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moral perfections are but so many different modifications of holiness, benevolence, or love.(t)
(r) Isa. 6. 3. And one cried unto another, and said Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory.
(s) 1 John 4. 8. He that loveth not, knoweth not God; for God is love.
Trinity. Q. 1. Do the Scriptures teach the Doctrine of three persons in the one essence in the Godhead?
A. They teach, that there is one God, numerically one in essence and attributes, and that, in this one God, there is a three-fold subsistence or distinction, or three persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, possessing numerically the same essence, and the same perfections, so far as made known to us. This mode of existence is peculiar to the Great Jehovah. In the one self-existent Being, there is a something, as the ground for His existing Trinity in Unity.(a)
(a) Matt. 28. 19. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 2. Cor. 13. 14. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, 'the Father,) and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen. 1 John 5.7. For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost, and these three Q. 2. Why is the term person used in reference to the Trinity in the Godhead?
2 Thess. 3. 5. And the Lord, (the Holy Ghost) direct your hearts into the love of God, (the Father,) and into the patient waiting for Christ. Gen. 1. 26. And' God said, let us make man in our image, after our likeness. Gen. 3. 22. And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us to know good and evil. Gen. 11. 7. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech. Isa. 6.8. Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Isa. 48. 16. And now the Lord God, and his Spirit hath sent me. Gal. 1.7. Grace be to you and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ. i Pet.
A. Because distinct personal attributes or properties, and acts, are ascribed to the Father, to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost; and that the three personal pronouns I, Thou, and He are in Scripture, and may, properly be, applied to them.
This lays the foundation for using the term, though its meaning, when applied to the Trinity, is not the same in all respects, as when applied to men.
But no better term can be found to convey our ideas of the three-fold subsistence in the Godhead.
Q. 3. Is the doctrine of the Trinity taught in the Sacred Scriptures only?
A. It is;—they only reveal it.
Q. 4. Are the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, each truly, and essentially divine?
A. They are. In the Scriptures, to each Person, divine names and titles are given, divine attributes, prerogatives, and works are ascribed, divine offices are assigned, and divine worship and honours are paid. Surely then, the Father must be God, the Son must be God, and the Holy Spirit must be God.(b)
1.2. Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. Num. 6. 24–26, and Isa. 6.3.
(b) Jude 1. Jude the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that that are sanctified by God the Father. John 4. 23. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth; for the Father seeketh such to worship him. Isa. 9. 6. For unto us a child (Christ) is born, unto us a son is given, and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called, Wonderful, Counseller, the mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace. John 1. 1. In the beginning was the Word (Christ) and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. John 10.30. I and my Father are one. John 20. 28. And Thomas answered, and said unto him (Christ) My Lord and my God Heb. 1.8. But unto the Son he (the Father) saith, Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever; a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy king
Q. 5. Is God one and three in the same sense?
Å. He is not. God is three in person, but one in essence or substance;—three in one respect, but
dom. 1. John 5. 20. And we know, that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him, that is true; and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life. Rom.9.5. Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen. Titus 2. 13. Looking for that blessed hope and the glorious appearing of the great God, and our Saviour Jesus Christ. Rev. 1. 8. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord (Christ) which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. Rev. 17.14. These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them; for he (Christ) is Lord of Lords, and King of kings. Jer. 23. 6. And this is his name whereby he (Christ) shall be called, The Lord our Righteousness. Heb. 13. 8. Jesus Christ, the same yesterday and to-day and forever. Matt. 28. 18. And Jesus came, and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven, and earth. Matt. 18.20. For where two or three are gathered together in my (Christ's) name, there am I in the midst of them. John 21. 17. And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things, thou knowest that I love thee. Heb. 3. 4. For every house is builded by some man, but he that built all things is God--Col. 1. 16, 17. For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by him, and for him. And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. Eph. 1. 22. And hath put all things under his feet, and gave
him to be the head over all things to the church. Acts 10. 42. And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead. John 5 23. That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. Heb. 1. 6. And again when he bringeth in the first begotton into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him. Rev. 5. 13. And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, blessing and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb (Christ) forever and ever. Acts 7. 59. And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. Acts 5. 3, 4. But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost. Thou hast not lied unto men but unto God. John 3. 5. Jesus answered, one in another. The three persons in the Godhead do not make one person; neither does the one God make three Gods; but the three Persons exist in one God, and the one God subsists in three Persons. God is really, and not nominally, three in person; but not in any such sense as to be inconsistent with His being one in essence.(0)
Verily, verily I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.John 1.13. Which were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. 2 Tim.3.16. All Scripture is given by inspiration of God.-2 Pet. 1. 21. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man; but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. 3.16. Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the spirit of God dwelleth in you!--1 Cor. 6. 19. What! know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? John 16. 13. Howbeit when he the Spirit of truth is come, he will guide you into all truth; for he shall not speak of himself, but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak; and he will show you things to come. Luke 12. 12. For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say. Luke 3. 22. And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him. Heb. 9. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God! 1 Cor. 2. 10. For the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. Ps. 139.7. Whither shall I go from thy Spirit, or whither shall I fee from thy presence ? Job 26. 13. By his spirit he garnished the heavens. Job 33. 4. The Spirit of God hath made me. Elsewhere the Holy Ghost is called he Spirit of wisdom and knowledge, the Spirit of promise, he Spirit of power, the Spirit of holiness, and the Holy Spirit: ? Cor. 13. 14. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the ove of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen. Rev. 1. 4, 5. John to the seven churches which are in Asia; Grace be unto you, and peace from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits (that is the Holy Spirit dwelling with the seven churches distinctly) which are before his throne, and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful Witness, and the First begotton of the dead, and the Prince of the kings of the earth.
(c) 1 John 5.7. For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost, and these three are one.