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Ireland to a close. The city of Dublin, “in grateful commemoration of their late deliverance by the conduct and valor of King William III., erected his statue on horseback," in College Green, bearing a Latin inscription. It was inaugurated with great solemnity, on July the 1st, 1701, being the anniversary of the victory of the Boyne.
Until the past few years, this statue was wont to be newly gilt and painted for the same anniversary. Its new adorning, however, provoked assault and defence between partisans, contests which frequently ended in bloodshed. Its annual decoration, therefore, has given place to an enduring coat of bronze, and it is allowed to stand longer than the twelvemonth round in quietness, unharmed itself, and without offence being given or taken from it among any of the passers by.
DUBLIN IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY.
A LONDON bookşeller, who had crossed the Atlantic, and was generally acquainted with men and things, spent some time in Dublin about the commencement of the eighteenth century. His name was John Dunton.
He has given a pretty full account of Trinity College, as then circumstanced.
“It consists,” he writes, “of three squares, the outward being as large as both the inner, one of which, of modern building, has not chambers on every side the other has ; on the south side of which stands the library, the whole length of the square. The hall and butteries run the same range with the library, and separates the two inner squares. It is an old building; as is also the Regent House, which from a gallery looks into the chapel, which has been of late years enlarged, being before too little for the number of scholars, who are now, with the fellows, etc., reckoned about three hundred and forty. They have a garden for the fellows, and another for the provost, both neatly kept; as also a bowling
green, and large parks for the students to walk and exercise in. The foundation consists of a provost; seven senior fellows, of whom two are doctors in divinity; eight juniors, to whom one is lately added; and seventy scholars.” A new house was then building for the provost, which was to be 66
very noble and magnificent.” The same writer speaks of being shown “the gardens belonging to the college, which were very pleasant and entertaining. Here was a sun-dial, on which might be seen what o'clock it was in most parts of the world.
This dial was placed upon the top of a stone, representing a pile of books. And not far from this was another sun-dial, set in a box, of a very large compass, the gnomon of it being very near as big as a barber's pole. Leaving this pleasant garden, we ascended several steps, which brought us into a curious walk, where we had a prospect to the west of the city, and to the east of the sea and harbor : on the south we could see the mountains of Wicklow, and on the north, the river Liffey, which runs by the side of the college.'
says, “ the library is over the scholars lodgings, the length of one of the quadrangles, and contains a great many choice books of great value, particularly one, the largest I ever saw. for breadth: it was a “Herbal,' containing the lively portraitures of all sorts of trees, plants, herbs, and flowers." There also he saw what seem to have been the germs of a museum: among other 'curiosities, “ the thigh-bone of a giant," “ kept there as a convincing demonstra
tion of the vast bigness which some human bodies have in former times arrived to.” 6 At the east end of this library, on the right hand, is a chamber called the “ Countess of Bath's Library,' filled with
many handsome folios and other books, in Dutch binding, gilt, with the earl's arms impressed upon them; for he had been some time in this house. On the left hand, opposite to this room, is another chamber, in which I saw a great many manuscripts, medals, and other curiosities. At the west end of the library, there is a division made by a kind of wooden lattice-work, containing about thirty paces, full of choice and curious books, which was the library of that great man, Archbishop Usher.” “The library, at present, is but an ordinary pile of building, and cannot be distinguished on the outside ; but.I hear they design the building of a new library; and I am told the House of Commons in Ireland have voted three thousand pounds towards carrying it on."
Dunton mentions it as customary to read publicly in the chapel of the college, every Trinity Sunday, in the afternoon, the name of Queen Elizabeth, and of every other contributor to it from its foundation, "as a grateful acknowledgment to the memory of their benefactors.” He then describes the proceedings which took place on the first hundredth anniversary of its opening, a few years before his visit. “On the 9th of January, 1693, (which completed a century from the foundation of the college,) they celebrated their first secular day, when the provost, Dr. Ashe, now Bishop of Clogher, preached, and made a
notable entertainment for the lords justices, lord mayor, and aldermen of Dublin.
The sermon preached by the provost was on the subject of the foundation of the college; and his text was, Matt. xxvi. 13, Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, there shall also this, that this woman hath done, be told for a memorial of her:' which in this sermon the provost applied to Queen Elizabeth, the foundress of the college. The sermon was learned and ingenious, and
afterwards printed by Mr. Ray, and dedicated to the lords justices. In the afternoon, there were several orations in Latin, spoke by the scholars, in praise of Queen Elizabeth and the succeeding princes; and an ode made by Mr. Tate, (the Poet Laureate,) who was bred up in this college. Part of the ode was this following :
Great parent, hail! all hail to thee;
Who hast the last distress survived,
To see this joyful day arrived,
Another century commencing,
No decay in thee can trace:
Adds new charms to every grace
After war's alarms repeated,
Numerous offspring thou dost raise,
Such as to Juverna's praise