תמונות בעמוד

- they have caused a string of camels to pass through the eye of a needle ; for in this diminutive instrument they have united the two seasons, so that it spontaneously indicates heat and cold."

He next cites telegraphs and auctions, “ where good and cheap articles may be purchased by all who desire, without being under obligation to exorbitant tradesmen.” The perfection of our navigation calls for his astonished testimony. The brilliancy, and gaiety of our assemblies, the charms of our music and song, the grace and agility of our dancing, the training of our dogs of chase, all delight him. 66 In short,” he says,

no act of theirs is devoid of judgment nor destitute of profit.” We fear his panegyric on our - discretion and moderation in the use of wine," is less exact in its application than the truth. No doubt he has witnessed and alludes to the decorum and temperance of genteel society, and it is certainly true that very great improvement in this respect has taken place of later years. 6. The chaste ladies of this dignified race" receive the laudations of the Nawáb : the extent of their education is specially noted, while he justly asks, “ Where have the females of any other nation acquired these ? If I daily speak the praises of this people, it is because they are entitled to them.”

The contents of CHAP. IV. answer less to its title than any of the others, since he takes note therein not so much of the Principles of Government and the Spirit of Legislation, as of some collateral matters, which are indeed proper objects of a sovereign power aiming at the comfort and prosperity of its people

, and by which mutual intercourse and internal trade are facilitated : such are rapid communication by steam vessels, “ in the attempt to understand the method and manner of construction of which, the mind and understanding are at a loss ;” also good roads and bridges, so that God's creatures without toil or trouble pass over, and perform their journey in security ;” the decrease of beasts of

prey, and consequent safety of travellers; the construction of serais or rest-houses on the great Benares road; the distances marked by mile-stones : the safety and expeditiousness of the post, and of regulated dâk travelling; the establishment of Subatu and other retreats for invalids in the hills: all successively call forth the tribute of a genuine admiration that concludes thus

“If paradise be on the earth, 'tis clear

'Tis no where else, 'tis here, 'tis here, 'tis here." In Chap. V. he extols European bravery and intrepidity. The fall of Bhurtpore is cited as an instance and effect, whence he goes back to that of Madras, Seringapatam, and the districts of the Dek, hun. He notices also the precision and regularity of our fire, and exactness of aim. The bayonet is specially named. The construction of Fort William, its flood-gates ; the arsenal, quantity of cannon and heaps of cannon ball : all excite astonishment. The dress, symmetry, and regular exercise of the troops ; their march


by sound of drum, evolutions, and practice firing, sufficiently amaze him. The Lord protect us," he exclaims; “ when this victorious race shall gird their loins to the battle ! Let the cry of Help, help, arise through all the world !”

CHAP. VI. relates and justly panegyrizes our treatment of captive enemies, as contrasted with the cruel, barbarous, and disgraceful maiming, impaling, &c. in use among less generous and enlightened people, of which he cites a horrible instance. The proper reflection on a retributive Providence is made.“ To speak the truth, this evil disposed malefactor was deserving of such retribution. There is a proverb, which says, “ Who hath done aught, and not reaped the fruits of his act ?? Oh what humanity is practised by this faithful race! Who, making captive their enemy, treat him with respect and mercy; having regard to his station in society, and by his rank, regulating his maintenance. Witness the descendants of Tippu Sultan, the Rájá of Bhurtpore, &c.” The general mildness of our prison discipline, the provision for the maintenance of convicts and other criminals are noticed with this wise and sensible reflection, “ How then shall I say that the people of this nation walk not in the ways of the Lord ? Clemency to captives and mercy is perfected in them! These alone are the principles which are the causes of their supremacy and dominion.” He also records the liberality of the British Government in reinstating conquered rulers in their dominions, of which the Rájás of Mysore and Nepal are instances; and gratefully relates the similar indulgent generosity exercised towards his own paternal house."

“How shalt thou disappoint thy friends, when lo!

