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HE journey of which a brief account is given in
the following pages was undertaken in the early part of 1873. The object of the writer was to compare the Land and the Book, and by an examination of the topography of Palestine to illustrate the histories of Scripture.
doubt existed in his own mind as to the veracity of those histories, it must have been dispelled by the minute agreement which he traced between the indications of the narrative and the physical geography of the country. No 'fable,' however "cunningly devised,' no myth or legend coming into existence at a later age, could have
adapted itself so precisely to the topographical details of the scene. The main design of the present volume has been to trace these coincidences, and thus to elucidate and confirm the Biblical narrative. Whilst he has availed himself of all the help he could gain from
the writings of former travellers, he has in no case depended upon them, but endeavoured, by a personal and careful inspection of the sites, to arrive at an independent and accurate conclusion.
In the Illustrations, which form so large a part of the present volume, fidelity rather than artistic effect has been aimed at. Many of the engravings are from drawings made on the spot, but a greater number are from photographs. Those of Messrs. Bergheim and Nicodemus of Jerusalem, and Madame Bonfils of Beyrout, have been largely used for this purpose; and the writer desires to express his gratitude for the liberality with which the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund have placed their admirable series at his disposal.
The maps are enlarged by permission of Messrs. W. and A. Keith Johnston, from their Royal Atlas Map of Syria, which for correctness and fulness of detail is worthy of the high reputation they have long enjoyed as chartographers.
JERUSALEM.-continued. Substructions under the Temple Area
Mount of Corruption Temple Area and Mount of Olives
Tomb of Zacharias Tunnel and Shaft of the Palestine Exp!oration Fund outside
Aceldama : the Temple Wall
Toinb of Helena Garden of Gethsemane .
The Valley of the Kedron