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APPENDIX. (MADISON-MICA.)

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esteem for virtues social, domestic and is held once in four years, and has power personal. His manners were simple, but to make rules and regulations for the courteous and winning. He was a de- churches, with certain limitations. Each voted friend to our revolution and to lib- society is divided into classes of about 12 eral principles of government. The eulo- persons, under a leader, whose duty it is gium which bishop Madison pronounced see each person in his class at least upon general Washington is one of the once a week, to exhort, reprove, advise finest discourses called forth by the death them. The band societies are composed of that illustrious man.

of three or four true believers, who have METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN confidence in each other, and must be all THE U. STATES. The first Methodist men or all women, all married or all unsociety in the U. States was formed in married. They meet at least once a week, New York, in 1766, by some Methodist to engage in religious exercises, and ademigrants from Ireland. Their numbers vise and exhort each other. The whole increased so rapidly that, in 1768, they number of members (in 1831) is 513,114; erected a meeting-house. Several preach- preachers, 2010: the whole number of ers were soon after sent out from Eng- hearers who attend Methodist preaching in land, and the first conference was held at the U.States is about 1,000,000. The MethPhiladelphia, in 1773, under the superin- odists in this country are Wesleyans. A tendence of Thomas Rankin, who had Methodist theological seminary has been been appointed, by Wesley, to the general opened at Middletown (Ct.), during the oversight of the societies in this country. present year. (See the Doctrines and DisDuring the war, all the English preachers, cipline of the Methodist Episcopal Church, except Mr. Asbury, returned home. At and the Yearly Minutes of the Annual the close of the revolution (1784), the Conferences.) societies having been hitherto dependent Mica, the name of a very familiar on other churches for the administration species in mineralogy, often improperly of the ordinances, as their teachers were called isinglass, is possessed of the followmerely lay preachers, Wesley sent out ing properties : primitive form, an oblique doctor Coke with directions to consecrate rhombic prism of 60 and 120°; its ordinaMr. Asbury superintendent or bishop of ry forms are a regular six-sided prism, the American church, which was done at so short as to be called a six-sided table; a conference held in Baltimore, in 1784: a six-sided table in which the termitwelve of the preachers were, at the same nal edges are truncated, and an oblique time, ordained elders. The form of gov- six-sided pyramid, with alternate broader ernment is Episcopal; the title, the Meth- and narrower lateral planes; cleavage odist Episcopal church. Three orders highly perfect; lustre pearly, often inof ministers are recognised—deacons, els clining to metallic; color various shades ders and bishops. Any person who of gray, generally passing into green, thinks himself moved by the Holy Ghost brown, and black, also into white and red; to preach the gospel, on application to his streak white gray ; transparent or transpreacher, is licensed, if judged fit, to ex- lucen It is less transparent in the direchort; after exercising his talents as an ex- tion of the axis than perpendicular to it, horter for sufficient length of time, he is and presents different colors in these dilicensed as a local preacher by the local rections, for instance, oil-green in the first, preachers' conference, and may be ad- and liver-brown in all the others; sectile; mitted as a travelling preacher by the thin laminæ are elastic; hardness rather annual conference. After travelling two below that of calcareous spar; the acute years, he is ordained a deacon, and in two edges of the lamine, however, will someyears more becomes an elder." The local times scratch glass ; specific gravity 2.949. preachers above-mentioned are persons Mica is not common in well defined crysoccupied with some secular business, who tals, but more often occurs massive, havpreach on Sundays. The annual con- ing a columnar or granular composition, ferences are meetings composed of all the the faces of composition being irregularly travelling preachers, in full connexion, or streaked and rough. Much diversity exwho are to be received into full connex- ists among the analyses which have been ion. There are at present nineteen. The made of mica, from various localities, by general conference is composed of repre- different chemists, as will be seen from sentatives from the annual conferences, and the annexed table.

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Mica from From Siberia.

From From
Ingredients.
Zinnir ald.

St. Gothard.! Kimito. Alumine

20.00 34.25 | 22.00 0.00 36.80 Silex.

