« הקודםהמשך »
esteem for virtues social, domestic and is held once in four years, and has power personal. His manners were simple, but to make rules and regulations for the courteous and winning. He was a de- churches, with certain limitations. Each voted friend to our revolution and to lib- society is divided into classes of about 12 eral principles of government. The eulo- persons, under a leader, whose duty it is gium which bishop Madison pronounced see each person in his class at least upon general Washington is one of the once a week, to exhort, reprove, advise finest discourses called forth by the death them. The band societies are composed of that illustrious man.
of three or four true believers, who have METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN confidence in each other, and must be all THE U. STATES. The first Methodist men or all women, all married or all unsociety in the U. States was formed in married. They meet at least once a week, New York, in 1766, by some Methodist to engage in religious exercises, and ademigrants from Ireland. Their numbers vise and exhort each other. The whole increased so rapidly that, in 1768, they number of members (in 1831) is 513,114; erected a meeting-house. Several preach- preachers, 2010: the whole number of ers were soon after sent out from Eng- hearers who attend Methodist preaching in land, and the first conference was held at the U.States is about 1,000,000. The MethPhiladelphia, in 1773, under the superin- odists in this country are Wesleyans. A tendence of Thomas Rankin, who had Methodist theological seminary has been been appointed, by Wesley, to the general opened at Middletown (Ct.), during the oversight of the societies in this country. present year. (See the Doctrines and DisDuring the war, all the English preachers, cipline of the Methodist Episcopal Church, except Mr. Asbury, returned home. At and the Yearly Minutes of the Annual the close of the revolution (1784), the Conferences.) societies having been hitherto dependent Mica, the name of a very familiar on other churches for the administration species in mineralogy, often improperly of the ordinances, as their teachers were called isinglass, is possessed of the followmerely lay preachers, Wesley sent out ing properties : primitive form, an oblique doctor Coke with directions to consecrate rhombic prism of 60 and 120°; its ordinaMr. Asbury superintendent or bishop of ry forms are a regular six-sided prism, the American church, which was done at so short as to be called a six-sided table; a conference held in Baltimore, in 1784: a six-sided table in which the termitwelve of the preachers were, at the same nal edges are truncated, and an oblique time, ordained elders. The form of gov- six-sided pyramid, with alternate broader ernment is Episcopal; the title, the Meth- and narrower lateral planes; cleavage odist Episcopal church. Three orders highly perfect; lustre pearly, often inof ministers are recognised—deacons, els clining to metallic; color various shades ders and bishops. Any person who of gray, generally passing into green, thinks himself moved by the Holy Ghost brown, and black, also into white and red; to preach the gospel, on application to his streak white gray ; transparent or transpreacher, is licensed, if judged fit, to ex- lucen It is less transparent in the direchort; after exercising his talents as an ex- tion of the axis than perpendicular to it, horter for sufficient length of time, he is and presents different colors in these dilicensed as a local preacher by the local rections, for instance, oil-green in the first, preachers' conference, and may be ad- and liver-brown in all the others; sectile; mitted as a travelling preacher by the thin laminæ are elastic; hardness rather annual conference. After travelling two below that of calcareous spar; the acute years, he is ordained a deacon, and in two edges of the lamine, however, will someyears more becomes an elder." The local times scratch glass ; specific gravity 2.949. preachers above-mentioned are persons Mica is not common in well defined crysoccupied with some secular business, who tals, but more often occurs massive, havpreach on Sundays. The annual con- ing a columnar or granular composition, ferences are meetings composed of all the the faces of composition being irregularly travelling preachers, in full connexion, or streaked and rough. Much diversity exwho are to be received into full connex- ists among the analyses which have been ion. There are at present nineteen. The made of mica, from various localities, by general conference is composed of repre- different chemists, as will be seen from sentatives from the annual conferences, and the annexed table.
Mica from From Siberia.
St. Gothard.! Kimito. Alumine
20.00 34.25 | 22.00 0.00 36.80 Silex.
47.00 48. 40.25 19.50 46.36 Oxide of iron
15.50 4.50 8.75 26.50 4.33 titanium
0.00 0.00 | 13.00 25.40 0.00 - manganese
2.00 25.25 0.00 Magnesia
0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 à trace Lime.
0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 Potash
14.50 8.75 7.25 0.00 9:22 Fluoric acid and water.
0.00 0.00 3.24 0.00 1.81
Klaprcth. Klaproth. Peschier. Before the blow-pipe, several varieties authors as a distinct species, but without first lose their transparency, and then melt any sufficient reasons. It occurs in into a scoria, white or colored, or even granular compositions, of a peach-blossom black; others are infusible; and they show, red color, sometimes passing into several in general, as much difference in this re- pale shades of green. Its chemical conspect as in their composition. Mica forms stituents are, according to Wenz, one of the constituent parts of various rocks, as granite, gneiss, mica-slate and Alumine
33.61 porphyry. It sometimes occurs in masses Silex
49.06 of considerable dimensions, containing Oxide Manganese
1.40 imbedded crystals of garnet, tourmaline Magnesia.
