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very great part of the inhabitants of New England, attended with the best effects. There has been a great increase of seriousness, and sober consi. deration of eternal things; a disposition to hearken to what is said of such things with attention and affection; a disposition to treat matters of religion with solemnity, and as of great importance; to make these things the subject of conversation; to hear the word of God preached, and to take all opportunities of it; to attend on the public worship of God, and all external duties of religion, in a more solemn and decent manner; so that there is a remarkable and general alteration in New England in these respects. Multitudes in all parts of the land, of vain, thoughtless, regardless persons, are quite changed, and become serious and considerate. There is a vast increase of concern for the salvation of the precious soul, and for the answer of that inquiry, 'What shall I do to be saved ?' The hearts of multitudes have been greatly taken off from the things of the world, its profits, pleasures, and honours. Multitudes in all parts have had their consciences awakened, and have been made sensible of the pernicious nature and consequences of sin ; and what a dreadful thing it is to be under guilt and the displeasure of God, and to live without peace and reconciliation with him. They have also been awakened to a sense of the shortness and uncertainty of life, and the reality of another world and future judgment, and of the necessity of an interest in Christ. They are more afraid of sin ; more careful and inqui. sitive that they may know what is contrary to the mind and will of God, that they may avoid it; and what he requires of them, that they may do it; more careful to guard against temptations, more watchful over their own hearts, earnestly desirous of knowing, and of being diligent in the use of, the means that God has appointed in his word, in order to salvation. Many very stupid, senseless sinners, and persons of a vast mind, have been greatly awakened.”
We would willingly quote the whole chapter, and we most strongly recommend it, and indeed every portion of this masterly work, to our readers. It will be seen at once from these passages, that a Revival is no new dispensation, as it has been sometimes injudiciously termed. When at the preaching of Peter, men smote on their breasts, and cried, “ Men and brethren, what shall we do to be saved ?" and thousands were daily added to the church, then there was a Revival of Religion. When Huss, and Wickliffe, and Luther sounded the Gospel trumpet, and Europe awoke from her slumbers, then there was a great Revival of Religion ; nay more, in every country village, where the labours of the pastor and the prayers of the people call down the blessing of God, there is a Revival of Religion. And why should it not be so in every town and village throughout the earth? We confess that we take shame unto ourselves, that we are provoked to envy, when we behold how far America has left us behind in this glorious work. Transplanted from our own land, it has taken deep and kindly root in another soil. There it has grown into a fair and goodly tree, whose leaves are for the healing of the nations, and which sheds its blessed influences far and wide; while with us it has dwindled into a feeble and a sickly plant. Since the times of Whitefield and Edwards, not a few here and there, like the gleanings of a vineyard, but HUNDREDS
OF THOUSANDS have lived and died in the faith, who ascribed their conversion to the instrumentality of Revivals. And now the work has lost none of its energy. The re-action is less, the spread more rapid, the effects equally lasting. Moreover, new and important features have been added to it. It gives fresh impetus to benevolent institutions, Sabbath schools, and Missionary societies; it tends to perpetuate itself by continually raising up many new and zealous candidates for the ministry, and to extend itself indefinitely by its vast influence on Missionary exertion; and it adds faith and energy to prayer, perhaps the surest of all tokens that it is the Spirit's work. We care little for the whispers which tell of occasional abuses and errors, discountenanced by the majority, and sinking fast into oblivion :-their voice is drowned amidst the grateful jubilee of the thousands who owe to it, under God, salvation and eternal life.
In another paper, we shall advert to the means generally used for producing and promoting Revivals, considering how far they are Scriptural, and practicable, and likely to be attended with success.
In the mean time, Christian readers ! this is not a subject to pass away from your thoughts with the passing of an ephemeral work. Here is matter for deep thoughtfulness,- for earnest prayer. We leave you with the question, ‘Have ye prayed, or laboured for Revival of Religion in this place ?"
To hear my father's blessing, and to trace
Vain questions ! Fitter task it were to brace
The fainting soul by thoughts of that high place
Father and mother, sister, brothers, home,
Here, where the Lord has led my steps to roam ;
Until the Spirit and the Bride say “Come.'
Missionary and Religious Entelligencc.
