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fon, why all agree that it is the fame Month as March with us.
S E C T. , III. .
By MONTHS. They always began their Months with the New Moon : and before the Babylonish Captivity, distinguish'd them by, no other Names than those of, first, second, third, and so on, to the twelfth. Upon their Return,' they brought the Names of the Babylonian Months with them; which were these; Nisan, March; Zif or Ijar, April; Sivan, May; Tamuz, June; Ab, July ; Elul, Auguft; Ethanim or Tisri, Septem, ber; Bul or Mareshuan, October ; Chifleu, November ; Tebeth, December; Sebat, January; Adar, February.
One half of these Months confifted of thirty days, the other, of twenty nine, alternately; which made the Number of three hundred and fifty four : and for the other eleven Days and odd Hours, which were over and above, they had an Intercalation, every other Year, by adding another Month, which they call’d Veadar,
that is, another Adar; which consisted every second Year, of twenty two, and every fourth Year, of twenty three Days: and by this means they made their Years, one with another, pretty nearly answer the Æquinoctial Year, consisting of three hundred fixty five Days, five Hours,' and forty nine Minutes.
That they had no Way of distinguishing their Months, before the Captivity, but by their numerical Order, appears from the following påffages; In the first month Gen. viii.
13.vii.11. (our September) the waters are said to be dried up from off the earth: Whereas we are cold, just before, that the fountains of the deep were broken up, on the seventeenth day of the second month : by which we find the Deluge continued between ten and eleven Months. In the third month the Chil- Exod. dren of Israel came into the wilderness of Sinai, being our May; for then they began to reckon from the Emigration. When Jerusalem was besieged by the Hoft of the King of Babylon, above a Year and a half, we are told that, on the ninth day of the 2 Kings fourth month, the famine prevaild in the XXV.... city; by which means it was taken. In
Numb., the first day of the fifth month Aaron died. xxxiii.38.
Among the Appointments of David's
Houshold, we read of a particular Capi Chron. tain, for every Month, by Number ; the xxvii. 9. fixth Captain for the fixth Month, &c. The Levit. fifteenth day of the seventh Month, was Zech.i.i. the Feast of Tabernacles. In the eighth
Month, the word of the LORD came to
Zechariah. In the ninth Month of the Jer. xxxvi. 9. fifth Year of Jehoiakim King of Judah,
they proclaim'd a Faft. In the tentb Month, the tops of the Mountains were
seen, as the Flood began to abate. In the Deut. 1.3. fortieth Year, in the eleventh Monch, Moses
deliver'd the whole Law; in a RecapitulaJer.lii.31.
tion. In the twelfth Month, the King of Babylon brought forth the King of Judab out of Prison.
To fhew that they likewise us'd the Names of the Babylonian Months after the
Captivity, in the Book of Esther, we read Efth.iii.7. of, the First month, that is the month Nisan
and of the third month (that is the month Eth. ii. Sivan;) and of, the tenth month (which is
the month Tebeth ;) and of the twelfth Efth.jj.7. 1 Kings" month, that is the month Adar. In the month Zif which is the second month, Solomon be
di gan to build the bouse of the LORD; which was finish'd in the month Bul, which is the ! Kings I eighth month : And dedicated, in the Year following, in the month Ethanim, which is Kings
viii the seventh month. In the Prophet Zechariab we meet with the ninth month, called Zech.
Chisleu; and the eleventh month, Sebat. ib. i. 7. 1 And the Wall of Jerusalem was finilh'd Neh. vi. in the Month Elul, or Auguft.
Thus we see why their Months are sometimes call’d by Name, and at other 1 times, mention'd only by Number. These
Months being Lunar, beginning always "I with the full Moon, cannot exactly coris respond with those of ours; and therefore,
there must be sometimes Two of the one, E, to answer One of the other, according as
By W E E KS. Their Months were divided into Weeks, each consisting of seven Days: every fe
* The Authors of the Books of Kings and of the Chronicles, whoever they were, are allow'd to have writshe ten them, after the Captivity.
venth Day being a Sabbath, or Day of Gen.ü.3. Reft; according to God's own Institucion,
who is said to have rested on that. Day, after he had spent the other fix in creating the World. We find frequent mention of Weeks, both in the old and new Testament: And the Words by which they are cxpress’d, both in the * Greek and Latin, plainly shew that they are understood to consist of just seven days.
By DAY S.
Their Days, as also their Nights, confifted each of twelve Hours; but of different Lengths ; according as it happen'd to be either Winter or Summer. For their Day began at Sun-rise, and ended at Sunset: therefore their Hours, were longer in
Summer, and shorter in Winter. For John ii. which Reason our LORD says, Are there 9.
not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day be stumbleth not, because he feeth the light of the world.
* In the Greek "Effopató. In the Latin Septimana.