.41 and topaz. Remarkable varieties of mica Lithia
3.60 are found in Siberia, particularly at a Potash
4.18 place called Witim, where it exists in Fluoric acid
3.45 plates one or two feet broad, and which Water
4.18 are perfectly cleavable, and nearly or quite transparent, in thin laminæ. At Zinn- and a trace of iron. Before the blow-pipe, wald, in Bohemia, it is found in very per- upon charcoal, it intumesces, and fuses fect crystals, possessing two axes of double very easily into a transparent globule. It refraction. It also occurs in the Horlberg is found near Rozena in Moraria, and at in Bavaria, in Moravia, in Switzerland, at Uto in Sweden, in primitive rocks. In Mount St. Gothard, and at Mount Vesu- the U. States, it occurs in Maine, at Paris, vius. At the last mentioned locality it is in large pieces of unusually fine colors, found in the drusy cavities of the ejected and frequently embracing crystals of red, specimens of lava, in crystals with one green and blue tourmaline. It is cut into axis of double refraction, and often pos- snuff-boxes and various ornaments. Persessed of remarkable transparency: . In fectly cleavable varieties of brown and the U. States, handsome varieties of mica gray mica are used in Siberia, in Mexico have been discovered in numerous locali- and Peru, instead of window glass. It is ties, among which may be mentioned the particularly employed in the construction distinct prismatic crystals of Acworth, of lanterns, and where glass would be New Hampshire, implanted on feldspar, liable to crack from sudden changes of and shooting into quartz; the dark-green temperature; also on board ships of war, distinctly cleavable variety, forming a where its elasticity enables it to withlarge vein at Monroe, New York; the stand the concussion produced by the rose-red rhomboidal crystals of Goshen, discharge of artillery, which would be Mass. ; and the emerald-green variety, in sufficient to shatter ordinary window glass. scales, from Brunswick, Maine. As a va- It is sometimes used for various optical riety of mica, lepidolite requires to be purposes, and enters into the composition mentioned. It has been treated by some of the artificial avanturine
Page. Live Oak (see Oak)
22 Locust (Tree)
“ Loder (Ferdinand Christian
(Charles Jenkinson, Lodge
25 Logan (James)
(Brockholst) 26 Logau (Frederic, baron of) 48
“Livius (Andronicus) “ Logge di Raffaello
27 Logier (John Bernard) 50
8 Livre .
28 Lohenstein (Daniel Caspar
30 Loire (river)
31 Loizerolles (M. de).
32 Lok (see Northern Mythology)
Lloyd's Coffee House
" Lollards (sce Beguines, Fra-
ternities, and Oldcastle).
33 Loli (Antonio)
12 Loango (country of Africa) 31 Lolme, de (see De Lolme).. 54
" Lombard-House .
School (see Italian
Art, in the article
Italy, and Paint-
ing, History of) 55
« Loch (the Scotch for lake) " Lombards, Longobardi, or
Leven (see Leven). 36 Lombardy,
« Loménie de Brienne (Stephen
“ Lomonosoff (Michael Wasilo-
“Lockman (see Lokman, and Lon, or Lun
“ Londonderry (marquis of) 68
6 Locomotive Engine. 40 Longchamp
73 Love-Feast (see Agape) . . 131 Lusatia
Lusiad (see Camoens)
74 Low Countries (see Nether- Lustration
Lustre (see Lustration) 150
75 Low Dutch and High Dutch Lute
Lützow's Free Corps, or
79 Lowry (Wilson, F. R. S.). “ Luxation
(Hôtel du Petit)
Luynes (duke de)
“ Luca Giordano (see Gior- Luzac (John)
138 Luzerne (Anne César de la) 157
“ Lucayas (see Bahamas). 139 Lyceum
140 Lycurgus (the Spartan lav-
(an Attie orator) . 160
« Lucien Bonaparte (see Ap- Lydia..
« Lucilius (Caius Ennius) "Lyman (Phinehas)
« Luckner (Nicholas) 142 Lynceus (see Danaides)
Lynch (Thomas, junior).
“ Lyndhurst, lord (see Copley)
89 Lucretius (Titus Carus)
98 Lugdunum (Latin name of Lyre
« Lyttleton (lord George)
(Jean Baptiste). 146
* Lump-Lac (see Coccus, end Mab
Mably (Gabriel Bonnot de)
Lunar Caustic (see Nitrate Mabuse (John de)
124 Lunatics, in medicine (see Macarthy (sir Charles) 171
Mental Derange- Macartney (George, earl)
Compos) "Macauley (Catherine)
148 Macchiavelli (Niccold).
178 Magalhaens (Fernando de). Mainland of Shetland (see
194 Maintenon (marchioness of)
Magdebarg (fortress of), Maiolica (see Faience).
-, Centuries of (see Maire, Le, Straits of
Centuries of Maison (Nicholas Joseph).
Magdeburg) Maistre (Joseph, count dé). 222
Magellan (see Magalhaens) “ Maitre
“ Majorano Gaetano
Equitum (see Mas- Malabar
ter of the Horse)"
“ Malagrida (Gabriel).
200 Mal de Naples
204 Maldive Islands .
208 Malebranche (Nicholas)
Malesherbes (Christian Wil-
Malherbe (Francis de).
Mall (or Pall-Mall)
209 Mallet (David)
- (a weapon. See Mace)
Mahabharata (see Indian Mallouines (see Falkland
“ Malmesbury (William of)
“ Malmsey Wine
214 Malone (Edmund)
Malplaquet, Battle of 233
Maid of Orleans (see Jeanne Malte-Brun (Conrad) 234
Malthus (reverend T. R.). 235
Mail, and Mail Coaches (see Mammalia (Mammiferous
(province of France) " Man-of-war Bird (see Alba-
et Loire (department