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house of the LORD, and he fate on the throne
of the kings. And we read of three capr 2 Kings i tains of fifties, who, with their Fifties,
i.9.11.13 were sent successively by Abaziah King of Ifrael, to bring the Prophet Elijah to him.
The Apocryphal Writings tells us, that Ju- 1 Macco
These Officers, from the Captain of the
SECT. IV. ve sonra The CAPTAIN of the Temple." sie We read of Bands of Men, and Oficers, and the Captain of the Temple, in the New Testament; of which, because they are there mention'd, tho’ more belonging to the Government of the Romans than the Constitution of the Jews, we shall endeavour to give some Account.
When Judas Maccabeus had undertaken the Defence of his Country against the Invasions of Antiochus King of Syria, ao mong other Methods which he put the People upon, of fortifying and securing themselyes, we are told, that, * at that time. also they builded up the mount Sion with high walls, and strong towers round about, left the Gentiles should come and tread it down, as they had done before. And
*1 Macc. iv. 60. Of this Building Josephus speaks thus: Tbe Assamonean Princes (Judas and his Brethren) made a Tower and Fortifications adjoyning to the Temple; and orderd the Robes belonging to the High-Priest to be kept there. This Tower was afterwards repair'd by Herod, and appointed for the Temple Guard; and, in Compliment to his Friend Marc Antony the Triumvir, be call'd it the Antonian Tower,
they set there a Garrison to keep it; and fortified Bethsura to preserve it, that the people might have a defence against Idumea.
Here, in after Times, the Romans kept their Garrison; from whence they overaw'd and govern'd the City; sending out
Detachments to any Part, as Occasion re1 quir’d. From hence; the Jews procur'd
that Band of Men, and those Officers whom John * they appointed to attend Judas, in order xviü. 3.
to apprehend our LORD. That thefe
Acts iv.1. that as they spake unto the people, the
Priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came upon them, and laid
hands on them, and put them in bold. And ib. v. 24. after, when the High-Pries, and the tap
tain of the temple, and the Chief Priests, beard of their miraculous Escape, and that they were teaching in the Temple, they were perplex'd what to do. Then went the captain, with the officers, and brought them without violence.
And when Paul came to Jerusalem, ib. xxi. and all the city was moved, and the peo
ple ran together, as they were about to kill bim, tidings came unto the chief captain of the band, that all Jerusalem was in an uprore. Who immediately took foldiers and centurions, and ran down unto them: and when they saw the chief captain and the
foldiers, they left beating of Paul. Then the ib. xxii. chief captain commanded him to be brought
into the castle, &c. The Name of this ib. xxiii. Chief Captain was Claudius Lyfas.
od to It may not be improper, now we are up on the Subject of their military Affairs, to
give a summary Accountof the Wars of these
of Elam, and Tidal King of Nations, and i Amraphel King of Shinar, and Arioch King
of Ellafar, joining their Forces together by
à Quadruple Alliance, invaded the Domibi nions of five other Kings, near whose Ter
ritories the Land lay, which was possess’d by
Victory declaring her felf on the side of
and pursued them. And he divided bima y self against them, be and bis servants, by
night, and smote them, and brought back
State of the World. 3