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But as God had design'd Yerusalem for the Place of his Worship, Devid having, by divine Appointment, obtain'd the Crown, immediately set himself about dri
ving the Jebufites out of that City And 2 Sam. v. taking the strong Hold of Zion, fortify'd
it, and built a Citadel there, and call’d it The City of David; repairing, beautifying, and much enlarging che whole beyond its ancient Boundaries.
Upon one Part of the Hill of Sion, (which consisted of several Mounts) he built the Royal Palace, and set up the Ark of the Covenant; upon another, call’d Mount Moriah (even the same on which Abraham was directed to offer up his Son Isaac) he intended to build the Temple; but, being restrain'd by a special Meffage from God, he left that Work for his Son and Successor Solomon to perform; who began and finish'd it, accordingly, with great Magnificence: and, for the Defence of it, built a Fort upon a third Mount of the Hill; as Fosephus assures
* V. Book of Wars. VII, of Antiquit.
-. However, in the fifth Year of Rebo- 2 Chron. boam, Son of Solomon, (one who forsook xii. 2. the Law of the LORD) Shishak King of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, with a great Force, and sack'd the City; and took away
the Treasures out of the House of the LORD, and out of the House of the King.
Afterwards, in the Reign of Hezekiah, Sennacherib, King of Allyria, sent a great Army and laid close Siege to it. Upon this, Hezekiah fortify’d and repair’d it ; 2 Chron. and the Hand of the LORD being with him (for he was a pious, good King) the Asyrians, after a Time, were forc'd to raise the Siege, not being able to take the City. Yet, after this, it was taken and plunder'd three several times by Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon; first, in the Reign of Jehoiakim ; again, in that of Jeboiachin, his Son; and a third time, in that of Zedekiab his Brother: when he þurnţ the whole City, demolish'd the Walls
and Fortifications of it, and carried away all the People to Babylon.
Ś E C T. VI.
Their Return to their own Land. I
Upon their being permitted to return by Cyrus King of Perhia, after they had remain'd in Captivity Seventy Years, Zerubbabel rebuilt the Temple, and Nebemiah the City; and Ezra, the Priest and Scribe, restor'd the Law. And thus they stood, till the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, who plunder'd the City, burnt the Law, and profan’d the Temple.
But all was soon after set right again by the valorous Conduct of Judas Maccabeus; and they continued in a flourishing Condition for many Years; 'till Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, two Brothers, contending about the Crown, Pompey, who happen'd at that time to be at the Head of the Roa man Army in Syria, took Advantage of this Diffenfion, and seiz'd the City; which Antigonus the Son of Ariftobulus, by the Assistance of the Parthians, foon after recover'd,
From him it was presently after taken: by the first Herod; who, by the Favour of the Romans, and the Assistance of their Proconful of Syria, was declared King thereof.
Thenceforward it continued in Subjection, sometimes to the Herods, but most1 ly to Governors sent from Rome, till, be.
cause of the rebellious Disposition of its Inhabitants, it was, as we before observ'd, together with the Temple, utterly de
ftroy'd and levellid with the Ground, by - Titus the Son of Vespañan Cæfar. After
which, the Jews never attempted more to return to it.
CH A P. IV. SECT. I. Their Religious Affairs.
HE LAW, as was observ'd before,
consisting of two Parts; one relating to the religious Worship of God, the other to the civil Duties of Man; it is but reasonable that we should treat of that Part,
in the first Place, which respects God; and. then of the other, which regards our Neighbour.
Now that part of the Law which concerns the ceremonious Worship of God, may properly be consider'd under four Heads; as it relates to the four following facred Things; Places, Days, Rités, and Perfors. And it having been God's Will and Pleasure, to declare how he would be worship’d, for the greater Solemnity, in particular Places; upon cercain stated Days; by peculiar Rites; and by Persons under certain Qualifications, consecrated and ordain'd for that Purpose; we shall; for Method fake, consider each of these distinêtly; and take a View of them separately, and successively, by that Light in which Divine Revelation exhibits them to us. It shall be the Business of this Chapter therefore to discourse of the Holy Places.
S E C T. II.
PLACES of WORS H I P.
The Places set apart and us'd for religious Worship, were several. First of all the