CALCUTTA Schools. During the past month, the annual examination of several of the private and public schools of Calcutta took place. At the High School and the Free School, the Bishop presided. Lady Bentinck honored Mrs. Wilson's examination by being present. The result of the whole has been a conviction, that the work of education in this presidency is in an improved state to that of any former period. In the High School the boys acquitted themselves very creditably in the Latin classics and in the Greek Testament, also in mathematics and Theology. In the Parental Academic Institution, the students proved themselves not a whit behind those of any other seminary, either in classical, philosophical, or theological attainments. In the Verulam Academy, the classics are entirely omitted. In mathematics, the pupils excelled. In this seminary, the lads are conducted through a vast round of studies, including moral and political economy, natural and mental philosophy, &c. Theology however is altogether excluded. In Mrs. Wilson's Native Female School there was one class which has evidently improved, and that is the orphan class. The children composing this interesting class are constantly under the superintendence of Mrs. W. and are carried on with their studies from month to month and year to year; every annual examination therefore shows their advance. The other classes make but little progress ; constantly being removed by their parents, the same girls are scarcely ever seen at two yearly exhibitions ; improvement, therefore, to any extent, is out of the question. The most unqualified praise is however due to Mrs. Wilson for her perseverance in the lower classes, and for the improvement of her orphan charge.
ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES OF MISSIONARIES. Mr. and Mrs. Goadby, from England, have joined the Mission at Cut. tack, belonging to the General Baptist Society. Mr. Sutton, who for several years labored at that station, left for America in January last.
We are happy to state that he arrived safely at New York in improved health, and it is expected he will soon be able to return. Mr. and Mrs. Schürman, from the London Missionary Society, have proceeded to Benares to join Mr. Buyers at that place. Messrs. Reed and Lowrie, with their wives, from America, recently arrived in Calcutta. We regret to add that Mrs. Lowrie died, soon after her arrival. Messrs. L. and R. intend to establish a Mission as soon as convenient, somewhere in Central India. By the ship Israel, from America, we are happy to learn that a reinforcement of four Missionaries and their wives have arrived for the Jaffnapatam Mission, Dr. J. T. Jones, American, reached Bankok on the 25th March—he is now the only protestant Missionary in Siam.
Mr. Vorse, Church Missionary, on account of extreme ill health, has been compelled to return to England ; and Mr. G. Pearce, from domestic circumstances, has been under the necessity of returning also. Mr. Abeel, in very ill health, sailed from Singapore for England in May last.
MISSIONARY TO THE KHASSIAS. Thursday evening, the 26th January, Mr. A. B. Lish, who had been educating for the Ministry at Serampore College, was set apart for the work of a missionary
at Churapoonjee. Mr. Lish has already been employed among the Khassias, the tribe which inhabits the Churapoonjee hills, with some success; and he has brought down with him one or two converts from that rude people. Some books have already been printed in the language of the Khassias, which is an addition to the various languages in which the Serampore Missionaries, with whom Mr. Lish is connected, have translated the Scriptures.-Englishman.
METHODIST Mission, MADRAS. The readers of our magazine are probably aware, that through the paucity of labourers connected with the Methodist Missionary Society, its Missiona. ries labours in Bengal have been removed to the Madras Presidency. We are happy to inform the friends of Mr. and Mrs. Hodson, late of Calcutta, of their safe arrival and comfortable settlement at Bangalore. Mr. H. observes, that the climate is delightful, and the language is easily acquired, from its resemblance in its radicals to Bengalee, which he had previously studi. ed. Mr. H. resides at present with his colleague the Rev. Mr. Hardy, at the Mission House, in or near the cantonment; but he proposes, as soon as his knowledge of the language is a little increased, to go more fully among the natives; it is probable that he may be joined by other associates, and that in concert they will attempt some extensive system of education, similar to that in operation by the American Missionaries in Ceylon. We trust such may be the case, and shall be most happy to report the complete success of their labours.
On Nov. 4 last, a meeting was held in the Wesleyan Chapel at Bangalore, Captain Woodward, 32nd N. I. in the chair. The place was quite filled with the most respectable inhabitants of the station, and the proceedings of the evening were of the most interesting kind. From the report then read, we have been furnished with the following extracts:
“ We have in our Bungalow Schools 131 children ; 36 of whom are taught on the Mission premises, viz. 24 boys and 12 girls. At present they are so young that much cannot be expected from theın; however, the day of small and feeble things must not be despised, for though they are now acquiring only the elements of an education, yet the plans which are now in progress, and those which we have in prospect, will, if steadi. ly pursued and blessed by Almighty God, act as a powerful lever in raising this heathen population from their present degraded moral condition to the level of civilised society, ingraft the germ of true principles in youthful minds, which if fostered will grow with their growth, and strengthen with their strength, and qualify some of them for making known the way of salvation to their lost and benighted fellow-countrymen.—The time has arrived when something more than a mere elementary education is necessary, and we as well as other societies see the necessity of carrying forward the education of promising boys to such an extent as will qualify numbers of them for becoming eff. cient school-masters, or catechists ; with the hope that out of this number so qualified, the great Head of the church will call some directly to the work of the ministry—this is a subject which we have laid before our committee, have received their sanction, and hope soon to see our plans in successful operation.
