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THE FIFTH VOLUME OF THE NEW SERIES OF THE JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH ARCHÆOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION for the year 1899 contains a considerable number of the Papers which were laid before the recent Congress at Peterborough, and of those read during the recent sessions in London, and the Proceedings of the Congress and the Evening Meetings. A variety of interesting information and criticisms is also contained in the department allotted to Antiquarian Intelligence. The volume is again illustrated with numerous plates and drawings, for many of which we are indebted to the liberality of the Authors of Papers and other friends; and by this means the Association has been enabled to render the book more attractive than would otherwise have been possible.

The Association is to be congratulated on its good fortune in having for its President so genial and kindly a scholar as the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Peterborough, whose Inaugural Address is a model of its kind. The thanks of the Association are also due to Bishop Mitchinson, now Master of Pembroke, for the excellent and suggestive sermon delivered by him before the Congress in Peterborough Cathedral.

No very marked archæological discoveries make the past year memorable, but among the contents of this volume will be found Papers containing the fruits of original research relating to the archaic, prehistoric, and early historic periods of the history of Great Britain; to ecclesiastical and monastic, as well as to Renascence architecture; and to domestic and popular antiquities

particularly as they bear upon the ancient and renowned City of Peterborough, and the country around it.

Among the Papers which bear on prehistoric times, that by Prof. T. McKenny Hughes, F.S.A., deserves notice. Roman and Anglo-Saxon remains near Peterborough, are ably dealt with by Dr. T. J. Walker. The Charters of Ramsey Abbey are very fully treated of by Dr. W. De Gray Birch, and the value of Manorial Court Rolls is forcibly demonstrated by Mr. W. E. Foster, F.S.A. The parishes of Maxey, Peakirk, Northborough, Orton and others, are described in a series of interesting Papers, while Folk-lore and Folk-customs are strikingly delineated by Mr. Syer-Cuming and Mr. Dack. As the years pass, the area of archeological discovery becomes necessarily more circumscribed, but this is more than compensated for by the immense amount of inexhaustible material which remains to reward patient research and a more minute archæological survey. Bearing this in mind, the Association may still look forward hopefully to the future, resolved to prove more unquestionably than ever the truth of the saying: “το παλαιόν χρηστόν έστιν.


31 December, 1899.



British Archaeological Association.

MARCH 1899.



(Read at the Peterborough Congress, 14th July, 1898.)

HE honour you have conferred on me in

asking me to preside over your fiftyfifth Congress is the first subject of my thoughts.

I beg to thank you for it, and to say that I recognise in it your kind appre

ciation of my official position, for as an antiquary I have no right to say anything to you, but as the Bishop of Peterborough I have.

And first of my duties comes the pleasant one of welcoming the British Archæological Association to this old cathedral city. We probably rank in the matter of population or industry below the average of those places you have selected for your annual gatherings, but in the matter of antiquarian interest and archæological wealth we have plenty to interest you.

In the name, then, of the civic and ecclesiastical authorities of Peterborough, as well as in behalf of our own Northampton Architectural Society and the Peterborough Archäological Society, and in the name of all of us who feel interest in your archæological work, we wish you a hearty welcome and a pleasant and profitable sojourn amongst us while at Peterborough. The programme


of your visit is already in your hands. It has been carefully arranged to give you at least a cursory glance at some of our chief features of interest. These, in the course of a short week and one day, you cannot hope to exhaust ; let us trust that their pursuit will not exhaust you ; and let us further hope that all you cannot compass in your present visit may be a bait to tempt you back again : feeling sure that whenever, either collectively (as an Association) or individually, you may return, you will be accorded a hearty welcome from the good folk of Peterborough.

Will you excuse me, if, as your President, I cherish the natural desire that this particular Congress may

in some way be a new epoch in your Association life, and that it may not merely lead to the result of landing each of you another step further in the science of your choice, and enriching your memories with some of those treasures of the past which it is your fortunate prerogative to explore: not only that you may take away from our locality a fund of knowledge and an abundance of archæological mental pabulum that can be, in the coming winter days, reduced to much sectional lecture-giving, and many, of course, quite indispensible pamphlets and treatises and reports; not only that you will leave behind you here the happy memories of your eight days' stay, the pleasant friendships given and received, the treasures of your imparted knowledge, and the quickening of our fen-fevered sluggish intellect by the bright play of your more cultivated minds; but that for once, if not before, there may remain a practical effloresence of your visit here which will impart a lasting impression to your all-too-short visit in our midst, and be an imperishable memory even when you are gone.

And it is this. On Thursday, July 21st, on the last and extra day of your visit, you are invited to go to Fotheringhay, and you will stand upon a spot that for romance and pathetic interest can hardly find a rival in our land.

The castle where the Scotch queen was murdered is

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