« הקודםהמשך »
respect for their late lamented Commandant, mean to raise a monument over his remains at Hansi. 26. Lately, between Chunar and Benares, on his way to Agra, Mr. J. Davir.
On his way from Neemuch towards Agra, Major Hubert De Burgh, of the 2nd Light Cavalry. JAN.
4. At Bareilly, of a bilious fever, G. F. Thompson, Esq. H. C. Civil Service, aged 30 years.
10. At Benares, Mary, the wife of Mr. George Tuttle, firm of Tuttle and Charles, aged 29 years. 13. At Vepery, Mrs. Elizabeth Smith, Governess of the Vepery Seminary.
At Kunduah, near Kimedy Hills, of wounds received in action, Lieut. Carryer Sherrard, of the 8th Native Infantry.
16. In Camp, at Serrekerrey, Madras, Capt. David Hunter Eaton, of the 2nd Native Infantry.
17. Miss Amelia Ward, aged 7 years and 8 months.
22. At Ahmednughur, of Jungle fever, W. Dent, Esq. of the Bombay Civil Service, aged 33 years. 23. Mr. L. F. Gomes, aged 31 years.
25. At Lall Baugh, in Moorshedabad, Mrs. Anne Burnett, aged 29 years, most deeply and deservedly regretted by her friends and relatives.
The infant daughter of Lieutenant and Mrs. Bagshawe, 7th Native Infantry. 26. At Bombay, Mr. John Morin, aged 26 years. FEB.
1. John William Shuttleworth, son of Digby E. Shuttleworth, Esq. aged 8 months.
5. At Bhaugulpore, Louisa Harriet, eldest daughter of Capt. John Graham, Commandant, Hill Rangers, aged 20 years.
7. In Camp, at Secrole, near Benares, Colonel Lionel Hook, Commanding His Majesty's 16th Regt. of Foot.
Mrs. Mary Sinclair, wife of Mr. John Sinclair, Assistant Military Auditor General's office, aged 29 years.
Near Allahabad, Augusta Charlotte, the infant daughter of Major N. Wallace, 62nd Native Infantry, aged 2 years.
14. Mr. John James Palmer, Indigo Planter, aged 40 years.
15. Mr. James Carnegie Low, son of Mr. David Carnegie Low, aged 6 months and 25 days.
ARRIVALS. 25. Arabian, W. Boult, from Liverpool 26th July and Mauritius 14th November. 26. Caroline, A. McDonald, from Sydney 25th September.
Per Caroline.—Mr. John McCosh, the only surviving passenger of the ship Lady Munro.
Eliza, E. Follins, from Bombay 12th December,
Virginia, (Bark,) J. Hullock, from Bombay 4th and Galle 23rd December. 27. Frances Ann, (Brig,) C. Hay, from Liverpool 9th September.
Laura, James Taylor, from Liverpool 16th August.
George Swinton, (H.C. Schooner,) T. A. Corbin, from Amherst 31st December. 28. Roxburgh Castle, w. Fulcher, from London 24th September and Cape of Good Hope 1st December.
Per Roxburgh Castle, from London.-Mrs. Church, Mrs. Davies, Mrs. Bernard, Misses Bernard and Burton ; Mr. Church, Penang Civil Service ; Captain Davies, Bengal Infantry; Mr. Wheeler, Cavalry Cadet, and Messrs. Lamb and Har.
Euphrasia, (Brig,) L'Andebert, from Covelong 13th December and Ramree 18th January.
Exporter, (Bark,) R. Anwyle, from Mauritius 14th October and Madras 11th January.
Per Exporter, from Mauritius.—Mrs. Anwyl, Mrs. Donovan, and Mr. George Donovan.
Thistle, (Schooner,) T. Antony, from Rangoon (no date) and Amberst 13th January.
30. Sherburne, (H. C. C. Ship,) J. Corbyn, from London 12th July and Cape of Good Hope 20th October.
Per H. C. C. Ship Sherburne, from London.-Mrs. Mansel, Mrs. Atkinson, Misses Porteous, Nicholson, Isabella Nicholson, Caroline Nicholson, Crichton, and
Caroline Crichton ; Captain George Mansel, 16th Lancers ; Cornet W. Ellis, ditto ; Cornet M. Clerk, ditto; Cornet C. W. Reynolds, ditto; Cornet Richard Pattinson, ditto ; Mr. Peter Atkinson, Mr. George Lewis, Mr. Thos. Fergusson. Children.Thomas Atkinson, Sybella Atkinson, 36 private soldiers, uth Lt. Dragoons, 35 ditto ditto, 16th Lancers, 2 women, and 4 children, 31. Earl of Eldon, E. Theaker, from London 16th June and Bombay 20th Nov.
Per Earl of Eldon, from Bombay.-Mr. J. R. Shum, Midshipman, Indian Nary; William Whitehead and James Simes, Boys; G. Russel, seaman, deserted from the ship Amherst.
