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C Which, he tells his Countrymen the. He
brews, was a Figure for the Time then pre* fent; a Type; By which the Holy Ghost
fignified, that the way into the holiest of all (the Kingdom of Heaven open'd by our LORD in the New Testament) was not yet made manifeft. But was to be fulfilld and open'd by CHRIST; who,
being an High-Priest of good things to come, i would, by his own blood, enter, once for all,
into the holy place (Heaven) baving obtained eternal redemption for us. From whence, we may justly conclude that all the reft of the Rites and Ceremonies of the Old Testament, however insignificant they may ap
pear to us now, and tho' they were only impo: sed until the Time of Reformation, yet were
all prophetical of, and received their Completion by, some Circumstance or other of the New; of which Jesus CHRIST himself is the Mediator; Who is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the True, but into heaven it self; to appear, in the presence of God for us.
S E C T. VII.
The Succession to the High-Priest's Ofice.
This Office, at its first Institution, was established and made hereditary, by God himself, to Aaron and his Family. Con
cerning some part of the Sacrifices, there Exod. is this Direction, It shall be Aaron's and xxix.
bis fons by a statute for ever, from the 28, &c.
children of Israel. Again; The holy garments of Aaron shall be his fons after bim; to be anointed therein, and to be consecrated in them. And that fon that is Priest in bis stead, mall put them on, seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation, to minister in the holy place. Again, of Aaron and his Sons, it is said; Their anointing Mall surely be an everlast
ing Priesthood, throughout their generations, Numb. Again, The LORD spake unto Moses, sayXXV. II. ing, Phinehas the son of Eleazar, the son
of Aaron the Priest, was zealous for my fake among the children of Ifrael. Wherefors, behold I give unto him my covenant of peace : And be hall have it, and bis feed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting Priesthood.
ib. xl. 15.
Accordingly, when Aaron died, he was Numb. succeeded by Eleazar his Son; and he again by, his Son Phinebas; who seems Josh. to have been a Coadjutor to - his Father, some Time before his Death: and was so ib. xxiv, highly favour'd of God, that he liv'd and 33. continued in the Office of High-Priest to
very extraordinary Age. For, at the latter End of all the Judges, we find him standing before the ark of the cove- Judg. xx,
28, nant of God, when the children of Israel gathered together unto the LORD in Mizpeh, to ask counsel about going up to battle against the rebellious tribe of Benjamin. 5. Whether he was succeeded immediatelý by Eli (said, by Josephus, to be a Descendent of Ithamar the younger Son of Aaron) the Scripture is filent; though yofephus places three between them, Abisbue, Bukki, and Uzzi ; successively descended from Phinehas; as we find in the Chro- Chron, nicles. However, after some Years, the vi. 4. Succession again took place, in the Family of Eleazar; where it is said to have continued until their Return from the Captivity. After that, their State was so often disturbid by the Kings of Syria, $ 3
and other incroaching Powers, that the Succession in the House of Aaron was quite set aside; though the High-Priesthood was still confin'd to the Tribe of Levi.
That the High-Priests had a great Share in the Administration of the civil Government, before the Time of the Kings, is very plain; and that they had some Influence, after the Monarchy took place,
is not to be doubted of: witness the no2 Kings table Restoration Yehoiada was so inftru2 Chron. mental in; in relation to Jeboash King
of Judah. And, after the Return from the Captivity, it is credible (as Josepbus relates) that they had the chief Management of all publick Affairs.
When therefore the Family of the Maccabees, who were of the Tribe of Levi, in regard to their singular Merit, came to be entrusted with the Helm of Government, there were Princes first, and afterwards Kings, who were High-Priests, at the same Time; in a manner, till the Birth of CHRIST; the Great * Anointed;
* Christ, in the Greek Tongue, is the Anointed.
both King and Priest : of whom it was prophesied, as St. Paul applies it, That Heb. vii, he fhould be an High-Priest, for ever, 21. after the order of Melchisedec: Who, we read, was King of Salem, and Priest of the most high God. Which was a Practice not unusual even among the * Gentiles.
The High-Priest held his Office during his natural Life ; unless in some extraordinary Case. As in that of Abimelech the Great-Grandson of Eli; who, with above fourscore other Priests, was put to Death: Sam,
xxii. 6. at the Command of Saul, because he had reliev'd David in his Distress. Again, Abiathar the Son of Abimelech, who was the last of the House of Eli, was depriv'd by Solomon, because he had been · Kings an Adherent of Adonijab, who afpir'd to the Throne. In the latter Times, under the Herods and the Roman Governors, they wete created and depos'd at Plea
There are few Instances, if any, of there ever having been more than one HighPriest, at the same. Time. Zadok, indeed, * Rex Anius, Rex idem Hominum, Phoebiq; Sav cerdos.