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aisle roofs, is, in design, the weak part of the church, is comparatively modern. I much wish that some good person would give me £1,000 or so, to restore these portions into barmony with the rest of the building.
The other manor of (ecclesiastical) Barnack is Southorpe, held of Peterborough monastery by the family of Quarles of Ufford at the time of the Dissolution. Within the manor, and held separately, was Walcot.
Here, from 1480 to 1636, lived a distinguished family named Browne. Two members of the family were Lord Mayor's of London, and were knighted.
To this family the church doubtless owes the addition of the Perpendicular Lady Chapel at the east of the south aisle (H, fig. 6). This is separated by a finely-spanned arch, of other stone than the famous Barnack Rag," of which all the rest of the church is built. This, no doubt, marks the giving-out of the local quarries, in the fifteenth or early sixteenth century. The capitals here, as well as the arch separating the chapel from the south aisle (inserted at the restoration of the church, and very cleverly, to give strength to the south pier of the choir arch), are modern, but the stone below them is the native stone. The arch alone was originally of other material. If this is the date of the giving out of the quarries, you will wonder, when you see Burghley House, to find an Elizabethan building of Barnack stone. The explanation appears to be this : Bishop Scambler surrendered the manor of Southorpe, part of the income of his See, to the Queen Elizabeth, who bestowed it on her great Lord Keeper Burghley. At Southorpe was the once summer residence of the Abbots of Peterborough-marked now hy mounds of earth. Here, doubtless, was the quarry
of which “ Burghley House by Stamford town” was built.
In this south-east chapel is a handsome stone altar-tomb, with local Purbeck slab (fig. 5). On the east wall are two canopies, one of which, judging by the “dragon” below, contained a figure of the Blessed Virgin Mary with the Holy Child, now destroyed ; the other a most remarkable and probably unique sculpture, illustrative of the accomplishment of the Angel Gabriel's words : “the Holy Ghost shall come upon thee and the power of the Highest
shall overshadow thee;" in other words, the conception of the sacred humanity of the world's Redeemer. "Above the figure is the legend “Maria Jesu in contemplatione sua”, the verb being omitted.
The lower parts of the tomb and of the canopies are of Barnack stone, the upper part of Cambridgeshire “clunch."
The lower part of the tomb corresponds in ornamentation with the outer work of the chapel, and is older than the upper part, which is clearly an addition. Here are the arms of Mr. Robert Browne, of Walcot, impaled with those of his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Bernard, of Essex (heiress also of the Lelyngs of Abington), widow of Sir Bernard Whiston, and mother of Francis Whiston, whose monument is to be seen in the chancel. This coat-of-arms and the diaper work are probably a third and last addition to the monument.
This Mr. Robert Browne lived in the reign of Henry VIII and Edward VI. His younger brother, John, was godson of Chambers, last abbot and first bishop of Peterborough (1528-57), whose effigy in Peterborough Cathedral is made of the same clunch as is used here.
The woodwork in the west arch of this chapel is part of the old screen.
Another altar-tomb, of a later date than the aisle itself, stands in the south aisle. As this aisle is still called the “Southorpe Aisle”, I judge this tomb to commemorate some other member of the Browne family, or of the Quarles family, of Ufford and Southorpe, who intermarried with them.
In digging graves in the churchyard there have been found, not only very numerous stone coffins and lids, but, south and west, what appear to have been the foundations of buildings.
There are also many remains of Decorated work, chiefly windows, in what are now labourers' cottages in the village.
I will only, in conclusion, notice the four brackets in the church, one apparently for a figure of the Blessed Virgin Mary, on the column near the door, when the south aisle was probably the earlier Lady Chapel, the two
rood staircases (filled up), a large aumbry in the south aisle, a squint in the south chapel, covering the centre of the choir Altar, and a curious recess within the sanctuary on the north wall, as to the use and meaning of which I should be glad of any suggestion ; and so conclude a paper already, I fear, too long.
The Members of the Association subsequently visited the Rectory, and examined the base and part shaft of the very beautiful Early English churchyard cross, removed some years ago to the rectory garden, and the remaining portions of the ancient (thirteenth century) house, an engraving of which, from the Gentleman's Magazine, and showing it as it was in 1790, is preserved in the hall of the rectory, including the “Button Cap” ghost room, where Charles Kingsley slept as a boy, and of which there is an amusing and characteristic account in his published Letters and Life. Canon Kingsley's father was rector of Barnack, on the presentation of his friend, Bishop Marsh, of Peterborough.
COULD ARCHBISHOP WILFRID HAVE BUILT THE
SAXON TOWER, BARNAC CHURCH ? The foundation of Medes-lam-stead is said to have been about A.D. 654.
To it grants of land were made, of which the first, about 656, is witnessed by Wilfrid as “ Wilfrid Priest” (Wilfrid born about 634). Of such lands a second grant is again witnessed by “ Wilfrid"
Bp.”. Consequently, later than 664, in which year he became Bp. of York, and was consecrated at Compiègne by Agilbert in 665.
On the death of Childric II, Wilfrid assists Dagobert (the second). He repairs York, and builds a church at Hrypum.
In 674 Dagobert joins Wilfrid at York, and receives efficient aid from him.
Wilfrid's dispute with Theodore of Canterbury takes place in 677. He reaches Rome in 678, and by a Council held there in October is restored to his See. Wilfrid
goes through Frisia with