** Since the establishment of this Mission in 1819, there have been 52 baptisms, seven of which have taken place during the year, and one young man now remains as a candidate for the ordinance. It is well known that the Tamul population in Banga. lore, like the English, is continually changing, so that as new members are added to our society on this station, old members remove to other stations. At present our number is 16.
“ The Tamul services in this chapel are generally well attended, averaging on the Sab. bath morning 45 adults, and the scholars of all the schools. The preaching of the Gospel in those school-rooms which are situated in the midst of the heathen population is shedding forth light and truth amongst the followers of darkness and error.
“ We have not yet been able to attempt any thing for the benefit of the Canarese people. But Mr. Hodson, who arrived here from Calcutta in September last, has commenced the study of the Canarese language, with the view of exercising his ministry amongst them, and hopes are entertained, that the committee will for the future be able to maintain always two or three Missionaries in this station ; that the Canarese as well as the Tamul people may be benefited by their labour.
“ Though we regard the heathen population as the field which we are especially called to cultivate, we nevertheless think it is our duty to scatter the seed of Divine truth wherever it is likely to yield fruit, and hence we preach one sermon in English every Sabbath evening, for the benefit of those Europeans in the army who have been members of our society in England, or who wish to attend our ministry ; in this duty we have seen our labours owned of God."
CHURCH MISSIONARY Society. PALAMCOTTA.—The following short extracts are from a letter, dated Palamcotta, February 1st, 1833, which was written by the Rev. Mr. Rhenius, and addressed to Mr. Gutzlaff. With reference to the progress of truth in Palamcotta, Mr. Rhenius writes:
“ The Lord's blessing still accompanies our labors. In the last six months, ending with December, we have had an addition to our congregations of 599 souls-making the total of them 9302 souls. In the past month of January, at least 100 families more have cast their idols to the moles and to the bats.' In one new village alone are about seventy families which have cleared their temple of all their idols and destroyed them. One of their head-men is now in my study. But you must not forget, that it is easier to cleanse their temple from idols, than their hearts. However, the former is a great step towards the latter ; and we may hope that if not all, yet some of the people are, or will be, truly converted to God. The divine word which they are now learning, will not be in vain.
“In the schools also, which are nearly one hundred in number, we have much encouragement; the Lord is perfecting praise to himself from the mouths of these children. Recently in one of our schools, a boy about twelve years old, and of a newly-established congregation, became very ill, and there was no hope of his recovery. His father asked him, whether he wished to go to Christ, or to stay here still longer. The boy replied, 'I should like to learn still more of the catechism, but I should like also to go to Christ; -and then addressed his father thus : 'Father, have you still any idols in the house? If you have, get them all away, and keep to the Gospel.' A heathen physician refused to give him medicine, because the parents had become Christians; the boy hearing of it, said, “Never mind, I do not want his medicine, I have a heavenly Physician.'-He died with joy, and the parents, instead of repining and mourning, made a feast. When the Christian and heathen neighbours who came to visit them, saw this, and expressed their surprise, the father said: “Why should we mourn ? This is the marriage day of my boy; may we all die as this our boy did.' Does not this show the powerful grace of God?"
LONDON MissiONARY SOCIETY, MALACCA. The following brief account of the Malay Department of the Mission at Malacca, is from the Rev. Mr. Tomlin.
“ In prosecuting our labors among the Malays,” says Mr. T., “there are many difficulties to be encountered, peculiar to the followers of the false prophet. In conversation on religious topics they are generally reserved and suspicious; in their attachment to their own creed, bigoted and inexorable; and to read the Koran in a language perfectly unintelligible to themselves, is an attainment to which they attach no inconsiderable merit. The grand objection which they raise to the Christian religion is the fundamental doctrine of the Saviour's divinity, which they regard in no other light than blasphemy. They would admit that he was a prophet sent from God to make known his will, and to reform mankind, and that in proof of his divine mission he was enabled to work miracles; but to designate him by the appellation 'Anak Allah' (the son of God) is a doctrine which they oppose most strenuously, and hesitate not to charge those who maintain it, with polytheism.
“ It is however gratifying to see, notwithstanding the tenacity with which the Malays adhere to their own system of delusion, that their prejudices against the Christian religion are partially giving way, and the Sacred Scriptures, which at a former period were either absolutely rejected or received with a degree of suspicion, are now in many instances perused with apparent gratification.
“A class of young men, consisting chiefly of the teachers of schools, has been formed; they meet three evenings in the week, for the purpose of learning (at their own request) the English language, and also of perusing the Sacred Scriptures in the Malayan tongue. The plan adopted at this Bible class is to proceed regularly through the New Testament, limiting our reading to one chapter only each evening, and making remarks on certain passages which may require elucidation. The good effects of this method of instruction have already appeared, not only in the increase of knowledge which the teachers themselves acquire of divine truth, but also in the decided preference which