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XX. 23•

rites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Ifrael

And, afterwards, when Abner was treacheii. 33. rously murder'd, The king (David) faid un

to his servants, Know ye not that that there is a prince, and a great man fallen this day in Israel

What Abner was to Saul, the fame foab 2 Sam.

was to David. It is said, Joab was over all the host of Israel. . And when David was

inclin’d to have Israel and Judab number'd, ---xxiv.2. be said to Joab the captain of the hoft, which

was with him, Go now through all the tribes of Israel, &c.

When Abfalom was forming a Rebellion 2 Sam. against his Father, he made Amafa captain xvii. 25. of the host instead of Joab. And when, af

ter the Death of Absalom, David was desirous of recalling to their Allegiance, those who had enter'd into the Rebellion with him; he gives Zadok and Abiathar, the Priests, Instructions for negotiating that Affair with the Heads of Absalom's Party; This, among other Expedients, being one; * And say ye to Amafa, art not thou of my

* 2 Sam. xix. 13. The Mother of Amasa was David's Sifier, as was also the Mother of Joab. i Chron. ii. 16.

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i bone and of my flesh? God do fo to me, and

more als, if thou be not captain of the hoft * before me continually, in the room of Joab.

Amasa enjoy'd the Post but a very little a Time, if at all. Indeed we find the King 9 ordering him (as in that Capacity) to af

Jemble the men of Judah within three days. * But whilft he was out upon that Business, ja Joab, coming to him with a Shew of 97 The Friendship, stabbed him, in the fame treachEu erous Manner as he had done Abner bea

fore. Yet, after these Villainies he had
Interest, or rather Power enough to con-
tinue Captain of the Host, all the Days of
David. But, toward the latter End of
them, joining with that Party which
would have set up Adonijah, he brought
opon himself the Fate which he had long
before deserv’d.

When Solomon succeeded to the Throne, 3 we read that Joab fled unto the tabernacle : King

ii. 28, of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns o of the altar; where he thought to have

found Protection; but, upon refusing to
come forth was slain there by Benaiah, ac
the Command of Solomon. The king faid
unto him, Fall upon him and bury him; that
thou mayst take away the innocent blood
Ii2

which

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which Joab shed, from me and from the
house of my father. And the LORD Mall
return bis blood upon his own head; a who fell
upon two men more righteous and better than
be, and flew them witb. the sword, my fa-
ther David not knowing thereof; to wit,
*Abner the son of Ner, captain of the hoft of
Israel, and Amasa the fon of Jecher, cap-
tain of the host of Judah. IBIZA
- From these Accounts, it appears that the
Captain of the Hoft poffefs'd a great Share
of Power; in a manner icqual to that of
the King himself. A David seems to have
been afraid of yoab 1 otherwise he would
never have sufferd him to live, after those
bloody Affaffinations. And we may observe
that, when Elifha the Prophec, upon be-
ing hospitably entertain'd by the Shuna-
mite, was desirous to make her some Ac-

knowledgment for it, he bids Gebazi his 2 Kings Servant say to her, in these Words, Bebold

thou hast been careful for us with all this care; what is to be done for tbee? Wouldft thou be spoken for to the king, or to the captain of the boft?

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S E C.T.' III.
25 CAPTAINS of Thousands, &c.

The rest of the Officers that govern'd
the Army we find callid by the Titles of
Captains of Thousands, Captains of Hune
dreds, Captains of Fifties, and Captains of
Tens. Who probably were of the same
Rank with those whom Mofes constituted
in the Wilderness, Rulers of Thousands,
&c. and, at first, acted in a double Capa-
city, being at the same time civil Magi-
strates, and military Officers,

The Captains of Thoufands seem to have been much the fame, as Colonels of Regiments with us; and the Captains of Hundreds might probably answer to those who, in our Army, have the Command of Troops and Companies; the Captains of Fifties and Tens, to our Subalterns, Serjeants and Corporals. *** Among the List of David's Adherents while he fled from Saul, and kept himself 1 Chron. clofe at Ziklag ; after feveral Names men

xii, 1.149 tion'd, it is said ; These were of the fons of Gad, captains of the hoft: One of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over. a thousand, Again, we read of others said

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to be Captains of the thousands that were of
Manasseh. And when David had Thoughts

of bringing the Ark of God from Kirjath1 Chron. jearim we are told, he consulted witb the xiii. 1.

captains of thousands, and hundreds, and with every leader. And again, when he

declar'd his Intentions about building the xxvij. Temple, it is said that he asembled all the

princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes,
and the captains of the companies that mini-
Ater'd to the king by course, and the captains
over the thousands, and the captains over the
bun treds.

no tiem
So when Yehoiada the High-Priest had a

Mind to bring on the Restoration, by de2 Kings claring Foash to be- King, be sent for the

rulers over hundreds, with the captains, and the guard, and shewed them the king's fori; and gave them proper Instructions what they were to do. And the captains over the hundreds did according to all things that Jehoiada the Priest commanded. And to the captains over hundreds did the prieft give king David's Spears and shields, that were in the temple of the LORD. And he took the rulers over hundreds, and the captains, and the guard, and all the people of the land, and they brought down the king from the

house

xi. 4.

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