47.00 48. 40.25 19.50 46.36 Oxide of iron

15.50 4.50 8.75 26.50 4.33 titanium

0.00 0.00 | 13.00 25.40 0.00 - manganese

1.75

2.00 25.25 0.00 Magnesia

0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 à trace Lime.

0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 Potash

14.50 8.75 7.25 0.00 9:22 Fluoric acid and water.

0.00 0.00 3.24 0.00 1.81

Klaprcth. Klaproth. Peschier. Before the blow-pipe, several varieties authors as a distinct species, but without first lose their transparency, and then melt any sufficient reasons. It occurs in into a scoria, white or colored, or even granular compositions, of a peach-blossom black; others are infusible; and they show, red color, sometimes passing into several in general, as much difference in this re- pale shades of green. Its chemical conspect as in their composition. Mica forms stituents are, according to Wenz, one of the constituent parts of various rocks, as granite, gneiss, mica-slate and Alumine

33.61 porphyry. It sometimes occurs in masses Silex

49.06 of considerable dimensions, containing Oxide Manganese

1.40 imbedded crystals of garnet, tourmaline Magnesia.

.41 and topaz. Remarkable varieties of mica Lithia

3.60 are found in Siberia, particularly at a Potash

4.18 place called Witim, where it exists in Fluoric acid

3.45 plates one or two feet broad, and which Water

4.18 are perfectly cleavable, and nearly or quite transparent, in thin laminæ. At Zinn- and a trace of iron. Before the blow-pipe, wald, in Bohemia, it is found in very per- upon charcoal, it intumesces, and fuses fect crystals, possessing two axes of double very easily into a transparent globule. It refraction. It also occurs in the Horlberg is found near Rozena in Moraria, and at in Bavaria, in Moravia, in Switzerland, at Uto in Sweden, in primitive rocks. In Mount St. Gothard, and at Mount Vesu- the U. States, it occurs in Maine, at Paris, vius. At the last mentioned locality it is in large pieces of unusually fine colors, found in the drusy cavities of the ejected and frequently embracing crystals of red, specimens of lava, in crystals with one green and blue tourmaline. It is cut into axis of double refraction, and often pos- snuff-boxes and various ornaments. Persessed of remarkable transparency: . In fectly cleavable varieties of brown and the U. States, handsome varieties of mica gray mica are used in Siberia, in Mexico have been discovered in numerous locali- and Peru, instead of window glass. It is ties, among which may be mentioned the particularly employed in the construction distinct prismatic crystals of Acworth, of lanterns, and where glass would be New Hampshire, implanted on feldspar, liable to crack from sudden changes of and shooting into quartz; the dark-green temperature; also on board ships of war, distinctly cleavable variety, forming a where its elasticity enables it to withlarge vein at Monroe, New York; the stand the concussion produced by the rose-red rhomboidal crystals of Goshen, discharge of artillery, which would be Mass. ; and the emerald-green variety, in sufficient to shatter ordinary window glass. scales, from Brunswick, Maine. As a va- It is sometimes used for various optical riety of mica, lepidolite requires to be purposes, and enters into the composition mentioned. It has been treated by some of the artificial avanturine

CONTENTS.

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(6

Page. Live Oak (see Oak)

22 Locust (Tree)

43
Linnæus (see Linné)
3 Liver.

Loder (Ferdinand Christian
Linné (Charles)
"Liverpool (a town in England) von)

44
Linné (Elizabeth Christina

(Charles Jenkinson, Lodge
von).

4
earl of).

23 Lodi
Linseed Oil (see Flax)

45
(Robert Banks Jen- Log:
Lint
kinson, earl of). 24 Log-Board

46
Lintz
“Liverwort

Book
Linus

Line
Lion
"Livia Drusilla

25 Logan (James)
Lion's Gulf
Livingston (Philip)

(doctor George,)
Lion's Share

(Robert R.)
“ Logarithm

47
Lipano (countess of)

(Brockholst) 26 Logau (Frederic, baron of) 48
Lipari

“Livius (Andronicus) “ Logge di Raffaello
Lipinski (Charles)
(Titus)

49
Lipogrammatic Compositions "Livonia

27 Logier (John Bernard) 50
Lippe.

8 Livre .
Lippi (several of this name) Livy (see Livius).

“ Logthing,

52
Lipsius (Justus)
"Lizard (an animal)

Logwood.
Liqueur..

