazareth . - - - 181 Cliff behind the Maronite Convent at Nazareth .
Tabor . - - - - - - - 183 Church of the Annunciation, Nazareth .
Fountain at Cana . - - - - - - - - • IQ4
CHAPTER IX.
THE LAKE OF GENNESARETH.
Head-Piece - - - - - - - - - 195 Northern End of the Sea of Galilee. -
Initial—Town and Lake of Tiberias . - - - • 195 Hills over Gennesareth -
North Shore of the Lake, near Tell Hum - - - 196 Ruins of Et-Tabigah
The Town of Tiberias . - - - - - - • 199 Ruins of Tell Hum - - - - -
Magdala . - - - - - - - - - 20t The Lake of Gennesareth from near Khan Minyeh
CHAPTER X.
GENNESARETH TO THE SOURCES OF THE JORDAN.
Head-Piece—Lake Hūleh - - - - - - 209 The Mouth of the Jordan, Lake Hūleh . .
Initial—An Arab Encampment . - - - - . 209 Lake Håleh, or the Waters of Merom - - -
Bridge of Jacob's Daughters . - - - - - 2Io Hermon, from the Northern Shore of Lake Hūleh .
Rob Roy captured by the Arabs on the Waters of the Lake Hermon, from near Tell-el-Kadi . - - -
Hūleh . - - - - - - - - • 21 I The Source of the Jordan at Banias - -

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