Isabella Robertson, (Bark;) J. Hudson, from China 22nd December.
Per Isabella Robertson, from China.-Rev. M. Pratt, C. F. Weber, G. T. Braine, J. A. Durrun, A. D'Souza, L. Pereira, and H. Turner, Esqs. Merchants.
Young Rover, Schooner,) G. Baker, from Moulmein 14th January. FEB.
1. Asia, D. Tonge, from Liverpool (no date) and Bombay 30th November. 3. Mulgrave, J. Coulson, from Bombay 4th December.
4. Donna Carmelita, (Bark,) C. Gray, from Madras (no date) and Ennore 21st Jannary.
6. Sterling, (Bark,) John Buonett, from London 8th September and Mauritius 27th December.
Per Bark Sterling, from Mauritius.-Lieut.-Colonel Thomas A. Cobbe and child, and Captain Edward Worthington.
Fattle Rohoman, (Arab Ship,) W. Butler, from Madras 15th and Covelong 24th January
Per Fattle Rohoman, from Covelong.-Rev. Mr. Gregory, D. Bere, i Serang, 2 Tindals of the late Bark Darid Barclay.
7. Sisan, (Schooner,) J. Emmet, from Rangoon 14th January. 8. Fortune, (Bark,) A. P. Currie, from Glasgow 29th September.
Agnes, (Ditto,) P. H. Holmes, from Bombay 18th and Mangalore 26th December.
Per Agnes, from Bombay.—Mrs. Biss and child ; J. B. Biss, Esq. 10. Hindoostan, G. J. Redman, from London 6th October, Madeira 19th Oct., St. Paul's 1st, and Madras 28th January.
Per Ship Hindoostan, from London.—Mrs. Vibert, Mrs. H. Fergusson, Miss Leslie, Captain Vibert, Cavalry ; 12 H. C. Sappers and Miners, and two women.
Royal William, (Brig,) L. H. Smith, from Liverpool 4th September and Cape of Good Hope 26th November.
Per Brig Royal William.-Messrs. Edward Halliburton and John Vipond.
Abgarris, Bark,) T. S. Rogers, from Bombay 18th and Bourbon 28th December
Per Abgarris.-Captain Tresvant of the Hydroos.
Sir Archibald Campbell, (Bark,) C. Robertson, from Singapore 3rd and Pe. nang 17th January. Per Sir Archibald Campbell.-P. J. Philips, Esq.
DEPARTURES. 25. Catherine, (H. C. C. Ship,) B. Fenn, for London. FEE. 2. Orient, (H. C. Č. Ditto,) T. White, for London and Madras.
Per H. C. C. Ship Orient, for London.-Mrs. F. Bishop, Mrs. Julia Lamb, and Mrs. Marianne Harper, Lieut. "Evans, Misses Sophia Harper, Martha Maria Fell, Sophia Adam Fell, and Mary Anne Fell ; Masters R. Harper, Jervies Harper, Charles Edward Bishop, Foster F. Robert Bishop, Captain Somerville, and 32 char. ter-party passengers. "For Madras.-Col. Casement, C. B., Mr. McNaghten, Major Taylor, Captains Blois, Dalby, Burne, and
Per Ship Duke of Northumberland, W. L. Pope, for London.-Mrs. Colonel Watson, Mrs. Davis, Árs. Thompson, Mrs. Shaw, Mrs. Warden, Mrs. Atkinson, Miss Watson, Captain Davis, 57th Native Infantry; Dr. Shaw, Rev. T. Procter, Bengal Chaplain ; Captain Meader, 3rd Local Horse ; Lieut. Lawrence, n. 1.; J. Middleton, Esq. } c. Warden, Esq. H. C. Marine ; Watson, Esq., 18 children, and 6 European servants. 3. Bland, Callan, for Liverpool.
Per Bland, for Liverpool.-Mrs. Colonel Dundas, Mrs. Bristow, Mrs. White, Mrs. Crofton, Mrs. Wilson, Mrs. Judge, Lieut.-Colonel Dundas, B. N. 1. ; Captain B. Younghusband, H. M.'s. ; Lieut. Piggott, H. M. 31st Regt. ; Lieut. Goldie, Engineers; Lieutenant Watson, 25th N. I. ; 'R. Livingston, Esq. ; H. S. Phalk, Esq. and 10 children. 8. Futta Salam, (Arab Ship,) Nacoda, for Judda.
Trinculo, (Brig, John Hesse, for Liverpool.
Meteorological Register, kept at the Surveyor Generals Office, Calcutta, for the Month of January, 1834.
Observations made at
Rain, Old Gauge
30,144, 54, 49,849,8 n. 1,082 61,7 65,862, ,068 62,669, 66,3 N.W.,030 64, 73,3 69,1 w. 1,024 64,270,568,6 w. 1,032 63,7 67, 66,5 w.