(cape).

28 Lohenstein (Daniel Caspar
Liquidambar Styraciflua, or Llama

von).
Sweet Gum .
«Llaneros

29 Loir-and-Cher
Liquorice
“Llanos

30 Loire (river)
Liriodendron (see Tulip-Tree) Llorente (don Juan Anto-

(Department)
Lisbon

nio)

6 Loiret
Lisle
10 Lloyd (Henry)

31 Loizerolles (M. de).
List

11
(James)

32 Lok (see Northern Mythology)
Listel

Lloyd's Coffee House

* Lokman
L'Istesso Tempo.

List

" Lollards (sce Beguines, Fra-
Litany
“Loan, Public.

ternities, and Oldcastle).
Litchfield .
"Loanda

33 Loli (Antonio)
Lit de Justice

12 Loango (country of Africa) 31 Lolme, de (see De Lolme).. 54
Literary History .

(city)

" Lombard-House .
Literary Property
14 Lobau

School (see Italian
Literature
16 Lobeira (Vasco)

Art, in the article
Lithia ..
Lobel (Martin de)

Italy, and Paint-
Lithic Acid.
" Lobelia

ing, History of) 55
Lithochromics.
« Lobster

35

Street
Lithography

« Loch (the Scotch for lake) " Lombards, Longobardi, or
Lithotomy
18 Katrine

Langobardi
Lithotrity

Leven (see Leven). 36 Lombardy,
Lithuania

Lomond

« Loménie de Brienne (Stephen
Lilmus
19 Lock.

Charles)

56
Litre (see France, division Locks

“ Lomonosoff (Michael Wasilo-
Decimal Measure) " Locke (John)

witz).

57
Litter
« Locker
39 Lomus

58
Little Rock

“Lockman (see Lokman, and Lon, or Lun
Littleton (Thomas)

Fable)

" London
Littorale
« Locomotion

“ Londonderry (marquis of) 68
Liturgia

6 Locomotive Engine. 40 Longchamp
Liturgy.
20 Locris
« Longevity

69
Livadia
21 Locust (an insect)

Longhi (Joseph)

73

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CONTENTS.

199
Longimetry

73 Love-Feast (see Agape) . . 131 Lusatia
Longinus (Cassius).
Lovelace (Richard).

Lusiad (see Camoens)
Long Island
“ Lover's Leap

132 Lusitania.
Sound

74 Low Countries (see Nether- Lustration
Longitude, Geographical

lands)

Lustre (see Lustration) 150
Longus .

75 Low Dutch and High Dutch Lute
Longwood (see St. Helena) “ Low Watet (see Tide)

Luther (Martin)
Loo-Choo (islands)
Lowell.

Lutherans

153
Look-out
« Löwendal (count on

Luthern

154
Loon
« Lower Empire

133 Latzen
Loos (Daniel Frederie) 76 Low German

Lützow's Free Corps, or
Lope de Vega
« Lowlands ..
134 Volunteers..

155
Lord

79 Lowry (Wilson, F. R. S.). “ Luxation
Lords, House of (see Parlia- Lowth (Robert).

Luxembourg,
ment, in the article Great Loxodromic Curve

135

(Hôtel du Petit)
Britain).
“ Loyola (Ignatius de)

(duke of)
Lord's Supper

Lubber.

137 Luxemburg
Lorenzo 'de' Medici (see Lubber's-Hole

Luxor..
Medici)
83 Lübeck

Luynes (duke de)
Loretto

“ Luca Giordano (see Gior- Luzac (John)
L'Orient.

dano)

138 Luzerne (Anne César de la) 157
Lorme Marion de (see De- Lucanus (Marcus Annæus). Lycanthropy.
lorme)

“ Lucayas (see Bahamas). 139 Lyceum
Lorraine, Claude (see Claude Lucca.
• Lorraine)
« Lucchesini (marquis of) “ Lycophron

158
Lorraine.
" Lucerne

140 Lycurgus (the Spartan lav-
Lory
84 Lucia, St.

giver)
Lot (river of France)
« Lucian

141

(an Attie orator) . 160
in Scripture)

« Lucien Bonaparte (see Ap- Lydia..
(choice by)
pendix, end of this vol. Lydiat (Thomas).

