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the mission of apostles to proclaim, Paul will stand out the most illustrious of all Christian teachers.

As a man Paul had his faults, but his virtues were transcendent; and these virtues he himself traced to divine grace, enabling him to conquer his infirmities and prejudices, and to perform astonishing labors, and to endure no less marvellous sufferings. His humanity was never lost in his discouraging warfare; he sympathized with human sorrows and afflictions; he was tolerant, after his conversion, of human infirmities, while enjoining a severe morality. He was a man of native genius, with profound insight into spiritual truth. Trained in philosophy and disputation, his gentleness and tact in dealing with those who opposed hiin are a lesson to all controversialists. His voluntary sufferings have endeared him to the heart of the world, since they were consecrated to the welfare of the world he sought to enlighten. As an encouragement to others, he enumerates the calamities which happened to him from his zeal to serve mankind, but he never complains of them or regards them as a mystery, or as anything but the natural result of unappreciated devotion. He was more cheerful than Confucius, who felt that his life had been a failure; more serene than Plato when surrounded by admiring followers. He regarded every Christian man as a brother and a friend. He associated freely with women, without even calling out a sneer or a

reproach He taught principles of self-control rather than rules of specific asceticism, and hence recommended wine to Timothy and encouraged friendship between men and women, when intemperance and unchastity were the scandal and disgrace of the age; although so far as himself was concerned, he would not eat meat, if thereby he should give offence to the weakest of his weak-minded brethren. He enjoined filial piety, obedience to rulers, and kindness to servants as among the highest duties of life. He was frugal, but independent and hospitable; he had but few wants, and submitted patiently to every inconvenience. He was the impersonation of gentleness, sympathy, and love, although a man of iron will and indomitable resolution. He claimed nothing but the right to speak his honest opinions, and the privilege to be judged according to the laws. He magnified his office, but only the more easily to win men to his noble cause. To this great cause he was devoted heart and soul, without ever losing courage, or turning back for a moment in despondency or fear. He was as courageous as he was faithful; as indifferent to reproach as he was eager for friendship. As a martyr he was peerless, since his life was a protracted martyrdom. He was a hero, always gallantly fighting for the truth whatever may have been the array and howling of his foes; and when wounded and battered by his

enemies he returned to the fight for his principles with all the earnestness, but without the wrath, of a knight of chivalry. He never indulged in angry recriminations or used unseemly epithets, but was unsparing in his denunciation of sin, — as seen in his memorable description of the vices of the Romans. Self-sacrifice was the law of his life. His faith was unshaken in every crisis and in every danger. It was this which especially fitted him, as well as his ceaseless energies and superb intellect, to be a leader of mankind. To Paul, and to Paul more than to any other apostle, was given the exalted privilege of being the recognized interpreter of Christian doctrine for both philosophers and the people, for all coming ages; and at the close of his career, worn out with labor and suffering, yet conscious of the services which he had rendered and of the victories he had won, and possibly in view of approaching martyrdom, he was enabled triumphantly to say: "I have fought a good fight; I have finished my course; I have kept the faith. Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me in that day."

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INDEX.

| Ammonites, 215.

Amorites, 34.
A AROX, 104.

Ananias, 505.
Abiathar, 213, 238.

Animals, sacred, 72; worship of, 375
Abishai, 216.

Antigonus, 439.
Abner, 208.

Antioch, Paul at, 478.
Absalom, 221.

Antioch of Pisidia, 483.
Abraham, spiritual father of pations, | Antiochus, 450.

27; early years, 30; moral courage Antiochus Epiphanes, 441; death of
of, 32; call, 31; deception of Pha- 456.
raoh, 36; moral greatness of, 33; | Antipas, 468.
whence his knowledge, 39; trials Antipater, 466.
of, 41, 46; obedience of, 47; dignity Antonia, tower of, 467, 504.
of, 49.

Antony, 465.
Achish, 207.

Apocrypha, 429.
Adonijah, 223, 238.

Apollos, 499.
AMictions, why they befall the right-| Apollonius, 442, 449.
eous, 136.

Archilaus, 468.
Agag, 190.

Areopagus, 192.
Agapae, 500.

Aristobulus, 464, 466.
Ahab, 278; his wrath, 287; his disap- Artaxerxes II., 438.

pointment, 301; humiliation, 292; | Artaxerxes III., 438.
death of, 307.

Aryan nations, 38.
Ahasuerus, 402, 404; his disquiet, 417. Asa, 322.
Ahaz, 330.

Ashdod, siege of, 364.
Ahaziah, 307.

Asmoneans, 444.
Alexander Janneus, 464.

Assyria, 325, 365.
Alexandra, 464.

| Assyrian hosts, destruction of, 332.
Alexandria, 436, 440.

Assyrian invasion of Judah, 329.
Amalek, 409.

Astaroth, 367.
Amasa, 422.

Athaliah, 306.
Ammon, 221; worship of, 69. | Athens, 492; Paul at, 491.

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