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of the day on which Mr. Wyldbore was lost in a fog on the Common, and found his way back to Peterborough by hearing the bells of St. John's Church being rung; for which reason he bequeathed a sum of money to the bellringers, for the bells of St. John's Church to be rung on the anniversary of the day, and to the vicar to preach them a sermon), Archdeacon Paley, Dean Lockyer, Dr. Spencer Madan, Dr. Manners Sutton, Lord Fitzwilliam, Dr. Cromwell Mortimer, Secretary to the Royal Society, and many others. Although this Society did not have the influence of the Spalding Society, or so numerous a list of distinguished members—which was, no doubt, owing to Mr. Johnson's connection with the Antiquarian Society —yet it numbered many good names, and was a worthy offspring of the parent or older Society.

For fifteen years this Society flourished, the minutebooks were kept with care, and most interesting records were entered ; but never with the same methodical completeness as at Spalding. But it is sufficiently shown " that good-fellowship’ was not allowed to interfere with the duties the members had undertaken ; and you will see, after a series of dull, learned, prosy dissertations on mathematical problems, astronomical predictions, and other abstruse questions, a little human break occurs, when a meeting is suspended to permit the members to visit a Spotted Boy or other freak, and then they return and discuss the question of the object being genuine or a fraud.

Between the Spalding and Peterborough Societies, interchange of presents, papers, letters, coins, and local curiosities were continually being made; and by the kindness of Dr. Perry, I have been able to include some extracts from the Spalding minute-books, relating to the interchange.

Occasionally, distinguished foreigners visited the Society, but they were not always received with that faith which their credentials might have been supposed to warrant; as in the Rev. Mr. Marshall, vicar of St. John's Church, their second treasurer, they had a man who is entered on the minutes as “generally contentious”—but who exposed two impostors: one, in 1735, pretended to be David, Archbishop of Nicosia, who was attended by a

peace and

Solomon Mears as interpreter ; but prior to that, in 1732, a visitor calling himself Solomon Tretest, late governor of Palestine, who came provided with ample testimonies of being the person he represented himself to be, was so severely examined and cross-examined about the Greek Church, his language and country, that his ignorance and imposture was exposed; but copies of his seal are in the minute-book, and also his autograph.

Unfortunately, Mr. Marshall had not the consideration for his members or the kindly firmness and tact of the treasurers of the B. A. A., but appears to have been of a most masterful disposition; and an entry is made that his accounts were passed for the sake of “ quiet;" but it culminated when the Society had decided to change their rooms and remove their property : which I shall mention later.

I will now read a few extracts from the minutes, which will show their proceedings, and I must express my great obligation to Mr. Irvine, who has so greatly helped me in making the extracts.

There are three volumes : vol. I, which belongs to the Dean and Chapter, by whom it was very kindly lent, dates from the formation of the Society in 1730 to March 2, 1743, and was presented to the Cathedral library by the late Rev. Henry Freeman, of Folkesworth, in December, 1853. It bears this inscription

Presented to the Library of the Cathedral Church of Peterborough, its intended destination.”

This may be explained if I read a resolution passed by the Society in 1740.

25 June, 1740. We, the present Regular Members of this Society, do acknowledge it to be Original Agreement and Institution thereof, that whatever Books, Prints, Papers, Medals and other Curiosities do or shall belong to this Society, shall, in case of a Dissolution of this same, be reposited in the Library belonging to the Dean and Chapter of this Cathedral Church, and shall not be divided among any or all of the Members of the said Society. And we do hereby accordingly testifye our agreement thereto and renounce all such Claim or Title to the same. And we also further declare and agree that no person shall hereafter be admitted or deemed a regular

Member of this Society who shall not first subscribe this Ordinance.
Witness our hands-

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The volumes II and ii date from 1742-3 to 1830, and are the property of the Peterborough Book Society, and were most courteously lent me by the Secretary, Mr. J. Wheeler.

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Rules and Orders to be observed and kept and up by the Members of the Gentlemen's Society in Peterborough. Instituted this Twenty sixth day of August, 1730, for the improvement of Literature and promoting of Friendship and good Neighbourhood.

Society to consist of Regular and Honorary Members. No gentleman within 5 miles off Peterborough shall be admitted otherwise than a regular Member. Regular members to pay 38. per quarter.

1730, Sept. 2.-Maurice Johnson, jun., of Spalding, Esq., proposed as Honorary Member,

1730, Sept. 16.-Maurice Johnson admitted Hon. Member.