161
(piece of land)
85 ume)

* Lydus
Lot-and-Garonne

Lucifer

“ Lying-to.
Loth.

« Lucilius (Caius Ennius) "Lyman (Phinehas)
Lotichius (Peter)
« Lucina
« Lymph

162
Lotion

« Luckner (Nicholas) 142 Lynceus (see Danaides)
Lottery
“ Lucknow

Lynch (Thomas, junior).
Lotus
87 Luçon

" Lynchburg:
Loudon (baron of
88 Lucretia

“ Lyndhurst, lord (see Copley)
Louis IX (St.)

89 Lucretius (Titus Carus)
XI
“ Lucullus (Lucius Licinius) . 143 Lynx

163
XII (see Appendix,
Luddites

144 Lyonnais
end of this volume) 92 Luden (Henry).

Lyonnet (Peter)
XIII.
• Ludlow (Edmund)

Lyons (city)
XIV
93 Luff....

(gulf of)

164
XV.

98 Lugdunum (Latin name of Lyre
XVI
103 several cities)

Lyrics
-XVII
108 Lugger.
145 Lysander

166
XVIII
Lug-Sail

Lysias

167
III (of Germany)
116 Luke (St.).

Lysimachus.
IV (
Luke of Leyden
« Lysippus

ICS
Louis Bonaparte (see Ap- Lully (Raymond)

« Lyttleton (lord George)
pendix, end of this volume)

(Jean Baptiste). 146
Louis-Philip I.
Lumbago.

M.
(the baron)

120 Lumpers
Louis, St. (chief town of Mis- Lump-Fish .

M (letter)

169
souri)

* Lump-Lac (see Coccus, end Mab
Louisa, A'ugusta Wilhelmina of the article)

Mabillon (John)

170
Amalia
121 Luna.

Mably (Gabriel Bonnot de)
Louisburg

Lunar Caustic (see Nitrate Mabuse (John de)
Louis d'or

of Silver)

147 Macaber.
Louisiana Territory
Lunar Year (see Year)

Macao
(State)

124 Lunatics, in medicine (see Macarthy (sir Charles) 171
(Code of)

125

Mental Derange- Macartney (George, earl)
Louisville

126
ment)

Macassar (city)
Louse

128
in law (see Non

(straits of).
Loutherbourg (Philip James) “

Compos) "Macauley (Catherine)
Louvain.
Lund.

Macaw

172
Louvel (Pierre Louis) 129 Luneburg

Macbeth
Louverture (see Toussaint- Lunette

Maccabees
Louverture).
Luneville

Maccaroni
Louvet de Couvray (John

(Peace of).
Maccaronic Poems

173
Baptist)
Lungs

148 Macchiavelli (Niccold).
Louvois (marquis of)
130 Lupercalia
149 Macchiavellism

176
Louvre
131 Lupine

Macdonald(Etienne-Jacques-
Lovat (lord)
" Lupulin

Joseph-Alexandre).....

« Lynn

84

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Mace (club).
177 Magadoxo
193 Maine (state of).

218
(spice)

178 Magalhaens (Fernando de). Mainland of Shetland (see
Macedonia
Magazines (see Periodicals) Shetland Isles).

219
Maceration
Magdalen (Mary).

Mainots
Machaon (see Æsculapius). 179 Magdalen Societies

Maintenance

220
Machinery
" Magdalena

194 Maintenon (marchioness of)
(Accumulating Magdalene Islands

Maio (Angelo):

221
Power)

Magdebarg (fortress of), Maiolica (see Faience).
(Regulating Pow-

-, Centuries of (see Maire, Le, Straits of

Centuries of Maison (Nicholas Joseph).
(Increase of Ve-

Magdeburg) Maistre (Joseph, count dé). 222
locity);

Magellan (see Magalhaens) “ Maitre
(Diminution of

Straits of.