Conspicuous shines thy love for every foe.” He next adverts to the conduct of the English in regard to the religious institutions and usages of their Indian subjects. Their toleration and protection, so strongly contrasted with the usual persecution practised by the dominant power, is the subject of honourable encomium. “ These wise rulers and judicious magistrates, in such matters, question none, and are the protectors of every religion. Hindus and Mussulmans, Guebres and Sceptics, and all others, enjoy prosperity in their dominions.” A saying is however quoted, by far too liberal, as placing all religious tenets and usages on equal ground of suitableness to their several devotees. The practice of observing and copying what may be laudable in the institutions and practices of other nations, by the English, is favourably remarked upon, so different from the absurd rigidity of Asiatic adherence to national peculiarities and habits, however faulty or inconvenient. The acknowledgment, ostensible or virtual, of British pre-eminence, by the rulers of other states, is brought forward, followed by much not undeserved encomium of Lord Wm. Bentinck, for his facility of approach, assiduity, and impartiality. The chapter concludes with noticing a feature in European character, to which nothing in the Asiatic cor

responds ; namely, recognition of friends known in lower fortunes. “ Should dissevering fortune cast the veil of separation between them, nevertheless, in the event of a second meeting, after an absence of months and years, these true friends receive him with the same courtesy as on the first day."

The last chapter opens with the influence of wealth, or love of money, the universal aim and the suggester of so many crimes, public and private. The good faith usually observed in our mercantile transactions, the confidence reposed in the Government securities, the rectitude with which the dividends are paid, the honorable fulfilment of contracts and payment of debts, (would there were fewer exceptions among individuals !) the faithful payment of pensions and annuities, the constant observance of stipulations for support, made with native powers in their fallen fortunes, are all specifically passed in review. The system of bills of exchange, banking, notes of hand, and the facilities so afforded to trade and commerce; the stability of our banks, the facility existing for recovering lost notes and Government bonds, likewise claim the tribute of a liberal and faithful eulogium, which closes the seventh chapter.

A conclusion succeeds, in which the author declares the inviolable good faith, with which the stipulations with his own ancestors have been fulfilled and surely it is in no small degree desirable, that the natives generally should be taught, and by one of themselves, to know and observe the conduet of their foreign rulers in these respects. In a note, the Nawab states thus" Whatsoever has presented itself to the observation of myself, an ignorant being, I present, as it were a petal from the rose, an atom from the whole, like a small sample from a large mass. Should any person unconnected with them (the English), fear and distrust them, on perusing my volume, written in sincerity, let him put away from his heart all apprehension, and without hesitation seize the garment of these persons with the hand of allegiance. I have not panegyrized them as a flatterer ; but whatsoever was correct, and true, and justly due to them, I have put forth.”

A pleasing ode of Hafiz on the disorders among mankind, the effects of universal selfishness, concludes a most characteristic lament over the author's personal misfortunes; but he is “ assured, and firmly believes, that ere long the little skiff of his expectations will have reached the shores of his desires.

Three lithographic portraits, of William IV., the Governor General, and the author, accompany this volume. The two first are indifferently executed; the last is in better style, and is a good representation of the Nawab's general appearance.

We think the above abstract of the contents of the book will exhibit sufficient proof, that it ill deserves the wholesale condemnation it has met in some quarters from which more liberal things might have been expected ; and for our own parts we see much that

is just ; much that deserves mature consideration; much that is intimately connected with the permanence of our sway over India, and the future improvement of its population ; much, that if it present too flattering a picture of the English and their conduct towards the nations of Hindustán, may at least serve to teach us a lesson deserving to be learned, and tend to conciliate our subjects. The orientalism of thought and phraseology, though often turgid, are yet not seldom pleasing, and even elegant. On the whole, this volume reflects very high credit on the talents of the author, his power of observation, his just discrimination, his thirst for knowledge, and candid approbation of what is great or excellent in the usages and institutions of foreigners.

Missionary and Religious #ntelligence.

TAKI ACADEMY. The vacancy in the Head Mastership of the Taki Academy, occasioned by the lamented death of Mr. Wilson, has been filled up by the appointment of Mr. Bush : and we have every reason to believe, that under his management, the school will continue to support its high reputation. The benevolent Chowdry Baboos, by whom it is chiefly supported, seem desirous by their increased zeal, to make up for the temporary absence of Mr. Duff, and the frequent and sudden change of teachers.

WESLEYAN MISSION, BANGALORE. The following particulars relative to Missionary operations at this place were communicated in a letter recently received from a person residing at the station. At the date of the letter Mr. Hodson was alone : he has since been joined, we believe, by Mr. Percival, who, we rejoice to learn, has safely arrived from England.

