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real perfection and happiness, is that which is SERM. exercised according to the direction of reason II. and wisdom.

On this account principally the gospel is called the law of liberty, it reftores the empire of reason in men, and rescues them from fervitude to their lufts and paffions. It has this denomination on another account, which I may afterwards insist on, namely, as it has abolished the ceremonial-law, a yoke, which St. Peter says, neither we nor our fathers were able to bear *. This liberty by the gospel is largely explained by the apostle Paul. But St. James, not treating of that subject particularly, it is reasonable to understand the character as applied by him in a greater latitude. In the įst chap. he has recommended a diligent attention to, and a due improvement of the word of God, that we should receive it with meeknefs as the ingrafted word wbich is able to fave us, laying apart all filtbiness and Superfluity of naughtiness; and, then, he defcribes the different sorts of hearers, the careless, unattentive, unreformed; and the serious and obedient. The former he compares to a man bebolding bis natural face in a glass, who foon forgets what manner of man he was. The other, looking stedfastly, and with the most carnest attention into the gospel, is transform’d

by * Ads xv. 10.

SER M.by the renewing of his mind, and becomes a II. faithful and constant doer of the will of God.

Tis in this description he inserts the Character of the law of liberty, which, therefore, I conclude has a reference to the rescuing of men from the power of their vices and cora rupt affections, that they may practise pure religion as the proper effect of christianity.

The connexion of the text stands thus. The apostle had cenfur’d the fews, to whom he writes, for their partiality in making distinctions among men according to their outward condition, exhorting them to fulfil the royal law, thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, which abstracts from all such considerations. To this law we must have an universal respect, not obeying it in one instance only, but in all, otherwise we shall not be accepted; then follows, so Speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty, which application plainly points to universal obedience as the proper intent of the gospel, in opposition to the contrary tendency of our own lusts and pafsions.

Indeed St. Paul himself explains the freedom we have obtained by the law of Christ in this manner; as in the viiith to the Rom. 2d ver. For the law of the Spirit of the life in Cbrist Jesus bath made me free from the law of

fin and death. What these opposite laws are, SERM. appears from the preceding chapter, where II. they are called the law of the members, and the law of the mind; the one leading to fin, and holding the soul in captivity to it, which is a most wretched and cruel Navery; the other directing to that which is good and wellpleasing in God's sight. Now, fince immediately to this is subjoined that account of the christian law, or the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus, that it makes us free from the law of fin and death, what can the meaning be, but that it restores the sovereingty of the mind, delivering it from the reign of sin in the mortal body, that henceforth christians should yield themselves unto God, and their members the instruments of righteousness, which is the truest liberty, the liberty of men, of intelligent and moral agents ?

Secondly, Pursuant to this, christians by the gospel have obtained a deliverance from condemnation, and therefore it may justly be called the law of liberty. Death is the punishment of fin, established unalterably by the law, of God; mankind, therefore, conscious of guilt, have a dread of it which fills their minds with horror, and holds them in an uncomfortable bondage. According to the clearness of the apprehensions which

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SERM.they have concerning the divine law, and 11. the threatnings contained in it, so is their

terror; and the Jewish law being the most express in this point, without declaring the remiffion of fin, -it is, therefore, called the ministration of death and of condemnation ; and they who were under it, received the Spirit of bondage to fear, as the apostle says, Rom. viii. 15. But, Christ Jesus having tafted death for every man, and being, in order to reconcile us to God, as mediator, made partaker of flesh and blood, that by Heath be might destroy him who had the power of death, that is the devil, he has by his law of grace proclaimed forgiveness, and an immunity from the punishment of fin to such as fincerely repent, thus express’d, Heb. 11.115.

to deliver them who through fear of death "were all their life time subječt to bondage.

Upon which they who are fo delivered te-ceive the spirit of adoption, whereby they

ferve God and obey his commandments with · freedom and chearfulness. HOSTY

Thirdly, The gospel is a law of liberty, as it frees christians from the burthenfome srites of the Mofaic institution. When God i was pleased to feparate the Ifraelites for a peculiar people unto himself, and form them

into

into a nation and a church, he saw fit, for SERM. what reasons I do not now inquire, to appoint II. a multitude of ceremonies which were to continue in force during that dispensation. This must be very grievous to a rational worshipper, whose great fatifaction it is to see the reasonableness of the actions he performs, and their conduciveness to the true ends of worship. The apostles therefore speak meanly of those ordinances, comparing them with the liberty, the spirit and truth of christianity', they call them carnal, beggarly elements, the rudiments of this world, and only shadows of good things to come. Befides, the terror which accompanied that ministration becaule of the severity of its threatnings, the weakness and unprofitableness of the service itself made the very attendance on it a great grievance, But, now, sthe Lord is that spirit of which christianity is the ministration; not like the killing letter of the Old Testament, which denounced wrath for every offence, but a ministry of righteousness or justification, which exceeds vin glory, especially, because thereby the

sexcellent things of religious virtue, the dibovine precepts of eternal righteousness, are * engraven on the fleshly tables of the heart, miforming in it noble dispositions, most be

D2 coming

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