Maittaire (Michael)
Velocity). 180 Magellanic Clouds

Maize
(Spreading the Magellona, the Beautiful

224
Action) Maggiore Lake (see Lago Major (in military language) 225
(Saving Time). Maggiore).

(in music)
(Exerting Forces) Magians

(in logic)
(Executing Ope. Magic

“ Majorano Gaetano
rations). Magindanao (see Mindanao) 195 Majorat
(Registering Op- Magister Artium (see Master Majorca
erations)

of Arts).
“ Major Domus

226
(Economy of Ma-

Equitum (see Mas- Malabar
terials)

ter of the Horse)"

Malacca (country)
(The Identity of

Matheseos (see

(town)
*the Result)
Pythagoras)

Passage
(Accuracy of the Magistrate

Straits of
Work)... Magliabecchi (Antonio). 196 Malachi
in poetry (see Magna Charta Libertatum . 197 Malacology

227
Poetry).. 181 Magnæan Institute.
Mack (Charles, baron von). Magna Græcia.

“ Malagrida (Gabriel).
Mackean (Thomas)

Magnates

198 Mal'Aria
Mackenzie (Henry)
182 Magnesia

" Malays.
(sir Alexander) Magnesian Minerals 199 Malcolm (sir John)

228
Mackenzie's River
183 Magnet

200 Mal de Naples
Mackerel.
“ Magnetic Needle

204 Maldive Islands .
Mackinac (see Michilimacki- Magnetism, Animal . “ Malea, Cape (see Matapan) 229
nac)

Magnificat

208 Malebranche (Nicholas)
Mackintosh (sir James)
Magnificence

Malesherbes (Christian Wil-
Macklin (Charles),
184 Magnifying Glass (see Mi-

liam de).
Macknight (James)

croscope).
“ Malet (Charles François)

230
Maclaurin (Colin)
Magnisa

Malherbe (Francis de).
Macpherson (James) 185 Magnitude, Apparent

Mall (or Pall-Mall)

231
Macrobiotics

Magnolia

« Malleability.
Macrobius (Aurelius Ambro- Magog (see Gog)

209 Mallet (David)
sius Thcodosius)

- (a weapon. See Mace)
Madagascar

Magyars

210 Malleus
Madame.
186 Maha

Mallicolo
Madder.

Mahabharata (see Indian Mallouines (see Falkland
(composition of, and
Literature)

Islands).

232
its employment in Mahe (town and fortress Malmaison
dyeing)
187 of)

“ Malmesbury (William of)
Madeira (island)
188 Mahmoud I.

“ Malmsey Wine
(river)

189
II.

Maloes (St.).
Madison (bishop: See Ap- Mahogany:

214 Malone (Edmund)
pendix, end of this volume) Mahomet (see Mohammed) * Malpighỉ (Marcello)
Madness (see Mental De- Mahon (Port Mahon).

Malplaquet, Battle of 233
rangement)
Mahrattas

Mali.
Madoc

Maia..

216 Malta
Madonna

Maid of Orleans (see Jeanne Malte-Brun (Conrad) 234
Madras (Presidency of)

d'Arc).

Malthus (reverend T. R.). 235
Madrid.
190 Maiden:

Malvasia
Madrigal.
" Mail, Coat of

Mamelukes
Madura

Mail, and Mail Coaches (see Mammalia (Mammiferous
Mæander
191 Posts)
217 Animals).

236
Maecenas Cilnius) « Maimbourg (Louis)

Mammee-Tree.
Maelstrom
« Maimon (Moses Ben).

Mammon
Mænades

(Solomon).

218 Mammoth
Mæonides (see Homer)

Maina
16 Mammoth Cave.

237
Mæotis.
192 Main de Justice .

Man
Maese (see Meuse)
« Main-Mast.

Isle of.

238
Maestricht (see Mastricht).
Maine (river)

Man-of-war.
Maestro

(province of France) " Man-of-war Bird (see Alba-
Maffei (family of)

et Loire (department

tross)
Mafra
193 of France)

Manakin.

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