“ I cannot tell you much concerning the Mission, as Mr. H. still is uncertain if his work is to be among the Tamul or Canarese people: he has a class of Tamál youths who give him much satisfaction. The greater number of them, also the Munshi (who has been some years with the Missionaries) have, we believe, renounced heathenism in their hearts, but do not profess Christianity through fear, as they belong to some of the most respectable families here. The Múnshí disputes with his friends on the folly of Hinduism, and quotes the Scriptures very appropriately; he has met occasionally with a young man, and they have repeated the Lord's prayer together. I tried to continue the girls' school, as I found six girls when I came: but the mission premises being so near the barracks, they will not attend; however I am endeavouring to get a class of country-born girls; they are as dark as natives, and scarcely understand any English ; perhaps this may be an inducement to others. The Sunday school which I commenced, has been nearly broken up by the Colonel of the 13th dragoons, from which regiment most children attended ; a few girls from the 39th foot continue to come, and perhaps in time prejudice may fall and break its neck. The hearts of all men are in the Lord's hand. Our English cause increases ; sickness I think has made many take thought for their own souls. We have about 33 members. Last night we had a love feast, when two owned Mr. Hardy as the instrument of their conversion; I believe he was made very useful here. He embarked for England a few weeks back : we expect his return in two years."

Meteorological Register, kept at the Surveyor General's Office, Calcutta, for the Month of July, 1834. Minimum Temperature Maximum Pressure Observations made at Max.Temp.and Dryness Minimum Pressure Observations made at observed at Sunrise. observed at 9h. 50m.

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29,714 80, 79, 79,4 ,776 82, 81, 81,31 E, 1,770 83, 84, 83,6 ,730 82,7 82,2 81,2 E. 1,712 82,882, 181,5 s. e.,726 82, 81,681,4 CM. 0,60 0,53

,754 80179,779,4 ,810 82,882,882,6 N. E.,800 83,5 84,8 83,7 E. 1,740 83,7 85,7 83,71 E. ,732 84, 86, 85, E. (,748 82,482,181,9 s. E. ,802 80,980, 180,2

,850 83, 84,482,3 CM. 1,834 84,7 87,685,4 s. E. ,786 85,5 87,886, s. E.,760 85,388,2 84,7 s. E. , 780 83, 84,3 82,4 s. E.
,810/80, 79,1 79,2

s. ,868 84,184,6 82,8 s. E.1,840 84,685,7 84,4 s. E.,760 55,4 87,685,4 s. E.1,750 85, 85,684,2 s. E.,736 83,2 83, 82,41 E. 10,30 0,27
,798/79,8 79, 79,1 1,840 83, 84, 82,8 E. ,832 84,987,9 85,3 s. E.,784 83,6 83,6 82,5 N. E.,75284, 285, 83,8 N. E.,770 83,6 83,8 82,2 s. E. 1,40 1,23
,820 80,7 79,579,5 CM.,884 83,685,6 84, 1,860 85,4 89, 86,5 E. 1,806 84,687, 84,4 s. 1,796 84,1 84,3 82,8 cm.,798 83,8 83,182,6 CM.
,794 81, 80,5 80, CM. ,856 83,7 86, 83,4 E. |,846 85,2 89, 86,4) E. ,800 85,2 87,784,6 N, E.,780/85,5/89, 85,5 s. ,794 84, 85,784, s. E.10,360,30
,826 80,8 80, 80, CM. 1,882 85,187,684,5 s. E.,870 85,7 89,5 85,6 E. 1,812 86,4 89, 86, s. E.,784 86, 188,5 85,5 s. w. 1,770 84,8 85,2 83,4
,796 81,381, 80,7 1,850/85,288,385, s, E.,832 86,590,6 87, s. w. 1,780 87,491,2 88, 1,762 97,9|92,7 87,7 s. 1,774 86, 86, 84,4's. E.
,798 82,181,5/81,4

