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For all which Provocations, it is said, the LORD was angry with him. Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forafmuch as this is done of thee, and thou haft not kept my covenant, and my statutes, wbich I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. Accordingly, though his Son Rehoboam succeeded him in Benjamin, Judah, and Jerusalem; yet the other ten Tribes adher'd to Jeroboam, who erected another Kingdom, calld thenceforward, Ifrael, by way of Distinction from Judah.

But the Kings of Israel, being generally wicked, and forsaking the LORD; from Jeroboam, the first, to Hofhea, the nineteenth; being about the Space of two hundred and thirty one Years: In the Reign of the latter, that Kingdom was utterly destroy'd, and the whole People carried away into Captivity, from whence they never return’d; by: Sbalmanefer King of Allyria, as has been already noted.

The Kings of Judah were, for the Generality of them, bur little better; so that, after the LORD had born with their Iniquities, to the utmost Extent of his 73 4

divine

divine Mercy, he permitted Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon, to prevail over them, to destroy their Temple, City and Nation; and to carry them away Captives to Babylon, for seventy Years. They were in all, from Rehoboam, the first, to Zedekiah the last, twenty : making up, in the Number of Years which they reigned, three hundred and seventy five.

As to the Manner of Succeffion, in both these Kingdoms, as, whether it were elec-. tive or hereditary, it is not very material to go

about to enquire. For, even hereditary Succession, is really and truly, at bottom, but elective, since it never can, nor doch, take Place, without the Concurrence of a Majority of the People. It is therefore a Part of the Constitution, in all wise Eftablishments, that the Son, without some notable Impediment, shall succeed the Father, to avoid the Hazards and Mischiefs to which formal Elections of this kind must be liable; when the contending Interests of the Competitors would be apt to bring civil Wars and Desolation upon the Countrey,

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Agreeable to which, the Crown of Juu dab descended from Father to Son, in the House of David, from his Time, quite to the Captivity: But not without the solemn Consent and Allowance of the People; as we may perceive by the following In

stances. 1 Kings We are told that, Rehoboam went to Shexii. 1, &c. chem; for all Ifrael were come to Shechem

to make him king. And, all the congregation of Israel, (by the Mouth of Jeroboam)

and spake unto Rehoboam, saying, Thy father made our yoke grievous : Now, therefore, Make thou the grièvous service of thy father, and bis heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee. He defir'd Time to consider of it; and after some Time spent in Consultation, being misled by the Advice of an ignorant wicked Ministry, and refusing to comply with the reasonable Expectations of his People, ten of the twelve Tribes immediately revolved from him, and chose chemfelves another King.

So, when Jeboram died, we read, that 2 Chron. the Inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah, xxii. 1. bis youngest son, king in his stead. So,

the

10, II.

1.

etbe people, at the Instigation of Jehoiada

--- xxiii. the High-Priest, depos'd Athaliah, a wicked Woman who had usurp'd the Crown, and brought out Joath the king's son, from fhis Concealment in the Temple, and put :: upon him the crown, and gave him the testi

mony, and made him king : and Jehoiada a and his fons anointed him, and said, God * save the king. Which, we may therefore

conclude, was the Manner observ'd at all

their Coronations. And fo, it is said, All --- xxvi, by the people of Judah, took Uzziah, who was ?

fixteen years old, and made him king, in the - room of his father Amaziah. Of the Suc

cession of the Kings of Israel we shall take
no Notice at all, upon this Occasion; as
being much more broken and irregular.

After their Return from the Captivity, 1 they were govern'd sometimes by their

High-Priests, as appears from the Apocry, sphal Writings; one while by Princes, of

the Family of the Maccabees, who after-
wards took the Title of Kings; and finally,
by Governours sent from Rome, of whom
wę read in the Gospels.

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SECT. XIII.

The PRINCES of TRIBES. Beside the Constitution of the twelve Tribes collectively, there was, as we have observ'd before, a separate distinct Government in each particular Tribe; where the Affairs relating to that Tribe, were manag’d and conducted, according to peculiar Laws of their own, by the Prince or Head of the Tribe.

And these were in Number Twelve, according to the Num

ber of the Tribes. Numb. i. When God orders Mofes to take the fum

of all the congregation of the children of Ilrael, after their families, by the house of their fathers, he says, with you, there hall be a man of every tribe; every one, bead of the house of his fathers: And these are all mention'd by Name. After which it is said; These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their. fathers, beads of thousands in Israel.

Again; Moses and Aaron, and the chief of the congregation (meaning these Princes) numbered the sons of the

. Kohathites. And

when

2, &c.

ib. iv. 34.

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