17:30, October 7.-Thomas Marshall, rector of St. John's, reads an historical account of his church of St. John's, first erected by Abbot Turrold, 1078. A list of rectors given. Names were added up to 1786 by a later member.

1730, October 14.- In the Chapel at Long Thorp (which is an hamlet belonging to the parish of St. John the Baptist, in Peterborough), is the following inscription engraved on a copper plate and fastened into a stone of the pavement just at the entrance into the Chancel which shows the time of the Consecration (or rather the reconseciation) of the said Chapel, together with the reason of it; for 'tis probable that it had been long before that an Oratory

or Chapel, erected in popish times to say Mass, and for the Soul of some deceased person. The Inscription runs thus :

Cum refectum et Deo, comiterij gratia
Sacratum hoc fuit Sacellum Anno Domini
1683. hoc primum auxilianti manu posuit
Saxum Gulielmus filius natu maximus
Georgij Leafield Armigeri, sub quo eodem
Saxo a Dedicatione Ipse primus corpore tenui
Sepultus erat, Decris 21, 1685 ætat gro.

Thos. MARSHALL.

1730-31, February 3.-Mr. Marshall communicated to the Society the following inscription from two ancient pieces of stonework, fixed into that part of the west front of the Bishop's Palace in Peterborough, which stands nearest the Cathedral Church. T are carved in large projecting letters upon two separate stones cut in the form of an escutcheon, and then put (as it were) into a square frame of stone with scroll work round it. The letters seem to make up this short pious sentence : Laudetur Dominus, except some should choose rather to read it: Laus detur Domino. (The sense in both cases the same.) The stone which has the inscrip

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tion Laudetur or Laus detur upon it stood originally the first, i.e., nearest the Cathedral Church, at about 12 ft. or 18 ft. distance from the other till about four months ago, the present Bishop (Dr. Robert Clavering) making very considerable alterations in his palace, had some part of the west front (which extended most to the northward, and was very ruinous) entirely taken down. In this demolished part stood the first stone which the ignorant workmen, not knowing it had any relation to the second, removed to another place, and set it up (without the square frame) over the grand arch of the Piazza. The second stone remains where it was first put up whole and entire with its

square
frame.

10

1899

IS

February 10.-Notice of four Roman urns dug up at March in beginning of November last by labourers in making the New Road from March to Wisbeach-four urns in all; in three were burnt bones, ashes, etc., and in fourth upwards of 400 Roman Denarii ; the whole dated between the time of Augustus' Triumvirate and the Emperor Commodus; intrinsic weight of each about 7d. or 74d. sterling; the largest share in hands of Rev. Mr. Snell, of Doddington, in whose parish they were found; he has two of the jurns and a fragment of the third ; that which contained the money is in possession of Mr. George Smith, of March.

1731, April 21.—Mr. White Kennett, Prebendary, presented to the Society five pieces of cast brass, supposed to be used by the ancient Romans in setting their Toils when they went an hunting, dug up in the common fields of Eye in this County which formerly part of the great forest of Arundel, as also the head of a Roman javelin used in hunting the wild boar found in the same place. On June 9, 1731, order to present one of these to our Sister Society at Spalding.

November 17.- Dr. Stukely, Rector of All Saints,' Stamford, proposed as an honourable member, and admitted on December 1.

1732, June 14.- Rev. Mr. Snell sends description of the four urns found at March. They were placed in an exact square of about 5 yards, one of which he presented with the burnt bones in it to the Society.

1732, July 5.--Rev. Mr. Neve submits Chronological Series of Abbots and Bishops of Peterborough.

July 19.--Ordered yt Maurice Johnson, jun., Esq., of Spalding, a member of this Society, have leave to exchange 18 medals with us out of our Collection, he promising to give us as good or better in return, w'ch was done accordingly to ye satisfaction of this Society.

July 28.--Treas’r communicates Inscription over ye Chimney in ye Great Hall at Apethorp, ye seat of ye Right Hon. ye Earl of Westmoreland.

September 20.—Presented to Society a piece of the left horn of a stag found in a place called Slipe river, 5 ft. underground, between Low Burrow Fen and Burrough Great Fen, September 11.

December 1.-Dr. Stewkley admitted an Honourary Member.

December 15.- Account by Beaupre Bell, Esq., of the Roman denarii found near March, November 1731.

January 26, 1731.-Dr. Balguy shows that a pint of Peterborough spring water is 16 grains heavier than the same quantity of water in the River Nene.

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