,072 54, 51,252, N. E.,150 61,566, 63,2 n. ,124 62,5 69,5 66, N.w.1,080 63,7 73,5 69, n.w.,064 63,971,3 67,6 n.w.,080 62, 67,6 66,4' x.w.
,106 58,8 63,8 58, ,092 60,4 68,5 64,4 n.w.|,028 62,8 72,8 68,1 N.w.1,01063, 71,6 69, ,018 62,867,966, n.w.
,118 64,869,663,2 N. 1,078 68,575,5 69,4 n.w.1,018 68,879,5 72,4 N. ,010 68,5 77,8 73,5 n.w.,018 68, 172, 170,1'n.w.
CALCUTTA CHRISTIAN OBSERVER.
I.-The Bhaugulpore Hill Tribes.-The Country. - The People.The Priests.—Their Gods and Worship, &c.
To the Editors of the Calcutta Christian Observer. GENTLEMEN,
Well known as India is generally to Europeans, little attention appears to have been paid to the numerous people inhabiting the hills between Raj. mahal and Bħaugulpore. An attempt was made, a few years ago, by the Rev. T. Christian, of the Propagation Society, to impart religious instruction to them ; but on his second or third visit, he fell a prey to the jungle fever which prevails, at certain seasons, in that and similar districts. A little more than a year ago, another Missionary, of the name of Magrath, intended devoting himself to the same people; but after spending some months in Monghyr, acquiring their language, he just reached the base of the hills, and suddenly became a victim to the same malignant disease.
Having, through one of this tribe, whom I met with about two years ago, and who has since embraced and professed Christianity, an opportunity of gaining some acquaintance with their language, I resolved, notwithstanding what occurred to the two zealous men above-mentioned, to visit the hills. The point at which I ascended was very remote from the place which Mr. Christian made the scene of his labours: he having directed his attention to the people near Rajmahal, whilst I visited, as being nearer to me, and more convenient, the hills about 40 miles inland from Bhaugulpore. I consequently heard nothing of that Missionary; and am entirely ignorant of what was accomplished by his labours. It is possible, that some of the seed which he sowed may be found already bearing fruit to eternal life. The few and imperfect observations which I noted down during my visit, as well as a copy of the journal which I kept, I now enclose for you. They may possibly interest some of your readers; and perhaps excite in some division of the Christian church, a more lively interest in behalf of this ignorant people, than has yet been felt.
Your's sincerely, Monghyr, Feb. 15, 1834.
A. LESLIE. The Country. The country is divided into eighteen tuppas, or, in the hill language, baywas, to each of which there is a powdur or chief; one or more nybs or lieutenants; and in almost every village one, two, three, or four mujeeays or head-men, usually called manjees by the people of the plains. These are all in the pay of Government';
the first receiving ten, the second three, and each of the third two, rupees monthly. The people pay no direct tax of any kind.
The greater part of the country, from its rocky nature, is uofit for cultivation by the plough; yet there are large tracts of soil in the valleys, and also on many of the hills, well suited for this object. Almost the whole land, however, may be cultivated by what the Scotch call the dibble. The rocks are by no means large; and plentiful portions of soil exist between them. It is, therefore, only necessary to deposit the seed in holes made by the above instrument, which is the mode universally practised by the people. I am no judge of the nature of soils: but from the large heads of Indian corn, gehoon, junaira, and bora, (the only grains they culvate,) which I saw in their houses, I should suppose the land to be exceedingly rich. It is to be observed, however, that the people never cultivate any one spot of ground more than three years. After this period, they leave it, clear a fresh piece, and never return to the first until the jungle has again risen to a great height upon it. They say, that after three years, the land produces little. But this, I suspect, would not be the case were they to turn up the soil, which they never do. From the great accumulation of waters in the valleys, during the rainy season, I should judge that rice might be raised in great quantities. Indeed, the lands appear fitted for the production of any thing common to India, cotton not excepted. The immense trees, and the richness of the jungle in general, shew that the land is a “ fat land.” Water, from the many outlets in the valleys, is not abundant: but this might very easily be remedied by the construction of bunds. It would not, in my opinion, be necessary to dig tanks, the hollows being so numerous.
The hills abound in iron-stone; and at one place, a few miles from the base, I saw a large tract of excellent coal. Kunkur or limestone, also, is to be found in extensive beds in the neighbourhood of the coal.
The people know little or nothing of gardening or flowers. Here and there you will find a very few of the vegetables of Hindoostan, and small plots of tobacco growing. In some of the villages they have planted the mangoe and jack trees; the latter of which appears to be completely an exotic. Both, however, grow well. They have likewise a few excellent plantains, and two or three other fruits, which they gather from the jungles.
The scenery, were it not for the almost unbroken jungle which covers both the hills and valleys, would, at some points, be very interesting, but at present the whole has the appearance of a wilderness. The patches of cultivation which present themselves to the eye are few: and it is only now and then that a village shews itself, the greater number being hidden by the trees.
Birds too are in small numbers, the people killing them with their bows for food as soon as they appear. The silence, therefore, which reigns