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MATION, is described by these words also in the third chapter of Genesis ; Jehovah God cried to the man, and said to him, Where art thou? who said, I heard thy voice in the garden, therefore I was afraid. Then Jehovah said, Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee, that thou shouldst not eat of it? And the man said, The woman whom thou hast given with me, she gave me of the tree, and I have eaten. . And Jehovah God said to the woman, Wherefore hast thou done this? And the woman said, The serpent deceived me, and I did eat. Then Jeho vah God cursed the serpent, and afterwards the woman, and after her the mun. Whereupon Jehovah God sent forth the man out of the garden of Eden to till the earth, front which he was taken, ver. 9 to 23. From the literal or historical sense of the description of the life of Adam, it is evident that he was cursed, because he believed the serpent, that he should be as God; and he who believes this, at length acknowledges no God; and inasmuch as the natural man separate from the spiritual is under the influence of such faith in his heart, howsoever he may vainly profess the contrary with his mouth, therefore af. ter having become from a spiritual man a natural man, this latter was cursed, and he was cursed as to his sensual principle, his voluntary principle, and his intellectual principle; for his sensual principle is signified by the ser: pent, his voluntary by the woman, and his intellectual by the man : these three were cursed, because the one follows the other. In the ARCANA CELESTIA each expression, and the various significations of each, are fully ex: plained by means of the spiritual sense, which has been revealed to me by the Lord ; which work, being extant, may be consulted.

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32. After this curse the fourth state of this church, which was it's state of night in spiritual things, and is called consummation, is described by the expulsion of the man out of the garden to till the earth, from which he was taken, by which is meant that he was deprived of inpocence, integrity, and wisdom, in which he was while spiritual, consequently that he was cast out of heaven, that is, dissociated from angels, in like manner as it is written concerning the dragon, The great dragon was cast out, the ancient serpent, which is called the devil and Satan, wus cast out of heaven, where he fought with Michael and his angels, into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him, Apoc. xii. 9.

33. That by those things, which are related concerning Adam, are not understood any states of the firstformed man, but states of the church, what person

is there possessed of a sound mind, who cannot see? as that [God) placed in the midst of the garden two trees, one from the eating of which man should have life eternal, the other from which he should have death eternal; and that he made this latter good for food, pleasant to the eyes, and desirable to give understanding, chap. iii. 6, thus as if it were in order to fascinate their souls; also that he admitted the serpent, and allowed it to speak deceitful words to the woman in the presence of her husband, , who was the image and likeness of God, and suffered them to be ensnared by it's flattering and subtle discourse; and moreover, that he made no provision, notwithstanding his foresight, to prevent thein and the whole human race their descendants from falling into the damnation of his curse, for we read in the orthodox books of christians,

that in consequence of this original sin, in the place of the image which was lost, there is in man a most inward, most wicked, most profound, inscrutable, ineffable corruption of his whole nature, and of all his powers; and that it is the root of all actual evils, FORM. CONCORD. p. 640 ; and that God the Father averted that universal damnation from his face, and sent his Son into the world, who might take it upon himself, and thereby make atonement; not to mention several other things, which in the judgment of every person must appear inconsistent with (the attributes of] God. Who, from the particulars above-mentioned, understood in the historical sense, would not with reason conclude, to use comparisons, that it would be like a person who gives to his dependant a most flourishing field, and digs a well therein, overlaying it with boards, contrived in such a manner as to fall inwards immediately on being touched either with the hand or foot, and in the midst thereof places upon a stand a harlot clothed in purple and scarlet, having in her hand a golden cup, like that mentioned in the Apocalypse, chap. xvii. 4, who with flattering speeches entices the man to her, and thereby causes him to fall into the well, and to be drowned ? Moreover it would be like a person who gives to his friend a field with an abundant crop of corn, and in the midst thereof lays snares, and sends out a siren to allure him by the sweetness of her singing and melodious voice to the place where they are laid, and to cause him to be entangled in the snare, from which he is unable to disengage his foot. Yea, to use a further comparison, it would be like a person who should introduce a noble guest into his house, wherein are two parlours, and

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in each of them tables, at one of which are seated angels, and at the other evil spirits, on which latter table are cups full of sweet but poisoned wine, and dishes in which are deadly meats, and who should permit the evil spirits there to represent the revels of Bacchus, and the tricks of jugglers, in order to induce the guest to partake of the fatal banquet.

But, my friend, the things which are related concerning Adam, concerning the garden of God, and concerning the two trees therein, appear under quite a different face, when they are spiritually comprehended, that is, when they are unfolded by the spiritual sense ; then it is clearly seen, that by Adam, as a type, is understood the most ancient church, and that by the changes of his life are described the successive states of that church; for a church in the beginning is like a man created anew, having a natural and spiritual mind, but who in his progress from being spiritual becomes natural, and at length sensual, believing nothing but what the bodily senses dictate ; and such a man appears in heaven like a person sitting upon a beast, which turns it's head back, and with it's teeth bites, tears, and mangles the man sitting upon it; while the truly spiritual man appears also in heaven like a person sitting upon a beast, but upon a gentle one, which he governs with ease and also at plea

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34. V. THE FIFTH STATE OF THIS CHURCH WAS THE

SEPARATION OF THE GOOD FROM THE EVIL, WHICH WAS THE LAST JUDGMENT UPON ALL WHO WERE OF THAT CHURCH. This state is described by the flood, in which

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all the wicked who remained perished ; and by Noah and his sons, by whom are understood all the good who were saved. The end of the most ancient church represented by Adam is described in the sixth chapter of Genesis by these words; When Jehovah saw that the wickedness of man was multiplied in the world, and moreover that every device of his heart was only evil every day, it repented Jehovah that he had made man in the earth : therefore Jeho. vah said, I will destroy man whom I have created from upon the faces of the earth : only Noah found grace in the eyes of Jehovah, ver. 5 to 8. But the last judgment upon them is described by the flood; the reason of which is, because waters in the Word signify truths, and in an opposite sense falses. Truths are signified by the waters of a fountain, the waters of a river, the waters of rain, and by the waters formerly used in waslıings, and by the waters of baptism at this day : such correspondence arises from the circumstance of truths purifying the soul of man from unclean (affections,] as waters cleanse his body'; hence they are called living waters. But in an opposite sense by waters are signified falses, that is to say, by impure waters, such as the waters of marshes, stinking cisterns, urine, and refuse maters, in general by all hurtful and pestilential waters; so also by the waters, from whose inundation man dies, consequently by the Noahtic flood. That falses in great abundance are described by inundations, may appear from the following passages; Jehovah will cause to come up upon them the waters of the river (Euphrates), strong and many; it shall go through Judah, it shall inundate, it shall pass over, it shall reach even to the neck, Isa. viii. 7, 8; by the waters of the

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