E. ,836 86,388,8 85,2 s. w.1,812 87,291,787,2 s. 1,740 88,393, 88,4's. w.,734 88,591, 87, s. 1,752 86,7 86,283,41
,740 83,682,282, s. w.,784 86,7 88, 85, s. w. 1,770 87,792, 88, s. w.1,690 89, 92, 88,5 s. 1,672 89,292,2 88,2 S. 1,706 85,9 85,4 82,3 w.
,725 81,180, 79,9 s. E. ,768 84,8 84,2 82,3 s. 1,746 85,7 88,586, s. E.1,670 87, 90,386,3 s. 1,650 87,490,7 85, s. 1,664 85,6,85, 182, s. E.10,43 0,35
,678 83,382,5 82, cm. ,72086,6 86,885,7 s. 1,686 85,2 83,7 82,6 N. E.1,624 84,8 84, 82,8 E. 1,594 84,182,8 81,2 E. 1,606'83,9 82,381,2 cm.
,626 81,280,7 80,4 E. ,68083,481,782, N. E.,666'81,579,6 79,4 s. E.1,610 83,5 82,4 81,5 s. E.1,600 84, 182,8 81,7 s. E.,608 83,7 82,681,2 E. (1,150,98
,702 81,3 80, 90, E. ,750 85, 87,685,2 s. E.1,742 85,6 87,5 85,5 E. ,690 85,8 89,7 86,41 E. ,678 86,488,786,6 s. E.,696 85,5 86, 64,7 s. E.
,718 81,680,5 80,3 E. ,78685,686,285, ,784 86,286, 86,71 E. ,766 84,983,2 81,9 s. ,740 84,283, 82,2 s. 1,752 83,7 82,281, s. 10,30 0,25
,800 80, 78,578,5 CM. ,850 $4,385,5 83,8|S, E.1,618 85,2 69, 86, 1,768 84,6 84,2 83, E. ,742 84,4 15,5 83, E. 1,754 83,6,84, 82,2 s. E.
,772 80,179, 178,9 Do. ,814 84,8 89,385,5 E. 1,796 85,2 88,7 85,8| E, ,744 85,686,8 85,5 E. 1,736 85,356,7 84,5 E. 1748 82,8 83,783, s. E. 0,09 0,08
,752 81,8 81, 180,8 DO. ,784 84,886,284,7 E. 1,770 86,288,7 36,3 E. ,708 86,6 89,2 86,4 s. E.,704 86,2 56,7,83,3 ,704 84,7,84,8 83,2 s. E.
,692 81,5 81, 81, s. w. 1,740 64,684,883,6 E. 1,724 85,285,3 84, ,664 85,8 89, 86, s. 1,642 85,6187,5 84,5 S. 1,638 84,7 84,253,
,642 81,980,8/80,7ls, E.1,690 83, 82,380,4 s. E.1,670 84,283,5 81.5 s w.1,620 85,5 87.6 84,6's. E.,596 85,7 87,4 84,3 s, E.,604,85, 84,7 33,3 s.
,642 81,981, 180,9 s . E.,692 84,686,883,5 E. 1,68485,889,5/86,3 N. E. ,642/84,685,383,3 E. 1,610 85,2 87,5/84,6 E. 1,622 83, 84,4 82,9
,634 81,981, 80,6 CM. 1,660 85,387,785, N, E.,65283,683,5182,7 N. E.,624 84,585, 183,1 N. E.,59084,885,4 84,1N, E.,598 83,784, 183,2N. E. 1,301,15
,618 81,980,880,5 E, ,640 85,587,585, st, E.1,630 86, 189,786,2 N. E.,600 85,5 90, 85,3 N. E. ,568 86, 89,1 85,7 N. E. ,57285,7 87,485, N. E.
,570 82,882,181,1 st ne ,592 85, 87,283,5 stXE ,564 87,867,485, ,52685,386, 85, N. E.,496 86, 56,2 44,7) E. 1,520 84,463,7 83,2 E. 10,100,10
,556,82,3 80,5 80,3 E. 1,608 83,8,84,8 83,3 N. E.,696 84,886, 84,2 E. 1,57082,581,281,4 E. 1,552 82,280, 80,7 E. 1,558 82,4 91,481, E. 0,30 0,24
,590 81,9 80,7 81, E. ,646 83,8 84,382,4 E.,62885,386,785,6 N. E.,692 86,492.787,7 s. 2,580 86, 190,386,4 8. E.,692 45,1186,584,8 E. 10,460,37
,652 82,381,581,3 cm. 1,712 85, 86,4184, N. E.1,696/86,690,587, N. E.,646 86,388,2 86, N. E.1,630 85,7 87,6 84,5 E. 1,034 65, 84,863, s, E.
,662 82,5 82,281,6 N. E. ,710 85,687,3 84,8
»67682,3181,581,2 CM. 72685,486,884,6N. E.I70086, 187,7186,2N. E.,636 96,488,885,5 N. E.|.616 86,288,384,8 N, E.|,622 85,7186,183,8N. E.

,690 87,391, 87, N. E..60985, 85, 82,5 N, E.,694 55,4 5,0 83,2 N. X..672 -4,2 83,482,4 ,57284, 185,7182, In. 2.1.660/85,988,7/65,3|N. E.),602'46, 365,684, N. E.1.484/83,6 42,0181.3

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